How Well You Know About Hemodynamics? Quiz

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Rajakumarvenkate
R
Rajakumarvenkate
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 2,125
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 2,125

SettingsSettingsSettings
How Well You Know About Hemodynamics? Quiz - Quiz


How well do you know about hemodynamics? Do you imagine you will be able to win this quiz? As far as this quiz goes, you should know what the portion of the circulatory system with the largest cross-sectional area is, what vasoconstriction is. What is the linear velocity of blood at the average cardiac output in the aorta, and how arterioles and capillaries differ. Learn more about hemodynamics by taking this quiz. All the best.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Blood flow is regulated largely by local metabolic effects in:

    • A.

      Muscle

    • B.

      Skin

    • C.

      Brain

    • D.

      Kidney

    Correct Answer
    A. Muscle
    Explanation
    Blood flow is regulated largely by local metabolic effects in the muscle. When muscles are active, they require more oxygen and nutrients, and produce more waste products such as carbon dioxide. This triggers the release of vasodilator substances like adenosine and nitric oxide, which cause the blood vessels in the muscles to widen or dilate. This dilation increases blood flow to the muscles, delivering the necessary oxygen and nutrients while removing waste products. Therefore, the local metabolic effects in the muscle play a significant role in regulating blood flow to meet the demands of muscle activity.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    The portion of the circulatory system with the largest cross-sectional area:

    • A.

      Capillaries

    • B.

      Arterioles

    • C.

      Large Arteries

    • D.

      Large Veins

    Correct Answer
    A. Capillaries
    Explanation
    Capillaries have the largest cross-sectional area in the circulatory system. This is because capillaries are tiny blood vessels that connect arteries and veins. They have thin walls that allow for the exchange of nutrients, oxygen, and waste products between the blood and surrounding tissues. The large number and small size of capillaries result in a significantly larger overall cross-sectional area compared to other blood vessels like arterioles, large arteries, and large veins. This increased surface area facilitates efficient exchange of substances and is crucial for the proper functioning of various organs and tissues in the body.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Vasoconstriction is elicited by all of the following except:

    • A.

      Carotid artery occlusion

    • B.

      Haemorrhage

    • C.

      Lying down

    • D.

      Asphyxia

    Correct Answer
    C. Lying down
    Explanation
    Vasoconstriction is the narrowing of blood vessels, which helps to increase blood pressure. Carotid artery occlusion, haemorrhage, and asphyxia are all conditions that can trigger vasoconstriction as a physiological response to maintain blood flow and pressure. However, lying down does not typically elicit vasoconstriction. In fact, when a person lies down, blood flow to various parts of the body may increase due to the absence of gravity, leading to vasodilation instead.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    The linear velocity of blood at the normal cardiac output in the aorta.

    • A.

      32 cm/s

    • B.

      64 cm/s

    • C.

      8 cm/s

    • D.

      50 cm/s

    Correct Answer
    A. 32 cm/s
    Explanation
    At the normal cardiac output, the linear velocity of blood in the aorta is 32 cm/s. This means that the blood is flowing at a rate of 32 centimeters per second in the aorta. The linear velocity of blood is an important factor in determining the efficiency of blood flow and the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the body's tissues. A velocity of 32 cm/s is within the normal range for blood flow in the aorta and indicates healthy blood circulation.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Laminar flow will occur in conditions in which Reynold’s number.

    • A.

      More than 3000

    • B.

      Less than 3000

    • C.

      Less than 2000

    • D.

      More than 2000

    Correct Answer
    C. Less than 2000
    Explanation
    Laminar flow occurs when the Reynolds number is less than 2000. The Reynolds number is a dimensionless quantity that represents the ratio of inertial forces to viscous forces in a fluid flow. When the Reynolds number is below 2000, the flow is characterized by smooth and orderly movement of the fluid particles, with minimal mixing or turbulence. This typically occurs at low flow velocities or in highly viscous fluids.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    The following facts about arteriole are true except

    • A.

      They have thick muscular walls

    • B.

      They have rich sympathetic innervation

    • C.

      They have smallest internal diameter

    • D.

      The pressure drop is greatest than that across any other vessel

    Correct Answer
    C. They have smallest internal diameter
    Explanation
    Arterioles are small blood vessels that connect arteries to capillaries. They have thick muscular walls, allowing them to regulate blood flow and control blood pressure. They also have rich sympathetic innervation, which enables them to respond to changes in the body's needs. The statement "They have the smallest internal diameter" is incorrect because arterioles actually have a larger internal diameter compared to capillaries. This is necessary to facilitate the smooth flow of blood from arteries to capillaries. The pressure drop across arterioles is significant but not the greatest, as the greatest pressure drop occurs across the arterioles' larger counterparts, the arteries.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Arterioles and capillaries differ as follows

    • A.

      Arterioles have no adventitia

    • B.

      Capillaries have no muscle coat

    • C.

      Capillaries have no intimal layer

    • D.

      Only difference is diameter of lumen

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Capillaries have no muscle coat
    Explanation
    Capillaries are the smallest blood vessels in the body and their main function is to facilitate the exchange of gases, nutrients, and waste products between the blood and tissues. Unlike arterioles, capillaries do not have a muscle coat. This is because their thin walls are composed of a single layer of endothelial cells, which allows for easier diffusion of substances. The absence of a muscle coat in capillaries also allows for greater flexibility and adaptability to the changing needs of different tissues. Therefore, the correct answer is that capillaries have no muscle coat.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    The murmurs in the circulation are characterictically heard

    • A.

      In the conditions where the viscosity of blood increases

    • B.

      In all situations where there is turbulence

    • C.

      When flow passes suddenly from a narrower to wider vessel

    • D.

      When blood enters the parent vessel

    Correct Answer
    B. In all situations where there is turbulence
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "In all situations where there is turbulence." This means that whenever there is turbulence in the circulation, murmurs can be heard. Turbulence refers to the disruption or irregularity in the flow of blood, which can be caused by various factors such as narrowed blood vessels or sudden changes in vessel size. In such situations, the blood flow becomes turbulent and creates audible murmurs that can be detected during a physical examination.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Windkessel effect is seen in

    • A.

      Aorta

    • B.

      Capillaries

    • C.

      Arterioles

    • D.

      Left ventricular musculature

    Correct Answer
    A. Aorta
    Explanation
    The Windkessel effect refers to the ability of the aorta to store and release energy during the cardiac cycle, thus maintaining a continuous flow of blood to the peripheral tissues. This effect is achieved through the elastic properties of the aorta, which allow it to expand during systole and recoil during diastole. The aorta acts as a pressure reservoir, absorbing the force of blood ejected from the left ventricle and then releasing it during diastole, ensuring a continuous flow of blood to the rest of the body. Therefore, the Windkessel effect is specifically seen in the aorta.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Velocity of blood flow is inversely proportional to

    • A.

      Viscocity

    • B.

      Blood flow volume

    • C.

      Cross sectional area

    • D.

      Length

    Correct Answer
    A. Viscocity
    Explanation
    The viscosity of a fluid refers to its resistance to flow. In the context of blood flow, if the viscosity of blood increases, it becomes thicker and more resistant to flow. This results in a decrease in the velocity of blood flow. Therefore, the velocity of blood flow is inversely proportional to the viscosity of blood.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 06, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Rajakumarvenkate
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.