Lit And Arts Final Study Guide

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Study Guide Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Who is usually regarded as the pioneer of musical romanticism?

    • A.

      Beethoven

    • B.

      Chopin

    • C.

      Haydn

    • D.

      Brahms

    Correct Answer
    A. Beethoven
    Explanation
    Beethoven is usually regarded as the pioneer of musical romanticism because he played a crucial role in bridging the gap between the classical and romantic periods of music. His compositions were characterized by emotional intensity, individual expression, and a departure from the formal structures of classical music. Beethoven's innovative approach to composition paved the way for future romantic composers and greatly influenced the development of the romantic era in music.

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  • 2. 

    Who were the great musical virtuosos of the 19th century?

    • A.

      Beethoven, Haydn, Liszt

    • B.

      Chopin, Berlioz, Scarlatti

    • C.

      Liszt, Chopin, and Paganini

    • D.

      Mussorgsky, Smetana, and Paganini

    Correct Answer
    C. Liszt, Chopin, and Paganini
    Explanation
    During the 19th century, Liszt, Chopin, and Paganini were renowned as great musical virtuosos. Liszt was a Hungarian composer and pianist known for his technical brilliance and showmanship. Chopin, a Polish composer and pianist, was celebrated for his expressive and emotive piano compositions. Paganini, an Italian violinist and composer, was famous for his extraordinary skill and innovative techniques on the violin. Together, these three musicians left a lasting impact on the music of the 19th century with their virtuosity and contributions to their respective instruments.

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  • 3. 

    What did Chopin, Mussorgsky, and Smetana have in Common?

    • A.

      They were Russian expatriates living in Paris.

    • B.

      They were Polish.

    • C.

      They incorporated traditional folk tunes into their compositions.

    • D.

      They composed exclusively for violin and orchestra.

    Correct Answer
    C. They incorporated traditional folk tunes into their compositions.
    Explanation
    Chopin, Mussorgsky, and Smetana all shared the common characteristic of incorporating traditional folk tunes into their compositions. This means that they drew inspiration from their respective cultural backgrounds and incorporated elements of traditional music into their own works. This allowed them to create unique and distinctive compositions that were influenced by the folk music of their respective countries.

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  • 4. 

    Who was the greatest Italian opera composer of the 19th century?

    • A.

      Monteverdi

    • B.

      Verdi

    • C.

      Puccini

    • D.

      Palestrina

    Correct Answer
    B. Verdi
    Explanation
    Verdi is considered the greatest Italian opera composer of the 19th century because of his immense contribution to the genre. He composed numerous operas that are still performed and beloved today, including iconic works such as "La Traviata," "Rigoletto," and "Aida." Verdi's compositions showcased his mastery of dramatic storytelling, powerful melodies, and emotional depth, making him a central figure in the development of Italian opera during the 19th century. His works continue to be celebrated for their timeless beauty and profound impact on the operatic tradition.

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  • 5. 

    What 1853 work broke new ground in the history of opera by dealing with contemporary life rather than a historical or mythological subject?

    • A.

      Nabucco

    • B.

      Rigoletto

    • C.

      Lusia Miller

    • D.

      La Traviata

    Correct Answer
    D. La Traviata
    Explanation
    La Traviata broke new ground in the history of opera by dealing with contemporary life rather than a historical or mythological subject. This opera, composed by Giuseppe Verdi in 1853, tells the story of a courtesan named Violetta Valéry and her tragic love affair with a young nobleman. By focusing on the realities of contemporary society, La Traviata challenged the traditional operatic themes and brought a sense of realism to the genre. Its themes of love, sacrifice, and societal expectations resonated with audiences and cemented its place as one of the most popular and influential operas of all time.

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  • 6. 

    Who composed the Fantastic Symphony?

    • A.

      Wagner

    • B.

      Beethoven

    • C.

      Chopin

    • D.

      Berlioz

    Correct Answer
    D. Berlioz
    Explanation
    Berlioz composed the Fantastic Symphony.

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  • 7. 

    What did Richard Wagner mean by Gesamtkunstwerk?

    • A.

      Super Consciousness

    • B.

      Complete Art Work

    • C.

      Total Immersion

    • D.

      Super Consciousness

    Correct Answer
    B. Complete Art Work
    Explanation
    Richard Wagner meant by Gesamtkunstwerk the concept of a "Complete Art Work." This term refers to the idea of combining multiple art forms, such as music, drama, poetry, and visual arts, into a unified and immersive experience. Wagner believed that by integrating these different art forms, a more powerful and emotionally impactful work of art could be created. He aimed to break the traditional boundaries between different art forms and create a synthesis of all the arts in order to achieve a total work of art.

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  • 8. 

    What is the title of Richard Wagner's most monumental operatic work?

    • A.

      Norma

    • B.

      The Sorrows of Young Werther

    • C.

      The Ring Cycle

    • D.

      Aida

    Correct Answer
    C. The Ring Cycle
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The Ring Cycle." Richard Wagner's most monumental operatic work is commonly known as "The Ring Cycle." This cycle consists of four interconnected operas: "Das Rheingold," "Die Walküre," "Siegfried," and "Götterdämmerung." The Ring Cycle is renowned for its epic scale, complex musical structure, and mythological themes. It is considered one of the most ambitious and influential works in the history of opera.

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  • 9. 

    Who was the most important Spanish artist of Romanticism?

    • A.

      Goya

    • B.

      Ingres

    • C.

      Velazquez

    • D.

      Chateaubriand

    Correct Answer
    A. Goya
    Explanation
    Goya is considered the most important Spanish artist of Romanticism due to his significant contributions to the movement. He was known for his innovative and expressive style, which marked a departure from the traditional artistic norms of his time. Goya's works often depicted social and political issues, reflecting the turbulent period of Spanish history. His paintings, such as "The Third of May 1808" and "Saturn Devouring His Son," showcase his mastery in capturing emotion and conveying powerful messages. Goya's impact on the art world and his influence on future generations solidify his status as the most important Spanish artist of Romanticism.

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  • 10. 

    Which French painter was the creator of Raft of the Medusa (1818)?

    • A.

      Gustave Courbet

    • B.

      Delacroix

    • C.

      Girodet-Trioson

    • D.

      Gericault

    Correct Answer
    D. Gericault
    Explanation
    Gericault is the correct answer because he was the French painter who created Raft of the Medusa in 1818. This painting depicts the aftermath of the shipwreck of the French naval frigate Medusa, and it is considered a masterpiece of Romanticism. Gericault's use of dramatic composition and intense emotions in this artwork made it a significant piece in art history.

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  • 11. 

    Which of these 19th century artists were known especially for their scenes depicting nature?

    • A.

      Constable and Turner

    • B.

      Daumier and Goya

    • C.

      David and Gericault

    • D.

      Delacroix and Casper Freidrich

    Correct Answer
    A. Constable and Turner
    Explanation
    Constable and Turner were both 19th-century artists who were known for their scenes depicting nature. John Constable was an English landscape painter who is famous for his realistic and detailed paintings of the English countryside. J.M.W. Turner, also an English painter, was known for his atmospheric and expressive landscapes, often featuring dramatic skies and seascapes. Both artists were influential in the Romantic movement and their works celebrated the beauty and power of nature.

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  • 12. 

    What of the following were parts of the basis for the German literary movement known as Sturm and Drang?

    • A.

      The rejection of the ideals of the French Romantic literary movement.

    • B.

      The inspiration of German society with a sense of unity and nationalism.

    • C.

      The rejection of the neoclassical ideas of reason, order and balance.

    • D.

      The compilation of German folklore and mythology.

    Correct Answer
    C. The rejection of the neoclassical ideas of reason, order and balance.
    Explanation
    The Sturm and Drang literary movement in Germany was characterized by a rejection of neoclassical ideas of reason, order, and balance. This rejection led to a focus on individual emotion, passion, and intuition in literature. The movement sought to break free from the constraints of traditional literary norms and explore the depths of human experience. The rejection of neoclassical ideas allowed for a more raw and emotional expression in German literature, which was a central aspect of the Sturm and Drang movement.

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  • 13. 

    Who was the founder of the Romantic movement in English Poetry?

    • A.

      John Keats

    • B.

      William Wordsworth

    • C.

      Percy Bysshe Shelly

    • D.

      Charles Dickens

    Correct Answer
    B. William Wordsworth
    Explanation
    William Wordsworth is considered the founder of the Romantic movement in English Poetry. He, along with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, published the collection "Lyrical Ballads" in 1798, which marked the beginning of the Romantic era. Wordsworth's poems focused on the beauty of nature, the power of imagination, and the importance of individual experience. His emphasis on emotion and personal expression greatly influenced subsequent Romantic poets and helped shape the direction of English poetry in the 19th century.

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  • 14. 

    What important French Realist novelist described the banal life of bourgeois Emma Bovary?

    • A.

      Tolstoy

    • B.

      Hugo

    • C.

      Balzac

    • D.

      Flaubert

    Correct Answer
    D. Flaubert
    Explanation
    The important French Realist novelist who described the banal life of bourgeois Emma Bovary is Flaubert.

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  • 15. 

    Who is considered to be the most important Russian author of the 1800's?

    • A.

      Leo Tolstoy

    • B.

      Jean Ingres

    • C.

      Herman Melville

    • D.

      Modest Mussorgsky

    Correct Answer
    A. Leo Tolstoy
    Explanation
    Leo Tolstoy is considered to be the most important Russian author of the 1800's because of his significant contributions to Russian literature. Tolstoy's works, such as "War and Peace" and "Anna Karenina," are considered masterpieces and have had a profound impact on literature and culture. His writing style, deep exploration of human nature, and social commentary made him a highly influential figure in Russian literature and beyond.

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  • 16. 

    Which of Charles Dickens novels criticized the treatment of the poor in workhouses?

    • A.

      A Tale of Two Cities

    • B.

      Our Mutual Friend

    • C.

      Oliver Twist

    • D.

      Pickwick Papers

    Correct Answer
    C. Oliver Twist
    Explanation
    Oliver Twist is the correct answer because it is a novel by Charles Dickens that heavily criticizes the treatment of the poor in workhouses. The story follows the life of an orphan named Oliver Twist who endures harsh conditions in a workhouse and faces exploitation and abuse. Dickens uses this novel to shed light on the injustices and mistreatment faced by the poor in workhouses during the Victorian era.

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  • 17. 

    What was the subject of Henry David Thoreau's Walden?

    • A.

      The nature of existence.

    • B.

      The redefinition of men and women's roles in the 19th century.

    • C.

      Political justice and equality.

    • D.

      The intersection of spiritual and the material world.

    Correct Answer
    A. The nature of existence.
    Explanation
    The subject of Henry David Thoreau's Walden is the nature of existence. In this book, Thoreau reflects on his experiences living in solitude in a cabin in the woods, observing and connecting with nature. Through his observations and reflections, Thoreau explores the deeper meaning of life and existence, questioning the purpose of human existence and the relationship between humans and the natural world. He contemplates the simplicity and beauty of nature, and the importance of living deliberately and in harmony with the natural world. Thoreau's Walden is a philosophical exploration of the nature of existence and the human experience.

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  • 18. 

    Who were the Transcendentalists?

    • A.

      A group of French poets whose work dealt with spiritual themes

    • B.

      A group of American writers inspired by the natural world

    • C.

      A group of French composers who sought to convey images through music

    • D.

      A group of English painters whose works portrayed nature

    Correct Answer
    B. A group of American writers inspired by the natural world
    Explanation
    The Transcendentalists were a group of American writers who were inspired by the natural world. They believed in the inherent goodness of both people and nature, and saw divinity in the natural world. They advocated for individualism, self-reliance, and the importance of intuition and personal experience. Some famous Transcendentalist writers include Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau.

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  • 19. 

    What is Walt Whitman's most important work?

    • A.

      Ode to a Nightingale

    • B.

      Crossing Brooklyn Ferry

    • C.

      Drum Taps

    • D.

      Leaves of Grass

    Correct Answer
    D. Leaves of Grass
    Explanation
    Walt Whitman's most important work is "Leaves of Grass." This collection of poems is considered to be his magnum opus and a cornerstone of American literature. "Leaves of Grass" is known for its celebration of democracy, individualism, and the beauty of the natural world. It was a groundbreaking work that challenged traditional poetic conventions and explored themes of identity, spirituality, and the human experience. Whitman revised and expanded "Leaves of Grass" throughout his life, and it remains a significant and influential work in the literary canon.

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  • 20. 

    The Execution of the Madrilenos is by:

    • A.

      Jacques-Louis David

    • B.

      Eugene Delacroix

    • C.

      Jean Louis Andre Theodore Gericault

    • D.

      Francisco Goya

    Correct Answer
    D. Francisco Goya
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Francisco Goya. Francisco Goya was a Spanish painter and printmaker, known for his dark and haunting depictions of war and violence. He was a witness to the atrocities committed during the Peninsular War and the Spanish Inquisition, which greatly influenced his art. "The Execution of the Madrilenos" is one of his famous works, depicting the execution of Spanish rebels by French soldiers during the Peninsular War. Goya's use of dramatic lighting and realistic details captures the horror and brutality of the event.

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  • 21. 

    What period would World War I bring to a close?

    • A.

      The Belle Epoque

    • B.

      The Modern Era

    • C.

      The Edwardian period

    • D.

      The Victorian Period

    Correct Answer
    A. The Belle Epoque
    Explanation
    The Belle Epoque is the correct answer because World War I marked the end of this period. The Belle Epoque, meaning "beautiful era" in French, was a time of peace, prosperity, and cultural flourishing in Europe from the late 19th century to the outbreak of World War I. The war brought an end to this era of optimism and marked the beginning of a new and more tumultuous period in history.

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  • 22. 

    Who was the author of Thus Spake Zarathustra?

    • A.

      Descartes

    • B.

      Nietzsche

    • C.

      Goethe

    • D.

      Plato

    Correct Answer
    B. Nietzsche
    Explanation
    Nietzsche was the author of Thus Spake Zarathustra. This philosophical novel, also known as Thus Spoke Zarathustra, was published in 1883-1885. It explores Nietzsche's ideas on the death of God, the will to power, and the concept of the Übermensch (superman). The book is written in the form of a prose poem and follows the journey of Zarathustra, a prophet-like figure, as he delivers his teachings to the people. Nietzsche's work had a significant impact on existentialism and has been highly influential in the field of philosophy.

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  • 23. 

    What was Friedrich Nietzche's view of the condition of western civilization in the 1880's and 1890's?

    • A.

      Humans were not able to live in a secular society.

    • B.

      The chaos of the times was due to industrialization.

    • C.

      Stability could be gained by a return to Classical models and ideals.

    • D.

      Religion and democracy were erroneous ideals.

    Correct Answer
    D. Religion and democracy were erroneous ideals.
    Explanation
    Friedrich Nietzsche believed that religion and democracy were erroneous ideals for western civilization in the 1880's and 1890's. He argued that religion was a form of escapism and hindered individuals from embracing their true potential. Nietzsche also criticized democracy, viewing it as a system that promoted mediocrity and suppressed the exceptional individuals. He believed that the condition of western civilization could be improved by rejecting these ideals and instead embracing a more individualistic and self-affirming philosophy.

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  • 24. 

    How did Dejeuner sur l'Herbe (Luncheon on the Grass) break with the stylistic tradition of the past?

    • A.

      The figures were placed in broad, flat color fields.

    • B.

      The painting included both male and female nudes.

    • C.

      The painting used pyramidal arrangement for the figures.

    • D.

      The painting's subjects were expressionless.

    Correct Answer
    A. The figures were placed in broad, flat color fields.
    Explanation
    Dejeuner sur l'Herbe (Luncheon on the Grass) broke with the stylistic tradition of the past by placing the figures in broad, flat color fields. This departure from the traditional use of shading and modeling in painting was a significant shift in style and technique. It created a more modern and abstract representation of the figures, challenging the conventional approach to depicting depth and form.

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  • 25. 

    Which of Monet's paintings exemplifies his emphasis on conveying light and color?

    • A.

      A Bar at the Folie-Bergere

    • B.

      Nympheas (Water Lilies)

    • C.

      Two Girls at the Piano

    • D.

      Mont Sainte-Victoire

    Correct Answer
    B. Nympheas (Water Lilies)
    Explanation
    Monet's painting "Nympheas (Water Lilies)" exemplifies his emphasis on conveying light and color. In this painting, Monet captures the vibrant colors and the play of light on the water lilies in his garden pond. The brushstrokes are loose and impressionistic, allowing the colors to blend and create a sense of movement and atmosphere. Monet's focus on light and color is evident in the way he portrays the reflections and the changing effects of light on the water's surface. This painting showcases Monet's mastery in capturing the essence of light and color in his work.

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  • 26. 

    What elements are often seen in Auguste Renoir's paintings?

    • A.

      Dancers in the various stages of rehearsal and performance.

    • B.

      Beautiful young men and women enjoying themselves.

    • C.

      Intimate scenes of domesticity.

    • D.

      Sensual nudes in landscapes.

    Correct Answer
    B. Beautiful young men and women enjoying themselves.
    Explanation
    Auguste Renoir's paintings often depict beautiful young men and women enjoying themselves. This can be seen in his famous works such as "Luncheon of the Boating Party" and "Dance at Le Moulin de la Galette" where he captures scenes of people socializing, dancing, and having a good time. Renoir was known for his vibrant and lively portrayals of people, often focusing on their joy and pleasure.

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  • 27. 

    What does Edgar Degas' The Rehearsal suggest about the world of ballet?

    • A.

      The loneliness of life in theater.

    • B.

      The glamour of the world of ballet.

    • C.

      The pain and tedium experienced by ballet dancers.

    • D.

      The eminence of dance in Parisian culture.

    Correct Answer
    C. The pain and tedium experienced by ballet dancers.
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that Edgar Degas' painting, The Rehearsal, portrays the pain and tedium experienced by ballet dancers. This implies that the world of ballet is not as glamorous as it may seem, but rather involves hard work and physical strain. The painting may depict the dancers' exhaustion and the repetitive nature of their rehearsals, highlighting the challenges and sacrifices they face in their pursuit of perfection.

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  • 28. 

    What were the usual subjects of the paintings of Mary Cassatt?

    • A.

      Women and children.

    • B.

      Flowers.

    • C.

      Parisian cityscapes.

    • D.

      Men and women dancing.

    Correct Answer
    A. Women and children.
    Explanation
    Mary Cassatt was known for her paintings that focused on the intimate and domestic lives of women and children. She often depicted mothers and their children engaged in everyday activities, capturing the tender and emotional bond between them. Cassatt's paintings celebrated the beauty and strength of women, and her portrayal of children reflected their innocence and vulnerability. Through her art, Cassatt challenged the traditional male-dominated art world by elevating the subjects and experiences of women and children, making them the focal point of her work.

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  • 29. 

    Who was the greatest French sculptor of the period between 1870 and 1914?

    • A.

      Fumeo

    • B.

      Levy

    • C.

      Bellver

    • D.

      Rodin

    Correct Answer
    D. Rodin
    Explanation
    Rodin is considered the greatest French sculptor of the period between 1870 and 1914. He is known for his innovative approach to sculpture, breaking away from traditional techniques and styles. His most famous work, "The Thinker," exemplifies his ability to capture emotion and movement in his sculptures. Rodin's influence on the art world during this time period was significant, and his work continues to be celebrated and studied today.

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  • 30. 

    Which post-impressionist left France and its civilization for the attractions of Tahiti (and "barbarism") ?

    • A.

      Gauguin

    • B.

      Van Gogh

    • C.

      Cezanne

    • D.

      Matisse

    Correct Answer
    A. Gauguin
    Explanation
    Gauguin is the correct answer because he left France and its civilization for the attractions of Tahiti. He was drawn to the idea of living in a more primitive and "barbaric" society, which he believed would inspire his art. Gauguin's time in Tahiti greatly influenced his work, with many of his paintings depicting scenes and people from the island. He sought to capture the authenticity and simplicity of Tahitian life, distancing himself from the more refined and industrialized culture of France.

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  • 31. 

    Who was the most important Dutch post-impressionist artist?

    • A.

      Matisse

    • B.

      Munch

    • C.

      Vincent van Gogh

    • D.

      Nolde

    Correct Answer
    C. Vincent van Gogh
    Explanation
    Vincent van Gogh is considered the most important Dutch post-impressionist artist because of his significant contributions to the art world. His unique style, characterized by bold brushstrokes and vibrant colors, had a profound impact on future generations of artists. Van Gogh's works, such as "Starry Night" and "Sunflowers," are highly regarded for their emotional intensity and expressive qualities. His tragic life and struggles with mental illness have also contributed to his enduring legacy as an influential artist.

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  • 32. 

    Which Norwegian artist (1863-1944) is considered the forerunner of expressionist art?

    • A.

      Nolde

    • B.

      Heckel

    • C.

      Munch

    • D.

      Van Gogh

    Correct Answer
    C. Munch
    Explanation
    Edvard Munch is the correct answer because he was a Norwegian artist who lived from 1863 to 1944 and is widely recognized as the forerunner of expressionist art. His most famous work, "The Scream," is considered an iconic example of expressionism and has had a significant influence on the art world. Munch's emotionally charged and introspective paintings paved the way for the development of the expressionist movement, making him a key figure in art history.

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  • 33. 

    What is the purpose of the symphonic poem (such as Richard Strauss' Don Juan [1886])?

    • A.

      To paint a picture in sound

    • B.

      To combine verse with music

    • C.

      To portray the feelings of the characters

    • D.

      To recreate the effect of the Greek chorus

    Correct Answer
    A. To paint a picture in sound
    Explanation
    The purpose of a symphonic poem, such as Richard Strauss' Don Juan, is to paint a picture in sound. This means that the composer aims to use music to evoke imagery and create a vivid and expressive sonic representation of a particular subject or story. Rather than focusing on combining verse with music, portraying the feelings of characters, or recreating the effect of the Greek chorus, the main objective is to use the power of music to create a visual experience for the listener.

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  • 34. 

    What 19th century composer wrote the Pathetique Symphony?

    • A.

      Tchaikovsky

    • B.

      Debussy

    • C.

      Stravinsky

    • D.

      Mahler

    Correct Answer
    A. Tchaikovsky
    Explanation
    Tchaikovsky is the correct answer because he was a 19th-century composer who wrote the Pathetique Symphony. This symphony is one of Tchaikovsky's most famous works and is known for its emotional intensity and melancholic themes. Tchaikovsky's composition style and use of orchestration in the Pathetique Symphony are characteristic of his Romantic era music.

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  • 35. 

    Which two French composers are associated with impressionism in music?

    • A.

      Chopin and Liszt

    • B.

      Ravel and Debussy

    • C.

      Lully and Meyerbeer

    • D.

      Satie and Manet

    Correct Answer
    B. Ravel and Debussy
    Explanation
    Ravel and Debussy are associated with impressionism in music. Impressionism in music is characterized by the use of color, texture, and atmosphere to create a sense of mood and emotion. Both Ravel and Debussy were known for their innovative use of harmony, tone color, and form in their compositions, which reflected the impressionist movement in art. They often used unconventional scales, exotic scales, and extended harmonies to create a dreamlike, ethereal quality in their music. Their compositions were also influenced by the sounds of nature and often evoked imagery and emotions rather than following traditional musical structures.

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  • 36. 

    What was the reaction of the Paris audience in 1913 to the first performance of Stravinsky's Rite of Spring?

    • A.

      Outrage

    • B.

      Delight

    • C.

      Sadness

    • D.

      Indifference

    Correct Answer
    A. Outrage
    Explanation
    The Paris audience in 1913 reacted with outrage to the first performance of Stravinsky's Rite of Spring. This groundbreaking ballet and orchestral work, with its dissonant music and unconventional choreography, was met with shock and anger from the audience. The avant-garde nature of the performance, including the primitive and chaotic movements, was too radical for the conservative tastes of the time. The audience's reaction included booing, hissing, and even physical altercations. This infamous premiere has since become a symbol of the clash between tradition and innovation in the world of art.

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  • 37. 

    What innovation did Schonberg introduce to vocal music?

    • A.

      Atonality

    • B.

      Sprechstimme

    • C.

      Serialism

    • D.

      Inversion

    Correct Answer
    B. Sprechstimme
    Explanation
    Sprechstimme is a vocal technique introduced by Schonberg that lies between singing and speaking. It involves the pitch of the voice being indicated rather than precisely sung, creating a unique and expressive style. This innovation revolutionized vocal music by expanding the possibilities of vocal expression and challenging traditional notions of melody and tonality.

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  • 38. 

    According to Sigmund Freud, what factors other than reason and logic influence human behavior?

    • A.

      The environment

    • B.

      The subconscious

    • C.

      The superego

    • D.

      Genetics

    Correct Answer
    B. The subconscious
    Explanation
    According to Sigmund Freud, human behavior is influenced by factors other than reason and logic, such as the subconscious. The subconscious mind contains thoughts, desires, and memories that are not readily accessible to conscious awareness but still have a significant impact on behavior. Freud believed that these hidden influences from the subconscious, including repressed emotions and unresolved conflicts, shape human behavior in profound ways. Therefore, the subconscious plays a crucial role in understanding and explaining human behavior, according to Freud's psychoanalytic theory.

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  • 39. 

    What Russian novelist (1831-1881) was able to combine bothe realism and psychological understanding in his Crime and Punishment?

    • A.

      Honore de Balzac

    • B.

      Dmitri Shostakovich

    • C.

      Leo Tolstoy

    • D.

      Fyodor Dostoyevsky

    Correct Answer
    D. Fyodor Dostoyevsky
    Explanation
    Fyodor Dostoyevsky is the correct answer because he was a Russian novelist who lived from 1831 to 1881. He is known for his ability to combine realism and psychological understanding in his work, particularly in his novel "Crime and Punishment". Dostoyevsky's writing delves into the complex inner thoughts and motivations of his characters while also providing a realistic portrayal of society and its issues.

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  • 40. 

    What French author (1871-1922) is associated with "stream of consciousness"?

    • A.

      Edgar Degas

    • B.

      Henri Matisse

    • C.

      Marcel Proust

    • D.

      Victor Hugo

    Correct Answer
    C. Marcel Proust
    Explanation
    Marcel Proust is associated with "stream of consciousness". Stream of consciousness is a narrative technique in which the thoughts and feelings of a character are presented in a continuous flow, without any logical structure or organization. Proust's novel "In Search of Lost Time" is known for its extensive use of this technique, allowing the reader to experience the inner thoughts and perceptions of the characters in a highly introspective and immersive way. Proust's work greatly influenced the development of modernist literature and his use of stream of consciousness is considered groundbreaking.

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  • 41. 

    __________________ argued that the "will to power" was the only important human motivation

    Correct Answer
    Nietzsche
    Explanation
    Nietzsche argued that the "will to power" was the only important human motivation. This concept suggests that all human actions and desires are driven by a desire for power and dominance. According to Nietzsche, individuals are constantly striving to assert their power over others and to overcome challenges in order to achieve their own personal goals. This idea challenges traditional notions of morality and suggests that power and self-assertion are the ultimate driving forces behind human behavior.

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  • 42. 

    ______________________________ music that tells a story

    Correct Answer
    program music
    Explanation
    Program music refers to a type of music that is composed with the intention of conveying a specific story, idea, or narrative. It is often instrumental and does not contain any lyrics. The music is structured and composed in a way that represents different characters, events, or emotions within the story. Program music allows the listener to imagine and interpret the narrative being portrayed through the music, making it a unique and expressive form of musical composition.

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  • 43. 

    ___________________________________ Painter of (several versions of) Mont Sainte-Victoire

    Correct Answer
    Cezanne
    Explanation
    Cezanne is known for painting several versions of Mont Sainte-Victoire. This mountain was a recurring subject in his work, and he depicted it in various styles and perspectives. Cezanne's paintings of Mont Sainte-Victoire are characterized by his unique approach to color, form, and composition. Through his exploration of this subject, Cezanne was able to experiment with different techniques and capture the essence of the mountain in his own distinct style.

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  • 44. 

    Who is the author of "The Second Coming"?

    • A.

      Eliot

    • B.

      Yeats

    • C.

      Keats

    • D.

      Blake

    Correct Answer
    B. Yeats
    Explanation
    Yeats is the correct answer because he is the author of the poem "The Second Coming." This poem was written by William Butler Yeats, an Irish poet, and it was first published in 1920. "The Second Coming" is one of Yeats' most famous and widely studied poems, known for its apocalyptic imagery and themes of chaos and destruction.

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  • 45. 

    Who was the most important Czech author of the 1920's?

    • A.

      Tolstoy

    • B.

      Proust

    • C.

      Dostoyevsky

    • D.

      Kafka

    Correct Answer
    D. Kafka
    Explanation
    Franz Kafka was a Czech author who was highly influential during the 1920s. His works, such as "The Metamorphosis" and "The Trial," explored themes of alienation, bureaucracy, and existentialism. Kafka's unique writing style and his ability to capture the anxieties and absurdities of modern life made him a significant figure in Czech literature during the 1920s.

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  • 46. 

    According to Virginia Woolf, why have there not been more great women writers?

    • A.

      Expectation of family members

    • B.

      Few women in political positions

    • C.

      Few women's universities

    • D.

      No social and economic support

    Correct Answer
    D. No social and economic support
    Explanation
    Virginia Woolf believed that the lack of social and economic support is the reason why there have not been more great women writers. She argued that women were not given the same opportunities and resources as men, which hindered their ability to pursue writing as a career. Without the necessary support, women faced numerous challenges in their personal and professional lives, making it difficult for them to achieve greatness in the field of literature.

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  • 47. 

    What African-American movement emerged in New York City in the 1920's?

    • A.

      The Harlem Renaissance

    • B.

      The rise of the speakeasy

    • C.

      The Black Power Movement

    • D.

      The Civil Rights Movement

    Correct Answer
    A. The Harlem Renaissance
    Explanation
    The Harlem Renaissance was an African-American movement that emerged in New York City in the 1920s. It was a cultural, social, and artistic explosion that highlighted the achievements of African-Americans in literature, music, art, and theater. During this period, Harlem became a center for African-American intellectualism and creativity, with notable figures such as Langston Hughes, Zora Neale Hurston, and Duke Ellington contributing to the movement. The Harlem Renaissance played a significant role in challenging racial stereotypes and promoting cultural pride and identity within the African-American community.

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  • 48. 

    What did W.E.B. Du Bois write about?

    • A.

      Traditional gender roles in society

    • B.

      Women's new identity

    • C.

      African-American identity

    • D.

      The loss of faith in modern society

    Correct Answer
    C. African-American identity
    Explanation
    W.E.B. Du Bois wrote extensively about African-American identity. He was a prominent sociologist, historian, and civil rights activist who focused on issues of race and equality. Du Bois explored the experiences and struggles of African Americans, highlighting their unique cultural identity and advocating for their rights and social equality. His writings, such as "The Souls of Black Folk," challenged prevailing notions of race and contributed to the development of the civil rights movement.

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  • 49. 

    What is the message of Gino Severini's Armored Train in Action?

    • A.

      The rise of industrialization

    • B.

      The utility of public transportation

    • C.

      The power of the modern military

    • D.

      The oppression of minorities

    Correct Answer
    C. The power of the modern military
    Explanation
    The message of Gino Severini's Armored Train in Action is the power of the modern military. This can be inferred from the painting's depiction of a train armed with weapons and soldiers, symbolizing the strength and dominance of the military. The painting showcases the technological advancements and destructive capabilities of modern warfare, highlighting the military's ability to exert control and influence.

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  • 50. 

    Who were the first two pioneers in Cubist art (between 1908 and 1914)?

    • A.

      Braque and Picasso

    • B.

      Duchamp and Picasso

    • C.

      Kandinsky and Braque

    • D.

      Tamayo and Kandinsky

    Correct Answer
    A. Braque and Picasso
    Explanation
    Braque and Picasso were the first two pioneers in Cubist art between 1908 and 1914. Cubism was an innovative art movement that revolutionized the way artists depicted objects and space. Braque and Picasso collaborated closely during this period, developing the principles of Cubism together. They experimented with multiple viewpoints, geometric forms, and fragmented compositions, breaking away from traditional representational art. Their groundbreaking work in Cubism laid the foundation for modern art and influenced countless artists in the years to come.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 18, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 10, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Rfrancis436
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