International Studies Exam Preparation

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International Politics Quizzes & Trivia

International Studies Exam Preparation


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Those disciplines studied in International Studies include:

    • A.

      Political Science

    • B.

      Geography

    • C.

      History

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because International Studies is a multidisciplinary field that encompasses various disciplines such as Political Science, Geography, and History. These disciplines provide a comprehensive understanding of international relations, global issues, and the interactions between different countries and cultures. By studying these subjects, students can gain insights into political systems, geographical factors influencing international relations, and historical events that have shaped the world. Therefore, all of these disciplines are included in the field of International Studies.

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  • 2. 

    ________ urges a more sophisticated approach to cultural boundaries.

    • A.

      Geography

    • B.

      Anthropology

    • C.

      Political Science

    • D.

      History

    Correct Answer
    B. Anthropology
    Explanation
    Anthropology urges a more sophisticated approach to cultural boundaries because it is the study of human societies and cultures. It focuses on understanding the diverse ways in which people live and interact, including their beliefs, customs, and social structures. By studying anthropology, individuals gain insight into the complexities of different cultures and learn to appreciate and respect cultural differences. This field encourages a deeper understanding of cultural boundaries and promotes cultural sensitivity and inclusivity.

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  • 3. 

    What are the two main divisions of political science as they relate to international studies?

    • A.

      U.S. Foreign Policy and Area Studies

    • B.

      International Relations and Comparative Politics

    • C.

      Political theory and Globalization

    • D.

      Realism and Liberalism

    Correct Answer
    B. International Relations and Comparative Politics
    Explanation
    International Relations and Comparative Politics are the two main divisions of political science as they relate to international studies. International Relations focuses on the study of interactions between states, international organizations, and non-state actors in the global arena. It examines topics such as diplomacy, international law, conflict resolution, and global governance. Comparative Politics, on the other hand, compares different political systems and institutions across countries, analyzing their similarities and differences. It explores topics like political ideologies, political parties, electoral systems, and public policy. Both divisions are essential for understanding the complexities of global politics and the dynamics of international relations.

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  • 4. 

    _________ deny the existence of any objective histories.

    • A.

      Postmodernists

    • B.

      Behaviorists

    • C.

      Progressives

    • D.

      Revisionists

    Correct Answer
    A. Postmodernists
    Explanation
    Postmodernists deny the existence of any objective histories because they believe that all knowledge and truth are socially constructed and subjective. They argue that historical accounts are influenced by the biases, perspectives, and power dynamics of the individuals and groups that create them. According to postmodernists, there is no single, objective truth or historical narrative, but rather multiple interpretations and narratives that are shaped by cultural, social, and political factors. Therefore, they reject the idea of objective histories and instead emphasize the importance of understanding different perspectives and interpretations in order to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the past.

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  • 5. 

    Realists believe that:

    • A.

      States are the most important actors is IR.

    • B.

      The international system is anarchical.

    • C.

      States act like rational individuals in pursuing national interests.

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because realists believe that states are the most important actors in international relations, meaning that they hold significant power and influence. They also believe that the international system is anarchical, meaning that there is no central authority to enforce rules and order among states. Lastly, realists argue that states act like rational individuals in pursuing their national interests, prioritizing their own security and survival. Therefore, all three statements align with the realist perspective and are considered to be true.

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  • 6. 

    _________ provides opportunities for communities to innovate and expand their culture without particularly acknowledging the origins of their cultural innovations.

    • A.

      Cultural integration

    • B.

      Cultural diffusion

    • C.

      Cultural adaptation

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Cultural diffusion
    Explanation
    Cultural diffusion is the correct answer because it refers to the spread of cultural elements from one society to another, without necessarily acknowledging the origins of these elements. It allows communities to adopt and incorporate new cultural practices, ideas, and innovations from other cultures, leading to the expansion and evolution of their own culture. This process often occurs through migration, trade, or communication between different societies.

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  • 7. 

    Recently, Geography has been conceptualized as embodying six elements to include:

    • A.

      Place and Region

    • B.

      Space

    • C.

      Human systems

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Geography is a multidimensional field that encompasses various elements. "Place and Region" refer to the specific locations and the characteristics that define them. "Space" refers to the physical and abstract dimensions that influence spatial patterns. "Human systems" involve the interactions between humans and their environment. The correct answer, "All of the above," implies that geography incorporates all these elements to provide a comprehensive understanding of the Earth's features, processes, and interactions.

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  • 8. 

    Someone who believes in a providential understanding of history would believe the following:

    • A.

      History tend to repeat itself.

    • B.

      History is written by the victors.

    • C.

      The world is likely to improve over time.

    • D.

      That their country is fulfilling the mission of God.

    Correct Answer
    D. That their country is fulfilling the mission of God.
    Explanation
    A person who believes in a providential understanding of history would believe that their country is fulfilling the mission of God. This belief stems from the idea that history is guided by a divine plan, and that their country has a special role to play in this plan. They may see events and developments in their country as evidence of God's hand at work, and believe that their country is carrying out a divine mission or purpose. This belief is rooted in a religious worldview and a sense of national exceptionalism.

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  • 9. 

    Mercantilism can best be described as:

    • A.

      Providing a social safety net to help address the inequality arising from a market economy.

    • B.

      High taxation and low trade barriers.

    • C.

      An economic policy pursued by the United States.

    • D.

      Close cooperation between business and government in the pursuit of national power.

    Correct Answer
    D. Close cooperation between business and government in the pursuit of national power.
    Explanation
    Mercantilism is an economic system that emphasizes close collaboration between businesses and the government in order to increase national power. It involves policies such as protectionism, high tariffs, and subsidies to promote domestic industries and ensure a favorable balance of trade. The goal is to accumulate wealth and resources for the nation, often through the acquisition of colonies and the establishment of monopolies. This approach seeks to strengthen the state's economic and military capabilities, ultimately aiming to enhance its global influence and power.

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  • 10. 

    The type of exchange rate that is based on its expected value in the international market and is considered to be self-correcting?

    • A.

      Fixed exchange rate

    • B.

      Mixed exchange rate

    • C.

      Floating exchange rate

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Floating exchange rate
    Explanation
    A floating exchange rate is based on its expected value in the international market and is considered to be self-correcting. Unlike fixed or mixed exchange rates, which are determined by government policies, a floating exchange rate is determined by market forces of supply and demand. It allows the currency to fluctuate freely, which helps to automatically adjust imbalances in the economy. Therefore, a floating exchange rate is considered to be self-correcting as it adjusts to changes in the market without the need for government intervention.

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  • 11. 

    “Differences in how people understand the world, lead to different ways of acting and behaving in it” is that which ________ focuses on.

    • A.

      Political Science

    • B.

      Geography

    • C.

      Anthropology

    • D.

      Sociology

    Correct Answer
    C. Anthropology
    Explanation
    Anthropology focuses on studying the differences in how people understand the world and how these differences influence their actions and behaviors. It examines various aspects of human culture, including social structures, beliefs, customs, and practices, to gain a comprehensive understanding of different societies and their unique perspectives. By studying these differences, anthropologists aim to shed light on the diversity of human experiences and provide insights into the ways in which individuals and communities interact with their environment and each other.

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  • 12. 

    Anthropology is important for the study of international studies for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:

    • A.

      It is a comparative study of common sense.

    • B.

      It studies the ideas by which people make sense of international processes.

    • C.

      It explains the institutional process of foreign policy making within countries.

    • D.

      Culture is a key component of soft power.

    Correct Answer
    D. Culture is a key component of soft power.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Culture is a key component of soft power." This is because anthropology studies the cultural aspects of societies, which includes their beliefs, values, and practices. Soft power refers to a country's ability to influence others through attraction and persuasion rather than force. While culture is indeed an important component of soft power, the question asks for the reason that is NOT important for the study of international studies. Therefore, the correct answer is the one that does not relate to anthropology's role in understanding international processes, such as the explanation of the institutional process of foreign policy making within countries.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following is NOT a force promoting globalization?

    • A.

      Improved communication technology

    • B.

      Economic protectionism

    • C.

      Increased ease of transportation

    • D.

      Expansion of interstate trade ties.

    Correct Answer
    B. Economic protectionism
    Explanation
    Economic protectionism is not a force promoting globalization because it involves the use of trade barriers, such as tariffs and quotas, to protect domestic industries from foreign competition. This restricts the flow of goods and services across borders, hindering the integration of economies and reducing international trade. On the other hand, improved communication technology, increased ease of transportation, and the expansion of interstate trade ties all contribute to globalization by facilitating the exchange of information, goods, and services between countries.

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  • 14. 

    The main actors of International Relations include:

    • A.

      States

    • B.

      Nations

    • C.

      Corporations

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because in the field of International Relations, the main actors include states, nations, and corporations. States are the primary actors as they are recognized political entities with sovereign authority. Nations refer to groups of people who share a common identity, culture, or language, and they often seek to assert their interests on the international stage. Corporations, on the other hand, play an increasingly important role in global affairs due to their economic power and influence. Therefore, all three actors are significant in shaping international relations.

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  • 15. 

    As described in class, this term reflects who gets what, when, where, and why.

    • A.

      Behaviorism

    • B.

      Politics

    • C.

      Corporatism

    • D.

      Idealism

    Correct Answer
    B. Politics
    Explanation
    Politics is the correct answer because it is the term that best reflects the concept of who gets what, when, where, and why. Politics is the study of power, decision-making, and the distribution of resources in a society. It involves the processes and activities associated with governance, including the allocation of resources, the formation of policies, and the exercise of authority. Understanding politics helps us understand how decisions are made, how power is distributed, and how resources are allocated in a given society.

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  • 16. 

    The field of international relations can be divided into two theoretical approaches to include

    • A.

      International Political Economy

    • B.

      Comparative Politics

    • C.

      Realism

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Realism
    Explanation
    Realism is a theoretical approach in the field of international relations that emphasizes the importance of power and self-interest in shaping the behavior of states. It argues that states are primarily motivated by their own security and survival, and that the international system is characterized by competition and conflict. Realism contrasts with other theoretical approaches, such as international political economy and comparative politics, which focus on different aspects of international relations such as economic interdependence and domestic politics. Therefore, the correct answer is Realism.

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  • 17. 

    Revolutionary approaches to International Relations...

    • A.

      See unfair and exploitative aspects in the global system

    • B.

      Focus on North/South relations

    • C.

      Believe war can be a means for dramatic change

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because revolutionary approaches to International Relations view the global system as unfair and exploitative, they focus on North/South relations, and they believe that war can be a means for dramatic change.

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  • 18. 

    The United Nations is an example of a(n)

    • A.

      Non-governmental organization

    • B.

      Intergovernmental organization

    • C.

      Sub-state actor

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Intergovernmental organization
    Explanation
    The United Nations is considered an intergovernmental organization because it is composed of member states who come together to address global issues and promote cooperation among nations. It is not a non-governmental organization, which typically consists of independent groups working towards specific causes, nor is it a sub-state actor, which refers to entities within a state that have their own interests and influence. The United Nations, on the other hand, operates at the international level and represents the collective interests of its member states.

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  • 19. 

    The tenet that selfish behavior comes from institutions, is from:

    • A.

      Realism

    • B.

      Neo-structuralism

    • C.

      Liberalism

    • D.

      Institutionalism

    Correct Answer
    C. Liberalism
    Explanation
    Liberalism suggests that selfish behavior comes from institutions. Liberalism emphasizes individual freedom and believes that institutions should be designed to protect and promote individual rights and interests. According to this perspective, selfish behavior arises when institutions fail to properly balance the interests of individuals, leading to a focus on self-interest rather than the common good.

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  • 20. 

    What theoretical approach to international relations is based on Hobbes’ argument that man is inherently evil?

    • A.

      Liberalism

    • B.

      Realism

    • C.

      Neo-structuralism

    • D.

      Idealism

    Correct Answer
    B. Realism
    Explanation
    Realism is the correct answer because it is a theoretical approach to international relations that is based on the belief that humans are inherently self-interested and power-seeking. This aligns with Hobbes' argument that man is inherently evil. Realists believe that states prioritize their own interests and security above all else, leading to competition and conflict in the international system.

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  • 21. 

    Most of the European economies were essentially exercises in:

    • A.

      Capitalism

    • B.

      Communism

    • C.

      Socialism

    • D.

      Mercantilism

    Correct Answer
    D. Mercantilism
    Explanation
    Most of the European economies during the time period being referred to were based on the economic system of mercantilism. Mercantilism is an economic theory that emphasizes the accumulation of wealth through trade and the protection of domestic industries. It involves government intervention in the economy through policies such as tariffs, subsidies, and monopolies. This system was prevalent in Europe from the 16th to the 18th century, as countries sought to increase their wealth and power through colonial expansion and trade.

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  • 22. 

    What is the reconstruction and interpretation of past human endeavors based on available sources?

    • A.

      Geography

    • B.

      Postmodernism

    • C.

      History

    • D.

      Revisionism

    Correct Answer
    C. History
    Explanation
    History is the correct answer because it involves the reconstruction and interpretation of past human endeavors based on available sources. History seeks to understand and explain events, actions, and developments that have occurred in the past, using evidence and sources such as documents, artifacts, and oral accounts. It involves analyzing and interpreting these sources to reconstruct the past and gain insights into human societies, cultures, and civilizations. History also involves critical thinking, questioning, and examining multiple perspectives to provide a comprehensive understanding of the past.

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  • 23. 

    __________ geography studies the activities of people, focusing on topics such as industry, cities, cultures, and transportation.

    • A.

      Physical

    • B.

      Human

    • C.

      Anthropological

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Human
    Explanation
    Human geography studies the activities of people, focusing on topics such as industry, cities, cultures, and transportation. It examines how human activities and behaviors shape and are shaped by the physical environment. This field of geography explores the relationships between humans and their surroundings, including the social, economic, and cultural aspects of human life. It analyzes patterns of human settlement, urban development, migration, and the impact of human activities on the environment. Human geography is concerned with understanding the spatial organization and dynamics of human societies, making it the most appropriate answer among the given options.

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  • 24. 

    The cultural level that consists of deep systematic patterns that join cultural logics together into the most encompassing level of cultural integration is?

    • A.

      Worldview

    • B.

      Cultural practices

    • C.

      Symbolism

    • D.

      Anthropological logics

    Correct Answer
    A. Worldview
    Explanation
    Worldview refers to the cultural level that encompasses deep systematic patterns and integrates various cultural logics. It represents the overall perspective and beliefs of a particular culture, shaping their values, behaviors, and understanding of the world. Worldview provides a comprehensive framework that connects cultural practices, symbolism, and anthropological logics, making it the most encompassing level of cultural integration.

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  • 25. 

    The electoral system that is based on a plurality or a majority of the votes is _______?

    • A.

      Proportional representation

    • B.

      Single-Member District

    • C.

      Bicameral

    • D.

      Federal

    Correct Answer
    B. Single-Member District
    Explanation
    The electoral system that is based on a plurality or a majority of the votes is Single-Member District. In this system, each geographic district is represented by a single representative who is elected by the majority or plurality of votes in that district. This system is commonly used in countries like the United States and the United Kingdom. It allows for direct representation of the people in each district and tends to favor larger parties.

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  • 26. 

    Components of geography include:

    • A.

      Space

    • B.

      Region

    • C.

      Environment

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The components of geography include space, region, and environment. Space refers to the physical and abstract aspects of the Earth's surface, including the location, size, and distribution of features. Region refers to areas with common characteristics, such as climate, culture, or economic activity. Environment encompasses the natural and human-made surroundings, including landforms, climate, vegetation, and human impact on the environment. Therefore, all of the above options are correct as they represent the different components of geography.

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  • 27. 

    _________ relates to the distortion inherent in projecting three-dimensional objects onto two-dimensional planes.

    • A.

      Scale

    • B.

      Centering

    • C.

      Orientation

    • D.

      Projection

    Correct Answer
    D. Projection
    Explanation
    Projection relates to the distortion inherent in projecting three-dimensional objects onto two-dimensional planes. When projecting a three-dimensional object onto a two-dimensional plane, such as a screen or a piece of paper, there is a loss of depth perception and the object may appear distorted or flattened. This is because the projection cannot accurately represent the full three-dimensional nature of the object. Projection is commonly used in various fields such as art, architecture, and engineering to represent three-dimensional objects on a two-dimensional surface.

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  • 28. 

    ___________ is concerned with studying specific market systems on a small scale.

    • A.

      Microeconomics

    • B.

      Macroeconomics

    • C.

      International Political Economy

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Microeconomics
    Explanation
    Microeconomics is the correct answer because it focuses on the behavior and decision-making of individual agents, such as consumers and firms, within specific market systems. It analyzes how these agents interact and make choices regarding the allocation of limited resources. This field of study is concerned with understanding the supply and demand dynamics, pricing mechanisms, market structures, and the effects of government interventions on individual markets.

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  • 29. 

    ______ is symbolic, learned, shared, and adaptive.

    • A.

      Society

    • B.

      Culture

    • C.

      Globalization

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Culture
    Explanation
    Culture is a symbolic system that is learned, shared, and adaptive. It refers to the beliefs, values, norms, behaviors, and artifacts that are characteristic of a particular group or society. Culture is not innate, but rather acquired through socialization and education. It is also shared by members of a group, providing a sense of identity and belonging. Additionally, culture is adaptive, meaning that it evolves and changes over time in response to new ideas, technologies, and social circumstances. Therefore, culture is the correct answer as it encompasses all the mentioned characteristics.

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  • 30. 

    Which of the following metaphors is attributed to Adam Smith?

    • A.

      Invisible Hand

    • B.

      Common Agent

    • C.

      Market Machine

    • D.

      Market Bottom-Line

    Correct Answer
    A. Invisible Hand
    Explanation
    Adam Smith is attributed to the metaphor of the Invisible Hand. This metaphor refers to the concept that individuals, by pursuing their own self-interest in a free market, unintentionally benefit society as a whole. It suggests that the market, without any central planning or control, has a guiding force that leads to the efficient allocation of resources and the overall well-being of society.

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  • 31. 

    Studying culture can be undertaken from a variety of perspectives including:

    • A.

      Hereditary perspective

    • B.

      Cross-regional perspective

    • C.

      Relativistic perspective

    • D.

      Adaptive perspective

    Correct Answer
    C. Relativistic perspective
    Explanation
    The relativistic perspective in studying culture refers to understanding and interpreting cultural practices and beliefs within their own context and without imposing one's own cultural values or judgments. It involves recognizing and appreciating the diversity and uniqueness of different cultures, and viewing them as equally valid and meaningful. This perspective allows for a more objective and unbiased analysis of cultural phenomena, promoting cultural sensitivity and understanding.

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  • 32. 

    Public goods are _____?

    • A.

      Non-rivalrous

    • B.

      Externalities

    • C.

      Free to the masses

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Non-rivalrous
    Explanation
    Public goods are non-rivalrous, meaning that the consumption of the good by one individual does not reduce the availability or use of the good by others. In other words, one person's use of a public good does not diminish its availability for others to use. This characteristic sets public goods apart from private goods, which are rivalrous and can be depleted or used up by one individual's consumption. Public goods are typically provided by the government or other public entities, as they are difficult to exclude individuals from using and often have positive externalities, meaning that their benefits extend beyond those directly consuming the good.

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  • 33. 

    Fostering local industry is an argument in favor of?

    • A.

      Expanding NAFTA

    • B.

      Restricting trade

    • C.

      Strengthening global economic ties

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Restricting trade
    Explanation
    Fostering local industry means promoting and supporting the growth of domestic businesses and industries. Restricting trade can be seen as a way to protect and support local industries by imposing barriers or tariffs on imported goods, making it more difficult for foreign competitors to enter the market. This can help create a level playing field for local businesses and encourage their growth and development. Therefore, the argument in favor of fostering local industry aligns with the option of restricting trade.

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  • 34. 

    _______ is focused on the needs of the state and is not concerned with either freedom or equality.

    • A.

      Socialism

    • B.

      Capitalism

    • C.

      Communism

    • D.

      Mercantilism

    Correct Answer
    D. Mercantilism
    Explanation
    Mercantilism is an economic system that prioritizes the interests of the state over individual freedom or equality. It emphasizes accumulating wealth and resources through government regulation and control of trade. The main goal of mercantilism is to increase the state's power and wealth by exporting more than importing and maintaining a favorable balance of trade. This system often involves protectionist policies, such as tariffs and subsidies, to promote domestic industries and limit competition. Therefore, mercantilism focuses on the needs of the state rather than the principles of freedom or equality.

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  • 35. 

    ______ is used to measure the total production within a country, regardless of who owns the factors of production.

    • A.

      Gini Index

    • B.

      Purchasing Power Parity

    • C.

      Gross Domestic Product

    • D.

      Gross National Product

    Correct Answer
    D. Gross National Product
    Explanation
    Gross National Product (GNP) is used to measure the total production within a country, regardless of who owns the factors of production. GNP includes the value of goods and services produced by both domestic and foreign factors of production. It takes into account the income earned by the residents of a country, whether they are located within the country or abroad. GNP provides a broader measure of a country's economic activity compared to Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which only considers the value of goods and services produced within a country's borders.

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  • 36. 

    Because culture is shared, but unequally distributed, every society must have mechanisms to deal with ________?

    • A.

      Informal learning

    • B.

      The generation of similarity

    • C.

      The organization of similarity

    • D.

      Enculturation

    Correct Answer
    B. The generation of similarity
    Explanation
    Every society must have mechanisms to deal with the generation of similarity because culture is shared but unequally distributed. These mechanisms help to create a sense of common understanding, values, and norms among individuals within a society. By generating similarity, societies are able to foster social cohesion, maintain social order, and ensure the transmission of cultural knowledge from one generation to another. This process of generating similarity is essential for the smooth functioning and continuity of a society.

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  • 37. 

    A _______ economy is built on the notion of specialization and trade.

    • A.

      Mercantilist

    • B.

      Market

    • C.

      Liberal

    • D.

      Socialist

    Correct Answer
    B. Market
    Explanation
    A market economy is built on the notion of specialization and trade. In a market economy, individuals and businesses are free to engage in voluntary exchanges of goods and services based on supply and demand. This allows for specialization, where individuals and businesses focus on producing goods or services in which they have a comparative advantage, and trade, where they exchange these specialized goods or services with others. The market economy relies on competition and the price mechanism to allocate resources and determine the distribution of goods and services.

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  • 38. 

    _____ is the economic theory and ideology that serves as the backdrop to what is commonly referred to as globalization.

    • A.

      Neo-structuralism

    • B.

      Institutionalism

    • C.

      Idealism

    • D.

      Neoliberalism

    Correct Answer
    D. Neoliberalism
    Explanation
    Neoliberalism is the economic theory and ideology that serves as the backdrop to globalization. It promotes free markets, deregulation, privatization, and reduced government intervention in the economy. Neoliberalism emphasizes the importance of individual freedom and believes that economic growth and development can be achieved through market forces. It has been influential in shaping global economic policies and has been criticized for exacerbating inequality and concentrating wealth in the hands of a few.

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  • 39. 

    _________ studies how places and regions differ from one another, as well as how the local and global levels interact with one another.

    • A.

      Anthropology

    • B.

      Geology

    • C.

      International Relations

    • D.

      Geography

    Correct Answer
    D. Geography
    Explanation
    Geography studies how places and regions differ from one another, as well as how the local and global levels interact with one another. It focuses on understanding the physical characteristics of the Earth's surface, such as landforms, climate, and ecosystems, as well as the human activities that occur in different regions. By examining the spatial relationships between people, places, and environments, geography helps us understand the patterns and processes that shape our world.

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  • 40. 

    The direct evidence about the past from someone involved in the past event, without an intermediary’s interpretation is a ______.

    • A.

      Primary source

    • B.

      Contextual source

    • C.

      Empirical source

    • D.

      Secondary source

    Correct Answer
    A. Primary source
    Explanation
    A primary source refers to direct evidence about the past from someone who was directly involved in the past event, without any interpretation or analysis by an intermediary. This could include firsthand accounts, original documents, photographs, or artifacts that provide direct information or evidence about a specific historical event or time period. Primary sources are considered to be the most reliable and authentic sources of information for historical research and analysis.

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  • 41. 

    From 1500 A.D. to 1900 A.D., the global emphasis was on _________?

    • A.

      European empires colonizing the World

    • B.

      European fragmentation

    • C.

      Roman Empire disintegration

    • D.

      India became a dominant civilization in South Asia.

    Correct Answer
    A. European empires colonizing the World
    Explanation
    During the time period from 1500 A.D. to 1900 A.D., there was a significant focus on European empires colonizing the world. This was a period of intense exploration and expansion for European powers, such as Spain, Portugal, Britain, and France, who sought to establish colonies and control territories across the globe. This colonization had far-reaching effects on the indigenous populations, economies, and cultures of the colonized regions, shaping the history and development of many nations.

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  • 42. 

    The political system where the regime rules by order of God is _____?

    • A.

      Autocracy

    • B.

      Monarchy

    • C.

      Oligarchy

    • D.

      Theocracy

    Correct Answer
    D. Theocracy
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Theocracy. In a theocracy, the regime rules by order of God. This means that religious leaders hold the ultimate authority and make decisions based on religious principles. The government is closely intertwined with religious institutions, and laws and policies are often based on religious beliefs. Theocracy is different from other political systems like autocracy, monarchy, and oligarchy, as it specifically involves the rule of God or divine authority.

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  • 43. 

    A ________is a sphere of influence where there consists a network of activity, or a focal point where all connections are linked.

    • A.

      Formal region

    • B.

      Transition zone

    • C.

      Spatial organization

    • D.

      Functional region

    Correct Answer
    D. Functional region
    Explanation
    A functional region is a sphere of influence where there consists a network of activity, or a focal point where all connections are linked. In a functional region, there is a clear organization and interconnection of various activities or services that revolve around a central point. This can include areas such as transportation hubs, economic centers, or cultural districts. The concept of a functional region emphasizes the relationships and interactions between different locations within the region, highlighting the interconnectedness and interdependence of these areas.

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  • 44. 

    The study of the activities of people as well as a study of the earth itself.

    • A.

      Geology

    • B.

      Anthropology

    • C.

      Political Science

    • D.

      Geography

    Correct Answer
    D. Geography
    Explanation
    Geography is the correct answer because it is the study of both the activities of people and the earth itself. It encompasses the examination of how humans interact with their environment, as well as the physical characteristics of the earth such as landforms, climate, and natural resources. Geography also explores the spatial relationships between people, places, and environments, making it the most suitable choice among the given options.

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  • 45. 

    Liberal democracy is based upon

    • A.

      Majority rule

    • B.

      Class consciousness

    • C.

      Fiscal liberalism

    • D.

      Social welfare

    Correct Answer
    A. Majority rule
    Explanation
    Liberal democracy is a political system that emphasizes the importance of majority rule. This means that decisions are made by the majority of citizens through voting or elected representatives. It ensures that the will of the majority is respected and implemented in the governing process. This principle is essential in liberal democracies to protect individual rights and prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a few. By giving the majority a voice in decision-making, liberal democracies aim to promote fairness, inclusivity, and the protection of individual freedoms.

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  • 46. 

    A theoretical approach to history that argues that we learn from our mistakes and gradually move toward a more perfect world is ________?

    • A.

      Providential history

    • B.

      Cyclical history

    • C.

      Progressive history

    • D.

      Empirical history

    Correct Answer
    C. Progressive history
    Explanation
    Progressive history is a theoretical approach to history that suggests that human society progresses and improves over time. It believes that we learn from our mistakes and gradually move towards a more perfect world. This perspective sees history as a linear progression, with advancements in knowledge, technology, and social systems leading to a better future. It emphasizes the idea of continuous improvement and development in human civilization.

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  • 47. 

    In international relations non-governmental organizations are considered______________.

    • A.

      Sub-State actors

    • B.

      Transformative actors

    • C.

      Weak actors

    • D.

      Non-State actors

    Correct Answer
    D. Non-State actors
    Explanation
    Non-State actors are considered in international relations as organizations that operate independently from any government. These organizations play a significant role in shaping global politics and policies, often advocating for specific causes or representing the interests of certain groups. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are a prominent example of non-state actors, working on various issues such as human rights, humanitarian aid, and environmental protection. They contribute to global governance and provide alternative channels for participation and influence in international affairs.

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  • 48. 

    Forms of State legitimacy include:

    • A.

      Traditional and Charismatic

    • B.

      Traditional and Rational-Legal

    • C.

      Charismatic and Rational-Legal

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The forms of state legitimacy include traditional, charismatic, and rational-legal. Traditional legitimacy is based on long-standing customs and traditions, where rulers gain legitimacy through inheritance or cultural norms. Charismatic legitimacy is based on the personal qualities and charisma of a leader, where they gain legitimacy through their exceptional qualities or abilities. Rational-legal legitimacy is based on a system of laws and rules, where rulers gain legitimacy through their adherence to legal procedures and institutions. Therefore, all three forms of state legitimacy mentioned in the options are correct.

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  • 49. 

    Theories of international economics include:

    • A.

      International development theory

    • B.

      Exchange theory

    • C.

      Political economy theory

    • D.

      Free-trade theory

    Correct Answer
    A. International development theory
    Explanation
    International development theory is a theory of international economics that focuses on the economic growth and development of countries, particularly in the context of globalization. It explores the factors and policies that contribute to the economic advancement of nations, such as foreign aid, trade, and investment. This theory emphasizes the importance of addressing issues like poverty, inequality, and sustainable development in order to promote economic progress on a global scale.

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  • 50. 

    Contributing factors to global integration include:

    • A.

      Religious ideologies

    • B.

      Transportation and Communication

    • C.

      European Colonization

    • D.

      A & b

    • E.

      B & c

    • F.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. B & c
    Explanation
    The correct answer is b & c. Transportation and communication play a crucial role in global integration as they facilitate the movement of goods, services, and ideas across borders. European colonization also contributed to global integration by establishing trade routes, cultural exchanges, and the spread of European influence around the world. Religious ideologies are not mentioned as contributing factors, so they are not included in the correct answer.

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