Icts English Language Arts Practice Test

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 442

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Illinois Certification Testing System ELA practice test


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following theories of learningemphasizes the roles of backgroundknowledge and context in the readingprocess?
    • A. 

      Behaviorism

    • B. 

      Constructivism

    • C. 

      Nativism

    • D. 

      Cognitivism

  • 2. 
    An eighth grade student has weak phonicsskills. A variety of the language artsteacher's instructional strategies have beenunsuccessful in improving the student'sability to rapidly decode unfamiliar,phonetically regular words. This teachercould best respond by taking which of thefollowing steps next?
    • A. 

      Collaborate with the school's special education teacher to design an instructional intervention to improve the student's phonics skills.

    • B. 

      Help the student compensate for this reading difficulty by developing the student's skill in using context and other word identification strategies.

    • C. 

      Consult with the school's reading specialist about screening the student for a possible reading disability.

    • D. 

      Interview the student's parents or guardians to determine whether personal or social factors are affecting the student's learning.

  • 3. 
    An English teacher designs an activity inwhich students work together to identifyas many words as possible that share acommon root (e.g., transport, portable,export). This activity is most likely topromote students' vocabulary developmentby helping the students learn to:
    • A. 

      Use a word's grammatical category to infer its meaning.

    • B. 

      Distinguish between a word's denotative meaning and its connotative meaning.

    • C. 

      Infer the meaning of an unfamiliar word by analyzing its structure.

    • D. 

      Determine which of several meanings of a word is most likely in a given context.

  • 4. 
    An eighth grade student who is astruggling reader will participate in aprogram in which older students readaloud predictable or rhyming books toearly-elementary students. This activityis most likely to promote the eighth gradestudent's reading development in whichof the following ways?
    • A. 

      Motivating the student to read ageappropriate literature

    • B. 

      Developing the student's phonemic awareness

    • C. 

      Encouraging the student to use metacognitive strategies

    • D. 

      Improving the student's reading fluency

  • 5. 
    Which of the following types of instructionalactivities for middle school studentsis likely to be most effective in promotingthe students' oral reading fluency?
    • A. 

      Preparing and delivering brief, extemporaneous speeches based on assigned reading

    • B. 

      Using interactive journal writing to reflect on literary texts

    • C. 

      Creating graphic organizers to summarize information in nonfiction texts

    • D. 

      Rehearsing and performing readers' theater productions

  • 6. 
    A high school English teacher couldbest model how to apply comprehensionstrategies such as predicting andquestioning by:
    • A. 

      Asking students a series of openended questions about a selection.

    • B. 

      Drawing a semantic map on the board based on information in a informational text.

    • C. 

      Retelling a short story after students have silently read the text.

    • D. 

      Engaging in a think-aloud process while reading aloud a selection to the class.

  • 7. 
    As part of an essay-writing assignment,a high school student has selected a mainidea but is having difficulty figuring outwhich details to include. Which of thefollowing prewriting strategies is likelyto be most effective in addressing thisdifficulty?
    • A. 

      Listing

    • B. 

      Brainstorming with a classmate

    • C. 

      Freewriting

    • D. 

      Creating a semantic map

  • 8. 
    Read the passage below; then answer the two questions that follow.1It is not often that the publication of a single book marks an important turning point in the emergence of a major social movement. 2But Betty Friedan's The Feminine Mystique did just that. 3Unlike most books, Friedan struck a nerve in her widely read work. 4In the book, she used a number of case studies to examine the alienation felt by many American housewives. 5These were women who had been told that marriage and family provided all one could reasonably expect from life and later found that it did not. 6Friedan's book tried to explain this discrepancy by looking at the ways in which educators, women's magazines, and advertisers manipulated the feminine mystique to convince women that happiness was a house filled with the latest consumer goods. 7The women who responded to Friedan's message did not immediately take their case into the streets. 8They did, however, begin to reexamine their lives. 9Many also began searching, often outside the home, for new means of achieving the sense of fulfillment they had been promised.8. Which of the following sentences shouldbe revised to correct a misplacedmodifier?
    • A. 

      Sentence 3

    • B. 

      Sentence 6

    • C. 

      Sentence 7

    • D. 

      Sentence 9

  • 9. 
    Which of the following revisions isneeded to correct an error in usage?
    • A. 

      Sentence 1: Change that to when.

    • B. 

      Sentence 2: Delete just.

    • C. 

      Sentence 5: Change it to they.

    • D. 

      Sentence 9: Insert that after fulfillment.

  • 10. 
    Which of the following statements bestdescribes the most important advantageof posting student writing on a Web site?
    • A. 

      It provides an interactive forum in which students can judge each other's writing.

    • B. 

      Being able to present one's work in a public medium encourages students to work in diverse genres.

    • C. 

      It allows students to assess the quality of their own writing.

    • D. 

      Being able to communicate with a real-life audience gives students incentives to improve their writing.

  • 11. 
    The reading technique of scanning islikely to be most effective for a readerwho wants to:
    • A. 

      Determine an author's logic.

    • B. 

      Locate specific examples of a process described by the author.

    • C. 

      Assess an author's credibility.

    • D. 

      Synthesize information from a text to develop a thesis.

  • 12. 
    While conducting research on the Internet,a student comes across a Web site containingbrief excerpts from a variety offamous nineteenth-century speeches. Thestudent would like to incorporate severalof these excerpts into a research paper.Before doing so, it is most important thatthe student:
    • A. 

      Determine whether the author of the Web site is an authority on the period.

    • B. 

      Check the excerpts against primary sources to ensure that they have not been taken out of context.

    • C. 

      Check whether any of the Web site's links provide additional information relating to the speakers.

    • D. 

      Examine secondary sources to establish the historical context of the speeches.

  • 13. 
    A political speaker is scheduled to givea speech to an audience of constituents.To prepare for the speech, the speakerstudies the demographic profile of theaudience so that generalizations made inthe speech can be designed to appeal tospecific segments of the audience. Whenanalyzing and using data in this way, it ismost important for the speaker to:
    • A. 

      Plan to spend an equal amount of time speaking to each segment of the audience.

    • B. 

      Inform the audience that demographic data has been used in the preparation of the speech.

    • C. 

      Ensure that any generalizations used in the speech are not stereotypical in nature.

    • D. 

      Provide full source citations for any demographic data used in the preparation of the speech.

  • 14. 
    Which of the following best describes whyindirect listener feedback is important to aspeaker?
    • A. 

      It prevents the speaker from accidentally offending the listener.

    • B. 

      It allows the speaker to prevent external interference from inhibiting the reception of his or her message.

    • C. 

      It helps the speaker overcome communication anxieties.

    • D. 

      It enables the speaker to calculate the effect that his or her message is having on the listener.

  • 15. 
    A high school student often experienceslistener apprehension when talking withteachers and has difficulty understandingand recalling what they say. Whendiscussing this problem with an Englishteacher, the student says: "I listen reallyreally hard to every single thing they say,but it's just too hard to remember it all!"Which of the following responses by theEnglish teacher is likely to be most helpfulto the student in addressing this difficulty?
    • A. 

      "Try to stop worrying about your own reactions and what people think of you. Concentrate instead on analyzing the content and tone of the speaker's message."

    • B. 

      "Even good listeners can have trouble paying attention. When your mind starts to wander, make a conscious effort to refocus on the speaker."

    • C. 

      "You may be jumping to conclusions about what the speaker is saying and misunderstanding the message. Use critical-thinking skills to analyze each point the speaker makes."

    • D. 

      "Sometimes a person can listen too hard. It isn't necessary or even possible to remember every detail of what a person says. Concentrate on getting the main ideas."

  • 16. 
    A speaker is nervous about delivering apresentation to a large, formal audience.Which of the following strategies is likelyto be most effective in minimizing thespeaker's communication anxiety?
    • A. 

      Acknowledging the nervousness to the audience at the outset of the presentation

    • B. 

      Memorizing every word and detail of the presentation as if it were a stage performance

    • C. 

      Preparing mentally for probable mistakes and planning ways to recover when such errors occur

    • D. 

      Being careful and thorough in preparing for the speech and allowing plenty of time to rehearse

  • 17. 
    The literary works of contemporarywriters Toni Morrison, Salman Rushdie,and Gabriel Garcia Marquez tend to sharewhich of the following characteristics?
    • A. 

      The depiction of a simple and orderly world view

    • B. 

      An emphasis on traditional literary structures

    • C. 

      A derision of the ideal of spiritual redemption

    • D. 

      The use of experimental narrative forms

  • 18. 
    Read the poem below, "I Hear America Singing" by Walt Whitman; then answer the twoquestions that follow.I hear America singing, the varied carols I hear,Those of mechanics, each one singing his as it should be blithe and strong,The carpenter singing his as he measures his plank or beam,The mason singing his as he makes ready for work, or leaves off work,The boatman singing what belongs to him in his boat, the deckhand singing on the steamboat deck, The shoemaker singing as he sits on his bench, the hatter singing as he stands,The wood-cutter's song, the ploughboy's on his way in the morning, or at noon intermission or at sundown, The delicious singing of the mother, or of the young wife at work, or of the girl sewing or washing, Each singing what belongs to him or her and to none else,The day what belongs to the day—at night the party of young fellows, robust, friendly,Singing with open mouths their strong melodious songs.18. Which of the following techniques is usedin this poem to enhance the impression ofmultiple voices raised in song?
    • A. 

      Internal rhymes

    • B. 

      Syntactic parallelism

    • C. 

      Metrical regularity

    • D. 

      Onomatopoeia

  • 19. 
    The verse form of this poem contributes toits meaning primarily by:
    • A. 

      Emphasizing the diverse individual cadences found in the voices of the American people.

    • B. 

      Illustrating his qualifications as a poetic spokesperson for the American people.

    • C. 

      Allowing him to celebrate the patriotic unity and loyalty of the American people.

    • D. 

      Establishing a metaphor for the disciplined industriousness of the American people.

  • 20. 
    While reading an assigned novel, eachstudent in a ninth grade English classcompiles a scrapbook that a centralcharacter from the novel might have kept.The items in the scrapbook may includesignificant items that are mentioned in thenovel as well as other items that are notspecifically mentioned but are in keepingwith the character. Which of the followingextensions of this activity would bestpromote students' skill in interpreting andanalyzing characters in fiction texts?
    • A. 

      Students present a portion of their scrapbooks to the class and explain what the items reveal about the character.

    • B. 

      Students vote on which scrapbook best reflects the designated character from the novel.

    • C. 

      Students compile another scrapbook for a secondary character in the novel and write a paragraph comparing the two scrapbooks.

    • D. 

      Students make changes in their scrapbooks based on feedback from the teacher and from other students in the class.

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