Legal Terminology - Part 1

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 326

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Terminology Quizzes & Trivia

This test will give you a brief introduction (part 1) into the world of legal terminology. More to follow!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is the term for describing the evidence that may be considered by a jury or judge in civil and criminal cases?
    • A. 

      ADMISSIBLE

    • B. 

      ACQUITTAL

    • C. 

      AFFIRMED

    • D. 

      ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

  • 2. 
    An ______________ is a written or printed statement made under oath.
  • 3. 
    In the practice of the court of appeals, ____________ means that the court of appeals has concluded that the lower court decision is correct and will stand as rendered by the lower court.
  • 4. 
    An _______________ is the formal written statement by a defendant in a civil case that responds to a complaint, articulating the grounds for defense.
  • 5. 
    An _____________ is a request made after a trial by a party that has lost on one or more issues that a higher court review the decision to determine if it was correct.  To make such a request is "to ___________" or "to take an _________."
  • 6. 
    A trial without a jury, in which the judge serves as the fact-finder, is called a __________ trial.
  • 7. 
    A ______ is a written statement submitted in a trial or appellate proceeding that explains one side's legal and factual arguments.
  • 8. 
    The duty to prove disputed facts is called the ___________ of ______.  In civil cases, a plaintiff generally has the burden of proving his or her case. 
  • 9. 
    A complete collection of every document filed in court in a case is a ____ ____.
  • 10. 
    A synonym for legal precedent, ____ ____, is the law as established in previous court decisions.  ____ ____ is also akin to common law, which springs from tradition and judicial decisions.
  • 11. 
    The court officer who oversees administrative functions, especially managing the flow of cases through the court, is called the ______ of ______.  The ______ of ______'s office is often called a court's central nervous system.
  • 12. 
    A _______ is a written statement that begins a civil lawsuit, in which the plaintiff details the claims agains the defendant.
  • 13. 
    _________ is legal advice.  _______ is also used to refer to the lawyers in a case.
  • 14. 
    _______ refers to the Government entity authorized to resolve legal disputes.  Judges sometimes use "______" to refer to themselves in the third person, as in "the ______ has read the briefs."
  • 15. 
    Money that a defendant pays a plaintiff in a civil case if the plaintiff has won is called _________.  __________ may be compensatory (for loss or injury) or punitive (to punish and deter future misconduct).
  • 16. 
    An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths is called a _____________.  Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • 17. 
    _________ is the term used to describe procedures used to obtain disclosure of evidence before trial.
  • 18. 
    A log containing the complete history of each cast in the form of brief chronological entries summarizing the court proceedings is called a ______.
  • 19. 
    __ _____ is a proceeding brought before the court by one party only, without notice to or challenge by the other side.
  • 20. 
    Evidence presented by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else is ________.  With some exceptions, ________ generally is not admissible as evidence at trial.
  • 21. 
    The process of calling a witness's testimony into doubt is called ___________.  For example, if the attorney can show that the witness may have fabricated portions of his testimony, the witness is said to be "________".
  • 22. 
    A court order preventing one or more named parties from taking some action is:
    • A. 

      Issue

    • B. 

      Impeachment

    • C. 

      In forma pauperis

    • D. 

      Indictment

  • 23. 
    _________________ (a form of discovery) consist of written questions to be answered in writing and under oath.
  • 24. 
    The disputed point between parties in a lawsuit is an ______. 
  • 25. 
    Issue is also (see question 24 above) a term referring to:
    • A. 

      The fact pattern in a deposition

    • B. 

      The closing argument delivered to a jury

    • C. 

      When the court sends something out officially, as in a court "issuing" an order

    • D. 

      When the judge admonishes counsel for inappopriately approaching the bench

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