They never need upgrading.
They are verified to be compatible with the operating system.
They are guaranteed by the manufacturer to work with any hardware
They are guaranteed to work with all operating systems
They are free of errors
Replace the motherboard
Reseat the RAM.
Replace the CMOS battery.
Upgrade the BIOS firmware.
During the POST
Before the computer is powered on
After the POST, but before Windows starts to load
During the Windows load process
An I/O shield
Performs a check on all internal components
Provides graphic capabilities for games and applications
Provides temporary data storage for the CPU
Enables a computer to connect to a network
It makes the I/O ports of the motherboard available for connection in a variety of computer cases.
It provides multiple connections for SATA hard drives to connect to the motherboard.
It plugs into the motherboard and expands the number of available slots for adapter cards.
It connects the PCIe adapter slots used for video directly to the CPU for faster processing.
Change the jumper setting to master for the floppy drive.
Connect the data cable making sure that the colored stripe on the cable is aligned with pin 1 on the drive and the motherboard.
Remove the floppy drive via Add/Remove Hardware.
Replace the floppy drive.
A signed driver has passed the lab test of Microsoft for quality and helps prevent a system from being compromised.
An unsigned driver can cause files to be fragmented as they are processed.
A signed driver has been approved by the company that created the device driver.
\Signed drivers prevent physical damage to devices.
The label on the memory module should always face the CPU
The arrows on the memory module should be aligned with the arrows on the motherboard slot.
A notch in the memory module should be aligned with a notch in the memory slot.
Memory slots are color coded, with one end red and one end blue
Put a thick layer of thermal compound over the existing thermal compound before reseating the CPU.
Change the base of the heat sink before applying the thermal compound.
Scrape off the old thermal compound on the heat sink with a sharp knife and apply the thermal compound liberally.
Clean the CPU and the base of the heat sink with isopropyl alcohol before applying the thermal compound.
Use rubbing alcohol to clean the base of the heat sink before applying thermal compound.
By placing an error message in the BIOS
By flashing the LED on the front of the computer case a number of times
By issuing a number of beeps
By locking the keyboard
Set the drive ID number with the correct jumper.
Set the swap file size on the new drive.
Ensure that pin one of the PATA data cable is correctly aligned with the connector.
Configure the BIOS settings to auto-detect the master drive.
All companies making devices for a Windows computer have to have Microsoft sign off on the new driver before it can be added to the operating system.
Swap file size
Enabling and disabling devices*
Drive partition size
List the drive as slave in the CMOS.
Use jumpers on the drive to configure the drive as slave.
Use jumpers on the motherboard to configure the drive as slave.
Connect the drive after the twist in the PATA cable.
It issues a number of short beeps.
The LED on the front of the computer case flashes a number of times.
It locks the keyboard.
It places an error message in the BIOS.
The CPU is correctly aligned and placed in the socket.
The CMOS EPROM battery is removed prior to installing the CPU.
The CPU contacts are first cleaned with isopropyl alcohol.
Maximum insertion force is applied to
Antistatic precautions are taken.
The CPU heat sink and fan assembly are correctly installed.