None of the above
Identify destinations for multicasts
Flood segments with frames from unknown sources
Identify the segments connected to the bridge or switch
Flood segments with frames to unknown destinations
Avoid broadcast storms by eliminating loops in the network Question
Switch once, route many
Route once, switch many
Never switch Layer 4 packets
Switch when you can, route when you must
Switch on Layer 2 frames, route on Layer 3 packets
Switch(enable) show ip route
Switch(enable)ip route ip address
Switch(enable)show ip default Question
The switch must have at least one blocked port and the failure must be on the Root port.
The switch must have at least one blocked port and the failure must be on the link to the next hop neighbor switch.
The switch must have more than one port in blocked state and the failure must be on one of the links in a Fast EtherChannel bundle.
The switch must have a group of ports bundled with the same neighbor ID, link speed and port duplex, and the failure must be on the Root bundle.
Transparent mode (version 2)
All of the above.
Place the switch in client mode, enter the clear config all command, and power cycle the switch.
Place the switch in transparent mode and enter the clear config all command prior to introducing the switch.
Place the switch in server mode to set the configuration revision number to zero (0).
Place the switch in client mode, enter the clear config all command and disable ISL so as not to update the existing VTP domain configuration.
Place the switch in client mode first to learn the existing configuration then in server mode to set the configuration revision number to zero (0).
Is the switch with the highest priority and lowest MAC address.
Is the switch with the lowest priority and the highest MAC address.
Sends a Bridge Protocol Data Unit to notify a port that it is in blocking mode.
Uses the Root Identifier and the Path Cost fields in the Bridge Protocol Data Unit to determine which port forwards data.
Is the reference point that all switches use to determine if there are loops in the network.
Enable half the ports in a channel as actively forwarding links and use the remaining ports for failover.
If you configure a broadcast limit on the ports, configure the broadcast limit as a percentage limit for the channeled ports.
If the channel is composed of trunk ports, you must configure a separate VLAN range on each the ports to ensure load-balancing of traffic.
Enable port security on a channeled port to ensure packets with source addresses that do not match the secure address of the port are filtered out.
Within a channel, you should always configure the heavier utilized ports or those ports carrying larger size frames in full duplex mode to increase performance.
PortFast is initiated when a root port or blocked port on a switch receives inferior BPDUs from the designated switch.
PortFast causes a spanning-tree port to enter the forwarding state immediately, bypassing the listening and learning states.
PortFast moves a non-trunk port directly to the forwarding state and generates a Topology Change Notice.
PortFast is used to reduce STP convergence when an access switch is first linked to the distribution switch.
PortFast is used to reduce STP convergence when connecting a link containing multiple end stations to a single switch port for the first time.
Switch(config) ip route ip address.
Switch(enable)set ip route ip address.
Switch(enable)ip route-default ip address.
Switch(config)ip default-gateway ip address.
Switch(enable) set ip default-gateway ip address.
Implements interVlan routing at the access layer.
Places the access lists and packet filtering in the backbone where packets are processed faster.
Places the switch bandwidth devices at the distribution layer to increase resource accessiability.
Defines building blocks that encompass both distributed network services and network intelligence.
Places basic network-level intelligence at the user level to offload the backbone.
None of the Above
Port security and VLANs
Passwords and access class
Extended and Standard access lists
Route Summarization and Distribution Lists
Routing Protocols and Protocol Independent Multicasting
Core Layer Question
The CGMP, the IGMP, the PIM.
The SUPIII, the NFFC, the RSM.
The MLS-SE, the MLS-RP, the MLSP.
The MLS-SE, the MLS-RP, the EARL.
Initial state, learn state, standby state, active state.
Initial state, learn state, speak state, standby state, active state.
Initial state, listen state, standby state, listen state, active state.
Initial state, learn state, listen state, speak state, standby state, active state.
Standby preempt command in privileged mode.
Standby preempt command in global configuration mode.
Standby preempt command in interface configuration mode.
Standby group number preempt command in interface configuration mode
When a tracked interface becomes unavailable, the HSRP priority of that router is increased.
When configuring HSRP interface tracking, the interface priority argument indicates the priority to which the router will be decremented.
Interface tracking enables the priority of a standby group router to be automatically adjusted based on the available of the interfaces of that router.
When HSRP tracking is enable, ICMP must also be enable to ensure ICMP redirects are send to other group members in case of an active router failure.
A trunk link belongs to a specific VLAN.
A trunk link only supports the native VLAN for a given port.
Trunk links use 802.10 to identify VLANs over an Ethernet backbone.
The native VLAN of the trunk link is the VLAN that the trunk uses if that link fails for any reason.
Trunk links are used to connect multiple devices on a single subnet to a switch port.
The most common type of VLAN is an end-to-end VLAN.
All devices in a VLAN are members of the same broadcast domain.
VLAN membership maps to the physical subnet on which the device resides.
VLAN membership is most commonly based on the management IP address of the device.
Geographic VLANs can span multiple wiring closets but the closets have to be in the same building.