Humanities @ Gwinnett Tech - Midterm Review

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Humanities @ Gwinnett Tech - Midterm Review - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The set of shared values and behaviours shared by a group of people, developed over time, and passed down from one generation to the next is best defined as:

    • A.

      Community

    • B.

      Culture

    • C.

      History

    • D.

      Songs

    Correct Answer
    B. Culture
    Explanation
    Culture refers to the set of shared values and behaviors that are developed and passed down from one generation to the next within a group of people. It encompasses beliefs, customs, traditions, language, arts, and other aspects of a society. Culture plays a significant role in shaping the identity and norms of a community, influencing their social interactions, practices, and way of life. Therefore, culture is the best definition among the given options.

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  • 2. 

    In art, representations that imitate the reality in appearance of natural objects is best defined as:

    • A.

      Naturalism

    • B.

      Abstract

    • C.

      Messianic

    • D.

      Humanism

    Correct Answer
    A. Naturalism
    Explanation
    Naturalism in art refers to the representation of objects in a realistic and lifelike manner, imitating the appearance of nature. It involves capturing the details, proportions, and colors of natural objects with precision, often portraying them as they are seen in real life. Naturalistic art aims to create an accurate depiction of the physical world, emphasizing the observation and imitation of nature. This term is commonly used to describe artworks that closely resemble the natural world, whether it is in painting, sculpture, or other forms of visual art.

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  • 3. 

     The period when humans grouped together in small societies such asbands,  and subsisted by gathering plants and hunting or scavenging wild animals, and used stone tools is best defined as:

    • A.

      Neolithic Era

    • B.

      Paleolithic Era

    • C.

      Mesolithic Era

    • D.

      Common Age

    Correct Answer
    B. Paleolithic Era
    Explanation
    The Paleolithic Era refers to the time period when humans lived in small societies, relied on gathering plants and hunting or scavenging wild animals for sustenance, and used stone tools. This era is characterized by the development of early human culture and the use of basic tools made from stone. During this time, humans were nomadic and had not yet developed agriculture or settled communities.

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  • 4. 

    A distinctive kind of monumental stone architecture that were constructed without the use of mortar and represent the most basic form of architectural contrstuction.

    • A.

      Pyramid

    • B.

      Ziggurat

    • C.

      Megalith

    • D.

      Cave

    Correct Answer
    C. Megalith
    Explanation
    Megaliths are a distinctive kind of monumental stone architecture that were constructed without the use of mortar. They represent the most basic form of architectural construction as they consist of large stones that are stacked or arranged in a specific way to create structures such as tombs, dolmens, or stone circles. These structures were built by ancient civilizations and are often associated with religious or ceremonial purposes. The term "megalith" itself means "large stone" and refers to the size and significance of these structures.

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  • 5. 

    An ancient region of southwest Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in modern-day Iraq. Probably settled before 5000 b.c., the area was the home of numerous early civilizations, including Sumer, Akkad, Babylonia, and Assyria. It declined in importance after Mongol invaders destroyed its extensive irrigation system in a.d. 1258.

    Correct Answer
    mesopotamia
    Explanation
    Mesopotamia is the correct answer because it refers to the ancient region located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in modern-day Iraq. This region was home to several early civilizations such as Sumer, Akkad, Babylonia, and Assyria. It was settled before 5000 b.c. and experienced a decline in importance after the Mongol invaders destroyed its irrigation system in a.d. 1258.

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  • 6. 

    What is a pyramidal temple structure consisting of successive platforms with outside staircases and a shrine at the top?

    Correct Answer
    ziggurat
    Explanation
    A ziggurat is a pyramidal temple structure that is composed of multiple platforms with outside staircases leading to a shrine at the top. This architectural design was common in ancient Mesopotamia and was used as a religious center. The ziggurat served as a link between the heavens and the earth, and it was believed to be a sacred place where the gods would descend to communicate with humans. The word "ziggurat" comes from the Akkadian language, meaning "to build on a raised area." These structures were significant landmarks in ancient cities and symbolized the power and authority of the ruling class.

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  • 7. 

    The oldest story ever recorded is about a Sumerian king named ___________.

    • A.

      Ishtar

    • B.

      Iliad

    • C.

      Homer

    • D.

      Gilgamesh

    Correct Answer
    D. Gilgamesh
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Gilgamesh. Gilgamesh is considered to be the oldest recorded story in human history. It is an epic poem from ancient Mesopotamia, specifically Sumeria, which tells the tale of Gilgamesh, a legendary king. The story explores themes of heroism, friendship, and the search for immortality. It is believed to have been written around 2100 BCE and provides valuable insights into the culture and beliefs of the Sumerian civilization.

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  • 8. 

    Which Fertile Crescent culture was monotheistic and forced out of their homeland in about 2000 BCE?

    • A.

      Egyptians

    • B.

      Hebrews

    • C.

      Akkadians

    • D.

      Sumarians

    Correct Answer
    B. Hebrews
    Explanation
    The Hebrews were a Fertile Crescent culture that was monotheistic and forced out of their homeland around 2000 BCE. This refers to the biblical account of the Hebrews' exodus from Egypt and their journey to Canaan. The Hebrews' monotheistic beliefs, centered around the worship of one God, set them apart from other cultures in the region. The Hebrews' expulsion from their homeland is a significant event in their history and is documented in the biblical book of Exodus.

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  • 9. 

    The sacred chest that the Hebrews used to carry the ten commandments given to Moses, as told by the Bible?

    Correct Answer
    the Ark of the Covenant
    Ark of the Covenant
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Ark of the Covenant. This refers to the sacred chest that the Hebrews used to carry the ten commandments given to Moses, as mentioned in the Bible. The Ark of the Covenant held great religious and historical significance for the Hebrews and was considered a symbol of God's presence among them. It was believed to be a powerful artifact that represented the covenant between God and the Israelites.

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  • 10. 

    Polythiesm means to hold a belief in multiple:

    • A.

      Governments

    • B.

      Gods

    • C.

      Chiefs

    • D.

      Sacred texts

    Correct Answer
    B. Gods
    Explanation
    Polytheism refers to the belief in multiple gods. This belief system is characterized by the worship and recognition of numerous deities, each with their own specific powers and responsibilities. Polytheistic religions, such as ancient Greek, Roman, and Hindu religions, often involve rituals, sacrifices, and prayers to different gods for various aspects of life. This stands in contrast to monotheism, which believes in the existence of a single god.

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  • 11. 

    A form of writing invited by the ancient Egyptians using pictograms, phonograms and determintives meaning "writing of the gods" is called hieroglyphs.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Hieroglyphs were indeed a form of writing used by the ancient Egyptians. They consisted of pictograms, which represented objects or ideas, as well as phonograms, which represented sounds. Additionally, determinatives were used to clarify the meaning of words. The term "writing of the gods" refers to hieroglyphs because they were believed to be a divine form of communication. Therefore, the statement that hieroglyphs are a form of writing invited by the ancient Egyptians is true.

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  • 12. 

    Born to aristocratic parents in the provence of Shandong in 551 BCE, this person had begun teaching a way of life based on self discipline and proper relations among people. Traditional Chinese values such as self control, propriety and respect for one's elders lie at the core of this system. Who is this person?

    • A.

      Buddah

    • B.

      Confucius

    • C.

      Shiva

    • D.

      Tutankamun

    Correct Answer
    B. Confucius
    Explanation
    Confucius is the correct answer to this question. Confucius was born in Shandong in 551 BCE and is known for teaching a way of life based on self-discipline and proper relations among people. His teachings emphasized traditional Chinese values such as self-control, propriety, and respect for one's elders. Confucius had a significant influence on Chinese culture and philosophy, and his teachings continue to be influential today.

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  • 13. 

    This image is found where?

    • A.

      Lascaux Cave, Dordogen France

    • B.

      Susa, southwest Iran

    • C.

      Chauvet Cave, Vallon-Pond-d;arc, Ardeche gorge, France

    Correct Answer
    A. Lascaux Cave, Dordogen France
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Lascaux Cave, Dordogen France. This is because the image is found in the Lascaux Cave in Dordogne, France. The Lascaux Cave is famous for its prehistoric cave paintings, which date back to the Upper Paleolithic period. The cave is known for its well-preserved and intricate paintings of animals, including horses, deer, and bulls. These paintings provide valuable insights into the lives and artistic abilities of our ancient ancestors.

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  • 14. 

    This image was created approximately when?

    • A.

      25,000-20,000 BCE

    • B.

      15,000-13,000 BCE

    • C.

      8,000-5,000 BCE

    • D.

      18,000-16,000 BCE

    Correct Answer
    B. 15,000-13,000 BCE
    Explanation
    The image was created approximately between 15,000-13,000 BCE.

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  • 15. 

    This figure was created when?

    • A.

      8,000-5,000 BCE

    • B.

      15,000-13,000 BCE

    • C.

      25,000-20,000 BCE

    • D.

      18,000-16,000 BCE

    Correct Answer
    C. 25,000-20,000 BCE
  • 16. 

    The name of this figure is?

    • A.

      Venus of Vienna

    • B.

      Venus of Neolith

    • C.

      Venus of Lawrenceville

    • D.

      Venus of Willendorf

    Correct Answer
    D. Venus of Willendorf
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Venus of Willendorf. The Venus of Willendorf is a small figurine depicting a woman, believed to be a fertility symbol. It was discovered in Willendorf, Austria in 1908 and is estimated to have been created around 25,000 years ago. The figurine is made of limestone and is notable for its exaggerated features, such as the large breasts, belly, and thighs. It is considered an important artifact in the field of archaeology and provides insight into the beliefs and culture of prehistoric societies.

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  • 17. 

    The ziggurat at Ur, modern Muqaiyir, Iraq was built when?

    • A.

      Circa 1200 BCE

    • B.

      Circa 2100 BCE

    • C.

      Circa 1200 CE

    • D.

      Circa 2100 CE

    Correct Answer
    B. Circa 2100 BCE
    Explanation
    The ziggurat at Ur, modern Muqaiyir, Iraq was built circa 2100 BCE. This is based on historical and archaeological evidence that suggests the construction of the ziggurat during the Early Bronze Age in Mesopotamia. The ziggurat served as a religious and administrative center in the city of Ur, and its construction during this time period aligns with the flourishing of the Sumerian civilization in the region.

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  • 18. 

    The above peice, from tomb 779, cemetery at Ur (modern Muqaiyir, Iraq), circa 2600 BCE is titled what?

    • A.

      Royal Standard of Ur

    • B.

      Royal Pillow of Ur

    • C.

      Standard Pillow of Ur

    • D.

      Royal Happiness of Ur

    Correct Answer
    A. Royal Standard of Ur
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Royal Standard of Ur". The given piece from tomb 779 in the cemetery at Ur is titled as the Royal Standard of Ur. This artifact, dating back to circa 2600 BCE, is a significant archaeological find from ancient Mesopotamia. It is a wooden box-shaped object with intricate mosaics depicting scenes of war, peace, and various aspects of life in Ur. The term "standard" refers to a type of ceremonial object or flag used in ancient times, and the "Royal" signifies its association with the ruling elite of Ur.

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  • 19. 

     The law code of Hammurabi survives on a giant structure know as what? (created in Susa, modern Shush, Iran, circa 1760 BCE) It records decisions or decrees made by Hamurabi over 40 years of his reign.

    • A.

      Stele of Law

    • B.

      Stele of Shamash

    • C.

      Stele of Hammurabi

    • D.

      Stele of Babylon

    Correct Answer
    C. Stele of Hammurabi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Stele of Hammurabi." The Stele of Hammurabi is a giant structure that was created in Susa, modern Shush, Iran, around 1760 BCE. It serves as a record of decisions or decrees made by Hammurabi during his 40-year reign.

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  • 20. 

    The object seen here is know as what? (from Hierakonpolis, Dynasty 1, circa 3000 BCE)

    • A.

      Narmer's Palette

    • B.

      Palette of Narmer

    • C.

      Ritual disc

    • D.

      Ritual shield

    Correct Answer
    B. Palette of Narmer
    Explanation
    The object seen here is known as the Palette of Narmer. The Palette of Narmer is an ancient Egyptian artifact from the First Dynasty, dating back to around 3000 BCE. It is a ceremonial palette that was used for grinding and mixing cosmetics. The palette is decorated with intricate carvings depicting scenes of Narmer, a pharaoh of the Early Dynastic Period, engaged in various rituals and battles. The palette is significant because it provides valuable insights into the early development of Egyptian art and symbolism.

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  • 21. 

    This is inner coffin of _________ _______________'s sarcophagus, from his tomb, Valley of the Kings, Western Thebes. Dynasty 18, circa 1335-1327 BCE.

    Correct Answer
    King Tutankamun, Tutankamun
    Explanation
    This is the inner coffin of King Tutankamun's sarcophagus, from his tomb in the Valley of the Kings, Western Thebes. It belongs to Dynasty 18 and dates back to circa 1335-1327 BCE.

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  • 22. 

    The Great Wall, near Bejing, China begun in the ________ _____ __________ BCE is approximately 4,100 miles long with an average height of 25 feet.

    • A.

      Late 4th century

    • B.

      Early 4th century

    • C.

      Late 3rd century

    • D.

      Early 3rd century

    Correct Answer
    C. Late 3rd century
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "late 3rd century". The Great Wall, near Beijing, China, began construction in the late 3rd century BCE. It is approximately 4,100 miles long and has an average height of 25 feet.

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  • 23. 

    This place  is a flat-topped rock that rises 150 m (490 ft) above sea level in the city of Athens with  a surface area of about 3 hectacres. It served as the city's citadel (a fortress meant for protecting a town).

    • A.

      Acropolis

    • B.

      Parthenon

    • C.

      Theater

    • D.

      Sanctuary

    Correct Answer
    A. Acropolis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Acropolis. The description provided matches the characteristics of the Acropolis in Athens. It is a flat-topped rock that rises above sea level, serving as the city's citadel. The Acropolis has a surface area of about 3 hectares and is home to iconic structures such as the Parthenon.

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  • 24. 

    This culture flourished on Crete after the collapse of Knossos from about 1450 BCE. They lived in communities surrounding fortified hilltops and battle and hunting scenes dominate their art. They were essentially feudal in nature. They engaged in trade, especially for copper and tin to make bronze.

    • A.

      Minoan culture

    • B.

      Mycenean culture

    • C.

      Cycladic culture

    Correct Answer
    A. Minoan culture
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Minoan culture. The Minoan culture flourished on Crete after the collapse of Knossos around 1450 BCE. They lived in communities surrounding fortified hilltops and their art often depicted battle and hunting scenes. The Minoans were known for their trade, particularly for copper and tin which they used to make bronze. They were essentially feudal in nature, with a hierarchical social structure.

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  • 25. 

    The king of the gods and master of the sky, usually bearded and associated with the eagle and the thunder bolt.

    • A.

      Ares

    • B.

      Apollo

    • C.

      Zeus

    • D.

      Hermes

    Correct Answer
    C. Zeus
    Explanation
    Zeus is the correct answer because he is commonly known as the king of the gods and is associated with the sky. He is often depicted with a beard and is symbolized by the eagle and the thunderbolt. Ares is the god of war, Apollo is the god of the sun, and Hermes is the messenger of the gods, so they do not fit the description given in the question.

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  • 26. 

    Goddess of war, but also, through her association with Athens, of civilization; the daughter of Zeus, born from his head. Often helmeted, shield and spear in hand. The owl and the olive tree are sacred to her.

    • A.

      Aphrodite

    • B.

      Athena

    • C.

      Demeter

    • D.

      Persephone

    Correct Answer
    B. Athena
    Explanation
    The given description mentions that the goddess is associated with war and civilization, and is the daughter of Zeus. She is often depicted with a helmet, shield, and spear, which are symbols of war. Additionally, the owl and the olive tree are sacred to her. Based on these characteristics, the correct answer is Athena, who is known as the goddess of wisdom, warfare, and civilization in Greek mythology.

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  • 27. 

    The ___________ order of column is considered sturdy and simple. It is also the heaviest of columns.

    • A.

      Corinthian

    • B.

      Ionic

    • C.

      Doric

    Correct Answer
    C. Doric
    Explanation
    The Doric order of column is considered sturdy and simple. It is characterized by its plain, unadorned design and is known for its heavy and solid appearance. The Doric order is the oldest and most basic of the three classical orders of architecture. It is typically used in ancient Greek and Roman buildings, and its simplicity and strength make it suitable for supporting heavy structures.

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  • 28. 

    The ______________ order of column is considered more elegant in detail, it's capital characterized by a scroll like motif.

    • A.

      Corinthian

    • B.

      Ionic

    • C.

      Doric

    Correct Answer
    B. Ionic
    Explanation
    The Ionic order of column is considered more elegant in detail, with its capital characterized by a scroll-like motif. This style of column is known for its graceful and ornate design, featuring volutes or spiral scrolls on the capital. The Ionic order is often associated with a sense of sophistication and refinement, making it a popular choice in classical architecture.

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  • 29. 

    The ______________ order of column is considered the lightest and smallest of the three orders. It is also considerably more elaborate than the other two orders. It's distinguished by it's flowery burst of leaves.

    • A.

      Corinthian

    • B.

      Ionic

    • C.

      Doric

    Correct Answer
    A. Corinthian
    Explanation
    The Corinthian order of column is considered the lightest and smallest of the three orders. It is also considerably more elaborate than the other two orders. It is distinguished by its flowery burst of leaves.

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  • 30. 

    ____________ meaning "young man" was a widespread genre of sculpture that celebrated the male body.  The celebration of the nude male form is distinctly Greek.

    • A.

      Kouros

    • B.

      Kore

    Correct Answer
    A. Kouros
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "kouros." Kouros refers to a widespread genre of sculpture in ancient Greece that specifically depicted young men. These sculptures celebrated the male body in its nude form, highlighting the idealized beauty and strength of the male physique. The term "kouros" is derived from Greek and signifies a young man. This genre of sculpture was prevalent in Greek art and played a significant role in their artistic expression and cultural ideals.

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  • 31. 

    _____________ meaning "miadens"was a genre of sculptural renderings that were typically smaller/shorter than their male counter parts. They were probably votive offerings to Athena.

    • A.

      Kouros

    • B.

      Kore

    Correct Answer
    B. Kore
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "kore". The explanation for this is that "kore" refers to a genre of sculptural renderings that were smaller or shorter than their male counterparts. They were often depicted as female figures and were believed to be votive offerings to the goddess Athena.

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  • 32. 

    This monument was built to give thanks to Athena for the salvation of Athens and Greece in the Persian wars, but it was also a tangible sign of the power and might of the Athenian state. It is the centerpiece of the Acropolis. It's architects, Ictinus and Callicrates, used the Doric order in it's perfect form. Construction was concluded in 432 BCE.

    • A.

      Temple of Athena Nike

    • B.

      Parthenon

    • C.

      Alter of Zeus

    • D.

      Pantheon

    Correct Answer
    B. Parthenon
    Explanation
    The Parthenon is the correct answer because it was built to give thanks to Athena for the salvation of Athens and Greece in the Persian wars. It also served as a symbol of the power and might of the Athenian state. The architects of the Parthenon, Ictinus and Callicrates, used the Doric order in its perfect form. Construction of the Parthenon was completed in 432 BCE.

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  • 33. 

    The ______________ was considered by the Greeks to be the most beautiful of all proportions. They recognized that it could easily be divided and subdivided into identically proportioned sections.

    • A.

      Golden Rule

    • B.

      Golden Section

    • C.

      Golden Rectangle

    • D.

      Golden Arrow

    Correct Answer
    C. Golden Rectangle
    Explanation
    The Greeks believed that the Golden Rectangle was the most beautiful of all proportions because it could be divided and subdivided into identical sections. This proportion, also known as the Golden Section, is a mathematical ratio that is aesthetically pleasing to the eye. It is often found in art, architecture, and design, as it is believed to create a sense of harmony and balance.

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  • 34. 

    The architectural ornament consisting of a horizontal sculptured band between the architrave and the cornice is called what?

    • A.

      Metope

    • B.

      Frieze

    • C.

      Pediment

    Correct Answer
    B. Frieze
    Explanation
    A frieze is a horizontal sculptured band that is located between the architrave and the cornice in architecture. It is a decorative element that can feature various designs, such as reliefs or carvings. The frieze is an important component of classical architecture and can be found in buildings such as temples or public buildings. It adds visual interest and detail to the overall design of the structure.

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  • 35. 

    In ancient Greece, ________ were a category of teachers who specialized in using the tools of philosophy and rhetoric  for the purpose of teaching arete - excellence, or virtue - predominantly to young statesmen and nobility.

    • A.

      Humanists

    • B.

      Thespians

    • C.

      Sophists

    • D.

      Pre-Socratics

    Correct Answer
    C. Sophists
    Explanation
    Sophists were a specific group of teachers in ancient Greece who focused on using philosophy and rhetoric to teach excellence or virtue, particularly to young statesmen and nobility. They were known for their skills in persuasive speaking and argumentation, and their teachings often emphasized practical knowledge and the art of persuasion rather than seeking ultimate truth or knowledge. This answer is correct because it accurately identifies the group of teachers who specialized in teaching arete to the target audience.

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  • 36. 

    In antient Greece, a  ____________ was an amusing or light hearted play designed to make its audience laugh.

    • A.

      Comedy

    • B.

      Tragedy

    • C.

      Satyr

    • D.

      Tetralogies

    Correct Answer
    A. Comedy
    Explanation
    In ancient Greece, a comedy was a type of play that aimed to entertain the audience and make them laugh. These plays typically had humorous plots, witty dialogue, and exaggerated characters. Unlike tragedies, which focused on serious and often tragic events, comedies provided a lighthearted and amusing experience for the spectators. Satyr plays were also a form of comedy, but they had a more bawdy and satirical nature. Tetralogies, on the other hand, were a series of four connected plays, usually consisting of three tragedies and one satyr play.

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  • 37. 

    In ancient Greece, a _____________ often explored the physical and moral depths to which human life can descend.

    • A.

      Comedy

    • B.

      Tragedy

    • C.

      Satyr

    • D.

      Tetralogies

    Correct Answer
    B. Tragedy
    Explanation
    In ancient Greece, a tragedy often explored the physical and moral depths to which human life can descend. Tragedies were dramatic plays that depicted the downfall of a noble or heroic character, usually due to a fatal flaw or a combination of circumstances. They often dealt with themes of fate, hubris, and the consequences of actions. Tragedies aimed to evoke pity and fear in the audience and were considered to be a serious and profound form of storytelling.

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  • 38. 

    The main character in a play or other literary work is called the ______________.

    • A.

      Sophist

    • B.

      Antagonist

    • C.

      Protagonist

    • D.

      Cyclops

    Correct Answer
    C. Protagonist
    Explanation
    A protagonist is the main character in a play or literary work. They are usually the central figure around whom the story revolves, and their actions and decisions drive the plot forward. The protagonist is often the character with whom the audience or readers sympathize and connect the most, and their journey and development are key elements of the narrative.

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  • 39. 

    The principal character(s) in opposition to the main character in a play or literary work is called the _______________.

    • A.

      Sophist

    • B.

      Antagonist

    • C.

      Protagonist

    • D.

      Cyclops

    Correct Answer
    B. Antagonist
    Explanation
    The principal character(s) in opposition to the main character in a play or literary work is called the antagonist. The antagonist serves as a source of conflict and obstacles for the protagonist, creating tension and driving the plot forward. They may have conflicting goals, values, or beliefs, and their actions often directly oppose those of the main character. The presence of an antagonist adds depth and complexity to the story, as the protagonist must overcome their opposition in order to achieve their objectives.

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  • 40. 

    This is the site of the best preserved of all Greek theaters, built in the early third century BCE.

    • A.

      Athens

    • B.

      Sparta

    • C.

      Epidaurus

    • D.

      Lawrenceville

    Correct Answer
    C. Epidaurus
    Explanation
    Epidaurus is the best preserved Greek theater, built in the early third century BCE.

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  • 41. 

    The _________________ _____ was ushered in when Alexander the Great defeated the forces of Athens and Thebes and unified Greece. Alexander established the greatest empire in the known world. Aristotle taught that by observing the material world one could come to know universal truths. The art of this period displayed a sense of animation, drama and psychological complexity.

    • A.

      Golden Era

    • B.

      Hellenistic Age

    • C.

      Peaceful Period

    • D.

      Philosopher's Rule

    Correct Answer
    B. Hellenistic Age
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Hellenistic Age. The Hellenistic Age refers to the period of time after Alexander the Great's conquests when Greek culture spread throughout the known world. This era was characterized by a blending of Greek, Persian, Egyptian, and other cultures, resulting in a rich and diverse artistic and intellectual landscape. The art of this period often depicted dynamic and emotional scenes, reflecting the influence of Greek drama and philosophy. The Hellenistic Age was a time of great cultural and intellectual flourishing, making it the most fitting answer for the given description.

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  • 42. 

    This person lived from ~356 BCE to 323 BCE. He created a legacy that established Greece as the model against which all cultures in the West had to measure themselves. He founed over 70 cities throughout his empire, naming many of them after himself. Who was he?

    Correct Answer
    Alexander the Great
    Alexander of Macedonia
    Explanation
    The person described in the question is Alexander the Great, also known as Alexander of Macedonia. He lived from approximately 356 BCE to 323 BCE and his legacy established Greece as the standard by which all Western cultures were measured. He founded over 70 cities in his empire and named many of them after himself, showcasing his influence and power.

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  • 43. 

    This marble figure entitled Figurine of a Woman from the Cyclades was created when?

    • A.

      Circa 10,000 BCE

    • B.

      Circa 2500 BCE

    • C.

      Circa 200 BCE

    • D.

      Circa 2012

    Correct Answer
    B. Circa 2500 BCE
    Explanation
    The correct answer is circa 2500 BCE. This is because the figurine of a woman from the Cyclades was created around this time period. The use of the term "circa" indicates that the exact date is not known, but it is estimated to be around 2500 BCE.

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  • 44. 

    Built circa 1300 BCE this gate found in Mycenae Greece is called what?

    • A.

      Dwarf's Gate

    • B.

      Peasant's Gate

    • C.

      Lion Gate

    • D.

      Tiger Gate

    Correct Answer
    C. Lion Gate
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Lion Gate. The Lion Gate is a famous archaeological site in Mycenae, Greece, built around 1300 BCE. It is named after the two large lion sculptures that guard the entrance of the gate. The gate is significant because it is one of the best-preserved examples of Mycenaean architecture and is considered a symbol of the Mycenaean civilization.

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  • 45. 

    This cup entitled Vaphio Cup, from a tomb at Vaphio, south of Sparta, Greece was created circa 1650-1450 BCE. What culture did it originate from?

    • A.

      Mycenean

    • B.

      Minoan

    • C.

      Akkadian

    • D.

      Cycladic

    Correct Answer
    B. Minoan
    Explanation
    The Vaphio Cup is associated with the Minoan culture. It was discovered in a tomb at Vaphio, located south of Sparta in Greece. The cup's style and design are characteristic of the Minoan civilization, which thrived on the island of Crete during the Bronze Age. The Minoans were known for their advanced art and pottery techniques, as well as their maritime trade and sophisticated society. The cup's origin from the Minoan culture is supported by its location of discovery and its stylistic features.

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  • 46. 

    This amphora (Greek jar with an egg shaped body and two curved handles used for storing oil or wine) dating back to circa 540-530 BCE is entitled what?

    • A.

      Baskin Robins amphora

    • B.

      Botkin Class amphora

    • C.

      Basketball Hoop amphora

    • D.

      Botany Class amphora

    Correct Answer
    B. Botkin Class amphora
  • 47. 

    This is an example of which order of columns?

    • A.

      Doric

    • B.

      Ionic

    • C.

      Corinthian

    Correct Answer
    A. Doric
    Explanation
    The given answer is Doric. The question is asking about the order of columns, and the options provided are Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. Doric is one of the three classical orders of ancient Greek and Roman architecture, characterized by its simple and sturdy design. It is known for its plain, fluted columns with no base and a simple capital consisting of a rounded echinus and a square abacus. The Doric order is the oldest and most basic of the three orders, and it is often associated with strength and masculinity.

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  • 48. 

    This is an example of which order of columns?

    • A.

      Doric

    • B.

      Ionic

    • C.

      Corinthian

    Correct Answer
    B. Ionic
    Explanation
    This question is asking for the order of columns, specifically in relation to the Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian styles. The correct answer is "Ionic," which suggests that the Ionic order is the second in the sequence, following the Doric order and preceding the Corinthian order.

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  • 49. 

    This is an example of which order of columns?

    • A.

      Doric

    • B.

      Ionic

    • C.

      Corinthian

    Correct Answer
    C. Corinthian
    Explanation
    This question is asking for the order of columns, specifically the type of column known as Corinthian. The correct answer is Corinthian, which is the third and final order of columns in classical architecture, following Doric and Ionic. The Corinthian order is characterized by its ornate capital, featuring acanthus leaves and scrolls.

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  • 50. 

    After the Persians destoryed Athens in 479 BCE, the entire city, including this site  had to be rebuilt. What is the name of this place?

    • A.

      The Fortress

    • B.

      The Overlook

    • C.

      The Acropolis

    • D.

      The Acromonion

    Correct Answer
    C. The Acropolis
    Explanation
    After the Persians destroyed Athens in 479 BCE, the entire city had to be rebuilt. The Acropolis is the name of the place that had to be rebuilt. The Acropolis is a famous ancient citadel located on a rocky outcrop above the city of Athens. It is home to several ancient buildings and structures, including the Parthenon, which is one of the most famous landmarks in Greece. The Acropolis holds great historical and cultural significance and is considered a symbol of ancient Greek civilization.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 14, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Yobeccah
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