Law Quiz I For Comps

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| By Mrhitchccms
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Mrhitchccms
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Quizzes Created: 3 | Total Attempts: 1,232
Questions: 12 | Attempts: 58

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Law Quiz I For Comps - Quiz


Part 1 of 2 of the Law portion of the comps exam


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    According to the Connick Rule, a teacher who speaks on a matter of public concern is protected, if the teacher's interest in speaking

    • A.

      Is the only concern of the meeting where the speech is made.

    • B.

      Is weigthier than the state's concern in efficient school operation.

    • C.

      Is not related to the state's concern in efficient school operation.

    Correct Answer
    B. Is weigthier than the state's concern in efficient school operation.
    Explanation
    The Connick Rule states that a teacher who speaks on a matter of public concern is protected if their interest in speaking is weightier than the state's concern in efficient school operation. This means that if the teacher's interest in speaking outweighs the state's interest in running the school efficiently, the teacher is protected and cannot be penalized for their speech. This rule ensures that teachers have some freedom of speech while balancing the need for efficient school operation.

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  • 2. 

    An IEP must

    • A.

      Be designed for each child with a disability.

    • B.

      Record in written form for each child.

    • C.

      Measure the specific progress of each child.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because an Individualized Education Program (IEP) is a legally mandated document that must be designed for each child with a disability. It is also required to be recorded in written form for each child, outlining their specific goals, accommodations, and services. Additionally, an IEP must measure the specific progress of each child, as it is a dynamic document that is regularly reviewed and updated to ensure the child's educational needs are being met.

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  • 3. 

    Assault and battery are

    • A.

      Negligent torts

    • B.

      May be criminal acts

    • C.

      Intentional torts.

    • D.

      Both A and B

    Correct Answer
    C. Intentional torts.
    Explanation
    Assault and battery are considered intentional torts because they involve intentional harmful actions towards another person. Negligent torts involve unintentional harm caused by a failure to exercise reasonable care, while criminal acts are offenses against the state and can be intentional or unintentional. Therefore, the correct answer is intentional torts.

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  • 4. 

    A state act pertaining to the establishment of religion is unconstitutional if it

    • A.

      Has a religious purpose

    • B.

      Produces excessive entanglement of government and religion.

    • C.

      Advances or inhibits religion

    • D.

      Any of the above would make the Act unconstitutional

    Correct Answer
    D. Any of the above would make the Act unconstitutional
    Explanation
    The given answer states that any of the mentioned conditions would make a state act pertaining to the establishment of religion unconstitutional. This means that if the act has a religious purpose, produces excessive entanglement between government and religion, or advances or inhibits religion, it would be considered unconstitutional. In other words, if any of these conditions are present, the act violates the constitutional principle of separation of church and state.

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  • 5. 

    Based on Goss v. Lopez, a fair and impartial hearing is a basic element of

    • A.

      Procedural due process

    • B.

      The school board process

    • C.

      Substantive due process

    • D.

      Not part of due process

    Correct Answer
    A. Procedural due process
    Explanation
    In the case of Goss v. Lopez, it was established that a fair and impartial hearing is a fundamental aspect of procedural due process. Procedural due process refers to the legal requirement that the government must follow fair procedures before depriving a person of life, liberty, or property. In the context of education, this means that students have the right to a fair hearing before being suspended or expelled from school. Therefore, the correct answer is procedural due process.

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  • 6. 

    Based on the Tinker case, a school may ban student speech that interferes with the

    • A.

      Perception of the school in the community.

    • B.

      Orderly and efficient operation of the school.

    • C.

      Interpretation of the school discipline code.

    • D.

      Cost-benefit to the school's operation.

    Correct Answer
    B. Orderly and efficient operation of the school.
    Explanation
    The Tinker case established that schools have the authority to restrict student speech if it disrupts the orderly and efficient operation of the school. This means that schools can limit student speech if it creates a significant disruption to the learning environment, hinders the educational process, or causes a substantial interference with the school's ability to function effectively. The case emphasized the importance of maintaining a conducive and productive atmosphere within the school, giving schools the power to regulate student speech to ensure smooth operations.

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  • 7. 

    Education is a fundamental goal under the

    • A.

      The US Constitution

    • B.

      The 10th Amendment

    • C.

      The Illinois Constitutiton

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. The Illinois Constitutiton
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above". This is because education is considered a fundamental goal under the US Constitution, the 10th Amendment, and the Illinois Constitution. These documents recognize the importance of education and its role in society, ensuring that it is protected and promoted as a fundamental right.

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  • 8. 

    If a school district purchases liability insurance, it is considered:

    • A.

      To have waived immunity to the extent of the policy

    • B.

      To be free from liability for negligent acts.

    • C.

      To be free of liability regardless of the circumstances.

    • D.

      To be free of liability beyond the policy.

    Correct Answer
    A. To have waived immunity to the extent of the policy
    Explanation
    When a school district purchases liability insurance, it is considered to have waived immunity to the extent of the policy. This means that the school district is giving up its protection from being sued for certain claims or damages up to the limit specified in the insurance policy. In other words, by purchasing liability insurance, the school district is accepting responsibility for any liability that falls within the coverage of the policy. However, this does not mean that the school district is completely free from liability or immune to legal action beyond the policy's coverage.

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  • 9. 

    If a teacher is reassigned from secondary to elementary teaching at the same pay

    • A.

      It is a demotion, if the teacher objects.

    • B.

      It is not a demotion.

    • C.

      It is not a demotion if it does not create a problem

    • D.

      It is not considered a demotion if the teacher approves.

    Correct Answer
    B. It is not a demotion.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "It is not a demotion." This is because the question states that the teacher is reassigned from secondary to elementary teaching at the same pay. A demotion typically involves a decrease in pay or a lower position, neither of which is mentioned in the question. Therefore, the teacher being reassigned to elementary teaching at the same pay does not qualify as a demotion.

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  • 10. 

    If the states are not providing education for a significant part of the nation's population, the Federal government may provide it under the

    • A.

      Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment

    • B.

      Establishment Clause of the 1st Amendment

    • C.

      General Welfare Clause of Article 1, section 8

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. General Welfare Clause of Article 1, section 8
    Explanation
    If the states are not providing education for a significant part of the nation's population, the Federal government may provide it under the General Welfare Clause of Article 1, section 8. This clause gives Congress the power to spend money for the general welfare of the United States. Since education is considered a fundamental aspect of the general welfare, the Federal government can step in and provide education if the states fail to do so. The Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment and the Establishment Clause of the 1st Amendment do not specifically address the provision of education.

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  • 11. 

    In Martinez v. Bynum, the US Supreme Court ruled that

    • A.

      The state could enforce a residence requirement for students.

    • B.

      The State was required to educate the children of illegal aliens.

    • C.

      The State was required to educate non-resident children.

    • D.

      The state was not required to educate the children of illegal aliens.

    Correct Answer
    A. The state could enforce a residence requirement for students.
    Explanation
    In Martinez v. Bynum, the US Supreme Court ruled that the state could enforce a residence requirement for students. This means that the state has the authority to require students to live within a certain geographical area in order to attend public schools. The ruling affirms the state's power to regulate education and determine eligibility criteria for students based on their place of residence.

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  • 12. 

    In Plyler v. Doe, the court ruled that to deny children of illegal aliens an education

    • A.

      Violates the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment

    • B.

      Casts a pall of doubt on the child's ability.

    • C.

      Creates a stigma of illiteracy will mark their parents lives.

    • D.

      Is a violation of the state constitutiton.

    Correct Answer
    A. Violates the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Violates the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment." In Plyler v. Doe, the court ruled that denying children of illegal aliens an education based on their immigration status violates the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment. This is because the court found that all children, regardless of their immigration status, have a right to receive a public education and should be afforded equal protection under the law.

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