Intro To Ag. Science Pretest 1st Period

34 Questions

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Intro To Ag. Science Pretest 1st Period

New middle school Intro to Agricultural Science curriculum testing.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    (Intr 2.1)  Agriculture is
    • A. 

      The production of food and fiber.

    • B. 

      Farming.

    • C. 

      The study of farming history.

  • 2. 
    (Intr 2.2)  Plant science is the
    • A. 

      Design and operation of agriculture equipment and structures.

    • B. 

      Care, production and processing of animals for food.

    • C. 

      Care and management of our private and public forests.

    • D. 

      Marketing of indoor and outdoor plants.

    • E. 

      Inclusion of production, research, biotechnology and hybrids.

  • 3. 
    (Intr 2.3)  What percentage of the average U.S. disposable income is spent on food?
    • A. 

      5 percent

    • B. 

      10 percent

    • C. 

      20 percent

    • D. 

      25 percent

  • 4. 
    (Intr 2.3)  Which is NOT a chief importer of U.S. agricultural goods?
    • A. 

      Brazil

    • B. 

      Canada

    • C. 

      European Union

    • D. 

      Mexico

    • E. 

      Japan

  • 5. 
    (Intr 2.3)  Of each dollar you spend on food, 19% of it goes to
    • A. 

      The processor and packager.

    • B. 

      The trucker.

    • C. 

      The farmer.

    • D. 

      The wholesaler and marketer.

  • 6. 
    (Intr 2.4)  Which industry has continued to increase since the 1950's?
    • A. 

      Beef

    • B. 

      Poultry

    • C. 

      Pork

    • D. 

      Lamb

  • 7. 
    (Intr 2.4)  Which industry saw consumption peak in the 1970's?
    • A. 

      Beef

    • B. 

      Poultry

    • C. 

      Pork

    • D. 

      Lamb

  • 8. 
    (Intr 4.1)  What is the number one farm commodity produced in the U.S.?
    • A. 

      Cattle

    • B. 

      Wheat

    • C. 

      Soybeans

    • D. 

      Corn

    • E. 

      Poultry

  • 9. 
    (Intr 4.1)  Which is an agricultural commodity?
    • A. 

      Beef

    • B. 

      Cheese

    • C. 

      Cotton Balls

    • D. 

      Pork Sausage

  • 10. 
    (Intr 4.1)  Which is an agricultural product?
    • A. 

      Corn

    • B. 

      Potato Chips

    • C. 

      Wool

    • D. 

      Milk

  • 11. 
      (Intr 4.1, 4.2)  Which is NOT a North Carolina agriculture commodity?
    • A. 

      Pulp Wood

    • B. 

      Cotton

    • C. 

      Sugar Beets

    • D. 

      Sweet Potatoes

    • E. 

      Muscadine Grapes

  • 12. 
    (Intr 4.2)  From which country does the U.S. import the most commodities?
    • A. 

      India

    • B. 

      Mexico

    • C. 

      Canada

    • D. 

      China

    • E. 

      Japan

  • 13. 
    (Intr 4.2)  The top four countries, in order, to which the U.S. exports farm commodities are:
    • A. 

      Canada, Mexico, Japan, China

    • B. 

      Mexico, Japan, Europe, Brazil

    • C. 

      Japan, China, India, Russia

    • D. 

      China, Japan, Mexico, Russia

  • 14. 
    (Intr 4.2)  The top three exported farm commodites, in order, are:
    • A. 

      Corn, Cotton, Wheat

    • B. 

      Soybeans, Corn, Cotton

    • C. 

      Soybeans, Corn, Wheat

    • D. 

      Corn, Soybeans, Wheat

    • E. 

      Corn, Wheat, Soybeans

  • 15. 
    (Intr 5.2)  An agriculturist or agriculturalist is:
    • A. 

      A person that studies agriculture.

    • B. 

      A farmer.

    • C. 

      A person that raises living organisms for food or raw materials.

  • 16. 
    (Intr 5.2)  The average age of an agriculturalist is:
    • A. 

      25

    • B. 

      57

    • C. 

      52

    • D. 

      46

  • 17. 
    (Intr 5.3)  Family owned and operated farms are what percent of U.S. farms (vs. company owned farms)?
    • A. 

      > 95%

    • B. 

      < 20%

    • C. 

      50%

  • 18. 
    (Intr 5.3)  Branding, castrating and dehorning farm animals are:
    • A. 

      Illegal in most states.

    • B. 

      Used to recuce the amount of feed animals consume.

    • C. 

      Management practices used to produce meat.

  • 19. 
    • A. 

      Using ladybug beetles to eat aphids instead of spraying pesticides.

    • B. 

      Allowing cattle to wade into steams and ponds to cool off.

    • C. 

      Keeping wild animals as pets.

    • D. 

      Growing plants in a greenhouse.

  • 20. 
    (Intr 8.1)  Examples of agricultural manufacturing are:
    • A. 

      Corn, soybeans, wheat and cotton.

    • B. 

      Grocery stores, farmers markets and roadside stands.

    • C. 

      Fertilizer, feed, pesticides and tractors.

  • 21. 
    (Intr 8.2)  A GMO is a
    • A. 

      Genetically Made Organic

    • B. 

      Genetically Manufactured Organic

    • C. 

      Genetically Modified Organism

    • D. 

      Generic Modified Organism

  • 22. 
    (Intr 8.2)  An example of a GMO is
    • A. 

      Frost resistant strawberries.

    • B. 

      Bt "caterpillar killing" corn.

    • C. 

      All the above.

    • D. 

      None of the above.

  • 23. 
    • A. 

      Free roaming chickens in an open barnyard.

    • B. 

      Egg laying hens kept in stacked cages.

    • C. 

      Feeding antibiotics to chickens.

    • D. 

      Branding.

  • 24. 
    (Intr 8.4)  Which of the following are examples of natural resources?
    • A. 

      Plastics, tractors and crops

    • B. 

      Soil, water and air

    • C. 

      Cattle, manure and milk

    • D. 

      Crops and livestock

  • 25. 
    (Intr 8.5)  Which of these events is NOT in correct chronological order (calendar timeline)?
    • A. 

      John Deere made steel plows.

    • B. 

      Barbed wire invented.

    • C. 

      Hybrid corn seed produced.

    • D. 

      Biotechnology crops and livestock products.

    • E. 

      Tractors replace horses.

    • F. 

      Frozen foods become popular with consumers.

  • 26. 
    (Intr 8.6)  Which of the following is NOT a current issue of agricultural production?
    • A. 

      Biotechnology developed crops and livestock.

    • B. 

      Animal Rights vs. Animal Welfare

    • C. 

      Organicically grown products.

    • D. 

      Animal manure waste.

    • E. 

      Minimal agriculture exports to other countries.

  • 27. 
    (Intr 8.7)  An example of an agriculture career cluster area is
    • A. 

      Animal Systems

    • B. 

      A plant breeder.

    • C. 

      Tractor Implements.

    • D. 

      Animal Waste Management.

    • E. 

      A Tree Farm.

  • 28. 
    (Plant 1.1)  Which of these plant parts job is to protect the seed?
    • A. 

      Egg or Ovule.

    • B. 

      Pitil.

    • C. 

      Stamen.

    • D. 

      Fruit.

    • E. 

      Flower.

    • F. 

      Stem and sepals.

  • 29. 
    (Plant 1.2)  Which of the following is needed for plant growth?
    • A. 

      Light, air, water, soil.

    • B. 

      Seed, flower, fertilizer, soil and light.

    • C. 

      Fertilizer, water and light.

  • 30. 
    (Plant 4.2)  An example of good plant crop environmental stewardship is:
    • A. 

      Hydroponically growing crops (without soil) in a greenhouse.

    • B. 

      Tilling the soil weekly instead of spraying herbicides to kill weeds.

    • C. 

      Using good insects to kill crop damaging insects.

    • D. 

      Fertilizing crops only with animal manures.

  • 31. 
    (Plant 5.1)  An example of Precision Farming technology is:
    • A. 

      Using GPS system to apply fertilizer to crop fields.

    • B. 

      Measuring the correct amount of seed planted per acre.

    • C. 

      Matching the soil type to the crop grown.

    • D. 

      Matching farm animal production to the crops grown.

  • 32. 
    (Plant 5.2)  What is the difference between genetically modified and selective breeding?
    • A. 

      Genetic modification is used in plants, selective breeding in animals.

    • B. 

      Genetic modification is done in a lab, selective breeding in a greenhouse.

    • C. 

      Neither one of these is a good answer.

  • 33. 
    • A. 

      Pesticide.

    • B. 

      Insecticide.

    • C. 

      Fungicide.

    • D. 

      Rhodenticide.

  • 34. 
    (Plant 5.3)  How can insects can damage a plant?
    • A. 

      Eating it and spreading plant diseases.

    • B. 

      Spreading plant diseases and using up plant nutrients.

    • C. 

      Attrating birds that feed on them.

    • D. 

      Using up water that the plant needs.