Leedy And Ormrod Book Research Quiz!

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 1015

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Leedy And Ormrod Book Research Quiz!

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Research problems, as defined in Leedy and Ormrod (2010):
    • A. 

      Are identified by experts in the field, and not typically knowable by novices.

    • B. 

      Clearly and completely specify important questions that are currently unanswered in a particular field of inquiry.

    • C. 

      Are broad, general statements about the incomplete state of understanding in a particular field of inquiry.

    • D. 

      Can be addressed by compiling and synthesizing existing information in a way that sheds light on the issue of interest.

  • 2. 
    Basic research is:
    • A. 

      Research intended to enhance basic knowledge about the physical, biological, psychological, or social world or to shed light on historical, cultural, or aesthetic phenomena.

    • B. 

      Large scale research performed under contract with a governmental agency such as the National Science Foundation (NSF), National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), etc.

    • C. 

      Informal research conducted locally by a small staff with a small budget, the purpose of which is to pave the way for larger research initiatives.

    • D. 

      Research intended to address issues that have immediate relevance to current practices, procedures, and policies.

  • 3. 
    Applied research is:
    • A. 

      Research intended to enhance basic knowledge about the physical, biological, psychological, or social world or to shed light on historical, cultural, or aesthetic phenomena.

    • B. 

      Large-scale research performed under contract with a governmental agency such as the National Science Foundation (NSF), National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), etc.

    • C. 

      Informal research conducted by a small staff with a small budget, the purpose of which is to shed light on a problem of local interest.

    • D. 

      Research intended to address issues that have immediate relevance to current practices, procedures, and policies.

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      “Which general education course is more interesting, U.S. History or World Music?”

    • B. 

      “How do business teams of six or fewer members compare to teams of more than six members in terms of productivity?”

    • C. 

      “How does the organization of mathematical information in long-term memory differ between 3-year-olds and 13-year-olds?”

    • D. 

      “What is the ratio of native-born students to international students on the campuses of major U.S. state universities?”

  • 5. 
    Which of the following represents a well-written applied research problem?
    • A. 

      “How does the organization of mathematical information in long-term memory differ between 3-year-olds and 13-year-olds?”

    • B. 

      “How do business teams of six or fewer members compare to teams of more than six members in terms of productivity?”

    • C. 

      “Which general education course is more interesting, U.S. History or World Music?”

    • D. 

      “What is the ratio of native-born students to international students on the campuses of major U.S. state universities?”

  • 6. 
    Three of the following questions lend themselves well to formal research.  Which one does NOT?
    • A. 

      “How does the organization of mathematical information in long-term memory differ between 3-year-olds and 13-year-olds?”

    • B. 

      “How do business teams of six or fewer members compare to teams of more than six members in terms of productivity?”

    • C. 

      “Does message medium, print versus television, impact the effectiveness of public service health messages?”

    • D. 

      “Which general education course is more interesting, U.S. History or World Music?”

  • 7. 
    Three of the following are characteristics of a well-written research problem.  Which one is NOT?
    • A. 

      The problem statement includes jargon associated with the field.

    • B. 

      The problem statement clearly delimits the object(s) of study.

    • C. 

      The problem statement identifies the important factors to be investigated in the study.

    • D. 

      The problem statement explicitly identifies assumptions.

  • 8. 
    A common weakness of research problems is that they:
    • A. 

      Delimit the object(s) of study.

    • B. 

      Constrain the variables to be investigated.

    • C. 

      Implicitly rest on common assumptions

    • D. 

      Incorporate a number of subproblems.

  • 9. 
    “What proportion of workers hired by selected factories in the state of Oklahoma between 1995 and 2000 held four-year college degrees?”  The chief weakness of this research problem is that:
    • A. 

      It lacks clarity or completeness in the problem statement.

    • B. 

      It implies only description of the data, not interpretation.

    • C. 

      It does not lead to the creation/discovery of new information.

    • D. 

      Studying the question as stated is not feasible.

  • 10. 
    “What do underemployed U.S. workers (i.e., those workers who are employed, but not in positions for which they have specialized training or expertise) identify as the primary reason for their inability to find suitable employment?”  The chief weakness of this research problem is that:
    • A. 

      It lacks clarity or completeness in the problem statement.

    • B. 

      It does not lead to the creation/discovery of new information.

    • C. 

      It implies only description of the data, not interpretation.

    • D. 

      Studying the question as stated is not feasible.

  • 11. 
    “What is the correlation between an index of civic-mindedness and years of involvement in local organizations and charities among members of city councils of selected midsized cities in the northeastern United States?” The chief weakness of this research problem is that:
    • A. 

      It implies only description of the data, not interpretation.

    • B. 

      It does not lead to the creation/discovery of new information.

    • C. 

      It lacks clarity or completeness in the problem statement.

    • D. 

      Studying the question as stated is not feasible.

  • 12. 
    “Among social workers in selected U.S. urban areas, are the personality characteristics of Need for Structure or In-Group Preference related to prejudicial social judgments about African Americans, Latino Americans, or Asian Americans?” Which of the following is a well-stated subproblem that follows from this research problem?
    • A. 

      Which group is more discriminated against by the public at large in each of the selected areas: African Americans, Latino Americans, or Asian Americans?

    • B. 

      What is the most valid existing measure of In-Group Preference?

    • C. 

      What is the relationship between an index of Need for Structure and an index of prejudice targeting attitudes about Asian Americans among the selected social workers?

    • D. 

      Which analytic technique is best suited to addressing the research problem, multiple regression or path analysis?

  • 13. 
    In regard to research questions and hypotheses, a high-quality research study will:
    • A. 

      Articulate only research questions, not hypotheses, so as not to constrain the possible findings.

    • B. 

      Articulate only hypotheses, not research questions, in order to preserve the scientific rigor of the investigation.

    • C. 

      Focus only on those questions that can support the correctness of current hypotheses or theoretical positions.

    • D. 

      Articulate either research questions or hypotheses depending on the nature of the study.

  • 14. 
    Which of the following represents a null hypothesis?
    • A. 

      Class A high school basketball teams who employ a sports psychologist will have a higher proportion of wins over the course of the season than comparable teams who do not employ a sports psychologist.

    • B. 

      There will be no difference in rate of skill improvement between college gymnasts who practice meditation and those who do not.

    • C. 

      Does incorporating relaxation exercises into the daily practice routine of college vocal majors enhance their performance confidence?

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 15. 
    Which of the following represents a research hypothesis?
    • A. 

      Class A high school basketball teams who employ a sports psychologist will have a higher proportion of wins over the course of the season than comparable teams who do not employ a sports psychologist.

    • B. 

      There will be no difference in rate of skill improvement between college gymnasts who practice meditation and those who do not.

    • C. 

      Does incorporating relaxation exercises into the daily practice routine of college vocal majors enhance their performance confidence?

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 16. 
    • A. 

      State the problem and subproblems, note the assumptions, note the delimitations, define the terms, note the research questions/hypotheses.

    • B. 

      State the problem and subproblems, note the delimitations, note the research questions/hypotheses, note the assumptions, define the terms.

    • C. 

      State the problem and subproblems, note the research questions/hypotheses, note the assumptions, define the terms, note the delimitations.

    • D. 

      State the problem and subproblems, note the research questions/hypotheses, note the delimitations, define the terms, note the assumptions.

  • 17. 
    Three of the following comprise the setting of the research problem.  Which one does NOT?
    • A. 

      A clear description of all measurement tools to be used in the research project

    • B. 

      A clear statement of what the researcher will and will not do in the course of the study

    • C. 

      A clear statement of the assumptions on which the research problem rests

    • D. 

      A clear definition of all terms related to the research problem that might be misunderstood by a reader

  • 18. 
    The best person to select to critique your manuscript is:
    • A. 

      Your spouse or another person whom you know very well.

    • B. 

      A colleague who is very familiar with your work.

    • C. 

      A colleague who does not follow your work closely.

    • D. 

      A stranger off the street.

  • 19. 
    Colloquial expressions such as the wind in his sails died or approximations of quantity such as the lion's share of:
    • A. 

      Reduce word precision and clarity.

    • B. 

      Add warmth to dull scientific prose.

    • C. 

      Have a place even in serious academic writing.

    • D. 

      Can be used to enhance communication.

  • 20. 
    Choose the best strategy for improving your writing style:
    • A. 

      Write from an outline.

    • B. 

      Put aside the first draft, then reread it after a delay.

    • C. 

      Ask a colleague to critique the first draft for you.

    • D. 

      Begin writing close to a deadline to enhance your motivation.

    • E. 

      Any of the above except d can be used, but the strategy must match your personality and work habits.