Histology Midterm Blood Questions Maktbt Hamed

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Maktabthamed
M
Maktabthamed
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 12,635
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 1,498

SettingsSettingsSettings
Histology Quizzes & Trivia

HIST 112 Maktbt Hamed Self Assessment Midterm


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    1. One of the following is (falsel about Mature Red Blood Corpuscles.

    • A.

      A. Rounded biconcave discs.

    • B.

      B. Considered as true cells that contain nuclei and cell organelles.

    • C.

      C. Can adhere to one another forming roulaux appearance.

    • D.

      D. Can change their shape to squeeze into narrow capillaries.

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Considered as true cells that contain nuclei and cell organelles.
    Explanation
    Mature red blood corpuscles, also known as red blood cells or erythrocytes, are not considered as true cells that contain nuclei and cell organelles. They are unique in that they lack a nucleus and most organelles, allowing them to carry oxygen more efficiently. This absence of a nucleus and organelles also gives them their characteristic biconcave shape, allowing them to squeeze through narrow capillaries and maximize their surface area for gas exchange. They can also adhere to one another, forming a rouleaux appearance.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Concerning Blood Ervthrocvtes. only one of the following statements is (false)

    • A.

      A. Their number is 5 million / mm3 blood.

    • B.

      B. They are true cells that contain nucleus and organelles.

    • C.

      C. They are rounded biconcave discs.

    • D.

      D. Their increase in number is termed polycythemia.

    Correct Answer
    B. B. They are true cells that contain nucleus and organelles.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is b. They are true cells that contain nucleus and organelles. This statement is false because erythrocytes, also known as red blood cells, do not contain a nucleus or organelles. They are specialized cells that are responsible for carrying oxygen to the body's tissues. Their lack of a nucleus and organelles allows for more space to carry oxygen and gives them their characteristic biconcave shape.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Regarding blood leucocytes. only one of the following statements is (false)

    • A.

      A. They are true cells.

    • B.

      B. Their increase in number is called Leucopenia.

    • C.

      C. They are capable of amoeboid movement.

    • D.

      D. Their total number varies from 4000 - 11000.

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Their increase in number is called Leucopenia.
    Explanation
    The statement "Their increase in number is called Leucopenia" is false. Leucopenia refers to a decrease in the number of white blood cells, not an increase. An increase in the number of white blood cells is known as leukocytosis.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    One of the fol lowing is (false) about neutrophil leucocytes.

    • A.

      A. By EM contain azurophilic and specific granules.

    • B.

      B. Phagocytic cells secreting proteolytic enzymes.

    • C.

      C. Increase in number in acute infections.

    • D.

      D. Possess horse shoe shaped nucleus.

    Correct Answer
    D. D. Possess horse shoe shaped nucleus.
    Explanation
    Neutrophil leucocytes are a type of white blood cells that play a crucial role in the immune response. They contain azurophilic and specific granules, which are involved in various defense mechanisms. Neutrophils are phagocytic cells, meaning they can engulf and destroy pathogens by secreting proteolytic enzymes. Moreover, their numbers increase during acute infections as they are recruited to the site of infection to combat the invading microorganisms. However, neutrophils do not possess a horse shoe-shaped nucleus.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    One of the following is (false) about neutrophils.

    • A.

      A. Increase in acute pyogenic infection.

    • B.

      B. Contain azurophilic granules.

    • C.

      C. Their nuclei are horse-shoe shaped.

    • D.

      D. One type of granular leucocytes.

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Their nuclei are horse-shoe shaped.
    Explanation
    Neutrophils are a type of granular leukocytes that increase in acute pyogenic infections and contain azurophilic granules. However, their nuclei are not horse-shoe shaped. Instead, neutrophils have multi-lobed nuclei, with two to five lobes connected by thin threads of chromatin.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    One of the following is (false) about eosinophil leucocytes.

    • A.

      A. Contain segmented horse-shoe nucleus.

    • B.

      B. Are one of the granular leucocytes.

    • C.

      C. Larger in diameter than blood monocytes.

    • D.

      D. Are concerned with removal of histamine.

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Larger in diameter than blood monocytes.
    Explanation
    Eosinophil leucocytes are a type of granular leucocytes that contain segmented horse-shoe nucleus. They are not larger in diameter than blood monocytes. Monocytes are larger in size compared to eosinophils. Eosinophils are primarily involved in the immune response against parasitic infections and allergic reactions, rather than the removal of histamine.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Only one of the following is (true) about basophilic leucocytes.

    • A.

      A. Contain large retractile acidophilic granules.'

    • B.

      B. Have segmented loubulated nucleus.

    • C.

      C. Secrete eosinophil chemotactic factor.

    • D.

      D. The percentage is 20%of the circulating WBCs.

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Secrete eosinophil chemotactic factor.
    Explanation
    Basophilic leucocytes are a type of white blood cells that secrete eosinophil chemotactic factor. This means that they release a substance that attracts eosinophils, another type of white blood cell, to the site of infection or inflammation. This helps in recruiting eosinophils to the area where they are needed for immune response. Basophilic leucocytes do not have large retractile acidophilic granules, a segmented lobulated nucleus, or account for 20% of the circulating WBCs.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Concerning Small lymphocytes, only one is (false) in the 4 following statements.

    • A.

      A. C) Form 15-20 % of circulating white blood cells.

    • B.

      B. Have large rounded densely stained nucleus.

    • C.

      C. Increase in number in acute pyogenic infections.

    • D.

      Include small T and small B cells.

    Correct Answer
    A. A. C) Form 15-20 % of circulating white blood cells.
  • 9. 

    One of the following is (false) regarding Monocytes.

    • A.

      A. Their diameter is 16-20 % micrometer.

    • B.

      B. (J) Their nucleus is segmented (loubulated).

    • C.

      C. Their cytoplasm has a frosted glass appearance.

    • D.

      D. They are highly phagocytic cells.

    Correct Answer
    B. B. (J) Their nucleus is segmented (loubulated).
  • 10. 

    Only one of the following is (falser about Blood Platelets.

    • A.

      A. The largest blood elements.

    • B.

      B. Concerned with blood clotting.

    • C.

      C. Contain central (granulomere).

    • D.

      D. Contain peripheral hyalomere.

    Correct Answer
    A. A. The largest blood elements.
    Explanation
    Blood platelets are actually the smallest blood elements, not the largest. They are tiny, disc-shaped fragments of cells that are involved in blood clotting. They do not contain a central granulomere, but they do contain a peripheral hyalomere. Therefore, the correct answer is that blood platelets are not the largest blood elements.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Concerning the blood platelets, one of the following statements is (false).

    • A.

      A. Fragments of Megakaryocyte.

    • B.

      B. Concerned with blood coagulation.

    • C.

      C. The number varies between 200,000 and 400,000 .

    • D.

      D. Their size is 8-12 Um.

    Correct Answer
    D. D. Their size is 8-12 Um.
    Explanation
    Platelets are actually small, irregularly shaped cell fragments that are derived from the fragmentation of megakaryocytes in the bone marrow. They play a crucial role in blood coagulation, helping to form clots to prevent excessive bleeding. The normal range for the number of platelets in the blood is between 200,000 and 400,000 per microliter. However, their size is typically much smaller, ranging from 1 to 3 micrometers in diameter. Therefore, the statement that their size is 8-12 Um is false.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    Concerning Bone Marrow, all the following cells are found . except one.

    • A.

      A. Stem cells.

    • B.

      B. Fat cells.

    • C.

      C. Macrophages.

    • D.

      D. Plasma blast

    Correct Answer
    D. D. Plasma blast
    Explanation
    Bone marrow is a soft, spongy tissue found inside bones that is responsible for producing various types of blood cells. Stem cells are found in the bone marrow and are responsible for generating new blood cells. Fat cells, macrophages, and plasma cells are also found in the bone marrow. However, plasma blasts are not typically found in the bone marrow. Plasma blasts are immature plasma cells that are usually found in lymphoid tissues, such as the lymph nodes or spleen, where they develop into mature plasma cells.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    All the following changes occur during Ervthropoisis except one.

    • A.

      A. Nucleus disappears.

    • B.

      B. Size of cells decrease.

    • C.

      C. Specific granules appear in cytoplasm.

    • D.

      D. Cytoplasm change to acidophilic.

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Specific granules appear in cytoplasm.
    Explanation
    During erythropoiesis, which is the process of red blood cell formation, several changes occur in the cells. The nucleus disappears, the size of cells decreases, and the cytoplasm changes to acidophilic. However, specific granules do not appear in the cytoplasm during erythropoiesis.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    One character only is (false) about normoblasts.

    • A.

      A. Has eccentric nucleus.

    • B.

      B. Filled with hemoglobin.

    • C.

      C. Has basophilic cytoplasm.

    • D.

      D. Not found in circulating blood.

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Has basophilic cytoplasm.
    Explanation
    Normoblasts are immature red blood cells that are still in the process of maturing. They have a round nucleus that is usually centrally located, not eccentric. They are also filled with hemoglobin, as they are developing into mature red blood cells. Normoblasts have basophilic cytoplasm, meaning that their cytoplasm stains blue with basic dyes. This is a characteristic feature of normoblasts and helps to distinguish them from other types of cells. Normoblasts are normally found in the bone marrow and are not typically present in circulating blood.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    One character only is (false) about Reticulocytes.

    • A.

      A. Slightly larger than RBCs.

    • B.

      B. Constitute 7-10 % of the circulating blood.

    • C.

      C. Stained with brilliant cresyl blue.

    • D.

      D. Contain basophilic reticulum of polysomes.

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Constitute 7-10 % of the circulating blood.
    Explanation
    Reticulocytes are immature red blood cells that are slightly larger than mature red blood cells. They are stained with brilliant cresyl blue and contain basophilic reticulum of polysomes. However, it is false to say that they constitute 7-10% of the circulating blood. The correct percentage of reticulocytes in the circulating blood is much lower.

    Rate this question:

Related Topics

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.