The Australian Legal System

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The Australian Legal System - Quiz

This quiz will test your knowledge of the Australian Legal System


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following laws are examples of Federal laws?

    • A.

      Taxation law, Immigration law and Criminal law

    • B.

      Criminal law, Environmental law and and Family law

    • C.

      Family law, Criminal law and Taxation law

    • D.

      Immigration law, Taxation law and Family law

    Correct Answer
    D. Immigration law, Taxation law and Family law
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Immigration law, Taxation law and Family law. These laws are examples of Federal laws because they are governed by the federal government and apply to the entire country. Criminal law, Environmental law, and Family law may also be examples of federal laws, but the given answer specifically lists Immigration law, Taxation law, and Family law.

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  • 2. 

    Which is the highest Court that an Australian can now appeal to?

    • A.

      Supreme Court

    • B.

      Privy Council

    • C.

      High Court

    • D.

      Federal Court

    Correct Answer
    C. High Court
    Explanation
    The High Court is the highest court that an Australian can now appeal to. It is the final court of appeal in the Australian judicial system and has the power to interpret and apply the law of Australia. It has the authority to hear appeals from all other courts in Australia, including federal, state, and territory courts. The High Court plays a crucial role in ensuring the consistency and uniformity of the law throughout the country.

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  • 3. 

    Which section of the Australian Constitution allows the Commonwealth Government to make laws for the peace, order and good government of the Australian people in relation to certain laws?

    • A.

      Section 23

    • B.

      Chapter 9

    • C.

      There is no power in the Constitution for the Commonwealth to make laws

    • D.

      Section 51

    Correct Answer
    D. Section 51
    Explanation
    Section 51 of the Australian Constitution allows the Commonwealth Government to make laws for the peace, order, and good government of the Australian people in relation to certain laws. This section outlines the specific areas in which the Commonwealth has the power to legislate, such as trade and commerce, taxation, defense, and external affairs. It grants the Commonwealth the authority to enact laws that are necessary for the effective governance of the country and the well-being of its citizens.

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  • 4. 

    Australia's legal system is derived from which Country?

    • A.

      United States of America

    • B.

      England

    • C.

      Canada

    • D.

      Japan

    Correct Answer
    B. England
    Explanation
    Australia's legal system is derived from England. This is because Australia was originally colonized by the British in the late 18th century, and as a result, English common law became the foundation of Australia's legal system. The Australian legal system incorporates many principles and concepts from English law, including the adversarial system, the doctrine of precedent, and the concept of parliamentary sovereignty. Additionally, the Australian Constitution is also influenced by British constitutional principles. Therefore, England is the correct answer as Australia's legal system has its roots in English law.

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  • 5. 

    What year were appeals to the Privy Council abolished?

    Correct Answer
    1986
    Explanation
    In 1986, appeals to the Privy Council were abolished. This means that after this year, individuals were no longer able to appeal to the Privy Council for legal matters.

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  • 6. 

    What is the name of the area that makes the laws of Australia by passing statutes?

    Correct Answer
    legislature, parliament
    Explanation
    The correct answer is legislature, parliament. In Australia, the area responsible for making laws by passing statutes is called the legislature or parliament. The legislature is composed of elected representatives who debate and vote on proposed laws, ensuring the democratic process in the country. The term "parliament" is often used interchangeably with "legislature" and refers to the specific institution where these elected representatives gather to carry out their legislative duties.

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  • 7. 

    All Australians are bound by the laws of the Commonwealth

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    • C.

      It depends on which State they live

    • D.

      People in the ACT and NT do not have to abide by Commonwealth laws

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    All Australians are bound by the laws of the Commonwealth because Australia is a federal country with a system of government that includes both federal and state laws. The Commonwealth laws apply to all Australians regardless of the state they live in, including those in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) and the Northern Territory (NT). Therefore, the statement "All Australians are bound by the laws of the Commonwealth" is true.

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  • 8. 

    In what year was the Commonwealth of Australia officially created?

    • A.

      1900

    • B.

      1899

    • C.

      1901

    • D.

      1879

    Correct Answer
    C. 1901
    Explanation
    In 1901, the Commonwealth of Australia was officially created. This marked the federation of the six separate British colonies in Australia into one nation. The process of creating the Commonwealth of Australia began in the late 19th century, with discussions and negotiations taking place between the colonies. The Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act was passed by the British Parliament in 1900, and it came into effect on January 1, 1901, officially establishing Australia as a federated nation.

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