The Ultimate World History Exam Prep Test Part- IV

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World History Quizzes & Trivia

World history is a vast and fascinating subject with a wide array of interests. It is important to study world history so we can learn more about other continents and countries. In this quiz, you should know the causes of the Latin American Revolution, New Imperialism, who Montezuma was, and what world trade was like before the 1450s. You unquestionably need to try this valuable quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What was the causes of Latin American Revolutions?

    • A.

      Glorious Revolution, the Opium War, and American Independence

    • B.

      The Caste system

    • C.

      Enlightenment, French Revolution, American Revolution

    Correct Answer
    C. Enlightenment, French Revolution, American Revolution
    Explanation
    The Latin American Revolutions were caused by the Enlightenment ideas that spread throughout Europe and the Americas, as well as the influence of the French and American Revolutions. The Enlightenment promoted concepts such as individual rights, equality, and the idea that people had the right to revolt against oppressive governments. The French and American Revolutions served as examples of successful revolutions against monarchy and colonial rule, inspiring Latin American revolutionaries to fight for independence from Spanish and Portuguese colonial powers. The combination of these factors led to the outbreak of the Latin American Revolutions.

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  • 2. 

    What is New Imperialism?

    • A.

      The mother country understood the needs/cultures of the colonies

    • B.

      The mother country changed the colonies to be just like itself

    • C.

      The mother country allowed more of the people in the colonies to be in the government

    Correct Answer
    A. The mother country understood the needs/cultures of the colonies
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The mother country understood the needs/cultures of the colonies." This answer suggests that during the period of New Imperialism, the mother country had a better understanding of the needs and cultures of the colonies under its control. This understanding could have led to more effective governance and policies that took into account the specific circumstances and aspirations of the colonies.

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  • 3. 

    Who was Montezuma?

    • A.

      The American who brought trade to Japan

    • B.

      The German leader for its unification

    • C.

      The Aztec leader of the empire

    Correct Answer
    C. The Aztec leader of the empire
    Explanation
    Montezuma was the Aztec leader of the empire. He ruled over the Aztec civilization during the early 16th century. Montezuma is known for his role in expanding the Aztec empire and his encounters with the Spanish conquistador, Hernán Cortés. He was a powerful and influential leader, but ultimately his empire was conquered by the Spanish forces.

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  • 4. 

    Describe world trade before 1450s

    • A.

      Local trades connected

    • B.

      World trades unconnected

    • C.

      Local trades unconnected

    Correct Answer
    C. Local trades unconnected
    Explanation
    Before the 1450s, world trade was characterized by local trades that were unconnected. This means that trade primarily occurred within local regions or communities, with limited or no interaction or exchange between different parts of the world. There was little to no global integration or interconnectedness in terms of trade networks or routes.

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  • 5. 

    What countries had silver as its natural resources?

    • A.

      North and South America, and Japan

    • B.

      Africa and the Americas

    • C.

      Japan and Africa

    Correct Answer
    A. North and South America, and Japan
    Explanation
    Silver is a natural resource found in various countries around the world. North and South America are known for their significant silver deposits, with countries like Mexico, Peru, and Bolivia being major producers. Japan also has silver as a natural resource, although its production is relatively smaller compared to the Americas. Africa, on the other hand, is not typically associated with significant silver deposits. Therefore, the correct answer is North and South America, and Japan.

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  • 6. 

    What is the term for favorable balance of trade, more exports, resources, and markets?

    • A.

      Caste System

    • B.

      Mercantilism

    • C.

      Bastillism

    Correct Answer
    B. Mercantilism
    Explanation
    Mercantilism is the correct answer because it refers to an economic policy that emphasizes a favorable balance of trade, with more exports than imports. It also focuses on acquiring and controlling resources and markets to strengthen the nation's economy and power. The term "caste system" refers to a social hierarchy based on hereditary classes, while "bastillism" is not a recognized term and does not relate to the concept described in the question.

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  • 7. 

    What was the Columbian Exchange?

    • A.

      Trade between America, Africa, and Europe

    • B.

      Trade of silver from Spain to China

    • C.

      Trade of gold and slaves to the Aztecs

    Correct Answer
    A. Trade between America, Africa, and Europe
    Explanation
    The Columbian Exchange refers to the widespread exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and ideas between the Americas, Africa, and Europe following Christopher Columbus's voyage in 1492. This trade network had a profound impact on the world, as it introduced new crops and livestock to different regions, facilitated the spread of diseases, and led to cultural and societal changes. The exchange of goods and ideas between these continents played a significant role in shaping the modern world.

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  • 8. 

    What was the origin of the slave trade?

    • A.

      Africa was overpopulated so they sold people as slaves for money

    • B.

      Africans were cheap and easy to take and they could be tricked into going into America

    • C.

      Africans could work in harsh conditions and are immune to diseases

    Correct Answer
    C. Africans could work in harsh conditions and are immune to diseases
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that Africans could work in harsh conditions and are immune to diseases. This explanation suggests that the origin of the slave trade was rooted in the belief that Africans were better suited for labor-intensive work due to their ability to withstand harsh conditions and their perceived immunity to diseases. This justification was used to justify the enslavement and forced labor of African individuals during the era of the transatlantic slave trade.

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  • 9. 

    What is a result of the Silver trade?

    • A.

      The value of money decreased

    • B.

      Silk's value increased

    • C.

      Chinese started to want gold

    Correct Answer
    A. The value of money decreased
    Explanation
    The result of the Silver trade was that the value of money decreased. This can be attributed to the influx of silver into the economy, which led to an increase in the money supply. As a result, the purchasing power of each unit of currency decreased, causing inflation. This phenomenon is commonly observed in situations where there is a significant increase in the supply of a particular currency or precious metal.

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  • 10. 

    What was the Middle Passage of the Slave Trade?

    • A.

      Slaves from Africa to America

    • B.

      Finished products Europe to Africa

    • C.

      Resources from America to Europe

    Correct Answer
    A. Slaves from Africa to America
    Explanation
    The Middle Passage was a crucial part of the transatlantic slave trade, involving the transportation of enslaved Africans from Africa to the Americas. It was called the "Middle Passage" because it was the middle leg of the triangular trade route, which connected Europe, Africa, and the Americas. During this horrific journey, slaves were packed into overcrowded and unsanitary ships, enduring extreme cruelty, disease, and death. It is estimated that millions of Africans were forcibly transported across the Atlantic Ocean, enduring unimaginable suffering and contributing to the growth of the slave labor system in the Americas.

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  • 11. 

    Which area does NOT match with its exports?

    • A.

      China- silk and porcelain

    • B.

      Songhai- silver and wheat

    • C.

      Spanish America- silver, sugar, and slaves

    Correct Answer
    B. Songhai- silver and wheat
    Explanation
    Songhai exports gold, salt, and slaves. And it is in West Africa.

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  • 12. 

    Where was the Ottoman Empire?

    • A.

      From West China to Southern Russia and East Europe

    • B.

      From Egypt to South Africa and India

    • C.

      From Middle East (Turkey) to East Europe and Middle East

    Correct Answer
    C. From Middle East (Turkey) to East Europe and Middle East
    Explanation
    The Ottoman Empire was located from the Middle East (Turkey) to East Europe and the Middle East. This empire spanned across various regions and had control over territories in present-day Turkey, Greece, Bulgaria, Egypt, Iraq, Syria, and parts of Eastern Europe. It had a significant influence in the Middle East and Eastern Europe, making it a major power during its existence from the 14th to the early 20th century.

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  • 13. 

    What was Meritocracy?

    • A.

      When you award people to higher positions by birth

    • B.

      When you award people to higher positions by how much you can suck up

    • C.

      When you award people to higher positions by what you did

    Correct Answer
    C. When you award people to higher positions by what you did
    Explanation
    Meritocracy is a system in which individuals are awarded higher positions based on their own achievements and abilities, rather than factors such as birth or personal connections. In a meritocracy, individuals are promoted or rewarded based on their qualifications, skills, and performance, ensuring that those who have demonstrated competence and merit are given opportunities for advancement. This system prioritizes the recognition of individuals' accomplishments and contributions, rather than relying on factors beyond their control.

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  • 14. 

    Who were the Janissaries?

    • A.

      Elite army of the Ottoman Empire, who couldn't marry and had to be converted to Islam

    • B.

      Those who sold Indulgences

    • C.

      Christian slave soldiers in the army of Ottoman Empire

    Correct Answer
    A. Elite army of the Ottoman Empire, who couldn't marry and had to be converted to Islam
    Explanation
    The Janissaries were an elite army of the Ottoman Empire. They were unique in that they were not allowed to marry and had to be converted to Islam. This strict rule was implemented to ensure their loyalty to the empire and prevent any potential conflicts of interest that could arise from family ties. The Janissaries played a significant role in the empire's military and political power, serving as an influential force for centuries.

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  • 15. 

    Who were the Christian slave soldiers in the army of Ottoman Empire?

    • A.

      Janissaries

    • B.

      Devshirme

    • C.

      Mughals

    Correct Answer
    B. Devshirme
    Explanation
    Devshirme refers to the practice of recruiting Christian boys from the Balkans and turning them into elite soldiers or administrators in the Ottoman Empire. These boys were taken as slaves and converted to Islam, receiving education and training in various fields. The Devshirme system aimed to create a loyal and efficient military force for the empire. The Janissaries, on the other hand, were the elite infantry units formed through the Devshirme system. The Mughals, although a powerful empire in South Asia, do not have any direct association with the Christian slave soldiers in the Ottoman Empire.

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  • 16. 

    What did Suleiman NOT do?

    • A.

      Religious intolerance

    • B.

      Rebuilt Istanbul

    • C.

      Code of law

    Correct Answer
    A. Religious intolerance
    Explanation
    Suleiman, also known as Suleiman the Magnificent, was a prominent Ottoman Sultan who reigned during the 16th century. He is known for his contributions to the Ottoman Empire, including the reconstruction of Istanbul and the establishment of a comprehensive code of law known as the Kanun. However, religious intolerance was not one of his actions or traits. Suleiman was known for his religious tolerance and even appointed non-Muslims to important positions in his administration. He upheld the principles of religious freedom and allowed different religious communities to practice their faiths without persecution.

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  • 17. 

    What was Mughal India?

    • A.

      India dynasty of Buddhism

    • B.

      India dynasty of Muslims

    • C.

      India dynasty of Christianity

    Correct Answer
    B. India dynasty of Muslims
    Explanation
    Mughal India refers to the period in Indian history when the Mughal Empire, a Muslim dynasty, ruled over the Indian subcontinent. The Mughals were descendants of Central Asian conquerors who established their empire in the 16th century. Under the Mughals, India experienced significant cultural, architectural, and artistic achievements, as well as political stability and economic prosperity. The Mughal Empire lasted until the mid-19th century, leaving a lasting impact on Indian history and culture.

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  • 18. 

    What did Akbar NOT do?

    • A.

      Started tax on non-Muslims

    • B.

      Torture

    • C.

      Collected land taxes

    Correct Answer
    A. Started tax on non-Muslims
    Explanation
    He actually ended the taxes on non-Muslims

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  • 19. 

    Which city was the origin of Renaissance?

    • A.

      Taiwan!!!

    • B.

      Italy

    • C.

      France

    • D.

      Spain

    • E.

      Britain

    Correct Answer
    B. Italy
    Explanation
    Italy- because of its place in trade (the center), wealth, and learning environment

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  • 20. 

    What was the Renaissance all about?

    • A.

      Birth of future possibilities, the glorification of women, and the future

    • B.

      Rebirth of classical civilization, the glorification of men, and the present

    • C.

      Rebirth of historical cultures, the glorification of God, and the bible times

    Correct Answer
    B. Rebirth of classical civilization, the glorification of men, and the present
    Explanation
    The Renaissance was a period of time in Europe characterized by a renewed interest in the classical civilizations of ancient Greece and Rome. It was a time of rebirth and rediscovery of classical knowledge, art, and culture. The Renaissance also glorified men, as it was a time when individualism and humanism thrived, focusing on the achievements and potential of human beings. Additionally, the Renaissance was centered in the present, as people during this time sought to understand and appreciate the world around them rather than solely focusing on religious or biblical teachings.

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  • 21. 

    Who was Machiavelli?

    • A.

      "The Prince" The father of political science - "better to be feared than loved"

    • B.

      "The Princess" The mother of civil rights movement - "equal rights to women too"

    • C.

      The king of Italy who promoted renaissance - "the people matters first"

    Correct Answer
    A. "The Prince" The father of political science - "better to be feared than loved"
    Explanation
    Machiavelli is known as "The Prince" because he wrote a famous political treatise called "The Prince." In this book, he discusses the qualities and strategies that a ruler should possess in order to maintain power and control. One of his most famous quotes from the book is "better to be feared than loved," which suggests that a ruler should prioritize instilling fear in their subjects rather than trying to be loved by them. This idea has had a significant impact on political science and has shaped the understanding of power and leadership.

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  • 22. 

    Who was NOT one of the major artists?

    • A.

      Michelangelo

    • B.

      Leonardo de Vinci

    • C.

      Garibaldi

    Correct Answer
    C. Garibaldi
    Explanation
    Garibaldi was not one of the major artists mentioned in the question. The question is asking for the name of the artist who does not belong to the group of major artists. Michelangelo and Leonardo de Vinci are both renowned artists, known for their contributions to art and culture. However, Garibaldi is not primarily known as an artist but rather as a military general and key figure in the Italian unification movement.

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  • 23. 

    What was NOT one of the causes for Protestant Reformation(16th century)?

    • A.

      Sale of Indulgences

    • B.

      The lightning hit Martin Luther which gave him the idea

    • C.

      Wealth of the church

    • D.

      Appointing relatives to church high positions/sell the positions

    • E.

      German envied the wealth and power of the church

    Correct Answer
    B. The lightning hit Martin Luther which gave him the idea
  • 24. 

    Who was Johann Tetzel?

    • A.

      Calvinist promoter

    • B.

      Hated by Martin Luther, major saler of indulences.

    • C.

      Most hated Pope who helped Protestants

    Correct Answer
    B. Hated by Martin Luther, major saler of indulences.
    Explanation
    Johann Tetzel was a figure in the Protestant Reformation who was despised by Martin Luther. He gained notoriety as a major seller of indulgences, which were certificates sold by the Catholic Church that promised forgiveness for sins. Luther strongly opposed the sale of indulgences, viewing it as a corrupt practice that exploited people's faith for financial gain. Tetzel's actions and the controversy surrounding indulgences played a significant role in sparking Luther's challenge to the Catholic Church and the subsequent Reformation movement.

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  • 25. 

    What is Calvinism and Predestination?

    • A.

      God has already predicted you place in destiny

    • B.

      God have plans for you, but you need to decide for yourselves what you should do

    • C.

      You can reincarnate if you want to

    Correct Answer
    A. God has already predicted you place in destiny
    Explanation
    Calvinism is a theological belief system that emphasizes the idea of predestination. According to Calvinism, God has already determined the fate or destiny of every individual before they are even born. This means that God has already predicted and decided the place each person will have in their ultimate destiny or afterlife. This belief suggests that human actions and choices are ultimately determined by God's divine plan rather than personal decisions.

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  • 26. 

    What was inquisition?

    • A.

      Herbs

    • B.

      Death

    • C.

      Torture

    Correct Answer
    C. Torture
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Torture." Inquisition refers to a period in history when religious authorities, particularly the Catholic Church, conducted investigations to identify and punish heresy. Torture was a commonly used method during this time to extract confessions from suspected heretics. It involved various painful and cruel techniques aimed at inflicting physical and psychological suffering on individuals.

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  • 27. 

    What was the Council of Trent?

    • A.

      Where the Pope ordered for the stop of Protestanism

    • B.

      Where Martin Luther defended himself

    • C.

      Where Newton got hit with an apple

    Correct Answer
    A. Where the Pope ordered for the stop of Protestanism
    Explanation
    The Council of Trent was a significant event in the history of the Catholic Church. It was convened by the Pope in response to the Protestant Reformation and aimed to address the issues raised by the reformers. The council discussed and made decisions on various matters, including doctrine, discipline, and the organization of the Church. One of the main goals of the Council of Trent was to counter the spread of Protestantism and reaffirm Catholic teachings and practices. Therefore, it can be said that the Pope ordered for the stop of Protestantism through the Council of Trent.

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  • 28. 

    Who was Copernicus?

    • A.

      Astronomer who found that the earth revolts around the sun

    • B.

      Physicist who got hit by an apple

    • C.

      Developed the telescope

    Correct Answer
    A. Astronomer who found that the earth revolts around the sun
    Explanation
    Copernicus was an astronomer who discovered that the Earth revolves around the sun. This discovery, known as the heliocentric model, challenged the prevailing belief at the time that the Earth was the center of the universe. Copernicus's work laid the foundation for modern astronomy and had a significant impact on our understanding of the solar system.

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  • 29. 

    Who was Montesquieu?

    • A.

      Came up with checks and balances and the seperation of powers

    • B.

      Came up with shintoism

    • C.

      Involved with natural science

    Correct Answer
    A. Came up with checks and balances and the seperation of powers
    Explanation
    Montesquieu was a French philosopher and political thinker who is best known for his ideas on the separation of powers and checks and balances in government. He believed that power should be divided among different branches of government to prevent any one group from becoming too powerful. His ideas greatly influenced the formation of modern democratic systems, including the United States Constitution.

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  • 30. 

    What did Japan gain from China?

    • A.

      Korea

    • B.

      Taiwan

    • C.

      China

    Correct Answer
    A. Korea
    Explanation
    Japan gained Korea from China. This can be attributed to Japan's imperialistic ambitions and its desire to expand its influence and control in the region. Japan's annexation of Korea in 1910 allowed it to establish political and economic dominance over the Korean Peninsula, exploiting its resources and manpower for its own benefit. This acquisition also served as a stepping stone for Japan's further expansion into other territories, including Taiwan and parts of China, during the early 20th century.

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  • 31. 

    What is Shintoism?

    • A.

      Religion in India

    • B.

      Native religion in Japan

    • C.

      Common practice in Japan

    Correct Answer
    B. Native religion in Japan
    Explanation
    Shintoism refers to the native religion in Japan. It is a traditional belief system that originated in Japan and is deeply rooted in Japanese culture and history. Shintoism focuses on the worship of kami, which are spirits or deities believed to inhabit natural elements and phenomena. It involves various rituals and practices aimed at maintaining harmony with nature and ancestors. Shintoism is unique to Japan and has played a significant role in shaping Japanese society and identity.

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  • 32. 

    Who is NOT one of the Absolute Monarchs?

    • A.

      Suleiman the Magnificent

    • B.

      Peter the Great

    • C.

      William and Mary

    • D.

      Louis XIV

    Correct Answer
    C. William and Mary
    Explanation
    William and Mary were not absolute monarchs because they ruled as joint monarchs in England during the late 17th century under a constitutional monarchy. Unlike absolute monarchs, they shared power with Parliament and were subject to its laws and limitations. On the other hand, Suleiman the Magnificent, Peter the Great, and Louis XIV were all absolute monarchs who held complete and unrestricted power over their respective kingdoms.

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  • 33. 

    What was the cause of the English Civil War?

    • A.

      James I was not popular as king

    • B.

      Charles I was weak and had to be excuted

    • C.

      Parliament wanted more power that the king

    Correct Answer
    C. Parliament wanted more power that the king
    Explanation
    The English Civil War was caused by the desire of Parliament to have more power than the king. This conflict arose due to the tensions between the monarchy and Parliament over the control of political and religious affairs. Parliament, representing the interests of the nobility and the emerging middle class, sought to limit the power of the king and establish a more balanced system of governance. This led to a power struggle between Charles I and Parliament, ultimately resulting in a full-scale war between the Royalists and the Parliamentarians.

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  • 34. 

    Who was Oliver Cromwell?

    • A.

      He was created the Puritan Commonwealth, was very strict and had religious intolerance

    • B.

      He was the leader in the Reign of Terror

    • C.

      He allowed Napolean to set up his empire

    Correct Answer
    A. He was created the Puritan Commonwealth, was very strict and had religious intolerance
    Explanation
    Oliver Cromwell was a historical figure who played a significant role in English history. He created the Puritan Commonwealth, a period of time in which England was governed by Puritan principles. During his rule, Cromwell implemented strict policies and showed religious intolerance towards those who did not adhere to his Puritan beliefs. This answer accurately describes Cromwell's actions and characteristics during his time in power.

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