Massage Therapy Certification Exam

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Massage Therapy Certification Exam - Quiz


Massage Therapy National Certification exam study


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A disease that has a specific beginning, signs, and symptoms that develop quickly, lasts a short time and then disappears is which of the following?

    • A.

      Acute disease

    • B.

      Chronic disease

    • C.

      Long-term illness

    • D.

      Short-term illness

    Correct Answer
    A. Acute disease
    Explanation
    An acute disease is characterized by a specific beginning, rapid development of signs and symptoms, and a short duration before resolving. This type of disease typically occurs suddenly and is often severe but does not last for an extended period of time. Unlike chronic diseases, which are long-lasting and may persist for months or years, acute diseases have a relatively short-term impact on an individual's health. Therefore, the given correct answer is "Acute disease".

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  • 2. 

    Origins: ribs 1-9 (lateral to costal cartilage)Insertion: anterior medial border of the scapulaActions: protracts, upwardly rotates, and depresses the scapulaNote: one of the "boxer's muscles"

    • A.

      Trapezius

    • B.

      Serratus Anterior

    • C.

      Rhomboids

    • D.

      Supraspinatus

    Correct Answer
    B. Serratus Anterior
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Serratus Anterior. The serratus anterior muscle originates from ribs 1-9 and inserts on the anterior medial border of the scapula. It is responsible for protracting, upwardly rotating, and depressing the scapula. It is also known as one of the "boxer's muscles".

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  • 3. 

    A ductless gland that secretes hormones directly into the bloodstream is which of the following?

    • A.

      Exocrine Gland

    • B.

      Apocrine Gland

    • C.

      Endocrine Gland

    • D.

      Epocrine Gland

    Correct Answer
    C. Endocrine Gland
    Explanation
    An endocrine gland is a ductless gland that secretes hormones directly into the bloodstream. Unlike exocrine glands, which secrete their products through ducts to a specific location, endocrine glands release hormones into the bloodstream to be transported throughout the body. Therefore, an endocrine gland is the correct answer.

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  • 4. 

    What is a synonym for a business license?

    • A.

      Industrial License

    • B.

      Work permit

    • C.

      Retail License

    • D.

      Occupational License

    Correct Answer
    D. Occupational License
    Explanation
    An occupational license is a synonym for a business license. It is a legal document that grants permission to an individual or entity to engage in a specific occupation or profession. This license ensures that the person or business has met certain requirements and regulations to operate legally in a particular industry.

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  • 5. 

    When a client's physical body "remembers" a past traumatic event, these repressed memories may come to the conscious mind through the mechanism of 

    • A.

      Recidivism

    • B.

      State Dependent memory

    • C.

      Reversion

    • D.

      Dissociation

    Correct Answer
    B. State Dependent memory
    Explanation
    State Dependent memory refers to the phenomenon where memory retrieval is enhanced when an individual is in the same state or condition as they were during the initial encoding of the memory. In the context of the given explanation, when a client's physical body "remembers" a past traumatic event, it suggests that the client may experience a similar state or condition (such as a physical sensation or emotional state) that was present during the traumatic event. This state-dependent memory can trigger the retrieval of repressed memories, bringing them to the conscious mind.

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  • 6. 

    What is a general term for acute or chronic skin inflammation characterized by redness, eruptions, edema, scaling, and itching? 

    • A.

      Dermabrasion

    • B.

      Dermatitis

    • C.

      Cellulitis

    • D.

      Cutaneous

    Correct Answer
    B. Dermatitis
    Explanation
    Dermatitis is a general term for acute or chronic skin inflammation characterized by redness, eruptions, edema, scaling, and itching. Dermabrasion is a surgical procedure to remove the outer layer of skin. Cellulitis is a bacterial skin infection. Cutaneous refers to anything related to the skin.

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  • 7. 

    If a person lifts his or her arm into the air and this motion occurs at the shoulder joint, which of the following describes what happens to the hand?

    • A.

      It exhibits true movement.

    • B.

      It does not change its position or location (or both) in space at all.

    • C.

      It "goes along for the ride".

    • D.

      None of these choices is correct.

    Correct Answer
    C. It "goes along for the ride".
    Explanation
    When a person lifts their arm into the air, the hand "goes along for the ride". This means that the hand does not actively move or change its position or location in space. Instead, it simply follows the motion of the arm at the shoulder joint without any independent movement.

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  • 8. 

    Origin: inferior border of the rib (above)Insertion: superior border of rib (below)Actions: elevates the rib cage during inhalation, maintains intercostal spaces

    • A.

      External intercostals

    • B.

      Diaphragm

    • C.

      Pectoralis major

    • D.

      Internal intercostals

    Correct Answer
    A. External intercostals
    Explanation
    The external intercostals are the correct answer because they are the muscles that originate from the inferior border of the rib above and insert into the superior border of the rib below. These muscles are responsible for elevating the rib cage during inhalation and maintaining the intercostal spaces. The other options listed do not have the same origin, insertion, or actions as described.

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  • 9. 

    What is the name for external application of heat for therapeutic purposes?

    • A.

      Cryotherapy

    • B.

      Thermotherapy

    • C.

      Heliotherapy

    • D.

      Balneotherapy

    Correct Answer
    B. Thermotherapy
    Explanation
    Thermotherapy is the correct answer because it refers to the external application of heat for therapeutic purposes. This can include the use of hot packs, warm water baths, or heating pads to relieve pain, relax muscles, and promote healing. It is commonly used in physical therapy and rehabilitation to treat various conditions such as muscle strains, arthritis, and chronic pain.

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  • 10. 

    Unintentional physical or emotional harm sustained by the client resulting from lack of knowledge or insensitivity on the therapist's behalf is

    • A.

      Right of refusal

    • B.

      Client Neglect

    • C.

      Coutertransference

    • D.

      Client abuse

    Correct Answer
    B. Client Neglect
    Explanation
    Client neglect refers to the unintentional physical or emotional harm that a client may experience due to the therapist's lack of knowledge or insensitivity. This can occur when the therapist fails to provide appropriate care or attention to the client's needs, resulting in harm or neglect. It is important for therapists to be aware of their clients' needs and to ensure that they are providing adequate support and care to prevent client neglect.

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  • 11. 

    For the distal attachment of a muscle to move more efficiently, the proximal attachment must

    • A.

      Move freely

    • B.

      Be fixed

    • C.

      Become hypermobile

    • D.

      All the above choices are true.

    Correct Answer
    B. Be fixed
    Explanation
    For the distal attachment of a muscle to move more efficiently, the proximal attachment must be fixed. This means that the proximal attachment of the muscle needs to be stable and immobile in order for the distal attachment to move effectively. If the proximal attachment is not fixed, it can lead to instability and inefficient movement of the distal attachment.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following is NOT indicated for massage?

    • A.

      Apnea

    • B.

      Hemophilia

    • C.

      Lordosis

    • D.

      Jaundice

    Correct Answer
    D. Jaundice
    Explanation
    Jaundice is a condition characterized by yellowing of the skin and eyes due to a buildup of bilirubin in the body. It is caused by liver dysfunction or blockage of the bile ducts. Massage is contraindicated in individuals with jaundice because it can potentially put additional strain on the liver and worsen the condition. Therefore, it is not indicated for massage.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following is a skin-scraping technique to help expel excess heat or remove energy stagnation?

    • A.

      Cupping

    • B.

      Moxibustion

    • C.

      Gua-Sha

    • D.

      Tai Ji

    Correct Answer
    C. Gua-Sha
    Explanation
    Gua-Sha is a skin-scraping technique that is used to expel excess heat or remove energy stagnation in the body. It involves using a smooth-edged tool to apply pressure and scrape the skin, which helps to increase blood flow and release toxins. This technique is commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine to promote healing and relieve pain. Cupping and moxibustion are other techniques used in traditional Chinese medicine, but they do not involve scraping the skin like Gua-Sha does. Tai Ji, on the other hand, is a form of martial art and exercise, and is not related to skin-scraping techniques.

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  • 14. 

    What is the concept of energy called in Japanese?

    • A.

      Ki

    • B.

      Chi

    • C.

      Prana

    • D.

      Ether

    Correct Answer
    A. Ki
    Explanation
    In Japanese, the concept of energy is called "Ki". Ki is believed to be the life force or vital energy that flows through all living beings. It is considered essential for maintaining physical, emotional, and spiritual well-being. This concept is similar to the Chinese concept of "Qi" and the Indian concept of "Prana". Ki is often associated with balance, harmony, and the overall health of an individual.

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  • 15. 

    What is a reflexive impulse that causes the affected muscle or adjacent muscle to fire spontaneously?

    • A.

      Jump sign

    • B.

      Referred pain phenomena

    • C.

      Reflexive response

    • D.

      Local twitch response

    Correct Answer
    D. Local twitch response
    Explanation
    A local twitch response is a reflexive impulse that causes the affected muscle or adjacent muscle to fire spontaneously. This involuntary muscle contraction is often triggered by a stimulus, such as pressure or stretching, and can be observed as a visible twitch or spasm. It is a localized response that occurs within the muscle itself and is not influenced by signals from the brain.

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  • 16. 

    A list of guiding principles by which members of an organization conduct their day-to-day responsibilities within their scope of practice is called

    • A.

      Code of ethics

    • B.

      Rules and regulations

    • C.

      Standards of practice

    • D.

      Therapist's rights and responsibilities

    Correct Answer
    C. Standards of practice
    Explanation
    Standards of practice refer to a set of guidelines or principles that outline the expected behaviors and responsibilities of individuals within an organization. These standards serve as a framework for professionals to ensure they are delivering high-quality services and adhering to ethical and legal obligations. They provide a benchmark for professional conduct and help maintain consistency and accountability within the organization. Unlike a code of ethics, which focuses on moral principles, standards of practice specifically outline the expectations and requirements for carrying out specific job duties and responsibilities.

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  • 17. 

    Who is regarded as the Father of Hydrotherapy?

    • A.

      Per Ling

    • B.

      Father Sebastian Kneipp

    • C.

      Hippocrates

    • D.

      Jeffery Epsom

    Correct Answer
    B. Father Sebastian Kneipp
    Explanation
    Father Sebastian Kneipp is regarded as the Father of Hydrotherapy because he significantly contributed to the development and popularization of this form of therapy. He was a German priest and naturopath who believed in the healing power of water. Kneipp developed a system of hydrotherapy that involved the use of water in various forms, such as baths, compresses, and sprays, to treat different ailments. He also emphasized the importance of nutrition, exercise, and herbal remedies in maintaining good health. Kneipp's methods gained widespread recognition and are still used today in the field of hydrotherapy.

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  • 18. 

    Origin: infraspinous fossa of the scapulaInsertion: greater tubercle of the humerusAction: laterally rotates the shoulder

    • A.

      Teres minor

    • B.

      Subscapularis

    • C.

      Infraspinatus

    • D.

      Coracobrachialis

    Correct Answer
    C. Infraspinatus
    Explanation
    The infraspinatus muscle originates from the infraspinous fossa of the scapula and inserts into the greater tubercle of the humerus. Its main action is to laterally rotate the shoulder. This means that it helps to rotate the arm away from the body. Therefore, the correct answer is Infraspinatus.

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  • 19. 

    What is a synonym for malpractice insurance?

    • A.

      Business activity

    • B.

      Professional liability

    • C.

      Disability

    • D.

      Term life

    Correct Answer
    B. Professional liability
    Explanation
    Professional liability is a synonym for malpractice insurance because it refers to the insurance coverage that professionals, such as doctors, lawyers, and accountants, obtain to protect themselves against claims of negligence or errors in their professional services. Malpractice insurance specifically applies to healthcare professionals, while professional liability insurance is a broader term that encompasses various professions. Both terms essentially refer to the same concept of insurance coverage for professionals in case of claims or lawsuits related to their professional activities.

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  • 20. 

    During massage, respiration is affected how and by what mechanism?

    • A.

      Increased by stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system

    • B.

      Decreased by stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system

    • C.

      Increased by stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system

    • D.

      Decreased by stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system

    Correct Answer
    D. Decreased by stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system
    Explanation
    During a massage, respiration is affected by the stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system. The parasympathetic nervous system is responsible for promoting relaxation and rest, and it slows down bodily functions. Stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system leads to a decrease in respiration rate, allowing the body to enter a more relaxed state.

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  • 21. 

    Which one of the following is true?

    • A.

      Antagonists always eccentrically contract.

    • B.

      Antagonists always shorten.

    • C.

      Antagonists always lengthen.

    • D.

      Antagonists always work against gravity.

    Correct Answer
    C. Antagonists always lengthen.
    Explanation
    Antagonists always lengthen refers to the fact that when one muscle contracts (the agonist), the opposing muscle (the antagonist) relaxes and lengthens. This is a fundamental principle in muscle physiology and allows for smooth and coordinated movement. When the agonist muscle contracts, it pulls on the tendons, which in turn stretches the antagonist muscle and allows for a full range of motion. Therefore, it can be concluded that antagonists always lengthen during muscle contraction.

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  • 22. 

    Postural stabilization muscles tend to be

    • A.

      Larger and deeper

    • B.

      Smaller and superficial

    • C.

      Larger and superficial

    • D.

      Smaller and deeper

    Correct Answer
    D. Smaller and deeper
    Explanation
    Postural stabilization muscles are responsible for maintaining the body's balance and stability. These muscles need to be closer to the skeletal structure and have a deeper position in order to provide better support and control over the body's movements. Being smaller in size allows them to have more precise control and fine-tuning of the body's posture. Therefore, the correct answer is "smaller and deeper."

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  • 23. 

    A biological agent capable of causing disease is 

    • A.

      Flagellum

    • B.

      Carcinogen

    • C.

      Pathogen

    • D.

      Ameba

    Correct Answer
    C. Pathogen
    Explanation
    A biological agent capable of causing disease is called a pathogen. Pathogens are microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites that can invade the body and cause illness or disease. They have the ability to reproduce and multiply within the host, disrupting normal bodily functions and potentially leading to various symptoms and health complications. Understanding pathogens and their mechanisms of infection is crucial in the field of medicine for the development of effective treatments and preventive measures against infectious diseases.

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  • 24. 

    Which of the following is a trigger point that is located at musculotendinous junctions?

    • A.

      Golgi

    • B.

      Periosteal

    • C.

      Central

    • D.

      Attachment

    Correct Answer
    D. Attachment
    Explanation
    The trigger point that is located at musculotendinous junctions is the "Attachment" trigger point. This refers to the point where a muscle attaches to a tendon or bone. Trigger points in this area can cause pain and discomfort, and are often associated with muscle tension and overuse.

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  • 25. 

    Which of the following best describes a state of exhaustion or a loss of strength or endurance such as that felt after strenuous physical activity?

    • A.

      Muscle weakness

    • B.

      Muscle fatigue

    • C.

      Muscle tetany

    • D.

      Muscle sorbet

    Correct Answer
    B. Muscle fatigue
    Explanation
    Muscle fatigue is the best description for a state of exhaustion or a loss of strength or endurance after strenuous physical activity. This term refers to the temporary inability of a muscle to generate force or sustain a contraction. It is commonly experienced as a feeling of tiredness, weakness, or heaviness in the muscles. This condition occurs due to the depletion of energy stores, accumulation of metabolic waste products, and the inability of the muscle fibers to contract efficiently.

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  • 26. 

    Considered a light effleurage, this massage stroke is feather-light finger tracing over the skin with the direction of movement always down the body.

    • A.

      Friction

    • B.

      Trager

    • C.

      Nerve stroke

    • D.

      Petrissage

    Correct Answer
    C. Nerve stroke
    Explanation
    A nerve stroke is a massage stroke that involves feather-light finger tracing over the skin with the direction of movement always down the body. This stroke is considered a light effleurage technique. It is believed to stimulate the nerves and provide a soothing and relaxing effect.

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  • 27. 

    Active movements performed by the client while the therapist assist throughout the range of motion or stretch are called

    • A.

      Active assisted movements

    • B.

      Active resisted movements

    • C.

      Passive movements

    • D.

      Active movements

    Correct Answer
    A. Active assisted movements
    Explanation
    Active assisted movements are active movements performed by the client while the therapist assists throughout the range of motion or stretch. This means that the client is actively participating in the movement, but the therapist is providing some level of support or assistance. This can be beneficial for clients who may have limited strength or mobility, as it allows them to still engage in the movement while receiving help from the therapist.

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  • 28. 

    When a person is in a horizontal position while lying face downward, this position is called

    • A.

      Prone

    • B.

      Fowler's

    • C.

      Trendelenburg

    • D.

      Supine

    Correct Answer
    A. Prone
    Explanation
    When a person is lying face downward in a horizontal position, this position is called prone.

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  • 29. 

    The ancient "center of gravity" located an inch or two below and behind the navel is called

    • A.

      Dan tien

    • B.

      Tsubo center

    • C.

      Third eye

    • D.

      Chakra

    Correct Answer
    A. Dan tien
    Explanation
    The ancient "center of gravity" located an inch or two below and behind the navel is called the Dan tien. This term is commonly used in Chinese martial arts and traditional Chinese medicine to refer to the body's energy center or power source. It is believed to be the focal point for physical and spiritual energy, and is considered vital for maintaining balance, strength, and overall well-being.

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  • 30. 

    Which of the following is locally indicated for massage?

    • A.

      Gastritis

    • B.

      Bunion

    • C.

      Colitis

    • D.

      Wart

    Correct Answer
    D. Wart
    Explanation
    Wart is locally indicated for massage because massage can help stimulate blood flow to the affected area and promote healing. Massaging the wart can also help to break down the tissue and reduce its size. Additionally, massage can help to relieve any discomfort or pain associated with the wart. However, it is important to note that massage should be done with caution and under the guidance of a healthcare professional to avoid spreading the wart or causing any further damage.

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  • 31. 

    What is the concept of energy called in India?

    • A.

      Ki

    • B.

      Chi

    • C.

      Prana

    • D.

      Ether

    Correct Answer
    C. Prana
    Explanation
    Prana is a concept in Indian philosophy and medicine that refers to the life force or vital energy that permeates all living beings. It is believed to be responsible for maintaining physical, mental, and spiritual well-being. Prana is considered to be the fundamental energy that sustains life and is associated with breath and the flow of energy within the body. It is often used in practices such as yoga and meditation to balance and harmonize the body and mind.

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  • 32. 

    Which of the three doshas is made up of the elements fire and water?

    • A.

      Vata

    • B.

      Pitta

    • C.

      Kapha

    • D.

      Prana

    Correct Answer
    B. Pitta
    Explanation
    Pitta is made up of the elements fire and water. This dosha is associated with metabolism, digestion, and transformation within the body. Fire represents the transformative and metabolic processes, while water represents the fluidity and cooling aspects. Pitta dosha governs the body's digestion, absorption, and assimilation of nutrients, as well as regulating body temperature and maintaining hormonal balance.

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  • 33. 

    Blood pressure generally decreases during massage because

    • A.

      The heart pumps less blood

    • B.

      Venous flow is impeded

    • C.

      Vasoconstriction occurs in blood vessels

    • D.

      Vasodilation occurs in the blood vessels

    Correct Answer
    D. Vasodilation occurs in the blood vessels
    Explanation
    During a massage, the body's relaxation response is triggered, leading to the release of certain chemicals that cause the blood vessels to widen or dilate, a process known as vasodilation. This increased diameter of the blood vessels allows for improved blood flow and circulation, which in turn reduces blood pressure. As a result, the heart does not need to work as hard to pump blood throughout the body, leading to a decrease in blood pressure.

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  • 34. 

    In what order are the following sensations felt by most clients during cold applications?

    • A.

      Coldness, burning, stinging or aching, numbness

    • B.

      Burning, stinging or aching, coldness, numbness

    • C.

      Coldness, numbness, stinging or aching, burning

    • D.

      Numbness, coldness, burning, stinging or aching

    Correct Answer
    A. Coldness, burning, stinging or aching, numbness
    Explanation
    Most clients typically feel coldness first during cold applications, followed by a sensation of burning, stinging, or aching. Numbness is usually the last sensation experienced.

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  • 35. 

    Which of the following best describes petrissage?

    • A.

      Rubbing one surface over another; skin over skin or skin over underlying structures

    • B.

      Cycles of rhythmic lifting, squeezing, and releasing of tissue, working parallel to the muscle fibers

    • C.

      Rapid shaking, quivering, trembling or rocking movements

    • D.

      Gliding movements that are repeated and follow the contour of the body

    Correct Answer
    B. Cycles of rhythmic lifting, squeezing, and releasing of tissue, working parallel to the muscle fibers
    Explanation
    Petrissage is a massage technique that involves cycles of rhythmic lifting, squeezing, and releasing of tissue, working parallel to the muscle fibers. This technique helps to increase circulation, relax muscles, and reduce tension. It is commonly used in deep tissue massage to break up knots and adhesions in the muscles.

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  • 36. 

    A client has a sprain of the calcaneofibular ligament.  It is a grade two sprain in the subacute healing phase.  The main injury force was tension.  Which of the following is contraindicated?

    • A.

      Lymphatic drain to manage edema

    • B.

      Manage protective spasm

    • C.

      Invert the foot and stretch

    • D.

      Gentle range of motion in the midrange

    Correct Answer
    C. Invert the foot and stretch
    Explanation
    Inverting the foot and stretching is contraindicated in a client with a sprain of the calcaneofibular ligament. Inversion of the foot involves turning the sole of the foot inward, which can put strain on the injured ligament and potentially worsen the sprain. Stretching the foot in this position can further aggravate the ligament and delay the healing process. Therefore, it is important to avoid inverting the foot and stretching in order to promote proper healing and prevent further damage.

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  • 37. 

    By which week in pregnant women can the hormone production of relaxin be sufficient to produce ligament laxity and affect joint stability?

    • A.

      10

    • B.

      24

    • C.

      32

    • D.

      38

    Correct Answer
    A. 10
    Explanation
    During pregnancy, the hormone relaxin is produced to loosen the ligaments and joints in preparation for childbirth. By the 10th week of pregnancy, the hormone production of relaxin can be sufficient to produce ligament laxity and affect joint stability. This means that the ligaments and joints become more flexible and loose, which can lead to increased mobility and potential instability in the joints.

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  • 38. 

    What would be the best self-care treatment plan for a client with acute bursitis in the shoulder?

    • A.

      Heat with flare-ups

    • B.

      Isotonic exercise

    • C.

      Remain active

    • D.

      Rest from activity and ice

    Correct Answer
    D. Rest from activity and ice
    Explanation
    Rest from activity and ice is the best self-care treatment plan for a client with acute bursitis in the shoulder. Bursitis is inflammation of the bursa, a small fluid-filled sac that cushions and lubricates joints. Resting from activity helps to reduce further irritation and inflammation of the bursa. Applying ice to the affected area helps to numb the pain, reduce swelling, and decrease inflammation. This combination of rest and ice can provide relief and promote healing for the client.

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  • 39. 

    During massage application, while kneading the tissue, the massage practitioner notices that the pliability increases.  The client is pleased with the increase in flexibility.  Which of the following best describes this benefit?

    • A.

      The piezoelectric property of the nervous system

    • B.

      The interralationship of prana with Qi

    • C.

      The thixotropic nature of ground substance

    • D.

      The activation of mast cells

    Correct Answer
    C. The thixotropic nature of ground substance
    Explanation
    The thixotropic nature of ground substance refers to the property of certain tissues and fluids in the body that become less viscous and more fluid when pressure or force is applied to them. In the context of massage, when the massage practitioner kneads the tissue, it applies pressure to the ground substance, causing it to become less viscous and more pliable. This increased pliability leads to an increase in flexibility, which is why the client is pleased with the result.

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  • 40. 

    Which of the following Japanese bodywork therapies uses pressure on the surface of the skin along energy channels called meridians to regain and maintain a harmonic flow of energy throughout the body/mind/spirit?

    • A.

      Shiatsu

    • B.

      Java

    • C.

      Qigong

    • D.

      Acupuncture

    Correct Answer
    A. Shiatsu
    Explanation
    Shiatsu is a Japanese bodywork therapy that uses pressure on the surface of the skin along energy channels called meridians to regain and maintain a harmonic flow of energy throughout the body/mind/spirit. It is based on the principles of traditional Chinese medicine and aims to balance the body's energy, promote relaxation, and improve overall well-being. Shiatsu practitioners apply pressure using their fingers, thumbs, palms, and elbows to specific points on the body, stimulating the flow of energy and promoting healing.

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  • 41. 

    Which of the following chakras corresponds to the element of water?

    • A.

      Root

    • B.

      Sacral

    • C.

      Heart

    • D.

      Brow

    Correct Answer
    B. Sacral
    Explanation
    The Sacral chakra corresponds to the element of water. This chakra is located in the lower abdomen and is associated with emotions, creativity, sexuality, and pleasure. Water is often seen as a symbol of emotions and fluidity, which aligns with the qualities of the Sacral chakra.

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  • 42. 

    Which of the following is indicated for massage?

    • A.

      Fever

    • B.

      Measles

    • C.

      Pericarditis

    • D.

      Gastritis

    Correct Answer
    D. Gastritis
    Explanation
    Gastritis is indicated for massage because massage can help improve blood circulation, relax the muscles, and reduce inflammation in the stomach lining. It can also help alleviate symptoms such as nausea and abdominal pain associated with gastritis. However, it is important to note that massage should only be done by a trained professional and with the approval of a healthcare provider, as it may not be suitable for everyone depending on the severity of the condition.

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  • 43. 

    Which of the following is NOT a guideline for proper body mechanics?

    • A.

      Stretch

    • B.

      Lean or Sit correctly

    • C.

      Lift correctly

    • D.

      Get in front of your work

    Correct Answer
    D. Get in front of your work
    Explanation
    "Get in front of your work" is not a guideline for proper body mechanics because it can lead to strain and injury. Proper body mechanics involve maintaining a neutral spine, using the legs to lift instead of the back, and avoiding excessive twisting or bending. Getting in front of the work can cause the individual to overreach or lean too far forward, putting unnecessary strain on the back and increasing the risk of injury. It is important to position oneself close to the work and maintain a stable and balanced posture while performing tasks.

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  • 44. 

    A very precise and penetrating form of friction, popularized by Dr. James Cyriax of London, in which the direction of movement is across and perpendicular to the pattern of muscle fibers is known as

    • A.

      Myofascial release

    • B.

      Cross fiber friction

    • C.

      British friction

    • D.

      Rolling

    Correct Answer
    B. Cross fiber friction
    Explanation
    Cross fiber friction is a precise form of friction that involves moving across and perpendicular to the pattern of muscle fibers. This technique was popularized by Dr. James Cyriax of London. It is used to target specific areas of tension or adhesions within the muscles, promoting increased blood flow and flexibility. By applying this technique, therapists can effectively break down scar tissue and release muscle knots, leading to pain relief and improved range of motion.

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  • 45. 

    Movements applied by the therapist while the client remains relaxed are

    • A.

      Active movements

    • B.

      Active resisted movements

    • C.

      Active assisted movements

    • D.

      Passive movements

    Correct Answer
    D. Passive movements
    Explanation
    Passive movements refer to the actions performed by the therapist on a relaxed client without any active participation from the client. In this scenario, the client remains passive while the therapist applies the movements. This can be beneficial in certain therapeutic settings where the client's muscles need to be stretched or mobilized without them exerting any effort. Active movements, active resisted movements, and active assisted movements all involve some level of client participation and effort, which is not the case with passive movements.

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  • 46. 

    What is an injury that begins abruptly, usually has a recognizable cause, and is characterized by severe symptoms such as pain, swelling, tissue damage, and loss of function?

    • A.

      Chronic

    • B.

      Latent

    • C.

      Acute

    • D.

      Overt

    Correct Answer
    C. Acute
    Explanation
    An injury that begins abruptly, usually has a recognizable cause, and is characterized by severe symptoms such as pain, swelling, tissue damage, and loss of function is referred to as acute. This term is used to describe injuries that occur suddenly and have a short duration. Unlike chronic injuries that develop over time, acute injuries occur immediately after a specific incident or trauma. The symptoms associated with acute injuries are often intense and can significantly impact the affected individual's daily life and functioning.

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  • 47. 

    The spreading of cancerous cells to other parts of the body is called

    • A.

      Pathogenic

    • B.

      Metastasis

    • C.

      Microbic

    • D.

      Benign

    Correct Answer
    B. Metastasis
    Explanation
    Metastasis refers to the process where cancer cells spread from the primary tumor to other parts of the body through the bloodstream or lymphatic system. This is a key characteristic of malignant tumors and is responsible for the majority of cancer-related deaths. The term "pathogenic" refers to disease-causing agents in general, while "microbic" pertains to microorganisms. "Benign" describes non-cancerous tumors that do not invade surrounding tissues or spread to other areas. Therefore, the correct answer is "Metastasis" as it specifically denotes the spreading of cancer cells.

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  • 48. 

    What type of muscle contraction is usually involved with stabilization?

    • A.

      Concentric

    • B.

      Eccentric

    • C.

      Isometric

    • D.

      Negative

    Correct Answer
    C. Isometric
    Explanation
    Isometric muscle contraction is usually involved with stabilization. Isometric contraction occurs when the muscle contracts but does not change in length, meaning there is no movement at the joint. This type of contraction is commonly used to maintain posture and stabilize the body during activities such as holding a plank or balancing on one leg. During isometric contractions, the muscle generates force without actually moving the joint, making it ideal for providing stability.

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  • 49. 

    Which of the following is true?

    • A.

      Antagonists always eccentrically contract.

    • B.

      Antagonists always shorten.

    • C.

      Antagonists always lengthen.

    • D.

      Antagonists always work against gravity.

    Correct Answer
    C. Antagonists always lengthen.
    Explanation
    Antagonists always lengthen because they are the muscles that oppose the action of the agonist muscles during movement. When the agonist muscle contracts and shortens to produce movement, the antagonist muscle relaxes and lengthens to allow for the desired movement to occur. This reciprocal relationship between agonist and antagonist muscles is essential for coordinated and controlled movement.

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  • 50. 

    What is the result of a Golgi tendon organ reflex?

    • A.

      The muscle contracts.

    • B.

      The muscle relaxes.

    • C.

      The muscle is facilitated.

    • D.

      None of these choices is correct.

    Correct Answer
    B. The muscle relaxes.
    Explanation
    The Golgi tendon organ reflex is a protective mechanism that prevents excessive tension on muscles. When the Golgi tendon organ detects high tension in a muscle, it sends inhibitory signals to the muscle, causing it to relax. This helps to prevent muscle damage or injury. Therefore, the correct answer is that the muscle relaxes in response to a Golgi tendon organ reflex.

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