Sunrotc_marine Corps History IV

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Sunrotc_marine Corps History IV - Quiz


This quiz is on the events that take place around the Korean War.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    During what engagement did the Marines drive the North Koreans back over 20 miles into their territory?

    • A.

      Inchon

    • B.

      Pusan Perimeter

    • C.

      Seoul

    • D.

      Chosin Resservoir

    Correct Answer
    B. Pusan Perimeter
    Explanation
    During the Korean War, the Marines successfully pushed back the North Koreans over 20 miles into their territory during the Pusan Perimeter engagement. The Pusan Perimeter was a defensive line established by United Nations forces to protect the city of Pusan from the North Korean invasion. It was a crucial battle that marked a turning point in the war, as it allowed the United Nations forces to regain momentum and eventually launch a counteroffensive. The Marines played a significant role in this engagement, contributing to the successful defense of the Pusan Perimeter.

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  • 2. 

    What operation was opposed by nearly all the high ranking officials in the Department of Defence?

    • A.

      Inchon

    • B.

      Chosin Resservoir

    • C.

      Pusan Perimeter

    • D.

      Seoul

    Correct Answer
    A. Inchon
    Explanation
    The operation that was opposed by nearly all the high ranking officials in the Department of Defence was Inchon.

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  • 3. 

    What was the name of the capital of South Korea that was taken by the North Koreans?

    • A.

      Pusan Perimeter

    • B.

      Chosin Resservoir

    • C.

      Seoul

    • D.

      Inchon

    Correct Answer
    C. Seoul
    Explanation
    During the Korean War, the North Koreans managed to capture the capital city of South Korea, Seoul. This event occurred in 1950 when North Korean forces successfully invaded and occupied the city. The capture of Seoul was a significant blow to South Korea, as it resulted in the division of the country and the establishment of the demilitarized zone (DMZ) that still exists today.

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  • 4. 

    In what battle where the Marines fighting in sub-zero degree weather and surrounded by seven Chinese divisions?

    • A.

      Iwo Jima

    • B.

      Hue City

    • C.

      Inchon

    • D.

      Chosin Resservoir

    Correct Answer
    D. Chosin Resservoir
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Chosin Reservoir. In this battle, the Marines were fighting in extremely cold weather conditions, with temperatures dropping below freezing. They were also surrounded by seven Chinese divisions, making the situation even more challenging. The battle took place during the Korean War in November and December 1950, and the Marines displayed immense bravery and resilience in the face of overwhelming odds.

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  • 5. 

    What was not a significant development of the Korean War?

    • A.

      Gore-tex

    • B.

      Flak Jackets

    • C.

      Thermal Boots

    • D.

      Verticle Envelopment

    Correct Answer
    A. Gore-tex
    Explanation
    Gore-tex is not a significant development of the Korean War because it is a waterproof and breathable fabric that was invented in 1969, several years after the war ended in 1953. Therefore, it was not a technology or invention that had any impact on the course or outcome of the Korean War.

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  • 6. 

    The mere offensive presence of the Marines deterred any  communist hostilities on what island?

    • A.

      Wolmi-Do

    • B.

      Tarawa

    • C.

      Formosa

    • D.

      Iwo Jima

    Correct Answer
    C. Formosa
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Formosa. Formosa, now known as Taiwan, was a target of communist hostilities during the Cold War. The presence of the Marines on the island acted as a deterrent, preventing any offensive actions from the communists. This showcases the effectiveness of a strong military presence in deterring potential threats.

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  • 7. 

    Who was the first Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps?

    • A.

      Sgt Maj Quick

    • B.

      Sgt Maj Kent

    • C.

      Sgt Maj Henderspn

    • D.

      Sgt Maj Bestwick

    Correct Answer
    D. Sgt Maj Bestwick
    Explanation
    Sgt Maj Bestwick was the first Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps.

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  • 8. 

    Who received their fifth Navy Cross during the Koerean War?

    • A.

      Dan Daily

    • B.

      Lewis P. Puller

    • C.

      Smedly Butler

    • D.

      John Basilone

    Correct Answer
    B. Lewis P. Puller
    Explanation
    Lewis P. Puller received his fifth Navy Cross during the Korean War. This prestigious award is given to members of the United States Navy and Marine Corps for extraordinary heroism in combat. Puller's fifth Navy Cross signifies his exceptional bravery and valor, as he demonstrated outstanding leadership and courage in multiple engagements during the Korean War. His achievements and contributions to the military make him a highly deserving recipient of this honor.

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  • 9. 

    What is the name of the act that stated that the Marine Corps would never be smaller than three active duty divisions, air wings, and necessary service support.

    • A.

      National Security Act of 1947

    • B.

      Marine Act

    • C.

      Smith-Puller Act

    • D.

      Douglas-Mansfield Act

    Correct Answer
    D. Douglas-Mansfield Act
    Explanation
    The Douglas-Mansfield Act is the correct answer because it is the act that stated that the Marine Corps would never be smaller than three active duty divisions, air wings, and necessary service support. The National Security Act of 1947 is not the correct answer because it did not specifically address the size of the Marine Corps. The Marine Act and the Smith-Puller Act are not the correct answers because they are not relevant to the given information.

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  • 10. 

    Who stated "We are not retreating, we are attacking in a different direction."

    • A.

      Dan Daily

    • B.

      Col. Chesty Puller

    • C.

      General Smith

    • D.

      Gen MacArthur

    Correct Answer
    C. General Smith
    Explanation
    General Smith stated "We are not retreating, we are attacking in a different direction."

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