LEED Ga_practice Set B_1

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LEED Ga_practice Set B_1 - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following purchasing decisions would reduce the environmental harm used in the operations of a school project?

    • A.

      Power adapters, new textbooks made from new-growth wood pulp, trash cans

    • B.

      High VOC paints, low SRI roofing materials, metal furniture

    • C.

      High VOC carpets and carpet pads, low VOC furniture, green cleaning products

    • D.

      Paper towels that are FSC certified, cafeteria food from a local farm, ENERGY STAR Computers

    Correct Answer
    D. Paper towels that are FSC certified, cafeteria food from a local farm, ENERGY STAR Computers
    Explanation
    The purchasing decisions that would reduce environmental harm used in the operations of a school project are paper towels that are FSC certified, cafeteria food from a local farm, and ENERGY STAR Computers. FSC certification ensures that the paper towels are sourced from responsibly managed forests. Choosing cafeteria food from a local farm reduces the carbon footprint associated with transportation. ENERGY STAR Computers are energy-efficient and help reduce electricity consumption. These choices prioritize sustainability and minimize environmental impact.

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  • 2. 

    What do the credits in the Materials and Resources (MR) category focus on?

    • A.

      Minimizing the embodied impacts associated with the entire life-cycle of building materials

    • B.

      Reducing the quantity of materials used on a project

    • C.

      Selecting materials that are more energy efficient than traditional building materials

    • D.

      Helping project teams select materials that have the most environmental benefits at the least cost

    Correct Answer
    A. Minimizing the embodied impacts associated with the entire life-cycle of building materials
    Explanation
    The credits in the Materials and Resources (MR) category focus on minimizing the embodied impacts associated with the entire life-cycle of building materials. This means that the credits aim to reduce the negative environmental and social impacts that occur throughout the entire life-cycle of building materials, including extraction, manufacturing, transportation, use, and disposal. By focusing on minimizing these impacts, the MR category promotes the use of more sustainable and environmentally friendly materials in construction projects.

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  • 3. 

    What is the exterior surface of the building referred to as?

    • A.

      Building footprint

    • B.

      Envelope

    • C.

      Building density

    • D.

      Floor area ratio

    Correct Answer
    B. Envelope
    Explanation
    The exterior surface of a building is commonly referred to as the "envelope." The envelope includes all of the components that separate the interior of the building from the external environment, such as walls, windows, doors, and roofs. It is responsible for protecting the interior from weather conditions, providing insulation, and controlling the flow of air and moisture. The term "envelope" is often used in the context of building design and energy efficiency, as it plays a crucial role in determining a building's thermal performance.

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  • 4. 

    A restaurant is located on the second floor of a building. How can the project team decrease indoor water use demand?

    • A.

      Install high efficiency toilets

    • B.

      Use rainwater for toilet flushing

    • C.

      Place restrooms on the first floor of a building

    • D.

      Use graywater for washing dishes

    Correct Answer
    A. Install high efficiency toilets
    Explanation
    Installing high efficiency toilets can decrease indoor water use demand because these toilets are designed to use less water per flush compared to traditional toilets. They are equipped with efficient flushing mechanisms and water-saving features such as dual-flush options or low-flow technology. By replacing old toilets with high efficiency ones, the project team can significantly reduce the amount of water consumed in the restaurant, contributing to water conservation efforts.

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  • 5. 

    To improve occupant satisfaction a project team conducts a survey of the occupants. Which of the following are important IEQ topics to ask about in the survey? (Choose 3)

    • A.

      Are the bicycle racks conveniently located?

    • B.

      Are any areas are too hot or too cold?

    • C.

      How are the acoustics?

    • D.

      How frequently does an individual take public transportation to work?

    • E.

      Is the lighting adequate?

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Are any areas are too hot or too cold?
    C. How are the acoustics?
    E. Is the lighting adequate?
    Explanation
    The question asks about important IEQ (Indoor Environmental Quality) topics to ask about in the survey. The answer choices that are important IEQ topics include: Are any areas too hot or too cold? This addresses thermal comfort, which is an important aspect of occupant satisfaction. How are the acoustics? This addresses noise levels and sound quality, which can greatly impact occupant satisfaction. Is the lighting adequate? This addresses the quality and quantity of lighting, which is important for visual comfort and productivity.

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  • 6. 

    A team for a school project is reviewing potential site locations and building designs. What would have the greatest impact on improving test scores for the students?

    • A.

      Installing low-emitting furniture and desks

    • B.

      Locating the building in a walkable neighborhood

    • C.

      Orienting the building to maximize daylighting

    • D.

      Including an indoor swimming pool

    Correct Answer
    B. Locating the building in a walkable neighborhood
    Explanation
    Locating the building in a walkable neighborhood would have the greatest impact on improving test scores for the students. This is because a walkable neighborhood provides easy access to various amenities and resources, such as libraries, parks, and community centers, which can enhance students' learning experiences. It promotes physical activity, reduces stress levels, and fosters social interactions, all of which contribute to improved cognitive function and academic performance. Additionally, being in a walkable neighborhood encourages students to engage in active transportation, such as walking or biking, which further promotes their overall well-being and concentration in the classroom.

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  • 7. 

    What rating system has a credit category named Smart Location and Linkage?

    • A.

      LEED ID+C

    • B.

      LEED O+M

    • C.

      LEED BD+C

    • D.

      LEED ND

    Correct Answer
    D. LEED ND
    Explanation
    LEED ND (LEED for Neighborhood Development) is a rating system that includes a credit category called Smart Location and Linkage. This credit category focuses on the location of the project and its connectivity to public transportation, amenities, and other community resources. LEED ND is specifically designed for neighborhood-scale development projects and promotes sustainable and walkable communities.

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  • 8. 

    Decreasing the parking footprint of a project can be accomplished by which of the following actions? (Choose 3)

    • A.

      Building in places well served by transit

    • B.

      Locating projects in high-density, mixed-use areas

    • C.

      Separating employee and visitor parking

    • D.

      Instituting transportation demand management strategies

    • E.

      Not including the parking area in the LEED project boundary

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Building in places well served by transit
    B. Locating projects in high-density, mixed-use areas
    D. Instituting transportation demand management strategies
    Explanation
    Decreasing the parking footprint of a project can be achieved by building in places well served by transit, as this encourages the use of public transportation instead of driving. Locating projects in high-density, mixed-use areas also helps reduce the need for parking spaces, as amenities and services are within walking distance. Instituting transportation demand management strategies, such as carpooling programs or providing incentives for alternative transportation, can further reduce the parking demand.

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  • 9. 

    A tenant of an office space wants an open office layout. What is one trade-off of this decision?

    • A.

      The acoustics may be poor

    • B.

      Daylighting will be harder to achieve.

    • C.

      The space will not be able to include task lighting.

    • D.

      The room will have decreased air quality.

    Correct Answer
    A. The acoustics may be poor
    Explanation
    An open office layout allows for less privacy and more noise, which can negatively impact the acoustics of the space. This means that conversations and other noises can easily travel throughout the office, potentially causing distractions and reducing overall productivity.

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  • 10. 

    A developer is building a medical park that will have ten buildings for doctors' offices. Which of the following is a strategy for achieving energy efficiency?

    • A.

      Purchasing carbon offsets

    • B.

      Building a district heating and cooling system

    • C.

      Siting the buildings close to each other

    • D.

      Installing a community solar garden

    Correct Answer
    B. Building a district heating and cooling system
    Explanation
    Building a district heating and cooling system is a strategy for achieving energy efficiency in the medical park. This system allows for centralized heating and cooling, reducing the energy required for individual buildings. By sharing resources and using a more efficient system, the overall energy consumption and carbon footprint can be minimized.

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  • 11. 

    What would be the direct result of specifying more costly, high-performance windows during the Construction phase?

    • A.

      Less energy consumed by the building

    • B.

      Inexpensive downsizing of the HVAC system

    • C.

      Increased building costs

    • D.

      Decreased overall project costs

    Correct Answer
    C. Increased building costs
    Explanation
    Specifying more costly, high-performance windows during the Construction phase would result in increased building costs. This is because high-performance windows are more expensive than standard windows. However, these windows offer benefits such as improved insulation and energy efficiency, which can lead to less energy consumed by the building in the long run. While the initial cost may be higher, the energy savings over time can offset this expense.

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  • 12. 

    The Sustainable Sites category focuses on all of the following EXCEPT which of the following:

    • A.

      Integrating the site with local and regional ecosystems

    • B.

      Preserving the biodiversity on which natural systems rely

    • C.

      The ways in which community infrastructure affects occupants' behavior and environmental performance.

    • D.

      Restoring project site elements

    Correct Answer
    C. The ways in which community infrastructure affects occupants' behavior and environmental performance.
    Explanation
    The Sustainable Sites category focuses on integrating the site with local and regional ecosystems, preserving biodiversity, and restoring project site elements. However, it does not specifically address the ways in which community infrastructure affects occupants' behavior and environmental performance. This aspect may fall under a different category or consideration within sustainable design and planning.

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  • 13. 

    A project team is reviewing strategies to increase energy efficiency. Which of the following will help reduce plug-load demands?

    • A.

      Efficient street lighting

    • B.

      Computer modeling

    • C.

      High-performance glazing

    • D.

      Installing appliances that meet or exceed ENERGY STAR requirements

    Correct Answer
    D. Installing appliances that meet or exceed ENERGY STAR requirements
    Explanation
    Installing appliances that meet or exceed ENERGY STAR requirements will help reduce plug-load demands. ENERGY STAR is a program that certifies energy-efficient appliances. By installing appliances that meet or exceed these requirements, the project team can ensure that the appliances consume less energy, leading to a reduction in plug-load demands. This will ultimately contribute to increasing energy efficiency. Efficient street lighting, computer modeling, and high-performance glazing may also contribute to overall energy efficiency, but they do not directly address plug-load demands.

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  • 14. 

    A project design with a focus on creating a healthy building includes materials with low VOC emissions, grates used in the entryway, higher-rated MERV filters, and air intakes located in an open-air parking garage. Which of these design strategies negatively impacts good indoor-air quality?

    • A.

      The materials with low VOC emissions

    • B.

      The location of the air intakes

    • C.

      The grates used for the entryway

    • D.

      The higher-rated MERV filters

    Correct Answer
    B. The location of the air intakes
    Explanation
    The location of the air intakes negatively impacts good indoor-air quality because placing them in an open-air parking garage can introduce pollutants and contaminants from vehicle exhaust and other outdoor sources into the building's ventilation system. This can result in lower air quality indoors, potentially affecting the health and well-being of the occupants.

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  • 15. 

    When evaluating materials that would help with heat-island reduction, which of the following is the MOST important material attribute?

    • A.

      A three-year aged SR value

    • B.

      Thermal emittance

    • C.

      An SRI

    • D.

      An SR

    Correct Answer
    A. A three-year aged SR value
    Explanation
    The most important material attribute for evaluating heat-island reduction is a three-year aged SR value. This value indicates how well the material can reflect solar radiation and reduce heat absorption over an extended period of time. It takes into account the long-term durability and effectiveness of the material in reducing heat island effects. Thermal emittance and SRI are also important attributes, but the three-year aged SR value provides a more comprehensive understanding of the material's performance.

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  • 16. 

    How can the heat island effect on the roof of a building be reduced?

    • A.

      Painting the roof with a high SRI coating

    • B.

      Providing underground parking

    • C.

      Increasing the amount of roof insulation

    • D.

      Covering the roof with recycled materials

    Correct Answer
    A. Painting the roof with a high SRI coating
    Explanation
    Painting the roof with a high SRI (Solar Reflectance Index) coating can reduce the heat island effect on the roof of a building. High SRI coatings have the ability to reflect a larger portion of the solar radiation that falls on the roof, reducing the amount of heat absorbed by the building. This helps to keep the building cooler and reduces the energy required for cooling. By reflecting more sunlight, the high SRI coating helps to mitigate the urban heat island effect, which is the phenomenon of cities being significantly warmer than surrounding rural areas due to human activities and lack of vegetation.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following appropriately refers to LEED's system goals?

    • A.

      Impact Categories

    • B.

      Prerequisites

    • C.

      Credits

    • D.

      Prerequisites and Credits

    Correct Answer
    A. Impact Categories
  • 18. 

    When determining the ventilation levels of a space needed for good indoor air quality, which of the following should the project team consider? (Choose 2)

    • A.

      The space's proximity to the exterior building envelope

    • B.

      The number of occupants in the space

    • C.

      The activities performed in the space

    • D.

      The time of day the space will be used

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. The number of occupants in the space
    C. The activities performed in the space
    Explanation
    The number of occupants in the space and the activities performed in the space are important factors to consider when determining the ventilation levels needed for good indoor air quality. The number of occupants will determine the amount of CO2 and other pollutants being generated in the space, and thus the amount of fresh air needed for dilution. The activities performed in the space will also affect the generation of pollutants, as certain activities may release more contaminants into the air. Therefore, both factors are crucial in determining the appropriate ventilation levels for maintaining good indoor air quality.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following is a priority designation used in LEED?

    • A.

      To encourage investment in economically disadvantaged or low-income areas

    • B.

      To prevent project teams from building in sensitive habitats

    • C.

      To help projects locate near existing infrastructure

    • D.

      To encourage project teams to build in a LEED-ND project area

    Correct Answer
    A. To encourage investment in economically disadvantaged or low-income areas
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "To encourage investment in economically disadvantaged or low-income areas." This priority designation is used in LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) to promote development and investment in areas that are economically disadvantaged or have a low-income population. By prioritizing projects in these areas, LEED aims to support social equity and economic development, helping to improve the quality of life for residents in these communities.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following are green building rating systems that exist in addition to LEED? (Choose 3)

    • A.

      Green Star

    • B.

      BREEAM

    • C.

      Green Globes

    • D.

      ASHRAE

    • E.

      WaterSense

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Green Star
    B. BREEAM
    C. Green Globes
    Explanation
    Green Star, BREEAM, and Green Globes are all green building rating systems that exist in addition to LEED. These systems provide guidelines and criteria for designing, constructing, and operating sustainable buildings. Green Star is an Australian rating system, BREEAM is a British rating system, and Green Globes is an American rating system. Each of these systems has its own set of requirements and certification process, allowing building projects to choose the most suitable and relevant rating system for their specific location and goals. ASHRAE and WaterSense, on the other hand, are not green building rating systems but rather organizations and programs focused on energy efficiency and water conservation respectively.

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  • 21. 

    Which of the following is an example of the triple bottom line in practice?

    • A.

      A residential project that contributes to neighborhood revitalization

    • B.

      An energy efficient building built on a site with endangered species

    • C.

      A building with good indoor air quality and minimal insulation

    • D.

      A building material purchased and shipped from overseas

    Correct Answer
    A. A residential project that contributes to neighborhood revitalization
    Explanation
    A residential project that contributes to neighborhood revitalization is an example of the triple bottom line in practice because it considers not only economic factors but also social and environmental factors. By revitalizing a neighborhood, the project creates economic value by increasing property values and attracting businesses. It also brings social benefits by improving the quality of life for residents and fostering a sense of community. Additionally, it can have positive environmental impacts by repurposing existing infrastructure and reducing the need for new construction. Overall, this example demonstrates how the triple bottom line approach seeks to balance economic, social, and environmental considerations.

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  • 22. 

    A building owner wants to increase efficiency to lower the operating costs of a new building project. What strategy would help with this goal?

    • A.

      Provide daylighting

    • B.

      Install triple-paned glass windows instead of double-paned glass windows

    • C.

      Install a photovoltaic system on the roof

    • D.

      Install all LED lighting

    Correct Answer
    D. Install all LED lighting
    Explanation
    Installing all LED lighting would help increase efficiency and lower operating costs for a new building project. LED lights are known for their energy efficiency and long lifespan compared to traditional lighting options. They consume less electricity, produce less heat, and have a longer operational life, resulting in reduced energy consumption and lower maintenance costs. By installing LED lighting throughout the building, the owner can achieve significant energy savings and cost reductions in the long run.

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  • 23. 

    What types of water should be prioritized for irrigation? (Choose 2)

    • A.

      Potable water

    • B.

      Graywater

    • C.

      Rainwater

    • D.

      Blackwater

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Graywater
    C. Rainwater
    Explanation
    Graywater and rainwater should be prioritized for irrigation because they are both sustainable and environmentally friendly options. Graywater refers to gently used water from sources such as sinks, showers, and laundry, which can be safely reused for irrigation purposes. Rainwater, on the other hand, is naturally collected and can be easily harvested and stored for irrigation. Prioritizing these types of water for irrigation helps conserve potable water resources and reduces the strain on water supplies, making it a more sustainable choice for agricultural and landscaping needs.

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  • 24. 

    Which of the following actions can a project team take to help manage runoff on-site in a dense urban area? (Choose 2)

    • A.

      Design all parking under the building

    • B.

      Increase the size of the drainage pipes

    • C.

      Install a green roof

    • D.

      Harvest rainwater

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Install a green roof
    D. Harvest rainwater
    Explanation
    Installing a green roof can help manage runoff on-site in a dense urban area by absorbing rainwater and reducing the amount of water that flows off the roof. The vegetation and soil on the green roof act as a natural sponge, retaining rainwater and releasing it slowly over time. This can help prevent overwhelming the drainage system and reduce the risk of flooding. Harvesting rainwater involves collecting and storing rainwater for later use, which can help reduce the amount of runoff and the strain on the drainage system. Both of these actions can contribute to effective runoff management in a dense urban area.

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  • 25. 

    Extracting and sourcing raw materials in a responsible manner is intended to avoid all of the following EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Deforestation

    • B.

      Degradation of water sources

    • C.

      Depletion of the ozone layer

    • D.

      Infringement of indigenous people's rights

    • E.

      Threats to rare and endangered species

    Correct Answer
    C. Depletion of the ozone layer
    Explanation
    Extracting and sourcing raw materials in a responsible manner is intended to avoid deforestation, degradation of water sources, infringement of indigenous people's rights, and threats to rare and endangered species. However, it is not directly related to the depletion of the ozone layer. The depletion of the ozone layer is primarily caused by the release of certain chemicals, such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), which are used in various industrial processes and products. Responsible extraction and sourcing of raw materials may indirectly contribute to reducing ozone depletion by promoting sustainable practices and reducing the use of harmful chemicals, but it is not the main focus of this particular action.

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  • 26. 

    A developer is planning a mixed-use project that will include 1,000 single family homes, office space, retail, and townhomes. Which of the following neighborhood design strategies help promote community connectivity?

    • A.

      Gated communities

    • B.

      Cul-de-sacs

    • C.

      Providing housing types for a wide range of incomes

    • D.

      Street-grid patterns

    Correct Answer
    D. Street-grid patterns
    Explanation
    Street-grid patterns help promote community connectivity by providing a well-connected network of streets and pathways. This design allows for easy navigation and accessibility between different areas of the neighborhood, encouraging pedestrians and cyclists to move freely throughout the community. It also promotes social interaction and a sense of community by creating opportunities for people to walk, bike, or engage in other forms of active transportation. Additionally, street-grid patterns can reduce traffic congestion by providing multiple routes and distributing traffic more evenly throughout the neighborhood.

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  • 27. 

    If a project owner wants to create a landscape with plants that require watering, which of the following is the minimum outdoor water reduction from a baseline required for a new office project?

    • A.

      40%

    • B.

      20%

    • C.

      10%

    • D.

      30%

    Correct Answer
    D. 30%
    Explanation
    For a new office project that includes a landscape with plants requiring watering, a minimum outdoor water reduction of 30% from a baseline is required. This means that the project owner must ensure that the office project uses 30% less water for outdoor purposes compared to a standard or reference baseline. This reduction in water usage is aimed at promoting water conservation and sustainability in the project's landscaping design.

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  • 28. 

    An owner for a new three-story office space wants to know how the building compares to other buildings of similar function. Which of the following can be used to compare the performance of the building?

    • A.

      EPA's ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager

    • B.

      Local tax records

    • C.

      Commissioning reports

    • D.

      LEED Online

    Correct Answer
    A. EPA's ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager
    Explanation
    EPA's ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager can be used to compare the performance of the building. This tool allows owners to track and assess energy consumption and performance of their buildings, and compare it to similar buildings in terms of energy efficiency. It provides a benchmarking feature that allows for a comparison of the building's energy performance with other buildings of similar function, helping the owner understand how their building measures up in terms of energy efficiency.

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  • 29. 

    What steps would be included in the pre-design phase of a green building project? (Choose 2) 

    • A.

      Develop a project schedule

    • B.

      Review material's test data

    • C.

      Develop, test, and select green systems

    • D.

      Review laws and standards

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Develop a project schedule
    D. Review laws and standards
    Explanation
    In the pre-design phase of a green building project, two steps that would be included are developing a project schedule and reviewing laws and standards. Developing a project schedule is important to outline the timeline and milestones of the project. Reviewing laws and standards is crucial to ensure compliance with regulations and to incorporate any necessary changes or considerations into the design.

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  • 30. 

    Which of the following actions can NOT be performed by a project team member using LEED Online?

    • A.

      Coordinating resources among project team members

    • B.

      Accessing web-based reference guides

    • C.

      Submitting technical inquiries regarding LEED credits

    • D.

      Managing public-facing project details

    Correct Answer
    B. Accessing web-based reference guides
    Explanation
    A project team member using LEED Online can perform all of the actions listed except for accessing web-based reference guides. This means that they are unable to access the online resources that provide additional information and guidance for the project.

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  • 31. 

    Products that meet ISO 14000 standards are:

    • A.

      Environmentally preferable

    • B.

      Mercury-free

    • C.

      Pre-approved products for LEED

    • D.

      FSC certified

    Correct Answer
    A. Environmentally preferable
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Environmentally preferable" because ISO 14000 standards are a set of international guidelines for environmental management. Products that meet these standards are designed to have a reduced impact on the environment throughout their life cycle. This can include factors such as resource usage, waste generation, and emissions. By being "environmentally preferable," these products are considered to be more sustainable and environmentally friendly compared to alternatives that do not meet ISO 14000 standards.

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  • 32. 

    What type of products would carry a Green Seal label?

    • A.

      Paints

    • B.

      Wood

    • C.

      Carpet

    • D.

      Brick

    Correct Answer
    A. Paints
    Explanation
    The Green Seal label is typically found on products that have been certified as environmentally friendly and sustainable. Paints often carry this label because they meet certain criteria such as low levels of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and use of eco-friendly ingredients. This ensures that the paints have minimal impact on the environment and human health. Wood, carpet, and brick may also carry the Green Seal label if they meet the necessary standards for sustainability and eco-friendliness.

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  • 33. 

    What is the purpose of the LEED Pilot Credit Library?

    • A.

      To provide extensions of existing rating systems to address specific types of spaces or requirements for international projects

    • B.

      To manage the LEED documentation process

    • C.

      To allow credits to be refined through LEED project evaluations before they complete the balloting process for introduction into LEED

    • D.

      Provide precedent-setting rulings reviewed by USGBC on formal inquiries submitted by LEED project teams that can be applied to multiple projects

    Correct Answer
    C. To allow credits to be refined through LEED project evaluations before they complete the balloting process for introduction into LEED
    Explanation
    The purpose of the LEED Pilot Credit Library is to allow credits to be refined through LEED project evaluations before they complete the balloting process for introduction into LEED. This means that the library serves as a platform for testing and refining new ideas and credit options before they are officially incorporated into the LEED rating system. It allows for feedback and evaluation from project teams, ensuring that the credits are effective and meet the requirements of LEED certification.

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  • 34. 

    A floor covering that can be recycled into a new product at the end of its useful life would be what type of product?

    • A.

      Cradle to grave

    • B.

      Renewable

    • C.

      Cradle to cradle

    • D.

      Passive

    Correct Answer
    C. Cradle to cradle
    Explanation
    A floor covering that can be recycled into a new product at the end of its useful life is known as a "cradle to cradle" product. This term refers to a sustainable design approach where products are created with the intention of being recycled or reused, rather than being disposed of in a landfill. Cradle to cradle products are designed to have a continuous life cycle, where materials are constantly reused and regenerated, minimizing waste and environmental impact.

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  • 35. 

    Which of the following has the highest priority in LEED?

    • A.

      Submetering

    • B.

      Cooling tower water use

    • C.

      Indoor water use reduction

    • D.

      Outdoor water use reduction

    Correct Answer
    C. Indoor water use reduction
    Explanation
    Indoor water use reduction has the highest priority in LEED because it focuses on reducing water consumption within a building, which is a critical aspect of sustainable design. By implementing strategies such as low-flow fixtures, efficient appliances, and water-efficient landscaping, indoor water use can be significantly reduced, resulting in conservation of water resources and decreased strain on water supply systems. This prioritization aligns with LEED's goal of promoting environmentally responsible and efficient building practices.

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  • 36. 

    A business owner wants to have an open office plan in a tenant space. To increase daylighting and optimize views, which of the following should the plan include? (Choose 2)

    • A.

      Low partitions

    • B.

      Solid doors

    • C.

      Vision panels

    • D.

      Task lighting

    • E.

      Single-pane glazing

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Low partitions
    C. Vision panels
    Explanation
    To increase daylighting and optimize views in an open office plan, low partitions should be included. Low partitions allow natural light to flow throughout the space, creating a bright and open atmosphere. Additionally, vision panels should be included to provide unobstructed views and further enhance the feeling of openness. Solid doors and single-pane glazing would hinder the flow of natural light and obstruct views, while task lighting is not directly related to increasing daylighting and optimizing views.

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  • 37. 

    A project team is beginning the integrative process late into the design-phase of a new office building. At this point, which of the following could still be changed and would be a low-cost solution for improving daylighting? (Choose 2)

    • A.

      The orientation of the building

    • B.

      The types of furnishings

    • C.

      The window configuration

    • D.

      The colors of the surfaces

    • E.

      The number of glazing panes

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. The types of furnishings
    D. The colors of the surfaces
    Explanation
    The types of furnishings and the colors of the surfaces can still be changed at this point in the design-phase of the office building project. These changes can be considered low-cost solutions for improving daylighting as they do not involve major structural modifications or expensive materials. By selecting furnishings and surfaces that are light in color and reflective, more natural light can be effectively distributed throughout the building, enhancing the overall daylighting experience for occupants.

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  • 38. 

    What is GWP as it relates to refrigerants?

    • A.

      The potential for a single molecule of the refrigerant to destroy the ozone layer

    • B.

      The speed at which an appliance loses its refrigerant

    • C.

      The efficiency of a refrigerant

    • D.

      A measurement of how much effect the given refrigerant will have on global warming in relation to carbon dioxide.

    Correct Answer
    D. A measurement of how much effect the given refrigerant will have on global warming in relation to carbon dioxide.
    Explanation
    GWP stands for Global Warming Potential, which is a measurement used to determine the impact of a refrigerant on global warming in comparison to carbon dioxide. It quantifies the ability of a refrigerant to trap heat in the atmosphere over a specific time period. A higher GWP value indicates a greater potential for contributing to global warming. Therefore, the correct answer states that GWP is a measurement of the effect a refrigerant will have on global warming in relation to carbon dioxide.

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  • 39. 

    What statement is true regarding the LEED Scorecard?

    • A.

      Innovation credits are not listed in the LEED Scorecard

    • B.

      There is one LEED Scorecard that can be used for any rating system

    • C.

      The LEED Scorecard gives the project team the option of not earning prerequisites

    • D.

      The LEED Scorecard is organized by LEED category

    Correct Answer
    D. The LEED Scorecard is organized by LEED category
    Explanation
    The LEED Scorecard is organized by LEED category, which means that it categorizes the different aspects of a project that are evaluated for LEED certification. This organization helps the project team to understand and track their progress in meeting the requirements for each category, such as Sustainable Sites, Water Efficiency, Energy and Atmosphere, Materials and Resources, Indoor Environmental Quality, and Innovation in Design. By organizing the scorecard in this way, it provides a clear structure for the project team to follow and ensures that all aspects of sustainability are considered and addressed.

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  • 40. 

    How does LEED evaluate the environmental performance of a building?

    • A.

      From a whole building perspective over a building's life cycle

    • B.

      Using LEED Online

    • C.

      Through a cradle to grave analysis

    • D.

      By the amount of energy reduction

    Correct Answer
    A. From a whole building perspective over a building's life cycle
    Explanation
    LEED evaluates the environmental performance of a building by considering the entire building's life cycle from a holistic perspective. This means that it takes into account various factors such as energy usage, water efficiency, materials selection, indoor environmental quality, and sustainable site development. By considering the building's entire life cycle, LEED ensures that the environmental impact of the building is assessed from its construction to its operation and eventual demolition or renovation. This approach allows for a comprehensive evaluation of the building's sustainability and its contribution to environmental conservation.

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  • 41. 

    What year does the Montreal Protocol phase out HCFCs?

    • A.

      2030

    • B.

      1995

    • C.

      2020

    • D.

      2015

    Correct Answer
    A. 2030
    Explanation
    The Montreal Protocol is an international environmental agreement that aims to protect the ozone layer. HCFCs (hydrochlorofluorocarbons) are substances that contribute to ozone depletion. The correct answer is 2030 because the Montreal Protocol sets a timeline for the gradual phase-out of HCFCs, with a complete phase-out by 2030. This is done to reduce their impact on the ozone layer and promote the use of alternative substances that are less harmful to the environment.

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  • 42. 

    A project team will provide outdoor space to encourage occupant health and activity. Which of the following are examples of quality open space? (Choose 2)

    • A.

      Small strips of turf in parking lots

    • B.

      Garden space dedicated to community gardens

    • C.

      A jogging trail

    • D.

      An artificial turf for an outdoor soccer field

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Garden space dedicated to community gardens
    C. A jogging trail
    Explanation
    Quality open space refers to outdoor areas that are designed and maintained to promote health and activity for occupants. Garden space dedicated to community gardens is an example of quality open space as it provides a natural and aesthetically pleasing environment for people to engage in gardening activities, which can improve mental well-being and physical activity. A jogging trail is also an example of quality open space as it offers a designated path for individuals to engage in aerobic exercise, promoting physical fitness and overall health.

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  • 43. 

    Which of the following is a benefit of a building owner choosing to install a wind turbine on site to reduce the building's use of grid-source nonrenewable energy?

    • A.

      Reduced greenhouse gas emissions

    • B.

      Heat island reduction

    • C.

      Decreased up-front building costs

    • D.

      Lower liabilities

    Correct Answer
    A. Reduced greenhouse gas emissions
    Explanation
    Installing a wind turbine on site can reduce the building's use of grid-source nonrenewable energy, resulting in reduced greenhouse gas emissions. Wind turbines generate electricity from a renewable source, which helps to decrease reliance on fossil fuels and lower carbon emissions. By choosing to install a wind turbine, the building owner can contribute to reducing the environmental impact and combat climate change.

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  • 44. 

    Which of the following is NOT a strategy for reducing potable water use for irrigation?

    • A.

      Install building-level metering

    • B.

      Only use grass for play fields or other activities that require turf

    • C.

      Use treated wastewater

    • D.

      Install smart-sensor technology

    Correct Answer
    A. Install building-level metering
    Explanation
    Installing building-level metering is not a strategy for reducing potable water use for irrigation. Building-level metering is a method of monitoring and measuring water usage within a building, but it does not directly contribute to reducing water use for irrigation. The other options mentioned, such as only using grass for specific activities, using treated wastewater, and installing smart-sensor technology, are all strategies that can help reduce potable water use for irrigation.

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  • 45. 

    In LEED Homes and Multifamily Lowrise which standard is used to measure minimum energy performance?

    • A.

      I-Codes

    • B.

      ENERGY STAR for Homes

    • C.

      ASHRAE 62.1

    • D.

      ASHRAE 90.1

    Correct Answer
    B. ENERGY STAR for Homes
    Explanation
    ENERGY STAR for Homes is used to measure minimum energy performance in LEED Homes and Multifamily Lowrise. ENERGY STAR for Homes is a program developed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that sets energy efficiency standards for residential buildings. It provides a comprehensive approach to energy efficiency, including guidelines for insulation, windows, heating and cooling systems, and appliances. By meeting the ENERGY STAR for Homes requirements, buildings can ensure that they are using energy efficiently and reducing their environmental impact.

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  • 46. 

    Rain gardens, vegetated rooftops, and permeable pavements are strategies to manage rainwater and contribute to:

    • A.

      Increased potable water

    • B.

      More compact development

    • C.

      Increased water efficiency

    • D.

      Low impact development

    Correct Answer
    D. Low impact development
    Explanation
    Rain gardens, vegetated rooftops, and permeable pavements are all examples of low impact development strategies. These strategies help to manage rainwater by allowing it to be absorbed into the ground rather than running off into storm drains or causing erosion. By using these strategies, the impact of development on the natural water cycle is minimized, leading to reduced stormwater runoff and improved water quality. Additionally, low impact development can also help to create more sustainable and environmentally friendly communities by promoting the use of green spaces and reducing the need for traditional stormwater management infrastructure.

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  • 47. 

    Reducing the building's footprint will have positive synergies with which of the following? (Choose 2)

    • A.

      Preservation of historic districts

    • B.

      Access to diverse uses

    • C.

      Rainwater management

    • D.

      Open space

    • E.

      Surrounding density

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Rainwater management
    D. Open space
    Explanation
    Reducing the building's footprint will have positive synergies with rainwater management because a smaller footprint means less impervious surface, allowing rainwater to be absorbed into the ground instead of causing runoff and potential flooding. It will also have positive synergies with open space because a smaller footprint means more space for parks, gardens, and other recreational areas, enhancing the availability of open spaces for the community.

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  • 48. 

    When reviewing products in the integrative design, which of the following are preferable material attributes that should be considered? (Choose 2)

    • A.

      Being created in the same or neighboring countries

    • B.

      Durability

    • C.

      Being assembled in factories that pay below average wages

    • D.

      Supporting the local economy

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Durability
    D. Supporting the local economy
    Explanation
    When reviewing products in the integrative design, it is preferable to consider durability as a material attribute because durable products have a longer lifespan and reduce waste. Additionally, supporting the local economy is important as it promotes local businesses and job creation, contributing to the overall economic growth of the community.

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  • 49. 

    What is the median payback period for the commissioning of existing buildings?

    • A.

      1.5 years

    • B.

      1 year

    • C.

      0.7 years

    • D.

      2.8 years

    Correct Answer
    C. 0.7 years
    Explanation
    The median payback period for the commissioning of existing buildings is 0.7 years. This means that, on average, it takes 0.7 years for the initial investment in commissioning to be recouped through energy savings and other benefits. This indicates that commissioning existing buildings is a cost-effective strategy for improving energy efficiency and reducing operational costs.

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  • 50. 

    The baseline water use of a toilet is:

    • A.

      2.2 gpm (8.3 lpm)

    • B.

      1.6 gpm (6 lpm)

    • C.

      1.6 gpf (6 lpf)

    • D.

      2.2 gpf (8.3 lpf)

    Correct Answer
    C. 1.6 gpf (6 lpf)
    Explanation
    The baseline water use of a toilet refers to the amount of water that is typically used per flush. In this case, the correct answer is 1.6 gpf (6 lpf), which means that the toilet uses 1.6 gallons (6 liters) of water per flush. This is a common standard for low-flow toilets, which are designed to conserve water and reduce water usage compared to older, less efficient models.

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