Cardiovascular Disease And Diabetes

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| By Florey
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Florey
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 19 | Total Attempts: 11,098
Questions: 16 | Attempts: 241

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Diabetes Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    If you have diabetes, you are at least twice as likely as someone who does not have diabetes to have heart disease or a stroke.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Having diabetes increases the risk of developing heart disease or having a stroke. This is because high blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels and nerves that control the heart and blood vessels. Additionally, diabetes is often associated with other risk factors for heart disease, such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels. Therefore, individuals with diabetes are at least twice as likely to experience heart disease or a stroke compared to those without diabetes.

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  • 2. 

    Heart Attacks are more serious in people who have diabetes and are more likely to end in death.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    People with diabetes are more prone to heart attacks due to various factors. Diabetes can lead to the buildup of fatty deposits in the blood vessels, causing a condition called atherosclerosis. This condition narrows the blood vessels and restricts blood flow to the heart, increasing the risk of a heart attack. Additionally, diabetes can also cause damage to the nerves and blood vessels, making it harder for the body to respond to a heart attack. Due to these reasons, heart attacks in people with diabetes are generally considered more serious and have a higher likelihood of resulting in death.

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  • 3. 

    High blood sugar levels over time can contribute to plaque (fatty deposits) on the insides of blood vessels.  This can cause: 

    • A.

      Neuropathy

    • B.

      Clogged blood vessels

    • C.

      Weight gain

    Correct Answer
    B. Clogged blood vessels
    Explanation
    High blood sugar levels can lead to the formation of plaque on the inner walls of blood vessels. This plaque can cause the blood vessels to become narrowed or blocked, leading to clogged blood vessels. When blood vessels are clogged, it becomes difficult for blood to flow freely, which can result in various health issues such as heart disease, stroke, and other cardiovascular problems.

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  • 4. 

    Besides having diabetes, what are some other risk factors for cardiovascular disease?

    • A.

      Family history of cardiovascular disease (heart attack, stroke, blood vessel blockage)

    • B.

      High LDL, cholesterol, or triglycerides

    • C.

      Smoking

    • D.

      Extra weight in the belly area

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because all of the mentioned factors - family history of cardiovascular disease, high LDL, cholesterol, or triglycerides, smoking, and extra weight in the belly area - are known risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Having diabetes is also a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, but the question specifically asks for other risk factors.

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  • 5. 

    Diet affects the risk of cardiovascular disease.  One thing you can do is increase fiber with:

    • A.

      Oats, beans, peas

    • B.

      Broccoli, salads, carrots

    • C.

      Strawberries, apples, bananas

    • D.

      All of these foods are high in fiber.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these foods are high in fiber.
    Explanation
    The answer is "All of these foods are high in fiber" because the question states that increasing fiber can help reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, and all the listed foods (oats, beans, peas, broccoli, salads, carrots, strawberries, apples, bananas) are known to be high in fiber. Therefore, including any of these foods in one's diet can help increase fiber intake and potentially lower the risk of cardiovascular disease.

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  • 6. 

    Which type of fish help to prevent cardiovascular disease?

    • A.

      Oily fish

    • B.

      Tuna

    • C.

      Tilapia

    • D.

      Grouper

    • E.

      A and B are correct

    Correct Answer
    E. A and B are correct
    Explanation
    Oily fish, such as tuna, are rich sources of omega-3 fatty acids, which have been shown to have numerous health benefits, including reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease. These fatty acids help to lower blood pressure, reduce inflammation, and improve overall heart health. Therefore, both oily fish and tuna can be beneficial in preventing cardiovascular disease.

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  • 7. 

    The two types of fat we should eat less of are saturated fat and trans fat.  Examples of saturated fat include:

    • A.

      Pickles, olives, pimientos

    • B.

      Cheetos, Doritos, Oreos

    • C.

      Cheese, hot dogs , bacon

    Correct Answer
    C. Cheese, hot dogs , bacon
    Explanation
    The correct answer is cheese, hot dogs, and bacon. These foods are high in saturated fat, which is a type of fat that can raise cholesterol levels and increase the risk of heart disease. Consuming too much saturated fat can also contribute to weight gain and obesity. It is recommended to limit the intake of these foods to maintain a healthy diet.

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  • 8. 

    Junk foods like chips and other salty snack foods, snack crackers, cookies, commercially prepared baked goods, cake mixes, frosting, candy bars, microwave popcorn, fried foods, are examples of which type of fat?

    • A.

      Saturated fat

    • B.

      Unsaturated fat

    • C.

      Monounsaturated fat

    • D.

      Trans fat

    Correct Answer
    D. Trans fat
    Explanation
    Junk foods like chips and other salty snack foods, snack crackers, cookies, commercially prepared baked goods, cake mixes, frosting, candy bars, microwave popcorn, fried foods, are examples of trans fat. Trans fat is a type of fat that is created through the process of hydrogenation, which converts liquid oils into solid fats. Trans fats are known to increase bad cholesterol levels and decrease good cholesterol levels, making them harmful to overall health. Therefore, consuming these junk foods can contribute to an unhealthy diet and increase the risk of various health problems.

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  • 9. 

    Foods high in the "good/healthy" type of fat - monounsaturated - include:

    • A.

      Peas, beans, lentils

    • B.

      Nuts, avocados, olives and olive oil

    • C.

      Oatmeal, sweet potatoes, cabbage

    Correct Answer
    B. Nuts, avocados, olives and olive oil
    Explanation
    The foods listed in the answer, such as nuts, avocados, olives, and olive oil, are high in monounsaturated fats. Monounsaturated fats are considered "good" or "healthy" fats because they can help improve cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease. These foods are also nutrient-dense and provide other beneficial nutrients like fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Including these foods in a balanced diet can contribute to overall health and well-being.

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  • 10. 

    Signs of a TIA (transischemic attack) or "mini stroke" might be sudden weakness, loss of balance, numbness, confusion, blindness in one or both eyes, double vision, difficulty speaking, or a severe headache.

    • A.

      Sudden weakness

    • B.

      Loss of sight in one eye or both eyes, or double vision

    • C.

      Problems speaking

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above." This is because the signs of a TIA or "mini stroke" can include sudden weakness, loss of balance, numbness, confusion, blindness in one or both eyes, double vision, difficulty speaking, or a severe headache. Therefore, all of the options listed are signs of a TIA.

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  • 11. 

    If your ABCs are good, there is a lower risk of cardiovascular disease.  What are the ABCs?

    • A.

      A1C, blood pressure, cholesterol

    • B.

      A1C, body weight, chemicals

    • C.

      Aspirin, vitamin B and vitamin C

    Correct Answer
    A. A1C, blood pressure, cholesterol
    Explanation
    The ABCs in this context refer to A1C, blood pressure, and cholesterol. These are all important factors that can contribute to the risk of cardiovascular disease. A1C is a measure of blood sugar control over a period of time and high levels can indicate diabetes, which is a risk factor for heart disease. Blood pressure measures the force of blood against the walls of the arteries and high blood pressure can damage the arteries and increase the risk of heart disease. Cholesterol refers to the levels of different types of fats in the blood and high levels of LDL cholesterol (often referred to as "bad" cholesterol) can clog the arteries and increase the risk of heart disease. By keeping these ABCs in check, the risk of cardiovascular disease can be lowered.

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  • 12. 

    Coronary Artery disease affects your ___; while Cerebral Vascular Disease affects your _____

    • A.

      Arteries, Colon

    • B.

      Head; Legs

    • C.

      Heart: Brain

    Correct Answer
    C. Heart: Brain
    Explanation
    Coronary Artery disease affects the arteries that supply blood to the heart, leading to reduced blood flow and potential damage to the heart muscle. On the other hand, Cerebral Vascular Disease affects the blood vessels in the brain, which can result in reduced blood flow, stroke, or other neurological complications.

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  • 13. 

    Most strokes are caused by ___ that narrow or block one of the blood vessels in the brain or neck.

    • A.

      Obesity

    • B.

      Fatty deposits or blood clots

    • C.

      Butter

    Correct Answer
    B. Fatty deposits or blood clots
    Explanation
    Most strokes are caused by fatty deposits or blood clots that narrow or block one of the blood vessels in the brain or neck. These deposits, also known as plaques, can build up over time in the arteries due to factors such as high cholesterol levels, smoking, and high blood pressure. When a clot or plaque blocks a blood vessel, it restricts the flow of oxygen and nutrients to the brain, leading to a stroke. Obesity and butter are not direct causes of strokes, although they can contribute to the development of risk factors such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels.

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  • 14. 

    People with diabetes have at least twice the risk of heart failure as other people.  What is heart failure?

    • A.

      Swelling of the cardiac tissue

    • B.

      Sudden loss of balance

    • C.

      The heart is too weak to pump blood properly throughout the body

    Correct Answer
    C. The heart is too weak to pump blood properly throughout the body
    Explanation
    Heart failure is a condition where the heart is unable to pump blood efficiently throughout the body. This can occur when the heart muscles become weak or stiff, making it difficult for the heart to fill with and/or pump out enough blood. As a result, the body does not receive enough oxygen and nutrients, leading to symptoms such as fatigue, shortness of breath, and fluid retention. People with diabetes have a higher risk of developing heart failure due to various factors, including damage to blood vessels and nerves, high blood pressure, and obesity.

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  • 15. 

    Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is when the blood vessels in the legs are narrowed or blocked which decreases blood flow to the legs and feet.   What are some conditions that might occur if one has peripheral arterial disease?

    • A.

      Heart attack, stroke

    • B.

      Leg pain while walking

    • C.

      Amputation

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a condition where the blood vessels in the legs are narrowed or blocked, leading to decreased blood flow to the legs and feet. This reduced blood flow can cause various complications. Heart attack and stroke can occur because the narrowed or blocked blood vessels in the legs can also affect the arteries supplying blood to the heart and brain. Leg pain while walking, known as claudication, is a common symptom of PAD due to the reduced blood flow. In severe cases, when blood flow is severely restricted, amputation may be necessary to prevent tissue death. Therefore, all of the mentioned conditions can occur if one has peripheral arterial disease.

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  • 16. 

    What should you do if you think you or a family member or friend might be having symptoms of a stroke?

    • A.

      Call 911 immediately

    • B.

      Call your doctor the next morning

    • C.

      Go to bed early

    Correct Answer
    A. Call 911 immediately
    Explanation
    If you think you or a family member or friend might be having symptoms of a stroke, it is crucial to call 911 immediately. Time is of the essence when it comes to stroke, as prompt medical attention can greatly improve the chances of a positive outcome. Calling 911 ensures that emergency medical services can be dispatched quickly, allowing for timely assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of the stroke. Delaying medical intervention by waiting until the next morning or going to bed early can significantly increase the risk of severe complications or even death.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 10, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Florey
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