Assult and Battery
D and a friend V were playing with a revolver. In the chamber there were two bullets, but neither was opposite the hammer when D, in jest, pointed the gun at V and pulled the trigger. The chamber rotated and V was killed.
D slashed P's clothes with a knife. The judge said this was enough: it is an assault on a man's person to inflict injury to the clothes on his back. In the ordinary case of a blow on the back there is clearly an assault, though the blow is received by the coat on the person.
A school caretaker was convicted of indecent assault after taking hold of the hem of a 12-year-old girl's skirt.
A soldier D became involved in an argument with another man C in a pub. He took off his belt and swung it at C, but missed and wounded the landlady V. His conviction for unlawfully wounding V was upheld by the Court for Crown Cases Reserved; the intention to strike C was transferred to V under the doctrine of transferred malice.
stepmother D hit a 10-year-old boy with a slipper on his head and bottom for alleged misbehaviour, leaving a number of bruises. She was convicted of assault occasioning actual bodily harm, but the Court of Appeal recognised her sense of inadequacy as a parent, and reduced her sentence to twelve months' imprisonment
A murder that is socially wrong.
An act that is illegal, dangerous, and causes death
An act that results in ABH
An act of sadomasicism
An act where by the defendant directly intends the outcome
D threw an empty box from a pier into the sea and accidentally hit a bather, causing his death. The judge said this was not an unlawful act sufficient for manslaughter: the intentional tort (trespass to goods) against the owner of the box was insufficient.
A man D set fire to his council house, hoping to be moved to a better one, but his wife, one of his children, and another woman died in the fire. D was convicted of manslaughter on the basis that death had been caused by his intentional, unlawful and dangerous act constituting the crime of arson
D made fireworks contrary to statute and stored explosives for this purpose. A fire broke out accidentally or by the negligence of others, and a rocket set fire to an adjacent house, killing its occupant. Cockburn CJ said the unlawful act - the keeping of the fireworks - did not in itself cause the death, and D's conviction was quashed.
A tramp took shelter in an empty house, and went to sleep with a cigarette in his hand. He awoke a little later to find that he had set the mattress alight, so he got up, went into another room, and went to sleep there. The fire took hold and the house burned down.
The appellants belonged to a group of sado-masochistic homosexuals who over a 10-year period from 1978 willingly participated in the commission of acts of violence against each other, including genital torture, for the sexual pleasure which it engendered in the giving and receiving of pain.