John Locke And The Purpose Of Government

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| By Kcroghan
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John Locke Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    According to John Locke, your natural rights include . . .

    • A.

      Education, privacy, and security

    • B.

      Clothing, food and shelter

    • C.

      Freedom, work and protection

    • D.

      Life, liberty and property

    Correct Answer
    D. Life, liberty and property
    Explanation
    John Locke believed that every individual has natural rights that cannot be taken away by any government or authority. These natural rights include the right to life, which means the right to live and be protected from harm; the right to liberty, which means the right to be free and make choices without interference; and the right to property, which means the right to own and possess one's belongings and resources. These rights are considered fundamental and inherent to every human being.

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  • 2. 

    When talking about governments, the term "power"  refers to. . .

    • A.

      The ability to control, or direct, someone or something.

    • B.

      Providing electricity to everyone

    • C.

      The price of gasoline that is used to power government vehicles

    • D.

      Someone giving the okay to government to make laws

    Correct Answer
    A. The ability to control, or direct, someone or something.
    Explanation
    The term "power" when referring to governments means the ability to control or direct someone or something. This implies that governments have the authority and influence to make decisions, enforce laws, and govern the actions of individuals or institutions within their jurisdiction. It encompasses the ability to exercise control and make decisions that impact the functioning and direction of a society or nation.

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  • 3. 

    John Locke said that an agreement to make a government and follow its laws is known as a

    • A.

      Natural agreement

    • B.

      Social contract

    • C.

      Constitution

    • D.

      Declaration of intent

    Correct Answer
    B. Social contract
    Explanation
    John Locke, a philosopher from the 17th century, believed that individuals enter into a social contract with each other to form a government and abide by its laws. This social contract is a voluntary agreement among individuals to establish a society that ensures their mutual protection and welfare. Locke argued that this agreement is necessary to maintain order and protect people's natural rights. Therefore, the correct answer to the question is "social contract."

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  • 4. 

    According to John Locke, the main purpose of government is to

    • A.

      Prevent attacks by foreign countries

    • B.

      Make agreements with other countries

    • C.

      Protect our natural rights

    • D.

      Serve as a check on special interest groups

    Correct Answer
    C. Protect our natural rights
    Explanation
    John Locke believed that the main purpose of government is to protect our natural rights. He argued that individuals have inherent rights to life, liberty, and property, and that governments are established to safeguard these rights. Locke believed that governments derive their authority from the consent of the governed and should exist to protect individual rights rather than to serve the interests of special groups or engage in foreign affairs. Therefore, protecting our natural rights is the primary function of government according to Locke.

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  • 5. 

    The term "state of nature" refers to

    • A.

      Life in the wild

    • B.

      Animals and their hierarchy, or social structure

    • C.

      Hiking where very few people live

    • D.

      A situation where there are no governments or laws

    Correct Answer
    D. A situation where there are no governments or laws
    Explanation
    The term "state of nature" refers to a situation where there are no governments or laws. It describes a hypothetical scenario in which individuals live without any form of authority or social structure. In this state, people are believed to have complete freedom but also face the challenges of managing conflicts and maintaining order without the presence of a governing body. It is often used in political philosophy to discuss the origins of government and the social contract theory.

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  • 6. 

    Having power, and the right to use that power, is what we call . . .

    • A.

      Authority

    • B.

      State of nature

    • C.

      Force

    • D.

      Alternative

    Correct Answer
    A. Authority
    Explanation
    Authority refers to having power and the right to use that power. It is the legitimate control or influence over others, typically derived from a position of power or leadership. Authority allows individuals or institutions to make decisions, enforce rules, and exert control in a given context. It is different from force, which implies the use of physical strength or coercion, and alternative, which suggests an option or choice. The concept of authority is essential for maintaining order and governance in various social, political, and organizational structures.

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  • 7. 

    Consent is . . .

    • A.

      Something has an unappealing odor

    • B.

      When you approve something or allow something to take place

    • C.

      Refusing to do something

    • D.

      When you write your name

    Correct Answer
    B. When you approve something or allow something to take place
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "when you approve something or allow something to take place." Consent refers to giving permission or agreeing to something, usually in a voluntary and informed manner. It involves actively approving or allowing a specific action, decision, or behavior to occur.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 27, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Kcroghan
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