Department Locksmith Qualification Test

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Lock picking qualification test for the Saratoga Springs Forensic Lab. Secure, NO ACCESS REQUESTS WILL BE GRANTED FOR INDIVIDUALS. Exception: Used only for classroom teaching of law enforcement officers and personnel of related employment. In that case, a scanned and emailed copy of employment ID will be required and then an access code will be given.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Where are the pins located inside a lock?

    • A.

      Middle

    • B.

      Side

    • C.

      Bottom

    • D.

      Top

    Correct Answer
    D. Top
    Explanation
    The pins inside a lock are located at the top. This is because the pins are responsible for securing the lock and preventing it from being opened without the correct key. When the correct key is inserted into the lock, it aligns the pins at the top, allowing the lock to be turned and opened.

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  • 2. 

    What kind of pick is used for raking?

    • A.

      Hook

    • B.

      3/4

    • C.

      Half Diamond

    • D.

      Ball

    Correct Answer
    B. 3/4
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 3/4. A 3/4 pick is used for raking.

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  • 3. 

    What happens when a security pin is picked?

    • A.

      Nothing

    • B.

      The keyway moves slightly backward

    • C.

      The keyway moves slightly forward

    • D.

      The lock is picked

    Correct Answer
    C. The keyway moves slightly forward
    Explanation
    When a security pin is picked, the keyway moves slightly forward. This movement occurs because the security pin, which is designed to prevent the lock from being easily picked, is pushed up and aligned with the shear line. As a result, the keyway moves forward, allowing the lock to be opened.

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  • 4. 

    What kind of tension wrench is used for high security locks?

    • A.

      Lightweight

    • B.

      Regular

    • C.

      Double ended

    • D.

      Double Prounged

    Correct Answer
    A. Lightweight
    Explanation
    A lightweight tension wrench is used for high security locks because it allows for more precision and control while picking the lock. High security locks require delicate manipulation, and a lightweight tension wrench provides the necessary finesse to avoid damaging the lock or breaking the pins inside. This type of tension wrench is designed to be less forceful, allowing the locksmith to apply just the right amount of pressure to set the pins and unlock the mechanism.

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  • 5. 

    What kind of picks are used on locks with indifferent looking keyways?

    • A.

      Hook

    • B.

      3/4

    • C.

      Ball

    • D.

      Warded

    Correct Answer
    D. Warded
    Explanation
    Warded picks are used on locks with indifferent looking keyways. Warded locks have a simple mechanism with obstructions called wards that prevent the wrong key from turning. Warded picks are designed to bypass these wards and manipulate the lock to open it. They have a flat, thin shape that allows them to navigate through the wards and engage the lock's mechanism. This makes warded picks the appropriate choice for locks with indifferent keyways.

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  • 6. 

    Where is the tension wrench inserted inside the lock?

    • A.

      Top

    • B.

      Side

    • C.

      Bottom

    • D.

      Middle

    Correct Answer
    C. Bottom
    Explanation
    The tension wrench is inserted at the bottom of the lock. This is because the tension wrench is used to apply pressure to the lock's core or cylinder, while the lock is being picked. By inserting the tension wrench at the bottom, it allows for better control and manipulation of the lock's internal components, increasing the chances of successfully picking the lock.

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  • 7. 

    What is the most quickest, covert way to breach?

    • A.

      Lock Picking

    • B.

      Door Kicking

    • C.

      Using a special piece of metal with a hook to pull the plunger or using the credit card method depending on plunger orientation.

    • D.

      Hacksaw

    Correct Answer
    C. Using a special piece of metal with a hook to pull the plunger or using the credit card method depending on plunger orientation.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is using a special piece of metal with a hook to pull the plunger or using the credit card method depending on plunger orientation. This method is considered the most covert because it does not involve any loud or forceful actions like door kicking or hacksaw. Instead, it relies on a specialized tool or a credit card to manipulate the lock mechanism quietly and without causing any damage to the door or lock. This allows the intruder to breach the lock without attracting attention or leaving any obvious signs of forced entry.

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  • 8. 

    Where is the pick initially inserted?

    • A.

      Bottom

    • B.

      Center

    • C.

      Side

    • D.

      Top

    Correct Answer
    B. Center
    Explanation
    The pick is initially inserted in the center.

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  • 9. 

    What is required when a lock is picked backwards?

    • A.

      Warded Picks

    • B.

      Featherweight tension wrench

    • C.

      Hooked Pick

    • D.

      Plug Spinner

    Correct Answer
    D. Plug Spinner
    Explanation
    When a lock is picked backwards, the plug spinner is required. The plug spinner is a tool used to rotate the lock cylinder in the opposite direction to reset the pins and allow the lock to be opened. This tool is essential in quickly and efficiently opening a lock that has been picked in the wrong direction.

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  • 10. 

    What is the 3/4 pick used for?

    • A.

      Individual Pin

    • B.

      Raking

    • C.

      Tension

    • D.

      Double Picking

    Correct Answer
    B. Raking
    Explanation
    The 3/4 pick is used for raking. Raking is a technique used in lock picking where a pick with multiple peaks is inserted into the lock and then quickly moved up and down. This technique is used to manipulate the pins inside the lock and try to set them all at once, allowing for a quicker and more efficient way to pick the lock.

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  • 11. 

    What does a pickgun do?

  • 12. 

    When does an entry start?

  • 13. 

    What does Section 140.35 of NYS Penal Law pertain to?

  • 14. 

    What is required when breaching?

  • 15. 

    When is destructive entry lawful under policy?

  • 16. 

    How do you extract a broken key?

  • 17. 

    Describe what happens to the pins when a lock is picked.

  • 18. 

    How does breaking and entering pertain to lock picking?

  • 19. 

    Describe the process of how a lock works from locked to unlock.

  • 20. 

    Describe how to efficiently pick a lock.

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