Language Principles

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 40

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Define Acquisition of Phonology
    • A. 

      The study of word formation and its internal structure

    • B. 

      The study of the meaning of words, phrases and sentences

    • C. 

      Breaking words into smaller units of sound pronunciation and how those sounds are organized

    • D. 

      Minimal meaningful units in a language

  • 2. 
    What is the difference between a morpheme and a phoneme?
    • A. 

      Morphemes are the minimal meaningful units in a language ex. play er s and phonemes are the smallest units of sound when a word is pronounced

    • B. 

      Morphemes are the smallest sounds in a word, phonemes are the minimal meaningful units of language

    • C. 

      They both have roots in the meaning of words, phrases, and sentences

  • 3. 
    Which words are homonyms?
    • A. 

      Left and left

    • B. 

      Weight and wait

    • C. 

      Produce and produce

    • D. 

      Close and close

    • E. 

      Their and there

  • 4. 
    Which words are homophones?
    • A. 

      Wait and weight

    • B. 

      Wind and wind

    • C. 

      Fair and fare

    • D. 

      Tear and tear

  • 5. 
    Most errors made in the student's L1 and L2 are considered to be
    • A. 

      Are because the student is trying to speak at a level higher than their ability in L2

    • B. 

      Are due to a student trying to speak in their L1

    • C. 

      Because they don't have models of good L2 speakers

    • D. 

      Developmental due to context and learning environment

  • 6. 
    Pragmatics is the study of how people use language within a context. What is the physical?
    • A. 

      Refers to the background knowledge that the speakers share

    • B. 

      When the conversation takes place, what objects are present, and what actions are happening

    • C. 

      Refers to things that were said previously

    • D. 

      Refers to the social relationship and setting of the speakers and listeners

  • 7. 
    What is the order of acquisition of syntax (how sentences are formed)?
    • A. 

      Questions, length, plurals, negatives

    • B. 

      Negatives, plurals, questions, length

    • C. 

      Questions, negatives, plurals, length

    • D. 

      Length, plurals, negatives, questions

  • 8. 
    What should teachers do instead of asking students to answer in complete sentences?
    • A. 

      Help students string words together into coherent groupings

    • B. 

      Focus only on the literal meaning of words

    • C. 

      Carefully evaluate directions for words that students may need help to understand as a beginning L1

    • D. 

      Focus and correct contextual errors

  • 9. 
    What term is used to describe the learner's ability to appropriately engage in conversation?
    • A. 

      Syntax

    • B. 

      Grammatical structure

    • C. 

      Discourse competence

    • D. 

      Developmental pragmatics

  • 10. 
    What should teachers encourage an ESL student to do?
    • A. 

      Speak and write only in their L2

    • B. 

      Speak and write in their L1 and learn to master the L2

    • C. 

      Speak the L2 fluently and then focus on writing

    • D. 

      Speak the L1 at home and the L2 in school

  • 11. 
    In what ways has the English language changed?
    • A. 

      Syllable reduction

    • B. 

      Phonologically sounds have been omitted, grammatical structure has been simplified, and the shaw sound is used

    • C. 

      Lexically definitions have changed

    • D. 

      The Great Vowel Shift happened

  • 12. 
    Why is English a hard language to master for some cultures?
    • A. 

      Their L1 doesn't use the tip of their tongue so the sounds are difficult to make

    • B. 

      Some languages are timed with syllables that change word meanings

    • C. 

      Intonation patterns are different

    • D. 

      Standard English has 20 vowel sounds and 24 consonants

  • 13. 
    Young children learning English as their first language may say such things as /aks/ for "ask" and/wed/ for "red." The phonological process involved in these examples are:
    • A. 

      Metathesis and substitution

    • B. 

      Dissimulation and insertion

    • C. 

      Assimilation and deletion

    • D. 

      Substitution and insertion

  • 14. 
    Metathesis is
    • A. 

      Replacing one phoneme with another /dog/ for "dig"

    • B. 

      Altering one phoneme with another /ska/ for "Sack"

    • C. 

      A sound becomes identical with or similar to a neighboring sound /grampa/ for "grandpa"

  • 15. 
    How many phonemes does the word skaters have?
    • A. 

      4

    • B. 

      3

    • C. 

      2

    • D. 

      1

  • 16. 
    What is the first phoneme most ELLs acquire first?
    • A. 

      Un-

    • B. 

      Re-

    • C. 

      -ing

    • D. 

      -ly

  • 17. 
    Person A: The phone!Person B: I'm in the kitchen.Person A: Ok! I'll get it.To understand this dialogue English speakers use:
    • A. 

      Morphophonemic knowledge

    • B. 

      Pragmatics knowledge

    • C. 

      Syntactic knowledge

    • D. 

      Semantic knowledge

  • 18. 
    In the word unreasonableness, the underlined part is the
    • A. 

      Prefix

    • B. 

      Root

    • C. 

      Compound

    • D. 

      Suffix

  • 19. 
    "The minister married my cousin""They're moving sidewalks"Misinterpretation of the statments above is the result of
    • A. 

      Over-extension

    • B. 

      Structural ambiguity

    • C. 

      Redundancy

    • D. 

      Lexical anomaly

  • 20. 
    In an assigned essay for a language arts class, a student writes, "If you are interested in dinosaurs and like a good mystery, then you should definitely read this book!" This sentence serves which of the following language functions:
    • A. 

      Commanding

    • B. 

      Reporting

    • C. 

      Persuading

    • D. 

      Requesting