Law And Ethics Test

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| By Hthomas13
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Hthomas13
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 196
Questions: 19 | Attempts: 196

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Law Quizzes & Trivia

A vocabulary and history over the Laws and Ethics of Journalism.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is Breach of Contract?

    • A.

      Refusing to tell a judge the source of information used in a story.

    • B.

      Publishing the name of a confidential source after promising you wouldn't.

    • C.

      Publishing falsehood that holds someone up to public ridicule or scorn.

    Correct Answer
    B. Publishing the name of a confidential source after promising you wouldn't.
    Explanation
    Breach of contract refers to the act of breaking a legally binding agreement or promise. In this context, publishing the name of a confidential source after promising not to do so is considered a breach of contract. This action violates the terms of the agreement made between the publisher and the source, thereby breaking the trust and confidentiality promised.

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  • 2. 

    What is Contempt of Court?

    • A.

      Refusing to tell a judge the sopurce of information used in a story.

    • B.

      A 1996 law requiring federal agenciws to make moost.

    • C.

      Protects opinions from libel suites.

    Correct Answer
    A. Refusing to tell a judge the sopurce of information used in a story.
    Explanation
    Contempt of Court refers to the act of refusing to disclose the source of information used in a story to a judge. This can be seen as a form of defiance towards the court and can result in legal consequences. It is important for journalists to protect their sources, but in certain cases, the court may require this information for the proper administration of justice. By refusing to comply with the court's request, it is considered as contemptuous behavior.

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  • 3. 

    What is Fabrication?

    • A.

      Behavior on or off the job that could damage your publications reputation.

    • B.

      Failure to obey a lawful order.

    • C.

      Manufacturing of falsifying any facts, quotes, or events for a story.

    Correct Answer
    A. Behavior on or off the job that could damage your publications reputation.
    Explanation
    Fabrication refers to the act of creating or inventing false information, quotes, or events for a story. This behavior, whether it occurs on or off the job, has the potential to harm the reputation of the publication. It involves manufacturing or falsifying facts, which is a serious ethical breach in journalism.

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  • 4. 

    What is Fair Comment and Criticism?

    • A.

      Passing off someone else's words or ideas as your own.

    • B.

      The right of Journalists to print their opinions on the performance of public figurs or entertainers.

    • C.

      Publishing the name of a confidental source after promising you they wouldn't.

    Correct Answer
    B. The right of Journalists to print their opinions on the performance of public figurs or entertainers.
    Explanation
    Fair Comment and Criticism refers to the right of journalists to express their opinions regarding the performance of public figures or entertainers. This means that journalists have the freedom to provide their own analysis and evaluation of the actions and abilities of individuals in the public eye. It allows them to offer their perspective and critique without fear of legal repercussions, as long as their comments are based on facts and are not intended to defame or harm the reputation of the person being criticized.

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  • 5. 

    What is Fair Report Privilege?

    • A.

      Protects opinions from libel suites.

    • B.

      Using words or ideas that some of your readers may find offensive.

    • C.

      Allows journalists to report anything said in official government proceedings, no matter how slanerous, without being sued.

    Correct Answer
    C. Allows journalists to report anything said in official government proceedings, no matter how slanerous, without being sued.
    Explanation
    Fair Report Privilege is a legal protection that allows journalists to report anything said in official government proceedings, regardless of how slanderous it may be, without being sued. This privilege ensures that journalists can accurately report on important government activities without fear of legal repercussions, promoting transparency and freedom of the press.

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  • 6. 

    What is the Freedom of Information Act?

    • A.

      A 1996 law requiring federal agencies to make most of their records available to the public upon request.

    • B.

      Activities or writings that incite resistence or hospitality toward the government.

    • C.

      Failure to obey a lawful order.

    Correct Answer
    A. A 1996 law requiring federal agencies to make most of their records available to the public upon request.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A 1996 law requiring federal agencies to make most of their records available to the public upon request. This answer accurately describes the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), which was indeed enacted in 1996. The FOIA is a federal law that allows individuals to request access to government information, including records held by federal agencies. This law promotes transparency and accountability by ensuring that the public has the right to access government records and information.

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  • 7. 

    What are Lapses in Ethics?

    • A.

      Passing off someone else's words orideas as your own.

    • B.

      Behavior on or off the job that could damage your publications reputation.

    • C.

      Publishing the name of a confidenial source after promising you wouldn't.

    Correct Answer
    B. Behavior on or off the job that could damage your publications reputation.
    Explanation
    Lapses in ethics refer to behavior, whether it occurs on or off the job, that has the potential to harm the reputation of a publication. This can include actions such as plagiarism, where someone presents someone else's words or ideas as their own, or breaking a promise to keep a confidential source anonymous by revealing their name. These unethical behaviors can undermine the credibility and trustworthiness of a publication, leading to damage to its reputation.

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  • 8. 

    What is Libel?

    • A.

      Local, state, or federal boards or comissions.

    • B.

      Activities or writings that incite someones words or ideas as your own.

    • C.

      Publishing falsehood that holds someone up to the publics ridicule or scorn.

    Correct Answer
    C. Publishing falsehood that holds someone up to the publics ridicule or scorn.
    Explanation
    Libel refers to the act of publishing falsehoods that aim to hold someone up to public ridicule or scorn. It involves spreading false information about someone that damages their reputation and causes them to be ridiculed or scorned by the public.

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  • 9. 

    What is Sedition?

    • A.

      Protects opinions from libel suits.

    • B.

      Activities or writings that incite resistence or hospitality toward the governemnt.

    • C.

      Publishing falsehood that holds someone up to the publics ridicule or scorn.

    Correct Answer
    B. Activities or writings that incite resistence or hospitality toward the governemnt.
    Explanation
    Sedition refers to activities or writings that incite resistance or hostility towards the government. This means that any actions or written materials that encourage people to oppose or show hostility towards the government can be considered seditious. Sedition laws are in place to prevent actions that may disrupt the stability and functioning of the government.

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  • 10. 

    What are the 5 criteria argued in a libel case?

  • 11. 

    What are the three defenses in a libel suit?

  • 12. 

    What are three ways to avoid a libel suit?

  • 13. 

    What are the four most common ways to invade someones privacy?

  • 14. 

    What legal terms were clarified in the Cherry Sister's case?

  • 15. 

    What legal terms were clarified in the New York Times v.s. Sullivan case?

  • 16. 

    What legal terms were clarified in the Associated Press v.s. Walker case?

  • 17. 

    What legal terms were clarified in the Gertz v.s. Welch case?

  • 18. 

    What was the impact of the Tinker v.s. Des Moines School District lawsuit?

  • 19. 

    What was the impact of the Hazelwood School District v.s. Kuhlmeier lawsuit?

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