Masg - Quiz #1

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| By MelMH
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Quizzes Created: 11 | Total Attempts: 8,195
Questions: 29 | Attempts: 819

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Massage Theory and Practice Test 1 recreation


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is not a component of the ICF model?

    • A.

      Body structures and functions

    • B.

      Activity

    • C.

      Disability

    • D.

      Participation

    Correct Answer
    C. Disability
    Explanation
    The ICF model, which stands for the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, is a framework that provides a comprehensive understanding of health and functioning. It consists of four components: body structures and functions, activity, participation, and environmental factors. Disability is included as one of the components in the ICF model, so it is not the correct answer for this question.

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  • 2. 

    In the ICF and disablement models, the process that occurs at the level of the organ or system is:

    • A.

      Pathophysiology

    • B.

      Impairment

    • C.

      Functional Limitation

    • D.

      Disability

    Correct Answer
    B. Impairment
    Explanation
    In the ICF and disablement models, impairment refers to the abnormality or loss of structure or function at the organ or system level. It is the result of a specific health condition or disease and can be objectively measured. Impairment is the first step in the disablement process and can lead to functional limitations and disabilities. Functional limitations refer to difficulties in performing certain activities, while disability refers to the impact of these limitations on a person's overall participation in society.

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  • 3. 

    Carpal tunnel syndrome involves inflammation of the flexor retinaculum, with pressure on the median nerve and loss of conduction. This is a description of:

    • A.

      Functional Limitation

    • B.

      Impairment

    • C.

      Pathophysiology

    • D.

      Disability

    Correct Answer
    C. Pathophysiology
    Explanation
    The given description explains the pathophysiology of carpal tunnel syndrome, which involves inflammation of the flexor retinaculum, causing pressure on the median nerve and loss of conduction. Pathophysiology refers to the study of the functional changes that occur in the body as a result of a disease or injury. In this case, the inflammation and pressure on the median nerve lead to the symptoms and impairments associated with carpal tunnel syndrome.

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  • 4. 

    The therapist's choice of techniques is an example of the:

    • A.

      Structure of Care

    • B.

      Process of Care

    • C.

      Outcomes of Care

    • D.

      Functions of Care

    Correct Answer
    B. Process of Care
    Explanation
    The therapist's choice of techniques refers to the actions and methods used by the therapist during the treatment process. This falls under the category of the process of care, as it involves the specific steps and procedures taken to provide care to the patient. The process of care focuses on the actions and interventions implemented by healthcare professionals to address the patient's needs and achieve desired outcomes. It encompasses the decision-making, treatment planning, and execution of therapeutic interventions, making it the most fitting category for the therapist's choice of techniques.

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  • 5. 

    In the ICF model, inability to carry out a normal employment role as a data entry operator is and example of:

    • A.

      Pathophysiology

    • B.

      Impairment

    • C.

      Functional Limitation

    • D.

      Participation Limitation

    Correct Answer
    D. Participation Limitation
    Explanation
    In the ICF model, participation limitation refers to the restrictions an individual may experience in their involvement in certain activities or roles within society. In this case, the inability to carry out a normal employment role as a data entry operator indicates a limitation in participating fully in the workforce. This could be due to various factors such as physical or cognitive impairments that hinder the individual's ability to perform the required tasks.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following statements is false concerning the Wellness Interactions Model?

    • A.

      A person has multiple dimensions: spirit, brain and body structures and function, activity capacity, ability to participate in society, and wellness behaviors.

    • B.

      The environment in which and individual exists cannot influence his or her level of wellness.

    • C.

      There is no continuum or progression through varying levels of disease and health to wellness.

    • D.

      An individual's level of wellness can affect any aspect of his or her person at any point in the individual's life, and vice versa.

    Correct Answer
    B. The environment in which and individual exists cannot influence his or her level of wellness.
    Explanation
    The Wellness Interactions Model recognizes that a person's level of wellness can be influenced by various factors, including the environment in which they exist. This means that the statement "The environment in which an individual exists cannot influence his or her level of wellness" is false. The model acknowledges that external factors such as social, economic, and physical environments can impact an individual's well-being and overall health. Therefore, the environment is considered an important aspect that can affect a person's level of wellness.

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  • 7. 

    In an intervention for treatment of impairments, the therapist's primary goals are:

    • A.

      Treatment of Impairments

    • B.

      Recovery

    • C.

      Prevention of Secondary Impairments

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The therapist's primary goals in an intervention for treatment of impairments include the treatment of impairments, recovery, and prevention of secondary impairments. This means that the therapist aims to address the specific impairments that the individual is experiencing, help them recover from these impairments, and also prevent any additional impairments from occurring. By focusing on all of these goals, the therapist can provide comprehensive care and support to the individual in order to improve their overall well-being and functional abilities.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following is not one of the three steps that therapists use to determine potential treatment outcomes for a client?

    • A.

      Understand the potential therapeutic effects of massage and the evidence for those effects

    • B.

      Identify which of the client's body strctures and functions she can appropriately treat with massage techniques

    • C.

      Determine the duration of the intervention she is going to provide

    • D.

      Determine whether she is treating the client's impairments or providing a wellness intervention

    Correct Answer
    C. Determine the duration of the intervention she is going to provide
    Explanation
    The therapist does not need to determine the duration of the intervention she is going to provide in order to determine potential treatment outcomes for a client. The duration of the intervention is not directly related to the potential therapeutic effects of massage, the client's body structures and functions that can be treated, or whether the therapist is treating impairments or providing a wellness intervention. The duration of the intervention may be determined based on factors such as the client's needs, preferences, and the therapist's professional judgment, but it is not a step in determining potential treatment outcomes.

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  • 9. 

    The therapeutic effects of massage techniques fall into which of the following six categories?

    • A.

      Mechanical, physiological, functional, reflex, psychoneuroimmunolgical, and energetic

    • B.

      Mechanical, physiological, psychological, reflex, psychoneuroimmunological, and energetic

    • C.

      Neurophysiological, physiological, psychological, reflex, psychoneuroimmunological, and energetic

    • D.

      Mechanical, physiological, psychological, reflex, psychoneuroimmunological, and kinetic

    Correct Answer
    B. Mechanical, physiological, psychological, reflex, psychoneuroimmunological, and energetic
    Explanation
    The therapeutic effects of massage techniques can be categorized into six categories: mechanical, physiological, psychological, reflex, psychoneuroimmunological, and energetic. These categories encompass the various ways in which massage can benefit the body and mind. The mechanical effects refer to the physical manipulation of tissues and muscles. Physiological effects involve changes in the body's systems and functions. Psychological effects pertain to the impact on mental well-being and relaxation. Reflex effects relate to the stimulation of specific points on the body. Psychoneuroimmunological effects refer to the influence on the nervous and immune systems. Lastly, energetic effects involve the flow and balance of energy within the body.

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  • 10. 

    Although interventions for wellness and the treatment of impairments differ in several ways, the primary distinction is whether or not:

    • A.

      The client has a referral from a physician

    • B.

      The client has a chronic illness and seeks ongoing maintenance care

    • C.

      The treatment is focused on one or more of the client's impairments

    • D.

      The therapist can identify appropriate wellness-related goals for the client

    Correct Answer
    C. The treatment is focused on one or more of the client's impairments
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The treatment is focused on one or more of the client's impairments." This answer is correct because it highlights the primary distinction between interventions for wellness and the treatment of impairments. While interventions for wellness focus on promoting overall well-being and preventing future health issues, treatment for impairments is specifically targeted towards addressing and improving specific impairments or health conditions that the client may have.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following statements about the clinical decision-making model for Outcome-Based Massage is false?

    • A.

      The steps in the Evaluative Phase revolve around formulating and confirming a clinical hypothesis about the cleint's clinical problem or wellness goals.

    • B.

      The steps in the Treatment Planning Phase involve identifying body structures and functions that are appropriate for treatment and selecting treatment techniques that will produce improvements in the client's impairments in body structures and functions, functional limitations, or overall wellness.

    • C.

      The Treatment Phase is an ongoing cycle of treatment, re-examination, and treatment progression that begins the moment the therapist completes the client history.

    • D.

      The Discharge Phase involves the transition of the client from the therapist's care to self-care or to treatment by another therapist.

    Correct Answer
    C. The Treatment Phase is an ongoing cycle of treatment, re-examination, and treatment progression that begins the moment the therapist completes the client history.
  • 12. 

    The phase that differs the most for the treatment of impairments versus wellness interventions is the:

    • A.

      Evaluative Phase

    • B.

      Treatment Planning Phase

    • C.

      Treatment Phase

    • D.

      Discharge Phase

    Correct Answer
    A. Evaluative Phase
    Explanation
    The evaluative phase is the phase that differs the most for the treatment of impairments versus wellness interventions. In the treatment of impairments, the evaluative phase involves assessing the individual's specific impairments, determining the extent of the impairment, and developing a treatment plan tailored to address those impairments. In contrast, in wellness interventions, the evaluative phase focuses on assessing the individual's overall health and wellness, identifying areas that need improvement, and developing a plan to promote overall well-being. Thus, the evaluative phase differs significantly in terms of the specific assessments and goals for impairments versus wellness interventions.

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  • 13. 

    During which phase of the clinical reasoning process does the emphasis on education for home maintenance and self-care increase?

    • A.

      Evaluative Phase

    • B.

      Treatment Planning Phase

    • C.

      Treatment Phase

    • D.

      Discharge Phase

    Correct Answer
    D. Discharge Phase
    Explanation
    During the discharge phase of the clinical reasoning process, the emphasis on education for home maintenance and self-care increases. This is because at this stage, the patient is preparing to leave the healthcare setting and return to their home environment. It is crucial to provide them with the necessary knowledge and skills to manage their condition independently and take care of themselves at home. This education aims to empower the patient and promote their ability to maintain their health and well-being outside of the healthcare setting.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following statements is true about the client examination?

    • A.

      Therapists use different examination approaches for clients with neurological, musculoskeletal, cardiopulmonary, or psychoneuroimmunological conditions.

    • B.

      Therapists can use the same examination approach for clients with neurological, musculoskeletal, cardiopulmonary, psychoneuroimmunological conditions.

    • C.

      The client examination consits of the selection, application, and interpretation of trial treatment techniques.

    • D.

      The components of the client examination are independent of the treatment environment in which the therapist works.

    Correct Answer
    A. Therapists use different examination approaches for clients with neurological, musculoskeletal, cardiopulmonary, or psychoneuroimmunological conditions.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that therapists use different examination approaches for clients with neurological, musculoskeletal, cardiopulmonary, or psychoneuroimmunological conditions. This means that depending on the specific condition a client has, therapists will tailor their examination approach to best address the needs and symptoms associated with that condition.

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  • 15. 

    Based on the clinical decision-making model for Outcome-Based Massage, a therapist can begin to treat a client using massage techniques when:

    • A.

      The client presents with a referral from a health care provider

    • B.

      The therapist has the legal right and the clinical competence to treat the client's condition

    • C.

      The client has impairments that are not contraindicated for the use of massage techniques

    • D.

      The client has requested a massage

    Correct Answer
    B. The therapist has the legal right and the clinical competence to treat the client's condition
    Explanation
    The correct answer is based on the principles of the clinical decision-making model for Outcome-Based Massage. In order for a therapist to begin treating a client using massage techniques, they must have both the legal right and the clinical competence to treat the client's condition. This means that the therapist must be legally allowed to provide massage therapy and must also have the necessary skills and knowledge to effectively address the client's specific condition. This ensures that the therapist is capable of providing safe and effective treatment for the client.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following is not a contraindication to treatment?

    • A.

      Open sore

    • B.

      Acute disk herniation

    • C.

      Acute flare-up of inflammatory arthritis

    • D.

      Intoxication

    Correct Answer
    D. Intoxication
    Explanation
    Intoxication is not a contraindication to treatment because it refers to the state of being under the influence of drugs or alcohol. While it may affect the individual's ability to fully participate in treatment, it does not directly interfere with the treatment itself. On the other hand, an open sore, acute disk herniation, and acute flare-up of inflammatory arthritis are all conditions that may require special considerations or modifications to the treatment plan, making them contraindications.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following is not an endagerment site?

    • A.

      Neck

    • B.

      Axilla

    • C.

      Gluteal fold

    • D.

      Umbilicus

    Correct Answer
    C. Gluteal fold
    Explanation
    The gluteal fold is not an endangerment site because it refers to the natural fold or crease between the buttocks and the upper thigh. Endangerment sites are areas of the body where vital structures such as nerves, blood vessels, or organs are at risk of injury during medical procedures or interventions. The neck, axilla (armpit), and umbilicus (belly button) are all examples of endangerment sites due to the presence of important structures that can be easily damaged if not handled carefully.

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  • 18. 

    The Initial Examination, Interim Examination or Re-Examination, Discharge Examination, and Follow-up Examination differ in terms of:

    • A.

      Scope, timing, objectives, and components

    • B.

      Scope, tests used, objectives, and components

    • C.

      Scope, timing, objectives, and client consent

    • D.

      Selectivity, timing, objectives, and components

    Correct Answer
    A. Scope, timing, objectives, and components
    Explanation
    The different types of examinations mentioned in the question (Initial, Interim, Discharge, and Follow-up) vary in terms of their scope (what is being assessed), timing (when they are conducted), objectives (what they aim to achieve), and components (what tests or assessments are included). The answer choice "Scope, timing, objectives, and components" accurately describes these differences.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following statements is false regarding the plan of care?

    • A.

      The therapist generates the plan of care during the Treatment Planning Phase.

    • B.

      It is unlikely that a plan of care will consist only of massage techniques.

    • C.

      The therapist generates the plan of care in consultation with the client.

    • D.

      The plan of care consists of the list of treatment techniques.

    Correct Answer
    D. The plan of care consists of the list of treatment techniques.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the plan of care consists of the list of treatment techniques. This statement is false because a plan of care is not solely comprised of a list of treatment techniques. The plan of care is a comprehensive outline that includes the therapist's assessment of the client's condition, goals for treatment, specific interventions and techniques to be used, and the expected outcomes. It is developed by the therapist in collaboration with the client, taking into consideration the client's needs, preferences, and goals.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following is true of outcome-based massage:

    • A.

      It selects techniques based only on client preference

    • B.

      It uses a linear decision making process

    • C.

      It classifies massage techniques based on the tissue layer they treat

    • D.

      Modification of treatment is not required because outcomes are used

    Correct Answer
    C. It classifies massage techniques based on the tissue layer they treat
    Explanation
    Outcome-based massage classifies massage techniques based on the tissue layer they treat. This means that different techniques are used depending on the specific tissue layer that needs to be targeted during the massage session. This approach allows the massage therapist to tailor the treatment to the client's specific needs and desired outcomes. By classifying techniques based on tissue layer, the therapist can effectively address issues such as muscle tension, joint mobility, and circulation, among others. This classification system helps to ensure that the massage is targeted and effective in achieving the desired outcomes for the client.

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  • 21. 

    Which of the following would be considered objective data in a plan of care?

    • A.

      Posture

    • B.

      Medications

    • C.

      Strength

    • D.

      A and c

    Correct Answer
    D. A and c
    Explanation
    Objective data refers to factual and measurable information that can be observed or measured by healthcare professionals. In the given options, both posture and strength can be objectively assessed and documented. Posture can be observed and evaluated by looking at the alignment and positioning of the body, while strength can be measured using various assessment tools and techniques. On the other hand, medications are subjective data as they are based on the patient's report or prescription. Hence, the correct answer is "a and c" because both posture and strength can be considered objective data in a plan of care.

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  • 22. 

    All of the following are functional limitations except:

    • A.

      Decreased strength of hamstrings

    • B.

      Inability to drive more than 10 minutes without pain

    • C.

      Inability to reach for objects overhead without pain

    • D.

      Inability to lift groceries out of the car without pain

    Correct Answer
    A. Decreased strength of hamstrings
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Decreased strength of hamstrings." This is because the question asks for functional limitations, and decreased strength of hamstrings is a physical limitation rather than a functional one. The other options, such as inability to drive, reach for objects overhead, and lift groceries without pain, all represent functional limitations as they affect the person's ability to perform everyday tasks.

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  • 23. 

    A discharge examination does which of the following?

    • A.

      Provides a record of the client's impairments and functional level at discharge

    • B.

      Promotes reliance on the expertise of the RMT

    • C.

      Documents client status but is only necessary for insurance cases

    • D.

      Discharge examinations are not done

    Correct Answer
    A. Provides a record of the client's impairments and functional level at discharge
    Explanation
    A discharge examination provides a record of the client's impairments and functional level at discharge. This means that it documents the client's physical limitations and abilities at the time of their discharge from therapy. It is important for tracking progress and determining the effectiveness of the treatment provided. It also serves as a reference for future healthcare providers who may need to understand the client's condition and history.

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  • 24. 

    Which of the following is not part of the treatment planning phase of clinical decision making?

    • A.

      Identifying functional outcomes

    • B.

      Identifying treatable impairments

    • C.

      Generating a clinical problem list

    • D.

      All are part of the treatment planning phase

    Correct Answer
    D. All are part of the treatment planning phase
    Explanation
    The given answer states that all of the options listed are part of the treatment planning phase of clinical decision making. This means that identifying functional outcomes, identifying treatable impairments, and generating a clinical problem list are all important steps in the treatment planning phase.

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  • 25. 

    There is always only one treatment plan within a plan of care.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because a plan of care can consist of multiple treatment plans. Depending on the individual's condition and needs, different treatments may be recommended by healthcare professionals. These treatments can include medication, therapy, surgery, lifestyle changes, and more. The goal of a plan of care is to address all aspects of the individual's health and provide a comprehensive approach to their treatment.

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  • 26. 

    Planning compensatory strategies occurs during the treatment planning stage of clinical decision making.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the treatment planning stage of clinical decision making, planning compensatory strategies is an important step. This involves identifying and implementing strategies that can help individuals overcome their limitations or deficits and improve their overall functioning. By planning compensatory strategies, healthcare professionals can tailor the treatment plan to the individual's specific needs and goals, ultimately enhancing the effectiveness of the treatment and promoting better outcomes. Therefore, the statement "Planning compensatory strategies occurs during the treatment planning stage of clinical decision making" is true.

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  • 27. 

    Mechanical effects of massage are caused by compression, tension, shearing or bending tissues.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The mechanical effects of massage are indeed caused by compression, tension, shearing, or bending tissues. During a massage, these techniques are applied to the body, resulting in various physical effects such as increased blood flow, relaxation of muscles, release of tension, and improved flexibility. These mechanical actions help to alleviate pain, reduce inflammation, and promote overall well-being. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 28. 

    Sedation and arousal are outcomes of reflex effects of massage.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Massage can have both sedative and arousing effects on the body. The pressure and techniques used during a massage can help relax the muscles and promote a sense of calm, leading to sedation. At the same time, the stimulation of the skin and muscles during a massage can also increase blood flow and release endorphins, which can lead to an increase in alertness and arousal. Therefore, sedation and arousal can both be outcomes of the reflex effects of massage.

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  • 29. 

    Reflex effects of massage are mediated by the nervous system.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Massage has been shown to have various effects on the body, including relaxation, pain relief, and improved circulation. These effects are primarily achieved through the stimulation of the nervous system. When the body receives a massage, the nerve endings in the skin and muscles are stimulated, which in turn sends signals to the brain. The brain then responds by releasing endorphins, which are natural painkillers, and reducing the activity of the sympathetic nervous system, which is responsible for the "fight or flight" response. Therefore, it can be concluded that the reflex effects of massage are indeed mediated by the nervous system.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 07, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    MelMH

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