M&e Mec 280: Exam #1

82 Questions

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Chemical Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The definition of 'pollute' is to make unclean, impure, or corrupt, as well as... Which of the following does NOT belong?
    • A. 

      Desecrate

    • B. 

      Defile

    • C. 

      Regulate

    • D. 

      Dirty

  • 2. 
    In children, lead interferes with the development of the...
    • A. 

      Kidney

    • B. 

      Liver

    • C. 

      Heart

    • D. 

      Brain

  • 3. 
    In ecosystems, organisms are in deadly competition with each other for evolutionary survival.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    Nearly all solutions to pollution problems are political.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is not true about ecosystems?
    • A. 

      Vary in size

    • B. 

      Open system

    • C. 

      Weather connects all ecosystems

    • D. 

      Unlimited population size

  • 6. 
    Which of the following was the most deadly diseases during the year 1900?
    • A. 

      Coronary Disease

    • B. 

      Cancer Disease

    • C. 

      Asthma Disease

    • D. 

      Infectious Disease

  • 7. 
    An ecosystem is made up of organisms plus that part of the environment with which the organisms interact.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    The term "organisms" in an ecosystem refer to....
    • A. 

      Animals

    • B. 

      Plants

    • C. 

      Microorganisms

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 9. 
    The phenomenon in which two agents acting together create an effect greater than that predicted by knowing only the separate effect of the individual agent is known as...
    • A. 

      Bifurcation

    • B. 

      Carrying Capacity

    • C. 

      Synergism

    • D. 

      Antagonism

  • 10. 
    The phenomenon in which two agents acting together create an effect lesser than that predicted by knowing only the separate effect of the individual agent is known as...
    • A. 

      Bifurcation

    • B. 

      Carrying Capacity

    • C. 

      Synergism

    • D. 

      Antagonism

  • 11. 
    If TFR < 2.1 the population usually...
    • A. 

      Contracts

    • B. 

      Grows

  • 12. 
    One of the pollutants associated with the Owens Lake problem was...
    • A. 

      Mercury

    • B. 

      Smog

    • C. 

      Arsenic

    • D. 

      Lead

  • 13. 
    Archeological records indicate that the first homo sapiens appeared about...
    • A. 

      30 million years ago

    • B. 

      150 thousand years ago

    • C. 

      30 thousand years ago

    • D. 

      10 thousand years ago

  • 14. 
    The Industrial Revolution began in the early part of which century?
    • A. 

      16th

    • B. 

      17th

    • C. 

      18th

    • D. 

      19th

  • 15. 
    According to recent estimates the human carrying capacity of earth is...
    • A. 

      5 to 7 billion

    • B. 

      7 to 12 billion

    • C. 

      12 to 16 billion

    • D. 

      16 to 20 billion

  • 16. 
    • A. 

      30,000 years ago

    • B. 

      20,000 years ago

    • C. 

      10,000 years ago

    • D. 

      1,000 years ago

  • 17. 
    During the agricultural period, diseases became more common by means of...
    • A. 

      Transmission

    • B. 

      Accumulated Wastes

    • C. 

      Diet Changes

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 18. 
    • A. 

      2.5 million years ago

    • B. 

      3 million years ago

    • C. 

      40,000 years ago

    • D. 

      250,000 years ago

  • 19. 
    Which among all species, is the least similar to modern humans?
    • A. 

      Homo Habilis

    • B. 

      Homo Erectus

    • C. 

      Cro Magnon

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 20. 
    After about 25,000 years, the Cro Magnon numbers had increased to around...
    • A. 

      20 million

    • B. 

      10 million

    • C. 

      5 million

    • D. 

      3 million

  • 21. 
    Today the earth's human population is about...
    • A. 

      5 million

    • B. 

      500 million

    • C. 

      6 billion

    • D. 

      60 billion

  • 22. 
    Which of the following is a path that pollutants can take to enter the human body?
    • A. 

      Skin

    • B. 

      Alimentary Canal

    • C. 

      Respiratory System

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 23. 
    In the United States, the incidence of asthma has .... since 1980.
    • A. 

      Doubled

    • B. 

      Tripled

    • C. 

      One and one-halved

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 24. 
    • A. 

      I only

    • B. 

      Ii only

    • C. 

      I, ii only

    • D. 

      I, iii only

    • E. 

      I, ii, iii

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is a primary pollutant emission from gasoline-fueled automobiles?
    • A. 

      NOx

    • B. 

      VHC

    • C. 

      CO

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 26. 
    New York State has a serious acid rain problem. The above average acid rainfall in New York is largely due to pollutants generated in...
    • A. 

      States North of New York

    • B. 

      States East of New York

    • C. 

      States South of New York

    • D. 

      States West of New York

  • 27. 
    Which of the following is a primary pollutant generated by gasoline engines?
    • A. 

      CO2

    • B. 

      SOx

    • C. 

      NOx

    • D. 

      H2O

  • 28. 
    Which of these childhood diseases is not infectious?
    • A. 

      Chicken pox

    • B. 

      Asthma

    • C. 

      Polio

    • D. 

      Mumps

  • 29. 
    Ozone levels in Los Angles are greatest in the late evening hours.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 30. 
    Which of the following is not a heavy metal toxic to humans?
    • A. 

      Carbon

    • B. 

      Mercury

    • C. 

      Lead

    • D. 

      Cadmium

  • 31. 
    NY state has a serious acid rain problem. If the state passes and enforces strict laws this will solve the problem.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 32. 
    Since leaded gasoline is no longer used in the US and Canada, this pollutant is no longer a health threat in North America.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 33. 
    • A. 

      CH3NO

    • B. 

      CH3OH

    • C. 

      CH3NO2

    • D. 

      N2O

  • 34. 
    • A. 

      Price of gasoline

    • B. 

      Environmental reasons

    • C. 

      Poisoned catalyst

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 35. 
    The majority of SOx pollution comes from...
    • A. 

      Nuclear plants

    • B. 

      Diesel engines

    • C. 

      Power plants

    • D. 

      Automobiles

  • 36. 
    The pH of normal rain is generally close to...
    • A. 

      9.0

    • B. 

      7.0

    • C. 

      5.0

    • D. 

      3.0

  • 37. 
    The pH of acid rain is generally close to...
    • A. 

      5.0

    • B. 

      7.0

    • C. 

      4.0

    • D. 

      3.0

  • 38. 
    Which of the following in the United States is a primary source of energy production?
    • A. 

      Coal

    • B. 

      Natural gas

    • C. 

      Methane

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 39. 
    Fermenting cow manure can be used to produce (pollution movie)?
    • A. 

      Butane

    • B. 

      Methane

    • C. 

      Petroleum

    • D. 

      Water

  • 40. 
    Ozone production peaks...
    • A. 

      In the early morning

    • B. 

      In the late afternoon

    • C. 

      In the evening

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 41. 
    The Little ice Age lasted about (LIA Movie)?
    • A. 

      40 Years

    • B. 

      100 Years

    • C. 

      500 Years

    • D. 

      1200 Years

  • 42. 
    A synonym for "pollute" is...
    • A. 

      Adjudicate

    • B. 

      Defile

    • C. 

      Regulate

    • D. 

      Clean

  • 43. 
    During the Little Ice Age the average world temperature drop was about (LIA Movie)...
    • A. 

      1 Degree F

    • B. 

      4 Degree F

    • C. 

      11 Degree F

    • D. 

      18 Degree F

  • 44. 
    In which century did the LIA begin?
    • A. 

      12th

    • B. 

      13th

    • C. 

      14th

    • D. 

      15th

  • 45. 
    Which of the following is a fossil fuel?
    • A. 

      Coal

    • B. 

      Oil

    • C. 

      Natural gas

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 46. 
    Which of the following is a direct health effect as a result of CO?
    • A. 

      Dizziness

    • B. 

      Headaches

    • C. 

      Heart Stress

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 47. 
    Which of the following is a direct health effect as a result of Ozone?
    • A. 

      Dizziness

    • B. 

      Respiratory irritant

    • C. 

      Measles

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 48. 
    To take a mixture of N2, O2, CO, NOx, and VHC's and turn it into a nice smog you need to add...
    • A. 

      CO2

    • B. 

      Gamma rays

    • C. 

      H2

    • D. 

      Sunlight

  • 49. 
    One of the end products of the catalytic reactions involving NOx is...
    • A. 

      N2O

    • B. 

      CO

    • C. 

      NO2

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 50. 
    Which of the following in the US is a primary source of energy production? I. Oil   II. Coal III. Natural gas
    • A. 

      I only

    • B. 

      III only

    • C. 

      I, III only

    • D. 

      I, II only

    • E. 

      I, II, III

  • 51. 
    Which area in the United States has the most serious Urban smog problem?
    • A. 

      New York

    • B. 

      Ohio

    • C. 

      Los Angeles

    • D. 

      Michigan

  • 52. 
    The first homosapiens appeared...
    • A. 

      150,000 years ago

    • B. 

      15,000 years ago

    • C. 

      30,000 years ago

    • D. 

      2000 years ago

  • 53. 
    Agriculture began...
    • A. 

      30,000 years ago

    • B. 

      20,000 years ago

    • C. 

      10,000 years ago

    • D. 

      25,000 years ago

  • 54. 
    During agricultural periods diseases became more common by...
    • A. 

      Transmission

    • B. 

      Dietary changes

    • C. 

      Accumulated wastes

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 55. 
    Homohabilis evolved...
    • A. 

      2 million years ago

    • B. 

      2.5 million years ago

    • C. 

      3 million years ago

    • D. 

      3.5 million years ago

  • 56. 
    25,000 years ago, the Cro-Magnon population was about...
    • A. 

      4 million

    • B. 

      5 million

    • C. 

      6 million

    • D. 

      7 million

  • 57. 
    Which country has the lowest TFR?
    • A. 

      Italy

    • B. 

      India

    • C. 

      USA

    • D. 

      Canada

  • 58. 
    • A. 

      3.0

    • B. 

      2.1

    • C. 

      2.0

    • D. 

      2.7

  • 59. 
    • A. 

      Homohabilis

    • B. 

      Homoerectus

    • C. 

      Cro-Magnon

    • D. 

      Homosapiens

  • 60. 
    Which is not true about the Industrial Revolution?
    • A. 

      Population growth rate decreased

    • B. 

      People consumed 5x as much sugar

    • C. 

      Synthetics were produced

    • D. 

      Population growth rate increased

  • 61. 
    Which factor affected the population change?
    • A. 

      Cultural & religious practices

    • B. 

      Immigration

    • C. 

      Emigration

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 62. 
    • A. 

      1.7%

    • B. 

      2.7%

    • C. 

      2.0%

    • D. 

      2.5%

  • 63. 
    In 42 years the world's population would have...
    • A. 

      Doubled

    • B. 

      Stayed the same

    • C. 

      Tripled

    • D. 

      Decreased

  • 64. 
    Animal tests provide conclusive evidence regarding the health effects a pollutant will have on humans.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 65. 
    What is NOT an acute effect on human health?
  • 66. 
    A pollutant can enter the body by...
    • A. 

      Skin

    • B. 

      Alimentary Canal

    • C. 

      Respiratory System

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 67. 
    If K doesn't depend on C and T, and D will be ______ when T is troubled and C is constant. 
    • A. 

      Doubled

    • B. 

      Stay the same

    • C. 

      Halved

    • D. 

      Tripled

  • 68. 
    Which is not true about chronic effects on human health?
    • A. 

      Prolonged exposure

    • B. 

      High Concentration

    • C. 

      Persistent minor irritation

    • D. 

      Low concentration

  • 69. 
    Which test determines a cell's mutation?
  • 70. 
    In D=kCT, C is...
  • 71. 
    Which is true about the acute effects on human health?
    • A. 

      High Concentration

    • B. 

      Short Time

    • C. 

      Rapid Sickness

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 72. 
    In D=kCT, D's unit stands for...
  • 73. 
    K's unit is...
  • 74. 
    How many species roughly existed on the planet?
  • 75. 
    • A. 

      Animal

    • B. 

      Epidemiological

  • 76. 
    Which study compared a large group of exposed people to a closely related group of unexposed ones?
  • 77. 
  • 78. 
    In the equation, D=kCT, what is the unit of C?
  • 79. 
    Define TFR...
  • 80. 
    Human carrying capacity is...
  • 81. 
    If K does not depend on C and t. The dosage D will be (       ) when t is doubled and C is the same:
  • 82. 
    Which is not true about the chronic effect?