Test Your Knowledge With A Psychology Learning MCQ Quiz

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Test Your Knowledge With A Psychology Learning MCQ Quiz - Quiz

Step into the fascinating realm of the human psyche with our enriching MCQ Psychology Quiz. This meticulously crafted quiz is tailored to cater to both newcomers eager to explore the world of psychology and seasoned experts looking to test their acumen.

Embark on an engaging journey that traverses the multifaceted landscapes of psychological concepts and theories. This quiz serves as a valuable learning tool, offering a diverse range of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) that span across key psychological topics.

Whether you're a student aiming to brush up on fundamental principles, a professional seeking to refresh your grasp of the subject, or Read moresimply an individual intrigued by the myriad aspects of psychology, this quiz is your gateway to knowledge.

Each question is thoughtfully designed to challenge your comprehension of cognitive processes, human behavior, and various psychological phenomena. Furthermore, our quiz provides detailed explanations for each question, ensuring that you not only test your knowledge but also enhance your understanding of the subject.

Embark on this educational journey, dive into the intricacies of the human mind, and discover where your knowledge stands today. Uncover the mysteries of psychology, one question at a time, and enrich your understanding of this captivating field.


Psychology Learning MCQ Quiz Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    What is classical conditioning?

    • A.

      Two stimuli

    • B.

      Two stimuli; 2 responses

    • C.

      Three stimuli

    • D.

      Two stimuli; one response, one consequence

    Correct Answer
    D. Two stimuli; one response, one consequence
    Explanation
    Classical conditioning is a learning process that occurs when two stimuli are repeatedly paired together, resulting in a response to one stimulus being elicited by the other stimulus alone. In this process, the first stimulus is known as the conditioned stimulus (CS) and the second stimulus is the unconditioned stimulus (US). The response that is naturally elicited by the US is called the unconditioned response (UR). Over time, the CS becomes associated with the US, and eventually elicits a response known as the conditioned response (CR). Therefore, the correct answer is "two stimuli; one response, one consequence", as it accurately describes the main components of classical conditioning.

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  • 2. 

    Learning is known as "a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior" due to

    • A.

      Instinct

    • B.

      Mental processes

    • C.

      Experience

    • D.

      Emotion

    Correct Answer
    C. Experience
    Explanation
    Learning is defined as a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior. This change occurs due to the accumulation of experiences over time. Experience allows individuals to acquire new knowledge, skills, and behaviors through observation, practice, and interaction with the environment. It is through experience that individuals are able to adapt and modify their behavior based on the consequences they encounter. Therefore, experience is the most appropriate option to explain the concept of learning.

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  • 3. 

    In Pavlov's experiments, dogs learned to salivate in response to a tone. The tone is, therefore, a(an)

    • A.

      Conditioned stimuli

    • B.

      Neutral stimulus

    • C.

      Unconditioned response

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    A. Conditioned stimuli
    Explanation
    In Pavlov's experiments, dogs were initially presented with a neutral stimulus, which was the tone. Over time, the dogs learned to associate the tone with the presentation of food, which naturally elicited a salivary response. Eventually, the dogs began to salivate in response to the tone alone, even without the presence of food. This demonstrates that the tone became a conditioned stimulus, as it now elicited a conditioned response (salivation) that was previously only elicited by the unconditioned stimulus (food). Therefore, the correct answer is conditioned stimuli.

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  • 4. 

    Which scientists performed the study on Little Albert?

    • A.

      Watson and Rayner

    • B.

      Rayner and Pavlov

    • C.

      Pavlov and Darwin

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Watson and Rayner
    Explanation
    Watson and Rayner performed the study on Little Albert.

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  • 5. 

    What are the processes of Classical Conditioning?

    • A.

      Discriminate, generalization, acquisition

    • B.

      Acquisition, extinction, spontaneous recovery, generalization, discrimination

    • C.

      None of the above

    • D.

      Both A & B

    Correct Answer
    B. Acquisition, extinction, spontaneous recovery, generalization, discrimination
    Explanation
    Classical conditioning is a learning process in which an organism learns to associate a neutral stimulus with a biologically significant stimulus. The correct answer, "Acquisition, extinction, spontaneous recovery, generalization, discrimination," accurately identifies the processes involved in classical conditioning. Acquisition refers to the initial learning of the association between the neutral and biologically significant stimuli. Extinction occurs when the association weakens or disappears due to the neutral stimulus being presented without the biologically significant stimulus. Spontaneous recovery is the reappearance of the conditioned response after a period of rest. Generalization is the tendency to respond to similar stimuli that resemble the conditioned stimulus. Discrimination is the ability to differentiate between the conditioned stimulus and other similar stimuli.

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  • 6. 

    Learning from the results of your behavior.

    • A.

      Behaviorism

    • B.

      Reinforcement

    • C.

      Operant conditioning

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    C. Operant conditioning
    Explanation
    Operant conditioning is a learning process in which behavior is strengthened or weakened by the consequences that follow it. It involves learning from the results of your behavior, where positive reinforcement increases the likelihood of a behavior recurring, and negative reinforcement decreases the likelihood of a behavior recurring. This explanation aligns with the given correct answer.

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  • 7. 

    What is the role of reinforcement in the Operant conditioning procedure?

    • A.

      Important

    • B.

      Useful

    • C.

      Somewhat useful

    • D.

      Insignificant

    Correct Answer
    D. Insignificant
    Explanation
    Reinforcement in the operant conditioning procedure is considered insignificant because it does not play a significant role in shaping behavior. Unlike in classical conditioning, where reinforcement is crucial in establishing associations between stimuli, operant conditioning focuses on the consequences of behavior. In this procedure, behaviors are strengthened or weakened based on the positive or negative consequences that follow them, rather than the presence or absence of reinforcement. Therefore, while reinforcement can be used as a tool in operant conditioning, it is not inherently necessary for learning to occur.

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  • 8. 

    Primary reinforcers can be

    • A.

      Kisses, hugs, food

    • B.

      Money, jewelry, gold stars

    • C.

      None of these

    • D.

      Both A & B

    Correct Answer
    A. Kisses, hugs, food
    Explanation
    Primary reinforcers are stimuli that naturally satisfy basic biological needs or desires, such as hunger, thirst, or physical affection. Kisses, hugs, and food are examples of primary reinforcers because they directly fulfill these needs. Money, jewelry, and gold stars, on the other hand, are considered secondary reinforcers as they acquire their reinforcing value through learned associations with primary reinforcers. Therefore, the correct answer is "Both A & B" as kisses, hugs, and food are primary reinforcers, while money, jewelry, and gold stars are secondary reinforcers.

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  • 9. 

    Secondary reinforcers can be.

    • A.

      Money, gold stars, jewelry

    • B.

      Kisses, hugs, candy

    • C.

      Neither of these

    • D.

      Both of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Money, gold stars, jewelry
    Explanation
    Secondary reinforcers are stimuli or rewards that acquire their reinforcing properties through their association with primary reinforcers. Primary reinforcers are inherently rewarding, such as food or water. In this case, money, gold stars, and jewelry are examples of secondary reinforcers because they have been associated with primary reinforcers like the ability to purchase desired items or social status. Kisses, hugs, and candy, on the other hand, are examples of primary reinforcers as they provide immediate pleasure or comfort. Therefore, the correct answer is "Money, gold stars, jewelry."

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  • 10. 

    Learning and observing behavior is a study done by

    • A.

      Pavlov

    • B.

      Darwin

    • C.

      Newton

    • D.

      Bandura

    Correct Answer
    D. Bandura
    Explanation
    Bandura is the correct answer because he is known for his contributions to the field of psychology, particularly in the area of observational learning. He conducted the famous Bobo doll experiment, which demonstrated that children learn by observing and imitating the behavior of others. Bandura's research emphasized the importance of social learning and the role of observation in shaping behavior.

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  • 11. 

    What is the primary function of the amygdala in the brain?

    • A.

      Emotional processing

    • B.

      Visual perception

    • C.

      Motor coordination

    • D.

      Language comprehension

    Correct Answer
    A. Emotional processing
    Explanation
    The amygdala, a small almond-shaped structure deep within the brain, primarily serves as the center for emotional processing. It plays a pivotal role in identifying and reacting to emotional stimuli, particularly those related to fear, aggression, and emotional memories. When we encounter a situation that triggers a strong emotional response, it's often the amygdala at work, helping us evaluate potential threats and react accordingly.

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  • 12. 

    Which psychological perspective focuses on the influence of unconscious desires and conflicts on behavior?

    • A.

      Humanistic psychology

    • B.

      Cognitive psychology

    • C.

      Behavioral psychology

    • D.

      Psychoanalytic psychology

    Correct Answer
    D. Psychoanalytic psychology
    Explanation
    Psychoanalytic psychology, founded by Sigmund Freud, delves into the depths of the human mind, emphasizing the role of unconscious desires and hidden conflicts in shaping our behavior. According to this perspective, many of our thoughts and actions are driven by unconscious processes and unresolved conflicts from our past, which can have a profound impact on our present behavior and emotions.

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  • 13. 

    In classical conditioning, what is the unconditioned response (UCR)?

    • A.

      The voluntary response to a conditioned stimulus

    • B.

      The automatic response to an unconditioned stimulus

    • C.

      The initial reaction to a neutral stimulus

    • D.

      The learned response to a conditioned stimulus

    Correct Answer
    B. The automatic response to an unconditioned stimulus
    Explanation
    In classical conditioning, the unconditioned response (UCR) refers to the automatic and unlearned reaction that occurs in response to an unconditioned stimulus (UCS). It's a natural and instinctive response that doesn't require prior learning. For example, salivating when food is placed in your mouth is an unconditioned response to the taste and smell of the food.

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  • 14. 

    Which stage of Jean Piaget's cognitive development theory focuses on the ability to think logically and understand abstract concepts?

    • A.

      Concrete operational stage

    • B.

      Sensorimotor stage

    • C.

      Formal operational stage

    • D.

      Preoperational stage

    Correct Answer
    C. Formal operational stage
    Explanation
    Jean Piaget's cognitive development theory identifies the formal operational stage as the point in an individual's development where they acquire the ability to think logically and grasp abstract concepts. During this stage, typically reached in adolescence and beyond, people can engage in hypothetical and deductive reasoning, making it possible to solve complex problems and contemplate abstract ideas.

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  • 15. 

    What defense mechanism involves attributing one's undesirable traits or emotions to someone else?

    • A.

      Displacement

    • B.

      Projection

    • C.

      Rationalization

    • D.

      Repression

    Correct Answer
    B. Projection
    Explanation
    Projection is a psychological defense mechanism where individuals unconsciously attribute their own undesirable thoughts, feelings, or qualities to another person. This allows them to distance themselves from these unwanted aspects of themselves. For example, someone who is dishonest may accuse others of being untrustworthy as a way to avoid confronting their own dishonesty. It's a coping mechanism to protect one's self-image from uncomfortable truths.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Jun 28, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 09, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Megan Elder
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