Massage Therapy Anatomy And Technique - Leg And Foot

44 Questions | Total Attempts: 499

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Massage Therapy Anatomy And Technique - Leg And Foot

This is a quiz for massage therapists in training. However, anyone can benefit from this including med students, nurses, personal trainers, fitness enthusiasts or anybody else interested in learning about human anatomy. This particular quiz is on the anatomical leg and foot, with an emphasis on origin, insertion, and action of various muscles and muscle groups. Note that for short answer questions you must type in the complete name for anatomical structures - abbreviations will be marked wrong!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    How many bones are in the foot?
  • 2. 
    Name the bone that is commonly referred to as the 'heel':
  • 3. 
    Name all of the tarsals in the mid foot:
    • A. 

      Cuboid, navicular, lateral cuneiform, middle cuneiform, medial cuneiform.

    • B. 

      Cuboid, navicular, cuneiform, middle cuneiform, medial cuneiform.

    • C. 

      Cuboid, triquetrum, lunate, scaphoid, medial cuneiform, lateral cuneiform.

    • D. 

      Pisiform, triquetrum, lunate, scaphoid, trapezium, trapezoid, capitate, hamate.

    • E. 

      Pisiform, cuboid, navicular, scaphoid, trapezium, trapezoid, capitate, hamate.

  • 4. 
    What is the bone that sits on top of the calcaneus?
  • 5. 
    What is the anatomical name for the big toe?
  • 6. 
    What muscles lie in the anterior compartment of the leg?
    • A. 

      Tibialis anterior, flexor hallucis longus, flexor digitorum longus, peroneus longus, peroneus brevis.

    • B. 

      Tibialis anterior, extensor hallucis longus, extensor digitorum longus, peroneus tertius.

    • C. 

      Gastrocnemius, soleus, peroneus anterior.

    • D. 

      Tibialis posterior, flexor hallucis longus, flexor digitorum longus.

    • E. 

      Tibialis anterior, extensor hallucis longus, extensor digitorum longus.

  • 7. 
    What muscles lie in the lateral compartment of the leg?
    • A. 

      Peroneus longus, peroneus brevis, peroneus tertius.

    • B. 

      Peroneus longus, peroneus brevis, extensor hallucis longus.

    • C. 

      Peroneus longus.

    • D. 

      Peroneus lateralis, tibialis lateralis.

    • E. 

      Peroneus longus, peroneus brevis.

  • 8. 
    The muscles of the lateral compartment provide what movement(s) of the ankle?
    • A. 

      Eversion.

    • B. 

      Dorsiflexion.

    • C. 

      Plantarflexion.

    • D. 

      Inversion.

  • 9. 
    The muscles of the posterior compartment provide what movement(s) of the ankle?
    • A. 

      Dorsiflexion.

    • B. 

      Inversion.

    • C. 

      Eversion.

    • D. 

      Plantarflexion.

  • 10. 
    The muscles of the deep posterior compartment provide what movement(s) of the ankle?
    • A. 

      Dorsiflexion.

    • B. 

      Inversion.

    • C. 

      Eversion.

    • D. 

      Plantarflexion.

  • 11. 
    Name all the muscles responsible for plantar flexion of the foot:
    • A. 

      Gastrocnemius, soleus, tibialis posterior, peroneus longus (assists), peroneus brevis (assists), extensor digitorum longus (weak), extensor hallucis longus (weak), plantaris (weak).

    • B. 

      Gastrocnemius, soleus, tibialis posterior, flexor digitorum longus, flexor hallucis longus, extensor hallucis longus, peroneus longus (assists), peroneus brevis (assists), flexor digitorum longus (weak), flexor hallucis longus (weak), plantaris (weak).

    • C. 

      Gastrocnemius, soleus, tibialis anterior, tibialis posterior, flexor digitorum longus, flexor hallucis longus, extensor hallucis longus.

    • D. 

      Gastrocnemius, soleus, tibialis posterior.

    • E. 

      Gastrocnemius, soleus, tibialis posterior, peroneus longus (assists), peroneus brevis (assists), flexor digitorum longus (weak), flexor hallucis longus (weak), plantaris (weak).

  • 12. 
    Name all the muscles responsible for dorsiflexion of the foot:
    • A. 

      Tibialis anterior, extensor digitorum longus, extensor hallucis longus.

    • B. 

      Tibialis anterior, tibialis posterior, flexor digitorum longus, flexor hallucis longus, extensor hallucis longus.

    • C. 

      Tibialis anterior, tibialis posterior, flexor digitorum longus, flexor hallucis longus.

    • D. 

      Gastrocnemius, soleus, tibialis posterior, peroneus longus (assists), peroneus brevis (assists), flexor digitorum longus (weak), flexor hallucis longus (weak), plantaris (weak).

    • E. 

      Peroneus longus, peroneus brevis, extensor digitorum longus.

  • 13. 
    Name all the muscles responsible for eversion of the foot:
    • A. 

      Tibialis anterior, extensor digitorum longus, extensor hallucis longus.

    • B. 

      Tibialis anterior, tibialis posterior, flexor digitorum longus, flexor hallucis longus, extensor hallucis longus.

    • C. 

      Tibialis anterior, flexor hallucis longus, extensor hallucis longus.

    • D. 

      Peroneus longus, peroneus brevis, extensor digitorum longus.

    • E. 

      Tibialis anterior.

  • 14. 
    Name all the muscles responsible for extension of the second through fifth toes:
    • A. 

      Extensor digitorum longus, extensor digitorum brevis (2nd-4th toes).

    • B. 

      Extensor digitorum longus, extensor digitorum brevis (2nd-4th toes), lumbricals.

    • C. 

      Extensor digitorum longus, extensor digitorum brevis (2nd-4th toes), lumbricals, quadratus plantae (assists).

    • D. 

      Extensor digitorum longus, extensor digitorum brevis (2nd-4th toes), lumbricals, quadratus plantae (assists), abductor digiti minimi (5th toe).

    • E. 

      Extensor digitorum longus, extensor digitorum brevis (2nd-4th toes), dorsal interossei (2nd-4th toes).

  • 15. 
    Give the action(s) of gastrocnemius:
    • A. 

      Flexion of the knee (tibiofemoral joint), plantar flexion of the ankle (talocrural joint).

    • B. 

      Plantar flexion of the ankle (talocrural joint).

    • C. 

      Dorsiflexion of the ankle (talocrural joint).

    • D. 

      Eversion of the foot.

    • E. 

      Inversion of the foot.

  • 16. 
    Give the complete origin of gastrocnemius:
    • A. 

      Calcaneus via calcaneal tendon.

    • B. 

      Soleal line, posterior surface of tibia and proximal, posterior surface of fibula.

    • C. 

      Condyles of the femur, posterior surfaces.

    • D. 

      Proximal, medial shaft of the tibia at pes anserinus tendon.

    • E. 

      Lateral condyle of the femur.

  • 17. 
    Give the insertion of gastrocnemius:
    • A. 

      Proximal, posterior aspect of tibia.

    • B. 

      Base of the first metatarsal and medial cuneiform.

    • C. 

      Tuberosity of fifth metatarsal.

    • D. 

      Distal phalange of first toe.

    • E. 

      Calcaneus via calcaneal tendon.

  • 18. 
    Give the action of soleus:
    • A. 

      Plantar flexion of the ankle (talocrural joint).

    • B. 

      Flexion of the knee (tibiofemoral joint).

    • C. 

      Dorsiflexion of the ankle (talocrural joint).

    • D. 

      Eversion of the foot.

    • E. 

      Inversion of the foot.

  • 19. 
    Give the insertion of soleus:
    • A. 

      Proximal, posterior aspect of tibia.

    • B. 

      Base of the first metatarsal and medial cuneiform.

    • C. 

      Tuberosity of fifth metatarsal.

    • D. 

      Calcaneus via calcaneal tendon.

    • E. 

      Distal phalange of first toe.

  • 20. 
    Give the action of plantaris:
    • A. 

      Plantar flexion of the ankle (talocrural joint), flexion of the knee (tibiofemoral joint).

    • B. 

      Weak plantar flexion of the ankle (talocrural joint), weak inversion of the foot.

    • C. 

      Weak plantar flexion of the ankle (talocrural joint), weak flexion of the knee (tibiofemoral joint).

    • D. 

      Weak flexion of the knee (tibiofemoral joint), weak plantar flexion of the ankle (talocrural joint), weak inversion of the foot.

    • E. 

      Plantar flexion of the ankle (talocrural joint).

  • 21. 
    Give the origin of plantaris:
    • A. 

      Lateral condyle of the femur.

    • B. 

      Condyles of the femur, posterior surfaces.

    • C. 

      Proximal, medial shaft of the tibia at pes anserinus tendon.

    • D. 

      Proximal, posterior aspect of tibia.

    • E. 

      Posterior surface of fibula.

  • 22. 
    Give the insertion of plantaris:
    • A. 

      Base of the first metatarsal and medial cuneiform.

    • B. 

      Calcaneus via calcaneal tendon.

    • C. 

      Tuberosity of fifth metatarsal.

    • D. 

      Distal phalange of first toe.

    • E. 

      Distal phalanges of second through fifth toes.

  • 23. 
    Give the action of popliteus:
    • A. 

      Weak plantar flexion of the ankle (talocrural joint), weak flexion of the knee (tibiofemoral joint).

    • B. 

      Weak inversion of the foot.

    • C. 

      Medial rotatation of the flexed knee (tibiofemoral joint), flexion of the knee (tibiofemoral joint).

    • D. 

      Eversion of the foot.

    • E. 

      Inversion of the foot.

  • 24. 
    Give the origin of popliteus:
    • A. 

      Medial epicondyle of the femur.

    • B. 

      Lateral condyle of the femur.

    • C. 

      Condyles of the femur, posterior surfaces.

    • D. 

      Lateral epicondyle of the femur.

    • E. 

      Proximal, posterior aspect of tibia.

  • 25. 
    Give the insertion of popliteus:
    • A. 

      Base of the first metatarsal and medial cuneiform.

    • B. 

      Tuberosity of fifth metatarsal.

    • C. 

      Distal phalange of first toe.

    • D. 

      Distal phalanges of second through fifth toes.

    • E. 

      Proximal, posterior aspect of tibia.

  • 26. 
    Give the origin of peroneus longus:
    • A. 

      Condyles of the femur, posterior surfaces.

    • B. 

      Proximal, medial shaft of the tibia at pes anserinus tendon.

    • C. 

      Proximal, posterior aspect of tibia.

    • D. 

      Proximal two-thirds of lateral fibula.

    • E. 

      Tibial tuberosity.

  • 27. 
    Give the insertion of peroneus longus:
    • A. 

      Base of the first metatarsal and medial cuneiform.

    • B. 

      Tuberosity of fifth metatarsal.

    • C. 

      Distal phalange of first toe.

    • D. 

      Distal phalanges of second through fifth toes.

    • E. 

      Calcaneus via calcaneal tendon.

  • 28. 
    Give the action of peroneus brevis:
    • A. 

      Inversion of the foot, assists to plantar flex the ankle (talocrural joint).

    • B. 

      Weak plantar flexion of the ankle (talocrural joint), weak eversion of the foot.

    • C. 

      Eversion of the foot, assists to plantar flex the ankle (talocrural joint).

    • D. 

      Eversion of the foot, strong plantar flexion of the ankle (talocrural joint).

    • E. 

      Dorsiflexion of the ankle (talocrural joint), assists to plantar flex the ankle (talocrural joint).

  • 29. 
    Give the origin of peroneus brevis:
    • A. 

      Proximal two-thirds of lateral fibula.

    • B. 

      Condyles of the femur, posterior surfaces.

    • C. 

      Lateral condyle of the femur.

    • D. 

      Distal two-thirds of lateral fibula.

    • E. 

      Proximal, posterior aspect of tibia.

  • 30. 
    Give the insertion of peroneus brevis:
    • A. 

      Tuberosity of the fifth metatarsal.

    • B. 

      Base of the first metatarsal and medial cuneiform.

    • C. 

      Distal phalange of first toe.

    • D. 

      Distal phalanges of second through fifth toes.

    • E. 

      Calcaneus via calcaneal tendon.

  • 31. 
    Give the action of tibialis anterior:
    • A. 

      Extension of the second through fifth toes (metatarsophalangeal and interphalangeal joints), dorsiflexion of the ankle (talocrural joint), eversion of the foot.

    • B. 

      Extension of the first toe (metatarsophalangeal and interphalangeal joints), dorsiflexion of the ankle (talocrural joint), inversion of the foot.

    • C. 

      Eversion of the foot, assists to plantar flex the ankle (talocrural joint).

    • D. 

      Medial rotatation of the flexed knee (tibiofemoral joint), flexion of the knee (tibiofemoral joint).

    • E. 

      Inversion of the foot, dorsiflexion of the ankle (talocrural joint).

  • 32. 
    Give the origin of tibialis anterior:
    • A. 

      Proximal anterior shaft of fibula and interosseous membrane.

    • B. 

      Middle anterior surface of fibula and interosseous membrane.

    • C. 

      Proximal lateral surface of tibia and interosseous membrane.

    • D. 

      Proximal, medial shaft of the tibia at pes anserinus tendon.

    • E. 

      Tibial tuberosity.

  • 33. 
    Give the insertion of tibialis anterior:
    • A. 

      Middle and distal phalanges of second through fifth toes.

    • B. 

      Medial cuneiform and base of the first metatarsal.

    • C. 

      Distal phalange of first toe.

    • D. 

      Distal phalanges of second through fifth toes.

    • E. 

      Calcaneus via calcaneal tendon.

  • 34. 
    Give the action of extensor digitorum longus:
    • A. 

      Extension of the second through fifth toes (metatarsophalangeal and interphalangeal joints), dorsiflexion of the ankle (talocrural joint), eversion of the foot.

    • B. 

      Inversion of the foot, dorsiflexion of the ankle (talocrural joint).

    • C. 

      Extension of the first toe (metatarsophalangeal and interphalangeal joints), dorsiflexion of the ankle (talocrural joint), inversion of the foot.

    • D. 

      Eversion of the foot, assists to plantar flex the ankle (talocrural joint).

    • E. 

      Medial rotatation of the flexed knee (tibiofemoral joint), flexion of the knee (tibiofemoral joint).

  • 35. 
    Give the insertion of extensor digitorum longus:
    • A. 

      Navicular, cuneiforms, cuboid, and bases of second through fourth metatarsals.

    • B. 

      Middle and distal phalanges of second through fifth toes.

    • C. 

      Medial cuneiform and base of the first metatarsal.

    • D. 

      Distal phalange of first toe.

    • E. 

      Proximal lateral surface of tibia and interosseous membrane.

  • 36. 
    Give the action of extensor hallucis longus:
    • A. 

      Extension of the second through fifth toes (metatarsophalangeal and interphalangeal joints), dorsiflexion of the ankle (talocrural joint), eversion of the foot.

    • B. 

      Extension of the first toe (metatarsophalangeal and interphalangeal joints), dorsiflexion of the ankle (talocrural joint), inversion of the foot.

    • C. 

      Eversion of the foot, assists to plantar flex the ankle (talocrural joint).

    • D. 

      Extension of the second through fifth toes (metatarsophalangeal and interphalangeal joints), dorsiflexion of the ankle (talocrural joint), eversion of the foot.

    • E. 

      Medial rotatation of the flexed knee (tibiofemoral joint), extension of the knee (tibiofemoral joint).

  • 37. 
    Give the origin of extensor hallucis longus:
    • A. 

      Proximal posterior shaft of tibia, proximal fibula and interosseous membrane.

    • B. 

      Middle posterior surface of tibia.

    • C. 

      Proximal anterior shaft of fibula and interosseous membrane.

    • D. 

      Middle anterior surface of fibula and interosseous membrane.

    • E. 

      Proximal lateral surface of tibia and interosseous membrane.

  • 38. 
    Give the insertion of extensor hallucis longus:
    • A. 

      Middle and distal phalanges of second through fifth toes.

    • B. 

      Navicular, cuneiforms, cuboid, and bases of second through fourth metatarsals.

    • C. 

      Distal phalange of first toe.

    • D. 

      Medial cuneiform and base of the first metatarsal.

    • E. 

      Medial cuneiform and base of the second metatarsal.

  • 39. 
    Give the origin of tibialis posterior:
    • A. 

      Proximal posterior shaft of tibia, proximal fibula and interosseous membrane.

    • B. 

      Middle posterior surface of tibia.

    • C. 

      Middle half of posterior fibula.

    • D. 

      Proximal posterior shaft of fibula and interosseous membrane.

    • E. 

      Interosseous membrane.

  • 40. 
    Give the insertion of tibialis posterior:
    • A. 

      Middle and distal phalanges of second through fifth toes.

    • B. 

      Medial cuneiform and base of the first metatarsal.

    • C. 

      Navicular, cuneiforms, cuboid, and bases of second through fourth metatarsals.

    • D. 

      Proximal posterior shaft of tibia, proximal fibula and interosseous membrane.

    • E. 

      Middle phalanges of second through fifth toes.

  • 41. 
    Give the action of flexor digitorum longus:
    • A. 

      Inversion of the foot, plantar flexion of the ankle (talocrural joint).

    • B. 

      Flexion of the first toe (metatarsophalangeal and interphalangeal joints), weak plantar flexion of the ankle (talocrural joint), inversion of the foot.

    • C. 

      Flexion of the second through fifth toes (metatarsophalangeal and interphalangeal joints), weak plantar flexion of the ankle (talocrural joint), eversion of the foot.

    • D. 

      Flexion of the second through fifth toes (metatarsophalangeal and interphalangeal joints), weak plantar flexion of the ankle (talocrural joint), inversion of the foot.

    • E. 

      Flexion of the second through fifth toes (metatarsophalangeal and interphalangeal joints).

  • 42. 
    Give the origin of flexor digitorum longus:
    • A. 

      Proximal posterior shaft of tibia, proximal fibula and interosseous membrane.

    • B. 

      Middle half of posterior fibula.

    • C. 

      Middle posterior surface of tibia.

    • D. 

      Proximal posterior shaft of fibula and interosseous membrane.

    • E. 

      Interosseous membrane.

  • 43. 
    Give the action of flexor hallucis longus:
    • A. 

      Inversion of the foot, plantar flexion of the ankle (talocrural joint).

    • B. 

      Flexion of the first toe (metatarsophalangeal and interphalangeal joints), weak dorsal flexion of the ankle (talocrural joint), inversion of the foot.

    • C. 

      Flexion of the first toe (metatarsophalangeal and interphalangeal joints), weak plantar flexion of the ankle (talocrural joint), inversion of the foot.

    • D. 

      Flexion of the second through fifth toes (metatarsophalangeal and interphalangeal joints), weak plantar flexion of the ankle (talocrural joint), eversion of the foot.

    • E. 

      Flexion of the second through fifth toes (metatarsophalangeal and interphalangeal joints).

  • 44. 
    Give the insertion of flexor hallucis longus:
    • A. 

      Distal phalange of first toe.

    • B. 

      Distal phalanges of second through fifth toes.

    • C. 

      Navicular, cuneiforms, cuboid, and bases of second through fourth metatarsals.

    • D. 

      Middle and distal phalanges of second through fifth toes.

    • E. 

      Medial cuneiform and base of the first metatarsal.