Liberty, Equality, Power: Chapter 5 & 6 Test

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This love has taken its toll, i mean, she said goodbye, too many times beforeeeeeeeee.
look into my eyes and its easy to see, one and one makes two, two and one makes three, it was destiny.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The Native American attack on 13 British forts in the Ohio Valley in 1763 was called______.

    • A.

      Perry the Platypus

    • B.

      Chevrolet's War

    • C.

      Pontiac's Conspiracy

    • D.

      The Five Nation's Revolt

    • E.

      Opeanakue's Rebellion

    Correct Answer
    C. Pontiac's Conspiracy
    Explanation
    The right answer is C.

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  • 2. 

    The Treaty of Paris ended the Seven Years War.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Paris indeed ended the Seven Years War. This treaty was signed in 1763 and marked the official conclusion of the war between Great Britain and France, along with their respective allies. The treaty resulted in several significant changes, including the transfer of French territories in North America to British control. It also had a profound impact on the global balance of power, solidifying Britain's position as a dominant colonial power and marking the decline of French influence in North America.

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  • 3. 

    The tax on molasses was 6 pence per gallon under the ________ , was changed to 3 pence per gallon under the ______, and was finally reduced to 1 penny under the ________.

    Correct Answer
    Molasses Act Sugar Act Revenue Act
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Molasses Act Sugar Act Revenue Act. The question is asking about the changes in the tax on molasses over time. Initially, the tax on molasses was 6 pence per gallon under the Molasses Act. Then, it was changed to 3 pence per gallon under the Sugar Act. Finally, it was further reduced to 1 penny per gallon under the Revenue Act.

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  • 4. 

    According to Benjamin Franklin, the colonists were outraged at the Stamp Act because it was a(n):

    • A.

      Internal tax

    • B.

      External tax

    • C.

      Revenue tax

    • D.

      Panda's thumb

    Correct Answer
    A. Internal tax
    Explanation
    Benjamin Franklin believed that the colonists were outraged at the Stamp Act because it was an internal tax. This means that the tax was imposed directly on the colonists themselves, rather than on imported goods or external sources of revenue. The colonists saw this as an infringement on their rights and a violation of the principle of "no taxation without representation," as they had no say in the decision-making process regarding the tax.

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  • 5. 

    In what cities did violence break out in response to the Stamp Act?

    • A.

      Boston

    • B.

      New York CIty

    • C.

      Newport

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Violence broke out in response to the Stamp Act in Boston, New York City, and Newport.

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  • 6. 

    The Declatory Act said:

    • A.

      Parliament had the ability to ignore any declarations made by the colonies.

    • B.

      Parliament had the power to place any taxes on the colonies

    • C.

      The government of Massachusetts was now royal

    • D.

      Parliament had the power to create any laws and statues to bind the colonies

    • E.

      Parliament had the power to make any external tax but not an internal tax

    Correct Answer
    D. Parliament had the power to create any laws and statues to bind the colonies
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Parliament had the power to create any laws and statues to bind the colonies. This is because the Declaratory Act, passed by the British Parliament in 1766, asserted the authority of Parliament over the American colonies and declared that it had the power to make laws that would be binding on the colonies. This act was a response to the repeal of the Stamp Act and aimed to assert British control over the colonies, leading to further tensions and eventually the American Revolution.

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  • 7. 

    The Townshend Act was put in place to

    • A.

      Pay the salaries of governors and judges

    • B.

      Pay for the defense of the colonies

    • C.

      Help increase the colonial economy

    • D.

      Raise revenue that Britain could use to pay off their war debts

    • E.

      Pay for dental healthcare for all government officials

    Correct Answer
    A. Pay the salaries of governors and judges
    Explanation
    The Townshend Act was implemented to pay the salaries of governors and judges. This act, passed by the British Parliament in 1767, imposed duties on various imported goods in the American colonies. The revenue generated from these duties was intended to cover the expenses of colonial governors and judges, who were appointed by the British government. By providing salaries for these officials, the British hoped to strengthen their control over the colonies and ensure their loyalty.

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  • 8. 

    What was the American continental and militias like in the beginning of the American Revolution?

    • A.

      Excellently trained, very efficient, and soldiers served for 5 year

    • B.

      No formal training, but soldiers served for life so they learned from experience

    • C.

      Both had no formal training and very short terms.

    • D.

      The continentals were very formally trained but the militias were not.

    Correct Answer
    C. Both had no formal training and very short terms.
    Explanation
    The correct answer states that both the American continentals and militias had no formal training and very short terms. This means that neither group received any official training, and their service was of a relatively short duration. This suggests that the American Revolution began with a lack of professional military forces, as both the continentals (the regular army) and the militias (citizen-soldiers) were not formally trained. Instead, they relied on their own individual experiences and learning on the job.

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  • 9. 

    The two battles that George Washington won at the end of 1776 and the beginning of 1777 that changed the war and was the first real victory  were at:

    • A.

      Lexington and Concord

    • B.

      Trenton and Princeton

    • C.

      Manhattan and Staten Island

    • D.

      Philadelphia and Pittsburgh

    Correct Answer
    B. Trenton and Princeton
    Explanation
    George Washington's victories at Trenton and Princeton in 1776 and 1777 were significant because they boosted the morale of the American troops and gave a much-needed boost to the Revolutionary cause. These victories came after a series of defeats for the Continental Army, and they demonstrated Washington's strategic skills and ability to rally his troops. The victories also helped to convince many Americans that the war was not lost and encouraged more support for the Revolution. Overall, Trenton and Princeton marked a turning point in the war and showed that the American forces were capable of defeating the powerful British army.

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  • 10. 

    How did George Washington instill some order and professionalism in the armies after 1777?

    • A.

      By offering a cash bonus to soldiers that enlisted in the army for three years

    • B.

      By increasing the amount of punishment a soldier could receive

    • C.

      By offering land to soldiers who served three years

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    George Washington instilled some order and professionalism in the armies after 1777 by implementing multiple measures. Firstly, he offered a cash bonus to soldiers who enlisted in the army for three years, which incentivized longer-term commitment and dedication. Secondly, he increased the amount of punishment a soldier could receive, which helped maintain discipline and accountability. Lastly, he offered land as a reward to soldiers who served three years, providing them with a tangible benefit for their service. These combined efforts aimed to improve the organization, commitment, and professionalism of the armies under George Washington's command.

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  • 11. 

    What was the role of the French after the fall of Philadelphia?

    • A.

      They openly supported America by agreeing to ally themselves with them and to fight the British until independence.

    • B.

      They openly opposed the Americans by helping the British blockade of the coast and closed trade with the colonies.

    • C.

      They were neutral and avoided intervening in the war.

    • D.

      None of the Above

    Correct Answer
    A. They openly supported America by agreeing to ally themselves with them and to fight the British until independence.
    Explanation
    After the fall of Philadelphia, the French openly supported America by agreeing to ally themselves with them and to fight the British until independence. This means that the French actively sided with the Americans and pledged to assist them in their fight against the British. They did not oppose the Americans or help the British blockade the coast and close trade with the colonies. Additionally, they did not remain neutral but actively intervened in the war by supporting the American cause. Therefore, the correct answer is that the French openly supported America.

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  • 12. 

    John Adam’s “Thoughts on Government” was a tract that:

    • A.

      Supported the separation of powers and influenced the constitution of Virginia

    • B.

      Was loyalist in nature and supported concession to the British

    • C.

      Called for a unicameral legislature to carry out the people’s will

    • D.

      Transformed into a Camero.

    Correct Answer
    A. Supported the separation of powers and influenced the constitution of Virginia
    Explanation
    John Adam's "Thoughts on Government" was a tract that supported the separation of powers and influenced the constitution of Virginia. This means that the tract advocated for the division of powers among different branches of government, such as the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. It also had a direct impact on the formation of the constitution in the state of Virginia, suggesting that its ideas and principles were incorporated into the governing structure of the state.

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  • 13. 

    Benjamin Franklin believed that colonists would accept external taxes but not internal ones

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Benjamin Franklin believed that colonists would accept external taxes but not internal ones. This is because external taxes, such as tariffs on imported goods, were seen as a way to regulate trade and protect domestic industries. However, internal taxes, such as the Stamp Act, were viewed as a direct infringement on colonial rights and were met with strong opposition. Franklin's belief was based on the idea that colonists were more likely to accept taxes that were seen as necessary for the greater good, rather than ones that were seen as oppressive and unjust.

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  • 14. 

    What injuries resulted from the Boston Massacre

    • A.

      6 wounded 5 dead

    • B.

      5 dead 11 wounded

    • C.

      2 dead 12 wounded

    • D.

      57 dead 110 wounded

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. 6 wounded 5 dead
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 6 wounded and 5 dead. This means that there were a total of 11 injuries resulting from the Boston Massacre, with 5 people losing their lives and 6 others being wounded.

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  • 15. 

    The townshend act stated

    • A.

      British soldiers must be housed in a public barracks

    • B.

      Any legal document going into or coming out of the colony would be taxed

    • C.

      Imports on tea paper paint and lead were taxed

    • D.

      Colonists had to pay a tax out of their salery to Britain

    • E.

      Britain had the power to enforce any laws or statues over the colonies

    Correct Answer
    C. Imports on tea paper paint and lead were taxed
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that imports on tea, paper, paint, and lead were taxed. The Townshend Act, passed by the British Parliament in 1767, imposed duties on various goods imported into the American colonies, including tea, paper, paint, and lead. These taxes were seen as a way for Britain to assert its authority over the colonies and to generate revenue. The taxes imposed by the Townshend Act were met with resistance from the colonists and played a significant role in the growing tensions that eventually led to the American Revolution.

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  • 16. 

    The tea act was put in place to

    • A.

      Get parliament more money off the townshend act

    • B.

      Prevent the East India company from taking a big loss on the tea it had

    • C.

      Pay for the saleries of members of parliment

    • D.

      Pay for the King's new car

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Prevent the East India company from taking a big loss on the tea it had
    Explanation
    The Tea Act was implemented to prevent the East India Company from suffering significant financial losses on the tea it had. The Act allowed the company to directly sell tea to the American colonies without having to go through middlemen, thus reducing costs and enabling them to sell tea at a lower price. This was an attempt to revive the struggling company and maintain its monopoly on the tea trade. The Act, however, was met with strong resistance from American colonists, who saw it as a violation of their rights and led to the Boston Tea Party and ultimately contributed to the American Revolution.

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  • 17. 

    Coercive acts were passed to raise more revenue

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "coercive acts were passed to raise more revenue" is false. The Coercive Acts, also known as the Intolerable Acts, were a series of punitive measures imposed by the British Parliament on the American colonies in response to the Boston Tea Party. These acts were intended to punish the colonists and assert British authority, rather than to raise revenue. They included the Boston Port Act, which closed the port of Boston until the colonists paid for the destroyed tea, and other acts that restricted self-government in Massachusetts and strengthened British control over the colonies.

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  • 18. 

    Bostonians dressed as __________ threw £_________ of tea into the ocean during the Boston Tea Party 

    • A.

      Ghosts,,,11,000

    • B.

      Guy Fawkes,,,20,000

    • C.

      Mohawks,,,13,000

    • D.

      Indians,,,11,000

    • E.

      Sailors,,,13,000

    Correct Answer
    D. Indians,,,11,000
    Explanation
    During the Boston Tea Party, individuals dressed as Indians threw £11,000 worth of tea into the ocean.

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  • 19. 

    The Massachusetts Government Act did which of the following

    • A.

      Overturned the Massachusetts charter of 1691.

    • B.

      Closed the port of Boston until Bostonians paid for the tea they dumped in the ocean.

    • C.

      Restricted town meetings in Massachusetts

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      Two of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. Two of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "two of the above." The Massachusetts Government Act overturned the Massachusetts charter of 1691 and restricted town meetings in Massachusetts. However, it did not close the port of Boston until Bostonians paid for the tea they dumped in the ocean.

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  • 20. 

    The British soldiers marching towards Concord on April 19, 1775 were trying to __________

    • A.

      Stop riots from going on in the street.

    • B.

      Foil a plot by the sons of Liberty that British inteligence picked up on.

    • C.

      Enforce the Massachusetts Government act.

    • D.

      To engage a rebel force that had threatened British athourity in the colonies.

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Enforce the Massachusetts Government act.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "enforce the Massachusetts Government act." The British soldiers were marching towards Concord on April 19, 1775 in order to enforce the Massachusetts Government act. This act was passed by the British Parliament to assert more control over the colony of Massachusetts and to punish the colonists for their resistance to British authority. The soldiers were sent to enforce this act and ensure compliance with British laws and regulations.

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  • 21. 

    The port act led to the first continental congress.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Port Act was one of the Coercive Acts imposed by the British Parliament on the American colonies in response to the Boston Tea Party. It closed the port of Boston and suspended self-government in Massachusetts. This act was seen as a direct attack on the rights and liberties of the colonists, leading to widespread outrage and opposition. In response to these acts, the first Continental Congress was convened in 1774 to discuss and coordinate a united response to the British government's actions. Therefore, it can be concluded that the Port Act did indeed lead to the first Continental Congress.

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  • 22. 

    At the first continental congress colonists agreed on what?

    • A.

      A continental army should be formed.

    • B.

      Colonists would adopt nonexportation agreements if Britain didn't redress colonial grievances by september 1775

    • C.

      Independance from England should be declared

    • D.

      The coercive acts didn't violate any of the colonists rights

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Colonists would adopt nonexportation agreements if Britain didn't redress colonial grievances by september 1775
    Explanation
    At the first Continental Congress, the colonists agreed that they would adopt nonexportation agreements if Britain did not address their colonial grievances by September 1775. This means that they would refuse to export goods to Britain as a form of economic protest if their concerns were not addressed. This decision reflected the colonists' desire for peaceful resolution and their willingness to use economic measures to pressure Britain into addressing their grievances.

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  • 23. 

    The person who warned colonists that the British were coming to Concord on April 19 1775 was

    • A.

      Paul Grevere

    • B.

      James Edminton

    • C.

      John Adams

    • D.

      Samuel Prescott

    • E.

      George Taylor

    Correct Answer
    D. Samuel Prescott
    Explanation
    Samuel Prescott is the correct answer because he was the person who warned the colonists that the British were coming to Concord on April 19, 1775. Paul Revere is often associated with this event, but he was actually captured by the British before reaching Concord. Prescott, along with William Dawes, successfully completed the midnight ride to warn the colonists. James Edminton, John Adams, and George Taylor are not historically connected to this event.

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  • 24. 

    The second continental congress voted to.

    • A.

      Create a continental army with George Washington as commanding general

    • B.

      Declare war on new France

    • C.

      Ignore all taxes on the colonies

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      Two of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Create a continental army with George Washington as commanding general
    Explanation
    During the second continental congress, the decision was made to create a continental army with George Washington as the commanding general. This was a significant step towards establishing a unified military force to fight against the British during the American Revolutionary War. By selecting George Washington, who had previous military experience and was respected among the delegates, as the commanding general, they ensured strong leadership for the army. This decision played a crucial role in the eventual success of the American colonies in their fight for independence.

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  • 25. 

    On March 17, 1776 Wahington fortified ___________ with artillery from __________ to help defeat the British and cause them to retreat to Nova Scotia.

    • A.

      Dorchester Heights,,, Fort Ticonderoga

    • B.

      Bunker Hill,,, Crown Point

    • C.

      Crown Point,,, Fort Ticonderoga

    • D.

      Dorchester Heights,,, Crown Point

    • E.

      Breeds Hill,,, Lexington

    Correct Answer
    A. Dorchester Heights,,, Fort Ticonderoga
    Explanation
    During the American Revolutionary War, General George Washington fortified Dorchester Heights with artillery from Fort Ticonderoga. This strategic move was aimed at defeating the British and forcing them to retreat to Nova Scotia. By positioning the artillery on Dorchester Heights, Washington gained a tactical advantage and threatened the British forces in Boston. This forced the British to abandon their positions and withdraw, ultimately leading to their retreat to Nova Scotia.

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  • 26. 

    On July 5, 1775 Congress approved this moderate document to be sent to George III in hopes of having peace restored.

    • A.

      The Declaration of the Causes and Necessities

    • B.

      The Olive Branch Petition

    • C.

      The Proclimation of a peaceful union

    • D.

      The Resolution Documents

    • E.

      The Declaration of Independence

    Correct Answer
    B. The Olive Branch Petition
    Explanation
    The Olive Branch Petition was approved by Congress on July 5, 1775, and was intended to be sent to George III in an attempt to restore peace. This document was considered a moderate approach, as it expressed the colonists' desire for reconciliation with the British government. The petition emphasized their loyalty to the king and their desire to avoid further conflict. However, it was ultimately rejected by the British government, leading to the escalation of tensions and eventually the Declaration of Independence.

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  • 27. 

    Most colonies wanted to declare independance from Britain by 1776 except.

    • A.

      New England

    • B.

      West Florida

    • C.

      The mid-Atlantic colonies

    • D.

      Georgia

    • E.

      Oregon

    Correct Answer
    C. The mid-Atlantic colonies
    Explanation
    The mid-Atlantic colonies did not want to declare independence from Britain by 1776. This may have been due to various reasons such as economic ties, political affiliations, or a lack of support for the revolutionary cause. However, without further information, it is difficult to determine the exact reasons behind their reluctance.

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  • 28. 

    Who wrote Common Sense?

    • A.

      Sam Adams

    • B.

      John White

    • C.

      Thomas Paine

    • D.

      James Hunt

    • E.

      Leeroy Jenkins

    Correct Answer
    C. Thomas Paine
    Explanation
    Thomas Paine wrote Common Sense. Common Sense is a pamphlet that was published in 1776 and played a significant role in inspiring the American Revolution. It presented arguments for American independence from Britain and advocated for republican government. Paine's writing style and persuasive arguments made Common Sense widely read and influential in shaping public opinion at the time.

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  • 29. 

    The famous African American poet who published Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral was...

    • A.

      Thomas Paine

    • B.

      Phillis Wheatley

    • C.

      Virgina Vestoff

    • D.

      Troy Brown

    • E.

      William Daniels

    Correct Answer
    B. Phillis Wheatley
    Explanation
    Phillis Wheatley was the famous African American poet who published Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral. She was the first African American woman to publish a book of poetry and was known for her exceptional literary skills. Her work showcased themes of religion, morality, and the struggles of being a slave. Wheatley's poetry gained recognition and admiration from prominent figures of her time, such as George Washington and Benjamin Franklin, further solidifying her place in literary history.

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  • 30. 

    Explain the key incidents that eventually led to the Declaration of Independence made by the colonists in 1776. Be sure to explain the colonists' feelings towards the events and the British reason for their actions

  • 31. 

    Explain the feelings of different colonies and regions towards the independance of the colonies from Britain 1774-1776. Be sure to explain why certain colonies felt a certain way about independance; and also explain how colonies  that had initially not wanted independance came about to changeing their minds.

  • 32. 

    Virginia was the first state to adopt a permament republican constitution

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Virginia being the first state to adopt a permanent republican constitution is true. This means that Virginia was the first state to establish a government based on the principles of a republic, where power is held by the people and their elected representatives. This significant milestone in Virginia's history highlights its role in shaping the political landscape of the United States and setting an example for other states to follow.

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  • 33. 

    The Boston Constitution that was drafted in 1779:

    • A.

      Made the sovereignty rest with the people and not the government.

    • B.

      Had an elected governor with a veto power.

    • C.

      Made it so men needed land to vote

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The Boston Constitution drafted in 1779 had several key provisions. Firstly, it established that sovereignty rested with the people rather than the government, emphasizing the idea of popular sovereignty. Secondly, it introduced an elected governor who possessed the power to veto legislation, granting a system of checks and balances. Lastly, the constitution required men to own land in order to be eligible to vote. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above."

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  • 34. 

    Most slaves and Native Americans sided with the Americans

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because most slaves and Native Americans did not side with the Americans during the American Revolution. Slaves were more likely to support the British, as they were promised freedom in exchange for their service. Native Americans also generally sided with the British, as they saw them as a better ally against American settlers encroaching on their lands. Therefore, the statement is incorrect.

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  • 35. 

    The ___________ was a document that made the colonies a unified body with most of the power going to the states

    Correct Answer
    Articles of Confederation
    Explanation
    The Articles of Confederation was a document that established a weak central government and gave most of the power to the individual states. It created a loose alliance among the colonies, allowing them to maintain their independence while still working together on common issues. The central government under the Articles had limited authority and lacked the power to enforce laws or regulate commerce effectively. This arrangement ultimately proved to be ineffective and led to the drafting and adoption of the United States Constitution, which created a stronger central government.

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  • 36. 

    What was the support for the war in Britain after the 1778 like?

    • A.

      The British thought that the war was a lost cause and wanted to leave.

    • B.

      The British thought that the war was in the bag and that victory would come soon.

    • C.

      They did not like that the trade was disrupted and felt that the national debt was too high.

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      Two of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. Two of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Two of the above." This is because the statement "The British thought that the war was a lost cause and wanted to leave" and the statement "They did not like that the trade was disrupted and felt that the national debt was too high" both suggest a lack of support for the war in Britain after 1778.

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  • 37. 

    Nathanael Greene was a Revolutionary War officer who beat a superior British army with unorthodox moves. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    • C.

      Flan

    • D.

      Teddy Bears

    • E.

      Peanut Butter Jelly Time

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Nathanael Greene was indeed a Revolutionary War officer who defeated a superior British army using unorthodox strategies. His tactics, such as avoiding direct confrontation and engaging in guerrilla warfare, helped him achieve victories against the British forces. Therefore, the statement "True" accurately describes Nathanael Greene's accomplishments during the Revolutionary War.

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  • 38. 

    What was the reason that 1500 soldiers revolted in 1781 in Pennsylvania?

    • A.

      They thought that their enlistments had expired

    • B.

      They were protesting their low pay

    • C.

      They thought the war was a lost cause that should not be fought in anymore

    • D.

      They were secret agents from Britian that wanted to cause instability inside the Union

    • E.

      They were actually aliens from a galaxy far, far away, and wanted equal rights

    Correct Answer
    A. They thought that their enlistments had expired
    Explanation
    The reason that 1500 soldiers revolted in 1781 in Pennsylvania was because they thought that their enlistments had expired.

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  • 39. 

    The Treaty of Paris that ended the Revolutionary War did which` of the following?

    • A.

      Gave the North American colonies back to England

    • B.

      Gave the All Spark to the Autobots

    • C.

      Made Congress urge the states to give back the confiscated loyalist property

    • D.

      Made all prewar transatlantic debts void

    • E.

      Split all of North America between Spain and France

    Correct Answer
    C. Made Congress urge the states to give back the confiscated loyalist property
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Paris that ended the Revolutionary War made Congress urge the states to give back the confiscated loyalist property. This means that after the war, Congress encouraged the states to return the property that had been seized from loyalists, who were individuals who remained loyal to the British Crown during the war. This was a significant step towards reconciliation and restoring normalcy after the war.

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  • 40. 

    After independence, many slaves (especially in the north) were freed from their masters by legislation or legal action

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    • C.

      I have a windmill in my beard, your argument is invalid

    • D.

      My roflcopter goes soi soi soi soi soi soi soi soi soi soi soi.

    • E.

      The cake is a lie

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    After independence, legislation and legal action were taken to free many slaves, especially in the north. This means that the statement "many slaves (especially in the north) were freed from their masters by legislation or legal action" is true.

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  • 41. 

    The Northwest Ordinance:

    • A.

      Created townships that were 6 square miles

    • B.

      Said that 3 to 5 states would be created in the Ohio Valley.

    • C.

      Said that slavery was allowed in the northwest colonies

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Said that 3 to 5 states would be created in the Ohio Valley.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Said that 3 to 5 states would be created in the Ohio Valley." The Northwest Ordinance, enacted in 1787, established a process for admitting new states to the Union. It outlined that once a territory had a population of 60,000, it could apply for statehood. The ordinance specifically stated that the Ohio Valley region could be divided into 3 to 5 states, ensuring the expansion of the United States and the establishment of new states in that area. The other statements about creating townships and allowing slavery in the northwest colonies are incorrect.

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  • 42. 

    What were the events that led up to Shay's Rebellion?

    • A.

      Too many farmers were dying as a result of the Revolution

    • B.

      The Virginian government was not taking any action against the Native Americans that had attacked some forts.

    • C.

      Debts, inflation, and taxes were raised very high.

    • D.

      Perry the Platypus hadn't defeated Dr. Doofenshmirtz in over three weeks

    • E.

      Three of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Debts, inflation, and taxes were raised very high.
    Explanation
    The events that led up to Shay's Rebellion were debts, inflation, and taxes being raised very high. This economic hardship placed a heavy burden on farmers, who were struggling to make ends meet. Many farmers were unable to pay their debts and faced foreclosure on their land. In addition, the government's response to these economic difficulties was inadequate, leading to a growing sense of frustration and discontent among the farmers. This ultimately culminated in Shay's Rebellion, as farmers took up arms against the government in protest of their economic hardships.

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  • 43. 

    Where did the Constitution Convention of 1787 take place?

    • A.

      Boston

    • B.

      Philadelphia

    • C.

      New York City

    • D.

      Baltimore

    • E.

      Gotham City

    Correct Answer
    B. Philadelphia
    Explanation
    The Constitution Convention of 1787 took place in Philadelphia. This is where delegates from the thirteen original states gathered to draft the United States Constitution. Philadelphia was chosen as the location because it was a central and easily accessible city for most of the delegates. The convention lasted from May 25 to September 17, 1787, and resulted in the creation of the Constitution that still governs the United States today.

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  • 44. 

    The original Constitution (without any amendments) made the president elected by an electorate college made up of electors from each state. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The original Constitution did indeed make the president elected by an electoral college composed of electors from each state. This system was put in place to ensure that the president was chosen by a group of representatives rather than a direct popular vote, as the framers of the Constitution were concerned about the potential for mob rule or uninformed decision-making. The electoral college is still in use today, although it has been modified by amendments to the Constitution.

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  • 45. 

    The Federalist Papers

    • A.

      Were written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay

    • B.

      Defended the entire constitution

    • C.

      Said that large republics were more stable than small ones because faction would rarely gain majority

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The Federalist Papers were a series of essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay. These essays were written to defend the entire constitution. One of the main arguments put forth in the Federalist Papers was that large republics were more stable than small ones because faction would rarely gain a majority. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of the above" as all of these statements accurately describe the Federalist Papers.

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  • 46. 

    How was the American federal system revolutionary?

    • A.

      It was the first representative democracy

    • B.

      It was the first time that there were three distinct bodies of government

    • C.

      Sovereignty was paced in the hands of the people who empowered the levels of government with the Constitution

    • D.

      It was the first non monarch government in the world

    Correct Answer
    C. Sovereignty was paced in the hands of the people who empowered the levels of government with the Constitution
    Explanation
    The American federal system was revolutionary because it placed sovereignty in the hands of the people. This means that the power and authority of the government were derived from the people themselves, who then empowered the different levels of government through the Constitution. This was a significant departure from the traditional monarchies that existed at the time, where power was concentrated in the hands of a single ruler. By giving power to the people and establishing a system of government that represented their interests, the American federal system set a precedent for future democracies around the world.

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  • 47. 

    What was the main difference between the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution?

    • A.

      The Articles had a very centralized government while the Constitution had a very decentralized government

    • B.

      The Articles had a very decentralized government while the Constitution had a very centralized government

    • C.

      The Articles forbade slavery while the Constitution did not

    • D.

      The Articles allowed slavery while the Constitution forbade it

    Correct Answer
    B. The Articles had a very decentralized government while the Constitution had a very centralized government
    Explanation
    The main difference between the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution was the level of centralization in the government. The Articles had a very decentralized government, where power was primarily held by the individual states. In contrast, the Constitution established a more centralized government, with a stronger federal authority. This shift towards centralization was intended to address the weaknesses of the Articles, such as the inability to effectively govern and coordinate the states. The Constitution aimed to create a more unified and cohesive nation by granting more power to the federal government.

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  • 48. 

    The right of the people to overthrow tyrannical governments was the main idea of what document?

    • A.

      Declaration of Independence

    • B.

      The Virginia Constitution

    • C.

      The Articles of Confederation

    • D.

      The Consitution

    • E.

      The Magna Carta

    Correct Answer
    A. Declaration of Independence
    Explanation
    The Declaration of Independence was a document that asserted the right of the people to overthrow tyrannical governments. It was a statement by the American colonies declaring their independence from British rule, and it outlined the reasons for their rebellion. The document emphasized the idea that governments derive their power from the consent of the governed, and that when a government becomes oppressive and violates the rights of the people, it is the right and duty of the people to overthrow it and establish a new government that will protect their rights and liberties.

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  • 49. 

    The document that listed the rules and regulation for the government with strong centralized control but sovereignty with the people was the:

    • A.

      Declaration of Independence

    • B.

      The Virginia Constitution

    • C.

      The Articles of Confederation

    • D.

      The Constitution

    • E.

      The Emancipation Proclamation

    Correct Answer
    D. The Constitution
    Explanation
    The Constitution is the correct answer because it is the document that outlines the rules and regulations for the government of the United States. It establishes a system of strong centralized control while also recognizing the sovereignty of the people. The Constitution was created to replace the Articles of Confederation, which had proven to be ineffective in providing a unified and strong government. The Declaration of Independence, the Virginia Constitution, and the Emancipation Proclamation are all important historical documents, but they do not fit the description of a document with strong centralized control and sovereignty with the people.

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  • 50. 

    The document that set up the government that was very decentralized and ultimately failed was:

    • A.

      The Declaration of Independence

    • B.

      The Virginia Constitution

    • C.

      The Articles of Confederation

    • D.

      The Constitution

    • E.

      Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows

    Correct Answer
    C. The Articles of Confederation
    Explanation
    The correct answer is The Articles of Confederation. The Articles of Confederation established a government that was highly decentralized, with most powers held by the individual states. However, this system ultimately failed because it lacked a strong central government, leading to issues such as an inability to enforce laws, regulate trade, and raise taxes. This prompted the need for the Constitution, which created a more centralized and effective government structure.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 02, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Nikas

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