Hemodynamics And The Lymphatic System

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Questions: 12 | Attempts: 212

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Lymphatic System Quizzes & Trivia

Hemodynamics and the Lymphatic System. Anatomy and Physiology Practice Test.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Blood Vessels Require their own blood supply

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    vasa vasorum

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  • 2. 

    Tunica media does not contain:

    • A.

      Elastic fibers

    • B.

      Circular smooth muscle

    • C.

      External elastic lamina

    • D.

      Internal elastic lamina

    Correct Answer
    D. Internal elastic lamina
    Explanation
    The tunica media is the middle layer of blood vessels, such as arteries and veins. It is composed of smooth muscle cells and elastic fibers, which allow the blood vessels to stretch and recoil. The internal elastic lamina is found between the tunica media and the tunica intima, and it consists of elastic fibers. Therefore, the correct answer is that the tunica media does not contain the internal elastic lamina.

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  • 3. 

    Tunica interna does not contain:

    • A.

      Basement membrane

    • B.

      Internal elastic lamina

    • C.

      Simple squamous epithelium

    • D.

      Collagen fibers

    Correct Answer
    D. Collagen fibers
    Explanation
    The tunica interna, also known as the innermost layer of blood vessels, is composed of three main components: the basement membrane, the internal elastic lamina, and the simple squamous epithelium. Collagen fibers, on the other hand, are not present in the tunica interna. Collagen fibers are typically found in the tunica adventitia, which is the outermost layer of blood vessels.

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  • 4. 

    Help propel blood onward in spite of ventricular relaxation

    • A.

      Muscular arteries

    • B.

      Arterioles

    • C.

      Elastic arteries

    Correct Answer
    C. Elastic arteries
    Explanation
    Elastic arteries are responsible for maintaining blood flow even during ventricular relaxation. These arteries have a high level of elasticity, allowing them to stretch and recoil as the heart pumps blood. This elasticity helps propel the blood forward, ensuring continuous flow throughout the circulatory system. Muscular arteries and arterioles also play a role in regulating blood flow, but they do not possess the same level of elasticity as elastic arteries.

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  • 5. 

    Distributing arteries- walls are relatively thick- direct blood flow- capable of greater vasoconstriction and vasodilation to adjust rate of flow

    • A.

      Elastic arteries

    • B.

      Metarterioles

    • C.

      Muscular arteries

    Correct Answer
    C. Muscular arteries
    Explanation
    Muscular arteries are the correct answer because they have relatively thick walls, which allow them to direct blood flow efficiently. They are capable of greater vasoconstriction and vasodilation, which enables them to adjust the rate of blood flow as needed. Elastic arteries, on the other hand, have more elastic fibers in their walls and are responsible for maintaining blood pressure. Metarterioles are small blood vessels that connect arterioles to capillaries, and they regulate blood flow into capillary beds. Therefore, muscular arteries best fit the description provided.

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  • 6. 

    Type of capillary: Intercellular clefts are gaps between neighboring cells

    • A.

      Sinusoids

    • B.

      Continous capillaries

    • C.

      Fenestrated capillaries

    Correct Answer
    B. Continous capillaries
    Explanation
    Located in skeletal & smooth muscle, connective tissue and lungs

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  • 7. 

    Type of capillary: Very large fenestrations. Incomplete basement membrane.

    • A.

      Fenestrated capillaries

    • B.

      Continuous capillaries

    • C.

      Sinusoids

    Correct Answer
    C. Sinusoids
    Explanation
    Sinusoids are a type of capillary that have very large fenestrations (pores) and an incomplete basement membrane. These fenestrations allow for the exchange of larger molecules and cells between the blood and surrounding tissues. The incomplete basement membrane also allows for increased permeability. Therefore, the given description matches the characteristics of sinusoids, making it the correct answer.

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  • 8. 

    Type of capillary: Plasma membranes have many holes.

    • A.

      Sinusoids

    • B.

      Fenestrated capillaries

    • C.

      Continuous capillaries

    Correct Answer
    B. Fenestrated capillaries
    Explanation
    Fenestrated capillaries are the correct answer because they have small pores or fenestrations in their endothelial cells, allowing for increased permeability and the passage of larger molecules such as proteins. This characteristic makes them suitable for organs that require rapid exchange of substances, such as the kidneys and endocrine glands. Sinusoids, on the other hand, have larger gaps between their endothelial cells and are found in organs like the liver and spleen. Continuous capillaries have tight junctions between their endothelial cells and are found in most tissues.

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  • 9. 

    Veins lack:

    • A.

      Muscle layer

    • B.

      Internal and external elastic lamina

    • C.

      Tunica interna

    Correct Answer
    B. Internal and external elastic lamina
    Explanation
    Veins lack the internal and external elastic lamina. The internal elastic lamina is a layer of elastic tissue found in arteries that helps maintain their structure and elasticity. Veins, on the other hand, have thinner walls and do not require as much elasticity. The external elastic lamina is also absent in veins, which further distinguishes them from arteries. This difference in structure is one of the reasons why veins are able to carry blood back to the heart at a lower pressure compared to arteries.

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  • 10. 

    Which statement is correct regarding Bulk flow?

    • A.

      Substances move down concentration gradient

    • B.

      Passage of substances in vesicles via endo or exocytosis

    • C.

      Most important

    • D.

      Substances move down pressure gradient

    Correct Answer
    D. Substances move down pressure gradient
    Explanation
    The correct statement regarding Bulk flow is that substances move down a pressure gradient. Bulk flow is the movement of fluids or substances in response to a pressure difference. In this process, substances are transported in large quantities from an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure. This can occur in various biological systems, such as the movement of blood in the circulatory system or the movement of water and nutrients in plants.

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  • 11. 

    Cardiac output =

    • A.

      Stroke volume / HR

    • B.

      Stroke volume * HR

    • C.

      Stroke Volume - HR

    Correct Answer
    B. Stroke volume * HR
    Explanation
    The formula for cardiac output is stroke volume multiplied by heart rate. Cardiac output is the amount of blood pumped by the heart per minute, and it is calculated by multiplying the stroke volume (the amount of blood pumped by the heart in each beat) by the heart rate (the number of beats per minute). Therefore, the correct answer is stroke volume * HR.

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  • 12. 

    Which  is not a factor affecting blood flow

    • A.

      Mhkjhjh

    • B.

      Lkmhkjhj

    Correct Answer
    A. Mhkjhjh

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 07, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Awaybirdiesweep
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