Subordinate Clauses And Passive (Inter)

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Grammar Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    I didn’t believe them at first, but in fact everything ____ was true

    • A.

      Which they said

    • B.

      That they said

    • C.

      What they said

    • D.

      -

    Correct Answer
    B. That they said
    Explanation
    The phrase "everything that they said" is used to refer to the statements made by the individuals mentioned earlier. It indicates that the speaker initially had doubts but eventually realized that all the things mentioned by them were indeed true.

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  • 2. 

    I don’t like stories ____ have unhappy ending

    • A.

      Which

    • B.

      What

    • C.

      They

    • D.

      When

    Correct Answer
    A. Which
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Which" because it is used to introduce a relative clause and refers back to the stories mentioned earlier in the sentence. It is used to specify or identify the type of stories the speaker does not like, in this case, stories that have an unhappy ending.

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  • 3. 

    What’s the name of the man____?       

    • A.

      You have borrowed his car

    • B.

      Which car you have borrowed

    • C.

      Whose car you have borrowed

    • D.

      His car you have borrowed

    Correct Answer
    C. Whose car you have borrowed
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "whose car you have borrowed". This is because "whose" is used to ask about possession or ownership, and in this case, we are asking about the ownership of the car that has been borrowed.

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  • 4. 

    Colin told me about his new job. ____ very much.

    • A.

      That he’s enjoying

    • B.

      Which he’s enjoying

    • C.

      He’s enjoying

    • D.

      He’s enjoying it

    Correct Answer
    B. Which he’s enjoying
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "which he's enjoying". This is because the phrase "which he's enjoying" is a relative clause that provides additional information about Colin's new job. The relative pronoun "which" is used to introduce the clause, and the verb "enjoying" is used to describe Colin's feelings towards his new job. The phrase "he's enjoying it" is grammatically correct, but it is not the best choice in this context as it is more concise and clear to use the relative clause.

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  • 5. 

    Sara couldn’t meet us, ____ was a pity

    • A.

      That

    • B.

      It

    • C.

      What

    • D.

      Which

    Correct Answer
    D. Which
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Which" because it is used to introduce a clause that provides additional information or clarification about the situation. In this case, the clause following "which" would explain why Sara not being able to meet us is a pity.

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  • 6. 

    George showed me some pictures ____ by his father

    • A.

      Had been painting

    • B.

      What had been painted

    • C.

      That had been painted

    • D.

      That have been painted

    Correct Answer
    C. That had been painted
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "that had been painted". This is because the sentence is referring to pictures that were painted in the past by George's father. The phrase "that had been painted" indicates that the paintings were completed before the time of speaking.

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  • 7. 

    Who’s that over there? – Oh, it’s our new teacher, ____ just started work today.

    • A.

      That

    • B.

      Who he

    • C.

      Which he

    • D.

      Who

    Correct Answer
    D. Who
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Who" because it is used to refer to a person, in this case, the new teacher who just started work. "That" is incorrect because it is used to refer to an object or thing. "Who he" and "Which he" are grammatically incorrect and do not make sense in the given context.

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  • 8. 

    . Which CD did you get Marcus in the end? – I get him one ____said he really wanted to hear.  

    • A.

      That

    • B.

      Who he

    • C.

      Which

    • D.

      Which he

    Correct Answer
    D. Which he
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Which he." In the given sentence, the phrase "said he really wanted to hear" indicates that Marcus expressed a preference for a particular CD. The word "which" is used to refer back to the CD that Marcus wanted, making it the appropriate choice in this context.

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  • 9. 

    Who did you send a Valentine’s card to? – I’m not telling you, but it was someone ____name begins with “B”.  

    • A.

      Which

    • B.

      Who her

    • C.

      Whose

    • D.

      What

    Correct Answer
    C. Whose
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Whose". In this question, the speaker is asked about the recipient of the Valentine's card. The speaker does not reveal the name of the person, but gives a clue that the name starts with "B". Therefore, the appropriate question word to use in this context is "Whose", which is used to ask about possession or ownership.

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  • 10. 

    Have you seen Jason Green’s latest film? – Is that the one in ____ joins the FBI? 

    • A.

      Which he

    • B.

      That he

    • C.

      Whom he

    • D.

      Which

    Correct Answer
    A. Which he
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Which he". This is because the phrase "which joins the FBI" is referring to the film, and "which" is used to introduce a relative clause that provides additional information about the noun it modifies. In this case, "which" is used to refer to the film that Jason Green is in, indicating that the film is the one in which he joins the FBI.

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  • 11. 

    Why do you like Tania so much? – Well, she’s one of the few people to ____ I can really talk.

    • A.

      Which

    • B.

      Whom

    • C.

      That

    • D.

      Who

    Correct Answer
    B. Whom
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Whom". In this sentence, "whom" is used as the object of the preposition "to". The phrase "to whom" indicates that Tania is one of the few people with whom the speaker can really talk. "Whom" is the correct pronoun to use when referring to the object of a preposition.

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  • 12. 

    Why don’t we go to Lionel’s for dinner tonight?–Is that the new restaurant___has just opened on the other side of town?

    • A.

      Which

    • B.

      That it

    • C.

      Where

    • D.

      Which it

    Correct Answer
    A. Which
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Which". In this sentence, the speaker is referring to a specific new restaurant that has just opened on the other side of town. "Which" is used to introduce a relative clause that provides additional information about the restaurant.

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  • 13. 

    Could you lend me some money? – I’d like you to give me one good reason ____ I should.     

    • A.

      That

    • B.

      Why

    • C.

      Which

    • D.

      Who

    Correct Answer
    B. Why
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Why." In this context, the person is asking for a good reason to lend them money. "Why" is the appropriate word to use in this situation as it prompts the person to provide a justification or explanation for their request.

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  • 14. 

    What do you want to do this summer? – I think we should go somewhere ____ has plenty of sun and sand.   

    • A.

      Who

    • B.

      Where

    • C.

      When

    • D.

      That

    Correct Answer
    D. That
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "That". In the given sentence, the speaker is suggesting going somewhere that has plenty of sun and sand. "That" is used to refer to a specific thing or situation, and in this case, it refers to the specific type of place the speaker is suggesting.

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  • 15. 

    In those days, ____we were younger, life was easier.    

    • A.

      Where

    • B.

      As soon as

    • C.

      When

    • D.

      That

    Correct Answer
    C. When
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "When". This is because the sentence is expressing a condition or a time frame in the past. The word "when" is used to introduce a dependent clause that indicates the time or condition in which something happened. In this case, it indicates that life was easier in the past when we were younger.

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  • 16. 

    ____ staying for less than three weeks, we will need a tourist visa.     

    • A.

      Not unless

    • B.

      Not if

    • C.

      Unless

    • D.

      Before

    Correct Answer
    C. Unless
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Unless." This word is used to express a condition that must be met in order for something else to happen. In this case, the condition is staying for less than three weeks. The sentence is saying that if we are staying for less than three weeks, then we will need a tourist visa.

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  • 17. 

    . ____ you are selling, I am not interested

    • A.

      What ever

    • B.

      Whatever

    • C.

      What

    • D.

      Ever

    Correct Answer
    B. Whatever
    Explanation
    The phrase "Whatever you are selling, I am not interested" indicates a complete lack of interest regardless of the specific item or subject being discussed. The word "whatever" is used here as a pronoun to refer to any possible thing or matter, emphasizing the speaker's indifference.

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  • 18. 

    ____ that I am driving, I’ll decide where we are going.    

    • A.

      Because

    • B.

      As

    • C.

      Seeing

    • D.

      See

    Correct Answer
    C. Seeing
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Seeing." This is because "Seeing" is a present participle that can be used to introduce a reason or cause. In this sentence, it suggests that the speaker will decide where they are going based on the fact that they are driving.

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  • 19. 

    He plays basketball well, ____ how small he is.    

    • A.

      Consider

    • B.

      In consider

    • C.

      Considering

    • D.

      To consider

    Correct Answer
    C. Considering
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Considering". This is because "considering" is a preposition that means taking into account or thinking about. In this sentence, it is used to show that despite his small size, he plays basketball well.

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  • 20. 

    ____ he was in some pain, he continued running.

    • A.

      But

    • B.

      Though

    • C.

      But for

    • D.

      What ever

    Correct Answer
    B. Though
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Though." This conjunction is used to introduce a contrast or concession between two ideas. In this sentence, it suggests that despite experiencing some pain, the person continued running.

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  • 21. 

    ____ the glasses, I couldn’t really see very well.

    • A.

      Me not having

    • B.

      Not me having

    • C.

      Having I not

    • D.

      Not having

    Correct Answer
    D. Not having
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Not having." This is because the phrase "Not having the glasses" indicates that the speaker did not possess or have the glasses, which resulted in their inability to see well.

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  • 22. 

    The house ____, we used to live, has been demolished.   

    • A.

      Which

    • B.

      When

    • C.

      Where

    • D.

      What

    Correct Answer
    C. Where
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Where." This is because the word "where" is used to ask about the location or place of something. In the given sentence, the word "where" is used to ask about the location of the house that used to be lived in and has been demolished.

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  • 23. 

    Ask the people ____ in the corridor to be quiet.

    • A.

      Talk

    • B.

      Talking

    • C.

      To talk

    • D.

      Been talking

    Correct Answer
    B. Talking
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Talking" because the sentence is asking for a present participle form of the verb to ask the people in the corridor to be quiet. The present participle form of the verb is "talking."

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  • 24. 

    While ____ for my passport, I found these old photographs

    • A.

      Looked

    • B.

      Look

    • C.

      Have looked

    • D.

      Looking

    Correct Answer
    D. Looking
    Explanation
    The sentence is in the past tense and the word "while" indicates a specific time frame. The action of finding the old photographs is happening simultaneously with the action of looking for the passport. Therefore, the correct verb form to use is "Looking," which is the present participle form of the verb "look."

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  • 25. 

    You can use my car ____ you drive carefully.

    • A.

      Ever

    • B.

      As long as

    • C.

      As soon as

    • D.

      Wherever

    Correct Answer
    B. As long as
    Explanation
    The phrase "as long as" is used to express a condition or requirement that must be met in order for something to happen or be allowed. In this context, it suggests that the speaker is willing to let the person use their car, but only if they drive carefully.

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  • 26. 

    I knew it was him ____i saw him.

    • A.

      Where

    • B.

      Wherever

    • C.

      As long as

    • D.

      As soon as

    Correct Answer
    D. As soon as
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "As soon as". This phrase indicates that the speaker recognized the person immediately after seeing them. It implies a quick and instantaneous recognition, suggesting that the speaker had prior knowledge or a strong familiarity with the person.

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  • 27. 

    . I've just _____ my car broken into.

    • A.

      Have

    • B.

      Had

    • C.

      Got

    • D.

      Get

    Correct Answer
    B. Had
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Had." The sentence suggests that the speaker's car was broken into in the past. "Had" is the past tense form of the verb "have," indicating that the event of the car being broken into occurred before the present moment.

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  • 28. 

    We'll have to work harder if we're going _____ the job done in time.

    • A.

      To get

    • B.

      To have

    • C.

      Get

    • D.

      Have

    Correct Answer
    A. To get
    Explanation
    To complete the job in time, it is necessary for us to put in more effort and work harder. The phrase "to get" implies taking action and making an effort to achieve the desired outcome, which aligns with the context of the sentence.

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  • 29. 

    It took a long time, but I _____ my car started in the end.

    • A.

      Had

    • B.

      Have

    • C.

      Got

    • D.

      Get

    Correct Answer
    C. Got
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Got" because it implies that after a long time, the speaker was finally able to start their car. The past tense of "get" is "got," indicating that the action of starting the car has already happened in the past.

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  • 30. 

    I'd like to have my car repaired.    

    • A.

      A)I want sb to repair the car.

    • B.

      I want to repair the car.

    • C.

      My car needs repairing

    • D.

      -

    Correct Answer
    A. A)I want sb to repair the car.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a) I want sb to repair the car." This answer accurately reflects the sentence "I'd like to have my car repaired." It suggests that the person wants someone else to repair their car, indicating that they are seeking assistance or hiring a professional to fix their vehicle.

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  • 31. 

    Choose the correct equivalent to the sentence: They reported that he had arrived.   

    • A.

      He was reported to arrive

    • B.

      He was reported to have arrived

    • C.

      He reported to have arrived.

    • D.

      He has been reported to arrive.

    Correct Answer
    B. He was reported to have arrived
    Explanation
    The correct equivalent to the sentence "They reported that he had arrived" is "He was reported to have arrived." This option accurately conveys the past tense reported action and the completion of the arrival.

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  • 32. 

    The police _____ to have found fingerprints at the scene of the crime.  

    • A.

      Was thought

    • B.

      Think

    • C.

      Thought

    • D.

      Were thought

    Correct Answer
    D. Were thought
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Were thought". This is because the sentence is in the passive voice, indicating that someone else thought that the police found fingerprints at the scene of the crime. The verb "were" is used with the plural subject "police".

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  • 33. 

    The owner of the bank _____ to have fled to South America

    • A.

      Report

    • B.

      Reports

    • C.

      Reported

    • D.

      Was reported

    Correct Answer
    D. Was reported
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Was reported." This is because the sentence is in the passive voice and is referring to an action that happened in the past. "Was reported" indicates that someone else reported the owner of the bank fleeing to South America.

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  • 34. 

    This car was believed _____.     

    • A.

      To have been stolen

    • B.

      To be stolen

    • C.

      To being stolen

    • D.

      To steal

    Correct Answer
    A. To have been stolen
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "to have been stolen". This is because the phrase "to have been stolen" is in the passive voice and indicates that the car was believed to have been the object of theft in the past. The other options do not convey the same meaning and do not fit grammatically in the sentence.

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  • 35. 

    We are going to have the food for the party _____ by a catering company

    • A.

      Make

    • B.

      Made

    • C.

      Making

    • D.

      Makes

    Correct Answer
    B. Made
    Explanation
    The sentence is in the future tense, indicating that the food for the party will be prepared by a catering company. The correct verb form to use in this case is "made," which is the past participle form of the verb "make." This form is used to indicate that the action of making the food will be completed before the party takes place.

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  • 36. 

    His restaurant was estimated _____ worth over $10 million.

    • A.

      Is

    • B.

      Are

    • C.

      Be

    • D.

      To have been

    Correct Answer
    C. Be
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Be" because the verb "be" is used to indicate a state or quality of something. In this sentence, the verb "be" is used in the passive voice to show that the restaurant was estimated to have a worth of over $10 million.

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  • 37. 

    I have _____ my groceries by the supermarket one a week

    • A.

      Are delievered

    • B.

      Delievered

    • C.

      Delivering

    • D.

      Deliver

    Correct Answer
    B. Delievered
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "delivered." The verb "deliver" is in the past tense, so it should be "delivered" to match the subject "I." The sentence is indicating that the groceries have already been delivered by the supermarket once a week.

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  • 38. 

    He is claimed _____ an influence on many other writers

    • A.

      Have

    • B.

      Been had

    • C.

      To have had

    • D.

      Had

    Correct Answer
    C. To have had
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "To have had". This is because the sentence is in the passive voice and requires the use of the past participle form of the verb "have". In this case, "to have had" is the correct form to indicate that someone claims that he has had an influence on many other writers.

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  • 39. 

    Our products _____ for safety regularly before they leave the factory.   Our products _____ for safety regularly before they leave the factory.  

    • A.

      Has been checked

    • B.

      Is checked

    • C.

      Are checking

    • D.

      Are checked

    Correct Answer
    D. Are checked
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Are checked". This is because the sentence is in the present tense and refers to a regular action that happens before the products leave the factory. The verb "are checked" agrees with the plural subject "our products".

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  • 40. 

    Much of the Amason forest _____ by the end of the decade

    • A.

      Will have been destroyed

    • B.

      Will be destroyed

    • C.

      Were destroyed

    • D.

      Is being destroyed

    Correct Answer
    A. Will have been destroyed
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Will have been destroyed." This is because the sentence is referring to a future time frame, specifically "by the end of the decade." The use of "will" indicates a future action, and "have been" is the future perfect passive tense, indicating that the destruction of the Amazon forest will be completed by the specified time.

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  • 41. 

    Everest _____half a century ago

    • A.

      Is first climbed

    • B.

      Was first climbed

    • C.

      Has been first climbed

    • D.

      Has first climbed

    Correct Answer
    B. Was first climbed
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "was first climbed." This is because the sentence is referring to an action that occurred in the past, specifically "half a century ago." The past tense of the verb "to climb" is "climbed," so the correct form of the verb to use in this sentence is "was first climbed."

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  • 42. 

    Chocolate bars _____ in the nineteenth century

    • A.

      Have been invented

    • B.

      Was invented

    • C.

      Were invented

    • D.

      Had been invented

    Correct Answer
    C. Were invented
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "were invented". This is because the sentence is referring to an action that happened in the past, specifically in the nineteenth century. Therefore, the past tense form "were invented" is the appropriate choice.

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  • 43. 

    The match _____, due to the weather last Sunday.

    • A.

      Are being not played

    • B.

      Were not played

    • C.

      Are not played

    • D.

      Was not played

    Correct Answer
    D. Was not played
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "was not played" because the subject "match" is singular and requires the singular form of the verb "to be" (was). The phrase "due to the weather last Sunday" indicates that the match did not take place, further supporting the use of the past tense "was not played."

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  • 44. 

    Every part of the world _____ by now.     

    • A.

      Was explored

    • B.

      Were explored

    • C.

      Are explored

    • D.

      Has been explored

    Correct Answer
    D. Has been explored
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "has been explored." This is because the sentence is referring to a completed action in the past, indicating that the exploration of every part of the world has already taken place. The phrase "has been explored" is in the present perfect tense, which is used to describe an action that started in the past and has a connection to the present.

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  • 45. 

    A new flu vaccine _____ in the USA.     

    • A.

      Has been found

    • B.

      Has been finding

    • C.

      Is found

    • D.

      Has found

    Correct Answer
    A. Has been found
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "has been found." This is because the sentence is in the present perfect tense, indicating an action that started in the past and is still relevant in the present. The use of "has been" suggests that the finding of the new flu vaccine is a recent development.

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  • 46. 

    Australia _____ by the British.     

    • A.

      Has been first colonized

    • B.

      Is first colonized

    • C.

      Was first colonized

    • D.

      Has first colonized

    Correct Answer
    C. Was first colonized
    Explanation
    Australia was first colonized by the British. This suggests that the colonization of Australia by the British happened in the past, indicating a completed action. The use of "was" as the helping verb in the past tense confirms this. The phrase "first colonized" indicates that there may have been subsequent colonizations after the initial one by the British.

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  • 47. 

    Various cereals _____ in this region

    • A.

      Is grown

    • B.

      Be grown

    • C.

      Growing

    • D.

      Are grown

    Correct Answer
    D. Are grown
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "are grown." This is because the sentence is discussing the cereals that are grown in a specific region. The verb "are grown" is in the present tense and matches the subject "cereals." The other options, "is grown," "be grown," and "growing," do not agree with the subject and are therefore incorrect.

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  • 48. 

    The police _____ notified about the robbery yesterday.      

    • A.

      Have been

    • B.

      Has been

    • C.

      Been

    • D.

      Were

    Correct Answer
    D. Were
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "were" because it agrees with the subject "police," which is a plural noun. "Were" is the past tense form of the verb "to be" used with plural subjects.

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  • 49. 

    The children _____ near the fountain in the park

    • A.

      Have been last seen

    • B.

      Were last seen

    • C.

      Was last seen     

    • D.

      Had been last seen

    Correct Answer
    B. Were last seen
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "were last seen" because the verb "were" agrees with the plural subject "children." Additionally, the phrase "last seen" indicates that the action of seeing the children occurred in the past.

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  • 50. 

    Dogs _____ as pets for centuries.     

    • A.

      Were kept

    • B.

      Are kept

    • C.

      Have kept

    • D.

      Have been kept

    Correct Answer
    D. Have been kept
    Explanation
    Dogs have been kept as pets for centuries. This answer accurately describes the continuous action of keeping dogs as pets over a long period of time. The use of "have been kept" indicates that this practice has been ongoing and is still happening in the present.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 24, 2017
    Quiz Created by
    Daulet
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