Massage Therapy Anatomy And Technique - Hip And Thigh, Part 1

28 Questions | Total Attempts: 145

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Massage Therapy Anatomy And Technique - Hip And Thigh, Part 1

This is a quiz for massage therapists in training. However, anyone can benefit from this including med students, nurses, personal trainers, fitness enthusiasts or anybody else interested in learning about human anatomy. This particular quiz is on the hip and thigh region, with an emphasis on origin, insertion, and action of various muscles and muscle groups. Note that for short answer questions you must type in the complete name for anatomical structures - abbreviations will be marked wrong!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    This is a superficial sheet of fascia with vertical fibers that run along the lateral thigh.
  • 2. 
    What is the small, superficial muscle located on the lateral side of the upper thigh which attaches to the iliotibial tract?
  • 3. 
    This is the only muscle in the quadriceps femoris group that crosses two joints:
  • 4. 
    What are the muscles that comprise the hamstrings group?
    • A. 

      Rectus femoris, biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus.

    • B. 

      Rectus femoris, vastus intermedius, vastus medialis, vastus lateralis.

    • C. 

      Biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus.

    • D. 

      Supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, subscapularis.

    • E. 

      Adductor magnus, adductor longus, adductor brevis, pectineus, gracilis.

  • 5. 
    Give the origin(s) for gluteus minimus:
    • A. 

      Inferior ramus of pubis.

    • B. 

      Gluteal surface of the ilium between the anterior and inferior gluteal lines.

    • C. 

      Medial lip of linea aspera and adductor tubercle.

    • D. 

      Pectineal line and medial lip of linea aspera.

    • E. 

      Superior ramus of pubis.

  • 6. 
    This muscle is sometimes known as the "sciatica mimicker":
  • 7. 
    The hip/coxal joint is known by this anatomical name:
  • 8. 
    Give the insertion(s) for gluteus medius:
  • 9. 
    Which of the following are muscles in the adductor group?
    • A. 

      Adductor magnus

    • B. 

      Adductor longus

    • C. 

      Adductor brevis

    • D. 

      Pectineus

    • E. 

      Gracilis

  • 10. 
    Give the insertion(s) for gluteus minimus:
    • A. 

      Anterior border of the greater trochanter of the femur.

    • B. 

      Iliotibial tract.

    • C. 

      Pectineal line of femur.

    • D. 

      Sacrotuberous and sacroiliac ligaments.

    • E. 

      Gluteal tuberosity of femur.

  • 11. 
    What muscles perform flexion of the hip (coxal joint)? An asterisk (*) denotes muscles that assist in the movement.
    • A. 

      Rectus femoris, gluteus medius (anterior fibers), gluteus minimus, tensor fasciae latae, sartorius, psoas major, iliacus.

    • B. 

      Rectus femoris, vastus intermedius*, gluteus medius (anterior fibers), gluteus minimus, adductor magnus*, adductor longus*, adductor brevis*, pectineus*, tensor fasciae latae, sartorius, psoas major, iliacus.

    • C. 

      Rectus femoris, gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, adductor magnus*, adductor longus*, adductor brevis*, pectineus*, tensor fasciae latae, sartorius, psoas major, iliacus.

    • D. 

      Rectus femoris, vastus intermedius*, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis.

    • E. 

      Rectus femoris, gluteus medius (anterior fibers), gluteus minimus, adductor magnus*, adductor longus*, adductor brevis*, pectineus*, tensor fasciae latae, sartorius, psoas major, iliacus.

  • 12. 
    What muscles perform extension of the hip (coxal joint)? An asterisk (*) denotes muscles that assist in the movement.
    • A. 

      Biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus, gluteus maximus (all fibers), gluteus medius, adductor magnus.

    • B. 

      Biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus, gluteus maximus (all fibers), gluteus medius (posterior fibers), adductor magnus (posterior fibers).

    • C. 

      Biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus, gracilis, sartorius, gastrocnemius, popliteus, plantaris (weak)*.

    • D. 

      Biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus, gluteus maximus (posterior fibers), gluteus medius (posterior fibers), adductor magnus (posterior fibers), piriformis (when the hip is flexed)*.

    • E. 

      Biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus, gluteus maximus (posterior fibers).

  • 13. 
    What muscles perform medial (internal) rotation of the hip (coxal joint)? An asterisk (*) denotes muscles that assist in the movement.
    • A. 

      Semitendinosus, semimembranosus, gluteus medius (anterior fibers), gluteus minimus, adductor magnus, adductor longus, adductor brevis, gracilis, pectineus, tensor fasciae latae.

    • B. 

      Semitendinosus, semimembranosus, biceps femoris, gluteus medius (anterior fibers), gluteus minimus, adductor magnus, adductor longus, adductor brevis, gracilis, pectineus, tensor fasciae latae.

    • C. 

      Semitendinosus, semimembranosus, gluteus minimus, adductor magnus, adductor longus, adductor brevis, gracilis, pectineus, tensor fasciae latae.

    • D. 

      Semitendinosus, semimembranosus, gluteus medius (anterior fibers), gluteus minimus.

    • E. 

      Semitendinosus, gluteus medius (anterior fibers), gluteus minimus, adductor magnus, adductor longus, adductor brevis, gracilis, pectineus, tensor fasciae latae.

  • 14. 
    What muscles perform lateral (external) rotation of the hip (coxal joint)? An asterisk (*) denotes muscles that assist in the movement.
    • A. 

      Biceps femoris, gluteus maximus (lateral fibers), gluteus medius (posterior fibers), sartorius, piriformis, quadratus femoris, obturator internus, obturator externus, gemellus superior, gemellus inferior, psoas major, iliacus.

    • B. 

      Biceps femoris, gluteus maximus (all fibers), gluteus medius (posterior fibers), sartorius, piriformis, quadratus femoris, obturator internus, obturator externus, gemellus superior, gemellus inferior, psoas major, iliacus.

    • C. 

      Semitendinosus, semimembranosus, gluteus medius (anterior fibers), gluteus minimus, adductor magnus, adductor longus, adductor brevis, gracilis, pectineus, tensor fasciae latae.

    • D. 

      Semitendinosus, semimembranosus, biceps femoris, gluteus maximus (all fibers), gluteus medius (posterior fibers), sartorius, piriformis, quadratus femoris, obturator internus, obturator externus, gemellus superior, gemellus inferior, psoas major, iliacus.

    • E. 

      Biceps femoris, gluteus maximus (all fibers), sartorius, piriformis, quadratus femoris, obturator internus, obturator externus, gemellus superior, gemellus inferior, psoas major, iliacus.

  • 15. 
    What muscles perform adduction of the hip (coxal joint)? An asterisk (*) denotes muscles that assist in the movement.
    • A. 

      Adductor magnus, adductor longus, adductor brevis, pectineus, gracilis, psoas major, iliacus.

    • B. 

      Adductor magnus, adductor radialis longus, adductor brevis, pectineus, gracilis psoas major, iliacus, gluteus maximus (lower fibers).

    • C. 

      Adductor magnus, adductor longus, adductor brevis, pectineus, psoas major, iliacus, gluteus maximus (lower fibers).

    • D. 

      Adductor magnus, adductor longus, adductor brevis, pectineus, gracilis, psoas major, iliacus, gluteus maximus (lower fibers).

    • E. 

      Adductor magnus, adductor longus, adductor brevis, pectineus, gracilis, vastus medialis, psoas major, iliacus, gluteus maximus (lower fibers).

  • 16. 
    What muscles perform extension of the knee (tibiofemoral joint)? An asterisk (*) denotes muscles that assist in the movement.
    • A. 

      Biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus, gracilis, sartorius, gastrocnemius, popliteus, plantaris (weak)*.

    • B. 

      Rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius*.

    • C. 

      Biceps femoris, rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius*.

    • D. 

      Biceps femoris, gluteus maximus (all fibers), gluteus medius (posterior fibers), sartorius, piriformis, quadratus femoris, obturator internus, obturator externus, gemellus superior, gemellus inferior, psoas major, iliacus.

    • E. 

      Biceps femoris, rectus femoris, gluteus medius (anterior fibers), gluteus minimus, adductor magnus*, adductor longus*, adductor brevis*, pectineus*, tensor fasciae latae, sartorius, psoas major, iliacus.

  • 17. 
    What muscles perform medial rotation of the flexed knee (tibiofemoral joint)? An asterisk (*) denotes muscles that assist in the movement.
    • A. 

      Semitendinosus, semimembranosus, gracilis, sartorius, popliteus*.

    • B. 

      Biceps femoris.

    • C. 

      Semitendinosus, semimembranosus.

    • D. 

      Biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus, gracilis, sartorius, popliteus*.

    • E. 

      Vastus medialis, semitendinosus, semimembranosus, gracilis, sartorius, popliteus*.

  • 18. 
    What muscles perform lateral rotation of the flexed knee (tibiofemoral joint)? An asterisk (*) denotes muscles that assist in the movement.
    • A. 

      Vastus lateralis, semitendinosus, semimembranosus, gracilis, sartorius, popliteus*.

    • B. 

      Vastus lateralis.

    • C. 

      Semitendinosus, semimembranosus, gracilis, sartorius, popliteus*.

    • D. 

      Biceps femoris.

    • E. 

      Biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus, gracilis, sartorius, popliteus*.

  • 19. 
    What 2 muscles can entrap the sciatic nerve?
    • A. 

      Quadratus femoris.

    • B. 

      Biceps femoris, long head.

    • C. 

      Piriformis.

    • D. 

      Biceps femoris, short head.

    • E. 

      Semitendinosus.

  • 20. 
    Where does the sacrotuberous ligament run?
    • A. 

      Between the edge of the sacrum and the iliac tuberosity.

    • B. 

      Between the pubic tubercle and the edge of the sacrum.

    • C. 

      Between the edge of the sacrum and the iscial tuberosity.

    • D. 

      Between the pubic tubercle and the anterior superior iliac spine.

    • E. 

      Between the base of the sacrum and the posterior superior iliac spine.

  • 21. 
    Give the origin for piriformis:
    • A. 

      Lateral border of iscial tuberosity.

    • B. 

      Ischial spine.

    • C. 

      Superior and inferior rami of pubis.

    • D. 

      Coccyx.

    • E. 

      Anterior surface of the sacrum.

  • 22. 
    Give the actions of piriformis:
    • A. 

      Medially rotate the hip (coxal joint). Abduct the hip when the hip is flexed.

    • B. 

      Medially rotate the hip (coxal joint). Adduct the hip when the hip is flexed.

    • C. 

      Laterally rotate the hip (coxal joint). Adduct the hip.

    • D. 

      Laterally rotate the hip (coxal joint). Abduct the hip when the hip is flexed.

    • E. 

      Medially rotate the hip (coxal joint).

  • 23. 
    Trigger points in _____ refer pain locally in the buttock region. TPs are located in the superior medial portion of the muscle, the lower mid-portion overlying the posterior surface of the ischial tuberosity, and the most medial inferior portion.
    • A. 

      Gluteus medius.

    • B. 

      Gluteus maximus.

    • C. 

      Gluteus minimus.

    • D. 

      Tensor fasciae latae.

    • E. 

      Semitendinosus/semimembranosus.

  • 24. 
    Referred pain in _____ is often felt as low back pain. Referral zones are along the posterior crest of the ilium, and may involve the sacrum and the buttock. Pain may extend to the upper thigh.
    • A. 

      Gluteus medius.

    • B. 

      Gluteus maximus.

    • C. 

      Gluteus minimus.

    • D. 

      Tensor fasciae latae.

    • E. 

      Semitendinosus/semimembranosus.

  • 25. 
    Trigger points in anterior fibers of _____ refer to the lateral aspect of the buttock, thigh, and knee, and all the way down the leg to the ankle. The referral pattern for the posterior fibers is similar and projects pain over the medial aspect of the buttock and down the back of the thigh and calf.
    • A. 

      Gluteus medius.

    • B. 

      Gluteus maximus.

    • C. 

      Gluteus minimus.

    • D. 

      Tensor fasciae latae.

    • E. 

      Semitendinosus/semimembranosus.

  • 26. 
    Trigger points in _____ may refer pain to the hip and down the thigh. In some cases, pain is reported as far down as the knee. Another affected area is the region around the greater trochanter, where symptoms can mimic a condition known as "trochanter bursitis".
    • A. 

      Piriformis.

    • B. 

      Gluteus minimus.

    • C. 

      Biceps femoris.

    • D. 

      Semitendinosus/semimembranosus.

    • E. 

      Tensor fasciae latae.

  • 27. 
    Trigger points in _____ have a primary referral pattern going downward to the back of the knee. Spillover patterns may go farther down into the calf and upward into the thigh. Semitendinosus/semimembranosus.
    • A. 

      Gluteus maximus.

    • B. 

      Gluteus minimus.

    • C. 

      Piriformis.

    • D. 

      Biceps femoris.

    • E. 

      Semitendinosus/semimembranosus.

  • 28. 
    Trigger points in _____ refer pain primarily upward to the gluteal fold. The secondary pattern is downward to the posterior thigh and back of the knee, and occasionally further down into the calf.
    • A. 

      Biceps femoris.

    • B. 

      Gluteus maximus.

    • C. 

      Gluteus minimus.

    • D. 

      Piriformis.

    • E. 

      Semitendinosus/semimembranosus.