Introduction To Computers (Hardware/Software/Parts)

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| By Davidnguyen
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Davidnguyen
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 1,025
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Introduction To Computers (Hardware/Software/Parts) - Quiz


Hardware/Software/Parts


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The "brain" of a computer; a computer's microprocessor

    • A.

      Expansion card

    • B.

      Modem

    • C.

      CPU

    • D.

      Input device

    Correct Answer
    C. CPU
    Explanation
    The CPU, or Central Processing Unit, is often referred to as the "brain" of a computer because it is responsible for executing instructions and performing calculations. It is the primary component that carries out the basic operations of a computer system, such as processing data, performing arithmetic and logical operations, and controlling the flow of information between different parts of the computer. The CPU is essentially the core component that drives the overall functionality and performance of a computer.

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  • 2. 

    A computer's temporary memory is called

    • A.

      Read Only Memory

    • B.

      Software

    • C.

      Operating System

    • D.

      Random Access Memory

    Correct Answer
    D. Random Access Memory
    Explanation
    Random Access Memory (RAM) is a type of computer memory that is used to temporarily store data that the computer is actively using. It allows the computer to quickly access and manipulate this data, making it essential for the smooth functioning of a computer system. Unlike Read Only Memory (ROM) which stores permanent data, RAM is volatile and loses its contents when the computer is turned off. Therefore, RAM is the correct answer for the given question.

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  • 3. 

    A type of software that controls the overall activity of your computer & tells the different parts how to work together is called

    • A.

      Hardware

    • B.

      Application

    • C.

      Operating System

    • D.

      Motherboard

    Correct Answer
    C. Operating System
    Explanation
    An operating system is a type of software that controls the overall activity of a computer and tells the different hardware components how to work together. It manages tasks such as memory allocation, file management, and device communication, providing a platform for other software applications to run on the computer. The operating system acts as an intermediary between the user and the computer hardware, ensuring that all the hardware components function smoothly and efficiently.

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  • 4. 

    Hardware that allows your computer to communicate with you; a device that puts information out from the computer

    • A.

      Network

    • B.

      Input Device

    • C.

      Output Device

    • D.

      Expansion Card

    Correct Answer
    C. Output Device
    Explanation
    An output device is a hardware component that allows a computer to communicate with the user by presenting information or data generated by the computer. It is responsible for putting information out from the computer, such as displaying text or images on a monitor, printing documents on a printer, or playing audio through speakers. Output devices enable users to receive and interpret the processed data from the computer, making them an essential part of the computer system.

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  • 5. 

    The computer's temporary memory is called

    • A.

      RAM

    • B.

      CMOS

    • C.

      ROM

    • D.

      POOP

    Correct Answer
    A. RAM
    Explanation
    RAM stands for Random Access Memory, which is a type of computer memory that is used to store data that is being actively used by the computer. It is called "temporary memory" because its contents are erased when the computer is powered off. RAM allows the computer to quickly access and manipulate data, making it an essential component for running programs and performing tasks. CMOS, ROM, and POOP are not correct answers as they refer to different components or types of memory in a computer.

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  • 6. 

    A device that is connected directly to the computer is called a

    • A.

      GUI

    • B.

      Peripheral

    • C.

      Default

    • D.

      Documentation

    Correct Answer
    B. Peripheral
    Explanation
    A device that is connected directly to the computer is called a peripheral. Peripherals are external hardware devices that are connected to the computer to enhance its functionality or provide additional features. Examples of peripherals include printers, scanners, keyboards, and mice. These devices are connected to the computer via ports or cables and can be easily added or removed as needed.

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  • 7. 

    Software is

    • A.

      Allows you to use pictures or icons instead of text commands

    • B.

      The "computer" driver where information is stored

    • C.

      A set of instructions that tells a computer which program to run

    Correct Answer
    C. A set of instructions that tells a computer which program to run
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a set of instructions that tells a computer which program to run". This is because software refers to the programs and instructions that enable a computer to perform specific tasks. It includes a collection of instructions that guide the computer on what actions to take and which programs to execute. Therefore, software acts as a set of instructions that direct the computer's operations.

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  • 8. 

    Hardware is

    • A.

      Compact disk-read or write

    • B.

      The driver where you insert floppy disks

    • C.

      Any part of the computer you can see or touch

    Correct Answer
    C. Any part of the computer you can see or touch
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "any part of the computer you can see or touch." This answer accurately defines hardware as the physical components of a computer that are tangible and visible. It includes devices such as the monitor, keyboard, mouse, CPU, memory, and storage devices. Hardware is distinct from software, which refers to the programs and instructions that run on the computer.

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  • 9. 

    An output device that gives you a printout of your work

    • A.

      Monitor

    • B.

      CPU

    • C.

      Cursor

    • D.

      Modem

    • E.

      Printer

    Correct Answer
    E. Printer
    Explanation
    The correct answer is printer. A printer is an output device that produces a physical copy of the work or document that is being created or displayed on a computer. It allows users to obtain a hard copy of their work, such as documents, images, or graphics. Unlike other options listed, such as a monitor, CPU, cursor, or modem, a printer specifically fulfills the task of generating printouts.

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  • 10. 

    An input device that controls the movemoent of the cursor on the screen

    • A.

      Mouse

    • B.

      Printer

    • C.

      Monitor

    • D.

      Keyboard

    • E.

      Cursor

    Correct Answer
    A. Mouse
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "mouse" because it is an input device that allows the user to control the movement of the cursor on the screen. The mouse typically has a ball or optical sensor underneath that tracks its movement and translates it into cursor movement on the display. This allows the user to interact with graphical user interfaces and navigate through different programs and applications.

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  • 11. 

    This guards against surges or fluctuations of power

    • A.

      CPU

    • B.

      Modem

    • C.

      Mouse

    • D.

      Surge protector

    • E.

      Cursor

    Correct Answer
    D. Surge protector
    Explanation
    A surge protector is designed to protect electronic devices from sudden surges or fluctuations of power. It acts as a barrier between the device and the electrical outlet, preventing any excess voltage from reaching the device. This is important because power surges can cause damage to sensitive components of electronic devices, such as CPUs, modems, and mice. By using a surge protector, the device is shielded from these power fluctuations, ensuring its safety and longevity.

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  • 12. 

    This allows computers to communicate through telephone lines

    • A.

      Printer

    • B.

      Monitor

    • C.

      Mouse

    • D.

      Keyboard

    • E.

      Modem

    Correct Answer
    E. Modem
    Explanation
    A modem is a device that allows computers to communicate through telephone lines. It converts digital signals from the computer into analog signals that can be transmitted over telephone lines, and vice versa. This enables the computer to connect to the internet or to communicate with other computers over a telephone network. Modems are essential for establishing a connection between a computer and the internet service provider, allowing data to be transmitted and received effectively.

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  • 13. 

    This marks the position of the next insertion point

    • A.

      Cursor

    • B.

      CPU

    • C.

      Surge protector

    • D.

      Modem

    • E.

      Keyboard

    Correct Answer
    A. Cursor
    Explanation
    The cursor is a graphical representation on a computer screen that indicates the position where the next insertion or typing will occur. It is typically represented as a blinking vertical line or a small arrow. The cursor allows the user to interact with the computer by indicating where the input or action will take place. In this context, the cursor marks the position of the next insertion point, indicating where the user can input or type something.

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  • 14. 

    This device provides a means of ENTERING data into your computer

    • A.

      CPU

    • B.

      Mouse

    • C.

      Keyboard

    • D.

      Monitor

    • E.

      Printer

    Correct Answer
    C. Keyboard
    Explanation
    The keyboard is the correct answer because it is a device that allows users to input data into a computer. It has a set of keys, including letters, numbers, and symbols, which can be pressed to enter information. The keyboard is an essential input device for typing text, entering commands, and navigating through various applications and programs on a computer.

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  • 15. 

    This device DISPLAYS text and images generated by a computer

    • A.

      Monitor

    • B.

      Cursor

    • C.

      Keyboard

    • D.

      Printer

    • E.

      Mouse

    Correct Answer
    A. Monitor
    Explanation
    A monitor is a device that displays text and images generated by a computer. It is the screen that allows users to visually interact with the computer system. The monitor receives signals from the computer's graphics card and translates them into visual output. It is an essential component of any computer setup as it enables users to view and interact with the information and content being generated by the computer.

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  • 16. 

    RAM stands for Random Access Memory. What happens to RAM when the computer turns off?

    Correct Answer
    disappears
    Explanation
    When the computer turns off, the RAM loses all the data stored in it. This is because RAM is a volatile type of memory, meaning it requires constant power to retain information. When the power is cut off, the electrical charges holding the data in RAM dissipate, causing the data to disappear. Therefore, the correct answer is that the RAM disappears when the computer turns off.

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  • 17. 

    ROM stands for Read Only Memory. Tell me what it means.

    Correct Answer
    It is permanent and cannot be changed
    Explanation
    ROM stands for Read Only Memory, which refers to a type of computer memory that is permanent and cannot be changed. Unlike other types of memory, such as RAM, ROM retains its data even when the computer is turned off. It is commonly used to store firmware and software instructions that are essential for the computer to boot up and perform basic functions. Since ROM is non-volatile, it is ideal for storing critical data that should not be altered or erased. Therefore, the given answer accurately describes the meaning of ROM.

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  • 18. 

    List 2 input devices

    Correct Answer
    Mouse, keyboard, scanner
    Explanation
    The question asks for a list of two input devices. The given options include three input devices: mouse, keyboard, and scanner. Therefore, the correct answer is mouse and keyboard.

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  • 19. 

    List 2 output devices

    Correct Answer
    Monitor, printer, fax, speakers
    Explanation
    The given answer is correct. The question asks for two output devices, and the answer lists four devices: monitor, printer, fax, and speakers. All of these devices are commonly used to output information from a computer or other electronic device. A monitor displays visual output, a printer produces printed output, a fax machine transmits printed documents, and speakers produce audio output. Therefore, all four devices listed are valid examples of output devices.

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  • 20. 

    Our computer lab operates on what type of Operating System Software

    Correct Answer
    Windows
    Explanation
    The computer lab operates on the Windows operating system software.

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  • 21. 

    Give 3 examples of application software

    Correct Answer
    Microsoft word, paint, powerpoint, microtype, ccc
    Explanation
    The given answer lists Microsoft Word, Paint, and PowerPoint as examples of application software. These are all widely used programs that fall under the category of application software. Microsoft Word is a word processing program used for creating and editing documents. Paint is a simple graphics editing program. PowerPoint is a presentation software used for creating slideshows. While "microtype" and "ccc" are not commonly known examples of application software, they could potentially refer to specific programs or software tools.

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  • 22. 

    Name your right hand home row keys

    Correct Answer
    jkl;
    Explanation
    The right hand home row keys on a standard QWERTY keyboard are "jkl;". These keys are positioned under the right hand's resting position when touch typing. The "j" key is placed under the right index finger, the "k" key under the right middle finger, the "l" key under the right ring finger, and the ";" key under the right pinky finger. These keys serve as a reference point for proper finger placement and help maintain typing accuracy and speed.

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  • 23. 

    Name your left hand home row keys

    Correct Answer
    asdf
    Explanation
    The left hand home row keys on a standard QWERTY keyboard are ASDF. These keys are positioned in the middle row of the keyboard and are meant to be the default resting position for the fingers of the left hand. By placing the fingers on these keys, typists can easily reach the surrounding keys without having to move their hand too much, which helps improve typing speed and accuracy.

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  • 24. 

    How many times do you press the space bar AFTER a punctuation mark

    Correct Answer
    2
    two
    Explanation
    The question asks for the number of times the space bar is pressed after a punctuation mark. The answer provided is "2, two," indicating that the space bar should be pressed twice after a punctuation mark. The inclusion of the word "two" further clarifies that the answer is referring to the numerical value of 2.

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  • 25. 

    What is the shortcut key to SELECT ALL

    Correct Answer
    ctrl A, ctrl+A, CTRL+A
    Explanation
    The shortcut key "ctrl A" is used to select all the content in a document, file, or webpage. By pressing these keys simultaneously, you can quickly highlight and select all the text or objects present, allowing for easy editing, copying, or deleting of the selected items. This shortcut is commonly used in various applications and operating systems to streamline the selection process and improve productivity.

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  • 26. 

    What "drive is the MicroType located on

    Correct Answer
    h
  • 27. 

    Correct Answer
    mouse
    Explanation
    Label each part

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  • 28. 

    Correct Answer
    monitor
    Explanation
    Label each part

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  • 29. 

    Correct Answer
    keyboard
  • 30. 

    Correct Answer
    printer
  • 31. 

    Correct Answer
    speakers
    speaker
  • 32. 

    Correct Answer
    cpu
  • 33. 

    Correct Answer
    fax
  • 34. 

    Name:Date:

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 01, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 11, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Davidnguyen
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