Medical Terminology Chapter 6: Blood And Lymphatic

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Medical Terminology Chapter 6: Blood And Lymphatic - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Agglutin/o

    • A.

      Clotting

    • B.

      Clumping

    • C.

      Granules

    • D.

      Blood

    Correct Answer
    B. Clumping
    Explanation
    The term "agglutin/o" refers to the process of clumping. It is often used in the context of blood, where it describes the clumping together of red blood cells in response to certain antibodies. This clumping, or agglutination, can occur during blood typing or in certain disease conditions. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "clumping".

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  • 2. 

    Bas/o

    • A.

      Base

    • B.

      Poring

    • C.

      Blood

    • D.

      Swallow

    Correct Answer
    A. Base
    Explanation
    The word "base" is the correct answer because it is the only word that is related to the given term "Bas/o". "Bas/o" is a combining form that refers to something related to the base or bottom. Therefore, "base" is the most appropriate word that matches this definition. The other options, such as "poring," "blood," and "swallow," do not have any direct connection to the term "Bas/o."

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  • 3. 

    Eosin/o

    • A.

      Color

    • B.

      Shape

    • C.

      Red

    • D.

      Rosy red

    Correct Answer
    D. Rosy red
    Explanation
    The term "eosin/o" refers to a red dye commonly used in histology to stain cells and tissues. It is derived from the Greek word "eos," meaning red. Therefore, the correct answer "rosy red" is a suitable description for the term "eosin/o" as it represents the color associated with the dye.

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  • 4. 

    Erythr/o

    • A.

      Red

    • B.

      Orange

    • C.

      Abnormal

    • D.

      Growth

    Correct Answer
    A. Red
    Explanation
    The term "erythr/o" is derived from the Greek word "erythros" which means red. It is a combining form used in medical terminology to indicate something related to the color red. Therefore, the correct answer is "red" as it directly corresponds to the meaning of "erythr/o".

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  • 5. 

    Hemat/o

    • A.

      Veins

    • B.

      Artery

    • C.

      Blood

    • D.

      Clot

    Correct Answer
    C. Blood
    Explanation
    The term "Hemat/o" refers to blood. In the given options, veins, artery, and blood clot are all related to the circulatory system and can be associated with blood. However, the term "Hemat/o" specifically means blood, making it the most appropriate answer.

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  • 6. 

    Chrom/o

    • A.

      Protein

    • B.

      Red

    • C.

      Color

    • D.

      Base

    Correct Answer
    C. Color
    Explanation
    The term "chrom/o" is derived from the Greek word "chroma" which means color. It is commonly used in medical terminology to refer to color or pigmentation. Therefore, the correct answer is "color" as it directly relates to the meaning of "chrom/o".

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  • 7. 

    Fibrin/o

    • A.

      Fibers, fibrous

    • B.

      Artery

    • C.

      Lymph

    • D.

      Clotting

    Correct Answer
    A. Fibers, fibrous
    Explanation
    The term "fibrin/o" is derived from the Greek word "fibrin," which refers to fibers or fibrous material. It is commonly used in medical terminology to indicate the presence or involvement of fibrous structures or substances. Therefore, the correct answer is "fibers, fibrous," as these terms are directly related to the meaning of "fibrin/o."

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  • 8. 

    Morph/o

    • A.

      Abnormal

    • B.

      Weird

    • C.

      Shape

    • D.

      Size

    Correct Answer
    C. Shape
    Explanation
    The root "morph/o" refers to shape or form. Therefore, the correct answer is "shape" as it directly relates to the meaning of the root. The other options, abnormal, weird, and size, do not directly relate to the meaning of "morph/o" and are therefore incorrect.

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  • 9. 

    Phag/o

    • A.

      Genisis

    • B.

      Multiply

    • C.

      Grow

    • D.

      Swallow eat

    Correct Answer
    D. Swallow eat
    Explanation
    The term "phag/o" refers to the act of swallowing or eating. It is derived from the Greek word "phagein" which means "to eat". Therefore, the correct answer is "swallow eat" as it accurately represents the meaning of the term.

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  • 10. 

    -crit

    • A.

      Loosening of

    • B.

      Separation of

    • C.

      Opening

    • D.

      Removal

    Correct Answer
    B. Separation of
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "separation of." This term refers to the act or process of separating or dividing something into different parts or entities. In the context of the question, it suggests that there is a loosening or opening up of something, indicating a clear distinction or division between different elements.

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  • 11. 

    -globin

    • A.

      Protein

    • B.

      Blood

    • C.

      Cell

    • D.

      Sticky

    Correct Answer
    A. Protein
    Explanation
    Globin is a type of protein found in blood cells. It is responsible for carrying oxygen to different parts of the body. The question is asking for the correct answer, which is "protein", as globin is indeed a protein. The other words mentioned, such as blood, cell, and sticky, are related to the topic but do not directly answer the question.

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  • 12. 

    -emia

    • A.

      Blood condition

    • B.

      Abnormal state of

    • C.

      Clot

    • D.

      Transfusion

    Correct Answer
    A. Blood condition
    Explanation
    The term "-emia" is a suffix used in medical terminology to indicate a condition or presence of a substance in the blood. Therefore, the correct answer "blood condition" accurately reflects the meaning of the suffix. It signifies that the word or condition it is attached to relates to the blood or is present in the bloodstream.

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  • 13. 

    -poesis

    • A.

      Attraction to

    • B.

      Away from

    • C.

      Porous

    • D.

      Formation

    Correct Answer
    D. Formation
    Explanation
    The word "formation" is the correct answer because it is the only word in the given list that is related to the concept of something being created or coming into existence. "Attraction to," "away from," and "porous" do not have the same meaning as "formation" and are therefore incorrect choices.

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  • 14. 

    -cytosis

    • A.

      Less cells than usual

    • B.

      Formation of more cells than normal

    • C.

      Breaking down of cells

    • D.

      Opening cells

    Correct Answer
    B. Formation of more cells than normal
    Explanation
    The suffix "-cytosis" refers to the process of the formation of more cells than normal. This can be understood by breaking down the term: "cyto-" refers to cells, and "-osis" refers to a process or condition. Therefore, "-cytosis" specifically indicates an increase in the number of cells being produced, which is the correct answer.

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  • 15. 

    Granul/o

    • A.

      Neutral

    • B.

      Swallow

    • C.

      Granules

    • D.

      Blood

    Correct Answer
    C. Granules
    Explanation
    The term "granul/o" refers to granules. Granules are small particles or small sacs found in cells that contain various substances. This term is commonly used in medical terminology to describe structures or processes related to granules. The other options, "neutral," "swallow," and "blood," do not have any direct association with the term "granul/o."

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  • 16. 

    -phil

    • A.

      Neutral

    • B.

      Attraction for

    • C.

      Opposing

    • D.

      White cell

    Correct Answer
    B. Attraction for
  • 17. 

    Neutr/o

    • A.

      Middle

    • B.

      To one side

    • C.

      Neutral

    • D.

      Across

    Correct Answer
    C. Neutral
    Explanation
    The term "neutr/o" refers to neutral. It is derived from the Latin word "neuter" which means neither one nor the other. In medical terminology, "neutr/o" is often used to indicate a state of balance or neutrality, such as in the term "neutropenia" which refers to a decrease in neutrophils, a type of white blood cell. Therefore, the correct answer is neutral.

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  • 18. 

    Coagul/o

    • A.

      Apart from

    • B.

      Near to

    • C.

      Flowing

    • D.

      Clotting

    Correct Answer
    D. Clotting
    Explanation
    The term "coagul/o" refers to clotting. This means that it is related to the process of blood clotting, where blood changes from a liquid form to a solid state to stop bleeding. The other options, "apart from," "near to," and "flowing," do not accurately describe the meaning of "coagul/o."

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  • 19. 

    -stasis

    • A.

      Away from

    • B.

      Apart

    • C.

      Standing still

    • D.

      Closer to

    Correct Answer
    C. Standing still
    Explanation
    The term "stasis" refers to a state of inactivity or lack of movement. The prefix "a-" means "away from" or "not," while the prefix "apart" suggests separation or distance. However, the option "standing still" accurately captures the meaning of "stasis" as it implies a lack of movement or remaining in one position. Therefore, "standing still" is the most appropriate interpretation of the term "stasis."

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  • 20. 

    -apheresis

    • A.

      Reduction

    • B.

      Removal

    • C.

      Resizing

    • D.

      Open

    Correct Answer
    B. Removal
    Explanation
    The term "apheresis" refers to the removal or elimination of a part or component from a whole. Therefore, the most appropriate word from the given options that relates to apheresis is "removal." This word accurately describes the action of taking something away or extracting it, aligning with the meaning of apheresis. The other options, reduction, resizing, and open, do not directly convey the concept of removing or eliminating something.

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  • 21. 

    Thromb/o

    • A.

      Clot

    • B.

      Vein

    • C.

      Pressure

    • D.

      Pumpkin

    Correct Answer
    A. Clot
    Explanation
    The term "thromb/o" is a combining form that refers to a clot. It is derived from the Greek word "thrombos," which means clot. Therefore, the correct answer is "clot," as it directly corresponds to the meaning of "thromb/o."

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  • 22. 

    Sanguin/o

    • A.

      Oxygenated

    • B.

      White

    • C.

      Blood

    • D.

      Clot

    Correct Answer
    C. Blood
    Explanation
    The term "sanguin/o" refers to blood. In the given options, "oxygenated" and "white" are not directly related to blood, and "clot" is a specific condition or event that can occur in blood. Therefore, the correct answer is "blood," as it is the only option that directly relates to the term "sanguin/o."

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  • 23. 

    -penia

    • A.

      Abnormal increase

    • B.

      Abnormal clotting

    • C.

      Abnormal decrease

    • D.

      Normal hypertension

    Correct Answer
    C. Abnormal decrease
    Explanation
    The term "penia" typically refers to a decrease or deficiency in a particular substance or component. In this case, the term "abnormal decrease" suggests that there is an abnormal or excessive decrease in something. Without further context, it is not clear what specifically is being referred to, but the answer implies that there is an abnormal decrease in some aspect or factor.

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