Seminar 3 Topics Quiz

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| By GerryVT
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GerryVT
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 195
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 196

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Seminar 3 Topics Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the term of a patent?   

    • A.

      35 years

    • B.

      25 years

    • C.

      20 years

    • D.

      Unlimited

    Correct Answer
    C. 20 years
    Explanation
    A patent is a legal protection granted to an inventor for their invention. The term of a patent refers to the duration of this protection. In most countries, including the United States, the term of a patent is 20 years from the filing date of the patent application. This means that the inventor has exclusive rights to their invention for a period of 20 years, during which they can prevent others from making, using, selling, or importing their invention without permission. After the expiration of the patent term, the invention enters the public domain and can be freely used by anyone.

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  • 2. 

    Cyber torts are:

    • A.

      Torts that arise from online conduct.

    • B.

      Torts that arise from robotic experiments.

    • C.

      Not really torts at all, but are crimes against social media sites.

    • D.

      The liability internet service providers may owe to their users.

    Correct Answer
    A. Torts that arise from online conduct.
    Explanation
    Cyber torts refer to legal wrongs or civil offenses that occur due to online conduct. This can include various activities such as online defamation, cyberbullying, copyright infringement, invasion of privacy, and online fraud. These torts can result in harm or damage to individuals or their reputation through the use of the internet or other digital technologies. Therefore, cyber torts are specifically related to wrongful actions committed in the online realm.

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  • 3. 

    What is copyright meant for?    

    • A.

      Films

    • B.

      Books

    • C.

      Essays

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    Copyright is a legal protection granted to the creators of original works, such as films, books, and essays, to prevent others from copying, distributing, or using their work without permission. By granting exclusive rights to the creators, copyright ensures that they can control and monetize their creations. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above" because copyright applies to all of these forms of creative works.

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  • 4. 

    A trademark is:

    • A.

      A stamp or print affixed to goods that identifies their origin.

    • B.

      A symbol that identifies a business or product.

    • C.

      A distinctive mark or logo.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because a trademark can be a stamp or print affixed to goods that identifies their origin, a symbol that identifies a business or product, or a distinctive mark or logo. In other words, a trademark can take various forms and serves the purpose of distinguishing and identifying a particular business, product, or service.

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  • 5. 

    The burden of proof in a criminal case is "a preponderance of the evidence."

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The burden of proof in a criminal case is not "a preponderance of the evidence." In criminal cases, the burden of proof is usually "beyond a reasonable doubt." This means that the prosecution must prove the defendant's guilt to such a high degree that there is no reasonable doubt in the minds of the jurors. A preponderance of the evidence is a lower burden of proof commonly used in civil cases, where the evidence only needs to slightly favor one side over the other.

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  • 6. 

    Civil cases are brought by individuals; criminal cases are brought by the state.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Civil cases are brought by individuals because they involve disputes between private parties, such as individuals or organizations. In civil cases, the plaintiff (the person bringing the case) seeks compensation or a resolution to a dispute. On the other hand, criminal cases are brought by the state because they involve offenses against society as a whole. In criminal cases, the government, represented by a prosecutor, brings charges against the defendant, who is accused of committing a crime. The distinction between civil and criminal cases lies in the nature of the dispute and who initiates the legal action.

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  • 7. 

    Embezzlement, bribery, insider trading and wire fraud are examples of this kind of crime:

    • A.

      Public order crime

    • B.

      Property crime

    • C.

      Violent crime

    • D.

      White collar crime

    Correct Answer
    D. White collar crime
    Explanation
    White collar crime refers to non-violent crimes that are typically committed by individuals in business or professional positions. Embezzlement, bribery, insider trading, and wire fraud are all examples of white collar crimes. These crimes involve deceit, manipulation, and abuse of trust for personal or financial gain. Unlike violent crimes, white collar crimes are usually committed in the context of professional settings and involve financial or economic harm rather than physical harm to individuals.

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  • 8. 

    The Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution

    • A.

      Prohibits "double jeopardy," which is being tried twice for the same criminal offense.

    • B.

      Protects the "right of people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects."

    • C.

      Guarantees a "speedy trial" by a jury of our peers.

    • D.

      Prohibits excessive bail, fines, and "cruel and unusual punishment."

    Correct Answer
    B. Protects the "right of people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects."
    Explanation
    The Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution protects the "right of people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects." This means that individuals have the right to be free from unreasonable searches and seizures by the government. It ensures that law enforcement officials cannot invade a person's privacy without a warrant or probable cause. This protection extends to physical spaces such as homes, as well as personal belongings and private information. It is an essential safeguard against government intrusion and upholds the principle of privacy for individuals.

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  • 9. 

    Electronic contracts, also called "e-contracts" and "click-wrap" agreements must meet the same basic legal requirements as paper contracts.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Electronic contracts, also known as "e-contracts" and "click-wrap" agreements, are legally binding agreements that are formed through electronic means, such as clicking on an "I agree" button or signing electronically. These contracts must meet the same legal requirements as traditional paper contracts to be enforceable. This means that there must be an offer, acceptance, consideration, and intention to create legal relations. Additionally, the terms of the contract must be clear and agreed upon by both parties. Therefore, the statement "Electronic contracts must meet the same basic legal requirements as paper contracts" is true.

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  • 10. 

    Typosquatting is:

    • A.

      Registering an internet domain name that is confusingly similar to the trademark of such as "Colka Cola"

    • B.

      Registering an internet domain name that is a misspelling of a popular brand, such as "Faceebook"

    • C.

      Operating a pirated version of a website that directs users of the legitimate website to the pirate version.

    • D.

      Sending spam email by random typing of email addresses from a proprietary mailing list.

    Correct Answer
    B. Registering an internet domain name that is a misspelling of a popular brand, such as "Faceebook"
    Explanation
    Typosquatting refers to the act of registering an internet domain name that is intentionally misspelled or confusingly similar to a popular brand or trademark. This practice is often used to deceive internet users who may accidentally mistype the intended website address. By creating a domain name that is similar to a well-known brand, such as "Faceebook," the typosquatter aims to attract traffic and potentially exploit the brand's reputation for their own gain, such as displaying ads or selling counterfeit products.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 28, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    GerryVT
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