# Introduction To Engineering Design Questions

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Questions: 50 | Attempts: 2,420

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• 1.

### Which of the following disciplines involves the complex analysis, design, and development of solutions to technical problems?

• A.

Mathematics

• B.

Engineering

• C.

Science

• D.

Medicine

B. Engineering
Explanation
Engineering involves the complex analysis, design, and development of solutions to technical problems. This discipline applies scientific and mathematical principles to create practical solutions for various fields such as civil, mechanical, electrical, and chemical engineering. Engineers utilize their knowledge and skills to design and construct structures, machines, systems, and processes that address technical challenges and improve society's quality of life.

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• 2.

### A designer will often keep _________________ of his or her best work to show off to prospective clients.

• A.

A VHS tape

• B.

A portfolio

• C.

A design brief

• D.

An engineer's notebook

B. A portfolio
Explanation
A designer will often keep a portfolio of his or her best work to show off to prospective clients. A portfolio is a collection of the designer's previous projects, showcasing their skills, creativity, and style. It serves as a visual representation of their abilities and allows potential clients to assess their suitability for a particular project. It is a valuable tool for designers to demonstrate their expertise and attract new clients.

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• 3.

### The shape pictured below is called ________________

• A.

A circle

• B.

An ellipse

• C.

A spline

• D.

A parallelogram

B. An ellipse
Explanation
The shape pictured below is called an ellipse. An ellipse is a closed curve that is symmetric about its center. It is characterized by its two axes, a major axis and a minor axis, which intersect at the center of the ellipse. The length of the major axis is greater than the length of the minor axis, giving the ellipse its elongated shape.

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• 4.

### The hand-written messages on the fire truck sketch below are examples of ____________.

• A.

Annotations

• B.

Tolerances

• C.

Thumbnails

• D.

Design briefs

A. Annotations
Explanation
The hand-written messages on the fire truck sketch are examples of annotations. Annotations are notes or comments added to a document or image to provide additional information or explanations. In this case, the messages on the sketch are likely providing details or instructions related to the design or features of the fire truck.

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• 5.

### __________ is a type of drawing that is done freehand and without the use of drawing tools.

• A.

Computer-Aided Design

• B.

Sketching

• C.

Prototyping

• D.

Isometric

B. Sketching
Explanation
Sketching is a type of drawing that is done freehand and without the use of drawing tools. It is a creative and expressive way of capturing ideas or concepts on paper. Unlike computer-aided design, which involves using software and tools to create precise and detailed drawings, sketching allows for more freedom and spontaneity in the artistic process. Prototyping and isometric drawing are different techniques that involve more structured and technical approaches, making them not the correct answer for this question.

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• 6.

### The image below is referred to as a ____________________.

• A.

Pie chart

• B.

Line chart

• C.

Column chart

• D.

Bar graph

A. Pie chart
Explanation
The image shown is a pie chart. A pie chart is a circular statistical graphic that is divided into slices to represent different categories or proportions of a whole. Each slice represents a specific data point, and the size of the slice corresponds to the proportion of that data point in relation to the whole.

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• 7.

### What type of chart is pictured below?

• A.

Column Chart

• B.

Pie Chart

• C.

Line Graph

• D.

Bar Graph

C. Line GrapH
Explanation
The correct answer is Line Graph because the chart displayed shows a series of data points connected by straight lines, which is characteristic of a line graph. This type of chart is commonly used to show trends or changes in data over time.

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• 8.

### What type of full-scale physical model would an engineer use to demonstrate how a design functions?

• A.

Prototype

• B.

Inventor Assembly

• C.

Conceptual Model

• D.

Appearance Model

A. Prototype
Explanation
An engineer would use a prototype as a full-scale physical model to demonstrate how a design functions. A prototype is a working model that closely resembles the final product, allowing engineers to test and refine the design before mass production. It helps identify any flaws or improvements needed in the design, ensuring that the final product meets the desired requirements.

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• 9.

### A full-size clay model of a new car body design would be considered a _______________.

• A.

Prototype

• B.

Mock-up

• C.

Conceptual model

• D.

Mathematical model

B. Mock-up
Explanation
A full-size clay model of a new car body design would be considered a mock-up. A mock-up is a physical representation or replica of a design, typically made using inexpensive materials like clay or foam. It allows designers and engineers to visualize and assess the aesthetics, proportions, and overall form of the design before moving forward with production. Mock-ups are commonly used in the automotive industry to evaluate the design's feasibility and make any necessary adjustments before creating a prototype.

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• 10.

### What 3D solid modeling feature would be used to establish a two-dimentional drawing surface that is tangent to the outside of a sphere?

• A.

Sketch Plane

• B.

Revolve

• C.

Origin

• D.

Work Plane

D. Work Plane
Explanation
A work plane is a 3D solid modeling feature that can be used to establish a two-dimensional drawing surface that is tangent to the outside of a sphere. It provides a flat surface on which sketches and other geometry can be created. By creating a work plane tangent to the sphere, it allows for accurate and precise drawings and designs to be made based on the surface of the sphere.

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• 11.

### The one (1) inch diameter THRU hole dimension shown on the drawing below represents the ______________ dimension.

• A.

A datum

• B.

A size

• C.

A location

• D.

An aligned

B. A size
Explanation
The one (1) inch diameter THRU hole dimension shown on the drawing below represents the size of the hole. This dimension indicates the diameter of the hole, which is one inch. It does not represent a datum or a location, but rather the physical measurement of the hole itself. Therefore, the correct answer is "a size".

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• 12.

### Study the image. The section lines in regions A and C in the front view of the drawing indicate __________________.

• A.

The cutting plane contacts material only in regions A and C.

• B.

The cutting plane contacts material only in region B.

• C.

That regions A and C are hollow.

• D.

That regions A and C are finished surfaces.

A. The cutting plane contacts material only in regions A and C.
Explanation
The section lines in regions A and C in the front view of the drawing indicate that the cutting plane contacts material only in regions A and C. This means that the cutting plane is slicing through the material in regions A and C, revealing the internal structure or features of those areas. The absence of section lines in region B suggests that the cutting plane does not intersect or cut through that particular area.

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• 13.

### _____________ often take the form of dimensions, symbols, or notes that are added to a drawing to provide details and give clarity.

• A.

Auxiliaries

• B.

Annotations

• C.

Schematics

• D.

Sections

B. Annotations
Explanation
Annotations often take the form of dimensions, symbols, or notes that are added to a drawing to provide details and give clarity. They help to explain specific features or provide additional information that may not be easily understood from the drawing alone. Annotations are commonly used in various fields such as engineering, architecture, and design to enhance the understanding and communication of technical information.

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• 14.

### Which figure below contains a multiview drawing that is associated with the isometric pictorial in the center?

• A.

Figure 1

• B.

Figure 2

• C.

Figure 3

• D.

Figure 4

A. Figure 1
Explanation
Figure 1 contains a multiview drawing that is associated with the isometric pictorial in the center.

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• 15.

### When a professional delivers a formal presentation, he or she should _______________.

• A.

Dress informally.

• B.

Read the contents of each slide to the audience

• C.

Maintain eye contact with the audience.

• D.

Speak in a monotone voce.

C. Maintain eye contact with the audience.
Explanation
Maintaining eye contact with the audience is important when delivering a formal presentation because it helps to establish a connection and engage the listeners. By looking at the audience members, the presenter can gauge their reactions and adjust their delivery accordingly. Eye contact also conveys confidence and credibility, as it shows that the presenter is focused and attentive to the audience's needs. Additionally, maintaining eye contact helps to keep the audience's attention and prevents them from becoming disengaged or distracted.

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• 16.

### Graphs, charts, mock-ups, prototypes, and computer graphics represent what type of presentation aid?

• A.

PowerPoint

• B.

• C.

Written Documentation

• D.

Visual

D. Visual
Explanation
Graphs, charts, mock-ups, prototypes, and computer graphics are all visual aids that help to convey information visually. They are used to enhance presentations and make complex information easier to understand. These visual aids can include images, diagrams, and illustrations that help to illustrate concepts and data. Using visual aids can make presentations more engaging and memorable for the audience.

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• 17.

### What kind of line is 1.1?

• A.

Extension Line

• B.

Object Line

• C.

Hidden Line

• D.

Center Line

D. Center Line
Explanation
The line labeled as 1.1 is a center line. Center lines are used to indicate the center of a symmetrical object or feature. They are typically drawn as a long dashed line with short dashes extending from it. Center lines help to identify the midpoint and symmetry of an object, and are commonly found in engineering and technical drawings.

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• 18.

### What kind of line is 1.2?

• A.

Extension Line

• B.

Dimension Line

• C.

Object Line

• D.

Section Line

B. Dimension Line
Explanation
A dimension line is a line that indicates the size or distance of an object or feature in a technical drawing or blueprint. It is typically labeled with a measurement to provide specific information about the size of the object. In this case, since the line is labeled as "1.2," it is likely indicating a specific measurement or dimension. Therefore, the correct answer is Dimension Line.

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• 19.

### What kind of line is 1.3?

• A.

Extension Line

• B.

Object Line

• C.

Hidden Line

• D.

Center Line

B. Object Line
Explanation
Based on the given options, an object line is the most appropriate kind of line for the given measurement of 1.3. An object line is a continuous, solid line used to represent visible edges or outlines of an object. It is commonly used to depict the shape and form of an object in a technical drawing or blueprint. Therefore, an object line is the correct kind of line for the given measurement of 1.3.

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• 20.

### What kind of line is 1.4?

• A.

Extension Line

• B.

Object Line

• C.

Hidden Line

• D.

Center Line

A. Extension Line
Explanation
The line 1.4 is an extension line. Extension lines are used in technical drawings to indicate the dimensions of an object or the distance between two points. They extend beyond the object or points being measured and are usually accompanied by dimension lines and arrows to indicate the measurement.

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• 21.

### What kind of line is 1.5?

• A.

• B.

Section Line

• C.

Dimension Line

• D.

Construction Line

Explanation
A leader line is a type of line used in technical drawings to connect a note or label to a specific feature or object. It is typically a thin, straight line with an arrow or dot at one end to indicate the connection point. Leader lines are commonly used to provide additional information or clarification in a drawing, such as indicating dimensions, callouts, or specific components. In this case, since the question asks what kind of line 1.5 is, it suggests that 1.5 is being used as a leader line to connect a note or label to something else in the drawing.

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• 22.

### What kind of line is 1.6?

• A.

Object Line

• B.

Center Line

• C.

Hidden Line

• D.

Construction Line

C. Hidden Line
Explanation
A hidden line is a type of line used in technical drawings to represent edges or surfaces that are not visible in the current view. These lines are typically dashed or dotted to differentiate them from visible lines. In this case, the line labeled as 1.6 is most likely a hidden line because it is not visible in the given context or view.

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• 23.

### What is the height from the base of the part to the center of the .250 diameter hole?

.312
Explanation
The height from the base of the part to the center of the .250 diameter hole is .312.

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• 24.

### What is the depth of the .250 diameter hole?

.625
Explanation
The depth of the .250 diameter hole is .625. This means that the hole is .625 units deep.

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• 25.

### What is the overall width of the part?

4.375
Explanation
The overall width of the part is 4.375.

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• 26.

### What is the overall height of the part?

.625
Explanation
The overall height of the part is .625.

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• 27.

### During which step of the design process would a design brief be written?

• A.

Identify Problem

• B.

Generate Concepts

• C.

Develop a Solution

• D.

Evaluate a Solution

A. Identify Problem
Explanation
A design brief would be written during the "Identify Problem" step of the design process. This is because the design brief outlines the specific problem or challenge that the design project aims to address. It provides a clear understanding of the problem, its objectives, constraints, and any other relevant information that will guide the design process. By writing a design brief at the beginning, designers can ensure that they have a comprehensive understanding of the problem before moving on to generating concepts and developing solutions.

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• 28.

### Which of the following is a design element? (Think about what exactly is a specific element of an object. What do ALL objects have in this case?)

• A.

Emphaisis

• B.

Balance

• C.

Rhythm

• D.

Color

D. Color
Explanation
Think about what exactly is a specific element of an object. What do ALL objects have in this case?

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• 29.

### Circles and arcs that share the same center point are _____________________.

• A.

Colinear

• B.

Coincident

• C.

Concentric

• D.

Tangent

C. Concentric
Explanation
Circles and arcs that share the same center point are concentric. Concentric means having a common center. In this context, it means that the circles and arcs have the same center point.

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• 30.

### Of the pictorial sketches pictured below, which one is an Isometric Sketch?

• A.

Figure 1

• B.

Figure 2

• C.

Figure 3

• D.

Figure 4

A. Figure 1
Explanation
Figure 1 is an isometric sketch because it represents a three-dimensional object with equal measurements along all three axes (length, width, and height). The angles between the lines in Figure 1 are all 120 degrees, which is a characteristic of an isometric sketch. In contrast, Figures 2, 3, and 4 do not have equal measurements along all three axes and do not have angles of 120 degrees, making them not isometric sketches.

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• 31.

### The list below shows the amount of time that it took for four students to solve a puzzle. What was the average time to solve the puzzle? (convert minutes to seconds and then back!)Amy - 5 minutes 0 secondsBob - 4 minutes 32 secondsTeresa - 3 minutes 21 secondsJim - 2 minutes 58 seconds

• A.

2 minutes 58 seconds

• B.

3 minutes 58 seconds

• C.

5 minutes 0 seconds

• D.

15 minutes 51 seconds

B. 3 minutes 58 seconds
Explanation
The average time to solve the puzzle can be found by adding up the times for each student and then dividing by the number of students. Converting the given times to seconds, we have Amy - 300 seconds, Bob - 272 seconds, Teresa - 201 seconds, and Jim - 178 seconds. Adding these together gives a total of 951 seconds. Dividing by 4 (the number of students) gives an average of 237.75 seconds. Converting this back to minutes and seconds, we get 3 minutes 58 seconds.

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• 32.

### If an entire automobile was modeled as a 3D CAD assembly, which of the following would most likely be a subassembly instead of a normal part? (a subassembly is a smaller assembly inside a bigger one)

• A.

A windshield

• B.

A rubber tire

• C.

An engine

• D.

A coil spring

C. An engine
Explanation
An engine would most likely be a subassembly instead of a normal part because it is a complex system made up of multiple components such as pistons, cylinders, valves, and crankshaft. These components are assembled together to form the engine, which can then be integrated into the larger assembly of the automobile.

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• 33.

### Which figure below could result in the greatest amount of overall width variation if the tolerance for each dimension is +/-0.02 inch? (Think, which chain dimensioning method is considered the worst?)

• A.

Figure 1

• B.

Figure 2

• C.

Figure 3

• D.

Figure 4

C. Figure 3
Explanation
Figure 3 could result in the greatest amount of overall width variation if the tolerance for each dimension is +/-0.02 inch. This is because Figure 3 uses bilateral dimensioning, which means that each dimension has a tolerance on both sides. This allows for the possibility of the maximum amount of variation in width, as each dimension could be at its maximum tolerance on either side. In contrast, the other figures may use unilateral or chain dimensioning methods, which would limit the overall width variation.

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• 34.

### Which of the following is concerned with the containment and protection of a product during shipping, commercial display, and sale? (No, it's not a trick question, it's an easy one, don't overthink it)

• A.

Packaging

• B.

Computer Integrated Manufacturing

• C.

Mass Property Analysis

• D.

Finite Element Analysis

A. Packaging
Explanation
Packaging is the correct answer because it involves the process of designing and creating a protective covering or container for a product. Packaging ensures that the product is safely transported, displayed, and sold without any damage or contamination. It includes materials, design, and labeling, all aimed at providing protection, convenience, and information to the consumer. Packaging plays a crucial role in marketing and branding as it helps attract customers and differentiate products from competitors.

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• 35.

### Which figure below contains an auxiliary view? (That's an extra view that covers a specific cutout of the object)

• A.

Figure 1

• B.

Figure 2

• C.

Figure 3

• D.

Figure 4

C. Figure 3
Explanation
Figure 3 contains an auxiliary view because it shows a specific cutout of the object.

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• 36.

### ___________ part model will change its size automatically to accommodate the dimensional changes of parts to which it is constrained in an assembly model. (No trick here, it's what you think it should be)

• A.

• B.

A revolved

• C.

A grounded

• D.

A base

Explanation
An adaptive part model is designed to change its size automatically based on the dimensional changes of the parts it is constrained to in an assembly model. This means that when the dimensions of the parts it is connected to are modified, the adaptive part will adjust its size accordingly to maintain the proper fit and alignment within the assembly. This feature allows for greater flexibility and ease of design modifications in complex assemblies.

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• 37.

### Which of the following processes involves gathering and analyzing statistical information on a manufactured product to verify that it conforms to pre-determined standards and specifications? (Think about it, it's the obvious choice)

• A.

Just In Time Manufacturing

• B.

Quality Control

• C.

Cost Analysis

• D.

Computer numerical Control

B. Quality Control
Explanation
Quality Control involves gathering and analyzing statistical information on a manufactured product to verify that it conforms to pre-determined standards and specifications. This process ensures that the product meets the required quality standards and helps in identifying any deviations or defects in the manufacturing process. Quality Control is an essential part of ensuring the overall quality and reliability of the product before it is released to the market.

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• 38.

### Which figure below represents the most complete and appropriately dimensioned multiview drawing?

• A.

Figure 1

• B.

Figure 2

• C.

Figure 3

• D.

Figure 4

C. Figure 3
Explanation
Figure 3 represents the most complete and appropriately dimensioned multiview drawing because it shows all necessary views (front, top, and right side) of the object, providing a comprehensive understanding of its shape and dimensions. The dimensions are clearly labeled and aligned with the corresponding features, making it easy to interpret the measurements. The other figures may have missing views or unclear dimensions, making them less complete or accurate representations of the object.

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• 39.

### A structural engineer must calculate the cost of shipping all of the steel truss members for a bridge based only on their combined weight. The sizes and shapes of the truss members vary. What measurement does he need in order to perform this calculation?

• A.

Mass

• B.

Center of Gravity

• C.

Principal Axes

• D.

Volume

• E.

Moments of Inertia

• F.

Surface Area

A. Mass
Explanation
To calculate the cost of shipping the steel truss members, the structural engineer needs to know their combined weight, which is measured in mass. Mass is a fundamental property that represents the amount of matter in an object and is directly related to its weight. By knowing the mass of the truss members, the engineer can determine the total weight and, consequently, the cost of shipping them. Other measurements like center of gravity, principal axes, moments of inertia, volume, and surface area are not directly related to the calculation of shipping cost based on weight.

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• 40.

### The Acme Glue Company is designing a new cartoon style glue bottle that is targeted for elementary school users. Acme needs to make sure that the new bottle design will hold at least 4 ounces of glue. What measurement is needed to determine if the bottle will hold the glue?

• A.

Mass

• B.

Center of Gravity

• C.

Principal Axes

• D.

Volume

• E.

Moments of Inertia

• F.

Surface Area

D. Volume
Explanation
To determine if the new bottle design will hold at least 4 ounces of glue, the measurement needed is volume. Volume is a measurement that determines the amount of space occupied by an object. In this case, the volume of the bottle will indicate how much glue it can hold. By ensuring that the volume of the bottle is equal to or greater than 4 ounces, Acme can guarantee that it will meet the desired capacity requirements for elementary school users.

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• 41.

### Read the narrative below. Select the best answer that indicates which phase of the design process is being described in the statement.Narrative: TCD Design Incorporated has just signed a contract to create a new keyless entry system that is based on fingerprint  verification technology. The design team, led by Ms. Jennifer Taylor, has eight months to design, test, and deliver the system to the client.Statement: Jennifer schedules a meeting between her design team and several representatives from the client company to discuss the project constraints and to write up a design brief.

• A.

Define Problem

• B.

Generate Concepts

• C.

Develop a Solution

• D.

Construct and Test a Prototype

• E.

Evaluate Solution

• F.

Present Solution

A. Define Problem
Explanation
The statement describes the phase of the design process where Jennifer schedules a meeting to discuss the project constraints and write up a design brief. This indicates that the design team is in the "Define Problem" phase, where they are gathering information, identifying the needs and constraints of the project, and clearly defining the problem they are trying to solve.

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• 42.

### Read the narrative below. Select the best answer that indicates which phase of the design process is being described in the statement.Narrative: TCD Design Incorporated has just signed a contract to create a new keyless entry system that is based on fingerprint  verification technology. The design team, led by Ms. Jennifer Taylor, has eight months to design, test, and deliver the system to the client.Statement: The team demonstrates the final design prototype to the client and delivers a detailed technical report.

• A.

Define Problem

• B.

Generate Concepts

• C.

Develop a Solution

• D.

Construct and Test Prototype

• E.

Evaluate Solution

• F.

Present Solution

F. Present Solution
Explanation
The statement describes the phase of the design process where the team demonstrates the final design prototype to the client and delivers a detailed technical report. This phase is known as the "Present Solution" phase, where the team presents the completed design to the client and provides all the necessary documentation and reports.

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• 43.

### What method of dimensioning is being used on this Diagram?

• A.

Datum Dimensioning

• B.

Chain Dimensioning

• C.

Aligned Dimensioning

A. Datum Dimensioning
Explanation
Datum dimensioning is a method of dimensioning that uses a single reference point, called a datum, to establish the location and orientation of all other dimensions on the diagram. This method ensures that all dimensions are based on a common point, making it easier to accurately measure and replicate the dimensions.

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• 44.

### Read the narrative below. Select the best answer that indicates which phase of the design process is being described in the statement.Narrative: TCD Design Incorporated has just signed a contract to create a new keyless entry system that is based on fingerprint  verification technology. The design team, led by Ms. Jennifer Taylor, has eight months to design, test, and deliver the system to the client.Statement: The team creates a decision-making matrix to compare the ideas that the design team has generated and narrows down the list of possible solutions to pursue.

• A.

Identify Problem

• B.

Generate Concepts

• C.

Develop a Solution

• D.

Construct and Test a Prototype

• E.

Evaluate Solution

• F.

Present Solution

B. Generate Concepts
Explanation
The statement describes the phase of "Generate Concepts" in the design process. In this phase, the design team generates multiple ideas or concepts for the keyless entry system based on fingerprint verification technology. To make an informed decision, the team creates a decision-making matrix to compare and evaluate the different ideas. They then narrow down the list of possible solutions to pursue further in the design process.

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• 45.

### What engineering method uses a logical sequence of steps that begins with a specific problem, or perceived need, and results in a solution?

• A.

Data Collection

• B.

Innovation

• C.

Brainstorming

• D.

Design Process

D. Design Process
Explanation
The design process is an engineering method that follows a logical sequence of steps to address a specific problem or need and generate a solution. It involves identifying the problem, gathering relevant data, brainstorming ideas, creating and evaluating potential designs, and finally implementing and testing the chosen solution. This systematic approach ensures that engineers consider all necessary factors and constraints, leading to effective and efficient solutions.

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• 46.

### Identify the sketch type shown below.

• A.

Two Point Perspective

• B.

Isometric

• C.

Oblique

• D.

One Point Perspective

A. Two Point Perspective
Explanation
The sketch type shown below is Two Point Perspective. In two-point perspective, two vanishing points are used to create the illusion of depth and space in a drawing. This technique is commonly used in architectural and interior design drawings to create a realistic representation of three-dimensional objects.

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• 47.

### The most common view used in 3 view, orthographic settings are

• A.

Front, Top, Left

• B.

Top, Front, Bottom

• C.

Front, Top, Right

• D.

Front, Left, Right

C. Front, Top, Right
Explanation
The most common view used in 3 view, orthographic settings is Front, Top, Right. This combination of views allows for a comprehensive understanding of an object's shape and orientation. The front view provides a clear representation of the object's front-facing features, the top view shows the object from above, and the right view displays the object from the right side. Together, these views provide a complete and accurate representation of the object in three dimensions.

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• 48.
• A.

Blind Hole

• B.

Counterbore

• C.

Spotface

• D.

Countersink

D. Countersink
Explanation
A countersink is a type of hole that is wider at the top and narrower at the bottom. It is used to create a recess for the head of a screw or bolt so that it sits flush with the surface of the material. This helps to prevent the screw or bolt from protruding and causing damage or injury. Countersinks are commonly used in woodworking, metalworking, and other industries where fasteners need to be securely and neatly installed.

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• 49.
• A.

Aligned

• B.

Alternate

• C.

Datum

• D.

Chain

C. Datum
• 50.
• A.

Datum

• B.

Aligned

• C.

Baseline

• D.

Chain

D. Chain

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• Current Version
• Nov 16, 2023
Quiz Edited by
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• Dec 02, 2016
Quiz Created by
William.oakley

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