Introduction To Law And Justice Exam 1

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Introduction To Law And Justice Exam 1 - Quiz

Quiz on chapters 1 through 5.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is NOT a Mala Prohibita crime.

    • A.

      Traffic Citation

    • B.

      Kidnapping

    • C.

      Prostitution

    • D.

      Urinating in Public

    Correct Answer
    B. Kidnapping
    Explanation
    Kidnapping is not considered a Mala Prohibita crime. Mala Prohibita crimes are offenses that are considered wrong because they are prohibited by law, even though they may not be inherently immoral or harmful. Traffic citation, prostitution, and urinating in public are examples of Mala Prohibita crimes. However, kidnapping is a serious offense that involves the illegal abduction and confinement of another person, which is universally recognized as morally and legally wrong.

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  • 2. 

    When arrested for a felony crime your first appearance will be made in which court?

    Correct Answer
    magistrate
    magistratte
    Explanation
    The correct answer is magistrate. When arrested for a felony crime, your first appearance will be made in a magistrate court. This is the initial step in the legal process where a judge determines if there is enough evidence to proceed with the case. The magistrate court handles preliminary matters, such as setting bail and appointing legal representation if necessary. It is important to note that "magistratte" is not a correct spelling and does not refer to a specific court.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following is an example of an Inchoate crime

    • A.

      Hate crime

    • B.

      Terrorism

    • C.

      Conspiracy

    Correct Answer
    C. Conspiracy
    Explanation
    Conspiracy is an example of an inchoate crime because it involves an agreement between two or more individuals to commit a criminal act. In this type of crime, the individuals involved may not have actually carried out the intended crime, but their agreement and planning make them liable for criminal charges. Conspiracy is considered an inchoate crime because it is an incomplete offense that does not require the actual commission of the intended crime, but rather focuses on the agreement and intent to commit the crime.

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  • 4. 

    Who refuted the absolute right of the monarchy and encouraged liberty for the individual through a strong government?

    • A.

      Max Weber

    • B.

      Karl Marx

    • C.

      John Locke

    Correct Answer
    C. John Locke
    Explanation
    John Locke is the correct answer because he was a philosopher who refuted the absolute right of the monarchy and advocated for individual liberty through a strong government. Locke's ideas on natural rights, limited government, and the consent of the governed greatly influenced the development of modern democratic systems. He believed that individuals have inherent rights to life, liberty, and property, and that government should be based on the consent of the people and exist to protect these rights.

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  • 5. 

    Who appoints federal judges?

    • A.

      They are voted in every 4 years

    • B.

      The local governing body appoints them

    • C.

      Anyone can apply for the position

    • D.

      The President

    Correct Answer
    D. The President
    Explanation
    The President appoints federal judges. This is because the President has the authority to nominate individuals for federal judge positions, and these nominations must be confirmed by the Senate. The President's role in appointing federal judges is outlined in the United States Constitution, specifically in Article II, Section 2. The President's appointment power allows them to shape the judiciary by selecting individuals who align with their judicial philosophy and values.

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  • 6. 

    How many judicial districts are there in Idaho?

    • A.

      7

    • B.

      11

    • C.

      9

    Correct Answer
    C. 9
    Explanation
    There are 9 judicial districts in Idaho.

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  • 7. 

    Mens Rea defined is:

    • A.

      Accessory to a crime

    • B.

      A criminal Act

    • C.

      A guilty mind

    Correct Answer
    C. A guilty mind
    Explanation
    The term "mens rea" refers to the mental state or intention of a person while committing a crime. It is the guilty mind or the awareness of wrongdoing that accompanies a criminal act. This concept is important in determining criminal liability as it helps to differentiate between intentional and unintentional acts. The answer "A guilty mind" accurately describes the meaning of mens rea.

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  • 8. 

    Actus Reus is defines as a _______Act

    Correct Answer
    guilty
    Explanation
    Actus Reus is defined as a guilty act. This means that in order to be held criminally liable, a person must have committed a voluntary act that is prohibited by law. It is one of the two components of a crime, the other being mens rea (guilty mind). The actus reus element focuses on the physical action or conduct of the individual, while the mens rea element deals with the mental state or intention behind the act.

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  • 9. 

    When a defendant admits that they were wrong, however under the circumstances they were not engaging in a criminal act, this is called:

    Correct Answer
    Justification Defense
    Explanation
    When a defendant admits that they were wrong but argues that their actions were justified under the circumstances, it is called a justification defense. This defense asserts that although the defendant's actions may have technically been illegal, they were necessary or reasonable given the situation. The defendant is essentially claiming that their actions were justified because they were acting in self-defense, protecting others, or preventing a greater harm. By using the justification defense, the defendant is admitting their wrongdoing but arguing that they should not be held criminally responsible due to the circumstances surrounding their actions.

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  • 10. 

    When there is a union between Mens rea and Actus reus it is called:

    Correct Answer
    Concurrence
    Explanation
    Concurrence refers to the simultaneous presence of both Mens rea (the intention or knowledge of wrongdoing) and Actus reus (the physical act of committing a crime). It is the essential element for establishing criminal liability, as it demonstrates that the defendant had both the intent to commit the crime and actually carried out the criminal act. Without concurrence, a person cannot be held criminally responsible for their actions.

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  • 11. 

    There are _______ index offenses

    Correct Answer
    8
    eight
    Explanation
    The question asks for the number of index offenses. The answer is given as "8" and "eight," which both represent the same numerical value. Therefore, there are 8 index offenses.

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  • 12. 

    It is referred to as ___________ when the crime is the result of the creative activity of law enforcement.

    Correct Answer
    entrapment
    Explanation
    Entrapment refers to a situation where the crime is instigated or induced by law enforcement officials. In such cases, the individual may not have had any intention or predisposition to commit the crime, but was coerced or tricked into doing so by the authorities. This tactic is often used to catch criminals in the act, but it raises ethical concerns as it involves manipulating individuals into committing illegal acts that they may not have otherwise committed.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following is not part of the initial index offenses?

    • A.

      Rape

    • B.

      Larceny/theft

    • C.

      Motor Vehicle Theft

    • D.

      Kidnapping

    Correct Answer
    D. Kidnapping
    Explanation
    Kidnapping is not part of the initial index offenses. The initial index offenses, also known as Part I offenses, are a specific set of serious crimes that are used to measure crime rates. These offenses include rape, larceny/theft, and motor vehicle theft. Kidnapping, on the other hand, is a separate crime that involves the unlawful abduction or confinement of a person against their will. While it is a serious offense, it is not included in the initial index offenses.

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