Health Test 1 - Glands And Hormones

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Health Test 1 - Glands And Hormones - Quiz

Here is quiz #2 for our health test! This quiz focuses on hormones and the glands that are part of the endocrine system (HINT HINT THE DIAGRAM IN THIS TEST WILL BE ON THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM). Good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Select the SIX glands that are part of the endocrine system. DO NOT LOOK AT THE OTHER QUESTIONS TO GET YOUR ANSWER! TRY TO GET IT ON YOUR OWN!

    • A.

      Pituitary

    • B.

      Spleen

    • C.

      Kidneys

    • D.

      Pancreas

    • E.

      Liver

    • F.

      Adrenals

    • G.

      Parathyroid

    • H.

      Trachea

    • I.

      Bladder

    • J.

      Thyroid

    • K.

      Gonads

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Pituitary
    D. Pancreas
    F. Adrenals
    G. Parathyroid
    J. Thyroid
    K. Gonads
    Explanation
    The endocrine system consists of glands that produce and secrete hormones, which regulate various bodily functions. The correct answer includes the Pituitary gland, which is often referred to as the "master gland" because it controls the functions of other endocrine glands. The Pancreas is also part of the endocrine system as it produces insulin and glucagon, which regulate blood sugar levels. The Adrenals produce hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol, while the Parathyroid glands regulate calcium levels in the body. The Thyroid gland produces thyroid hormones that control metabolism, and the Gonads (testes in males and ovaries in females) produce sex hormones.

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  • 2. 

    Which gland is located below the stomach and secretes insulin? 

    • A.

      Pituitary

    • B.

      Pancreas

    • C.

      Liver

    • D.

      Kidney

    Correct Answer
    B. Pancreas
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Pancreas. The pancreas is located below the stomach and is responsible for producing and secreting insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps regulate blood sugar levels in the body. It plays a crucial role in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.

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  • 3. 

    Choose the gonad gland (male or female) that produces the following hormone(s). Use the proper name for the gland. ____________ secrete estrogen and progesterone. 

    Correct Answer
    Ovaries
    Explanation
    The ovaries are the gonad glands in females that produce estrogen and progesterone. These hormones play a crucial role in regulating the menstrual cycle, promoting the development of secondary sexual characteristics, and maintaining pregnancy.

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  • 4. 

    Choose the gonad gland (male or female) that produces the following hormone(s). Use the proper name for the gland. __________ secrete testosterone. 

    Correct Answer
    Testes
    Explanation
    The testes are the male gonad glands that produce testosterone. Testosterone is the primary male sex hormone responsible for the development of male reproductive organs and secondary sexual characteristics. It is produced in the Leydig cells of the testes and plays a crucial role in sperm production, libido, muscle mass, bone density, and overall male sexual development.

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  • 5. 

    Select all of the HORMONAL changes that come with age for a male OR female. 

    • A.

      Menopause

    • B.

      Brittle bones

    • C.

      Decreased estrogen levels

    • D.

      Loss of child bearing ability in women

    • E.

      Loss of sperm production in men

    • F.

      Less thyroxin

    • G.

      Confusion and memory loss

    • H.

      Less growth hormone

    • I.

      Loss of pituitary gland function

    • J.

      Loss insulin

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Menopause
    C. Decreased estrogen levels
    D. Loss of child bearing ability in women
    F. Less thyroxin
    H. Less growth hormone
    J. Loss insulin
    Explanation
    As individuals age, there are several hormonal changes that occur in both males and females. Menopause is a hormonal change that specifically occurs in women, leading to the cessation of menstruation and the end of the reproductive period. Decreased estrogen levels are also a hormonal change that can occur in both males and females with age. This can lead to various symptoms and health issues. Loss of child bearing ability in women is another hormonal change that is specific to females. Less thyroxin and less growth hormone are also hormonal changes that can occur with age in both males and females. Loss of insulin, brittle bones, confusion and memory loss, and loss of pituitary gland function are not specifically hormonal changes that occur with age.

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  • 6. 

    The layers of the adrenal glands are called the cortex and medulla.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The adrenal glands are composed of two distinct layers, the cortex and medulla. The cortex is the outer layer and produces hormones such as cortisol, aldosterone, and androgens. The medulla is the inner layer and produces adrenaline and noradrenaline. Therefore, the statement that the layers of the adrenal glands are called the cortex and medulla is true.

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  • 7. 

    The two parts of the pituitary gland are called:

    • A.

      Superior and inferior

    • B.

      Proximal and distal

    • C.

      Anterior and posterior

    • D.

      Right and left

    Correct Answer
    C. Anterior and posterior
    Explanation
    The two parts of the pituitary gland are called anterior and posterior. This is because the pituitary gland is divided into two distinct lobes: the anterior lobe (also known as the adenohypophysis) and the posterior lobe (also known as the neurohypophysis). The anterior lobe produces and releases various hormones that regulate growth, metabolism, and reproduction, while the posterior lobe stores and releases hormones produced by the hypothalamus, such as oxytocin and vasopressin.

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  • 8. 

    This hormone(s) stimulates the body to quickly produce energy during emergencies. The heart rate, blood pressure, muscle power, and energy are increased. 

    • A.

      Epinephrine

    • B.

      Norepinephrine

    • C.

      Neither

    • D.

      Both

    Correct Answer
    D. Both
    Explanation
    Both epinephrine and norepinephrine are hormones that stimulate the body to quickly produce energy during emergencies. They both increase the heart rate, blood pressure, muscle power, and energy levels. Epinephrine is released by the adrenal glands and is often referred to as adrenaline. Norepinephrine is also released by the adrenal glands and acts as a neurotransmitter in the brain. Both hormones play important roles in the body's response to stress and emergency situations.

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  • 9. 

    **For the following diagram questions please do not pay attention to the lines that do not have a number. Those are body parts we do not need to know for the endocrine system.** Label #1 is the…

    • A.

      Pituitary gland

    • B.

      Thyroid gland

    • C.

      Gonads

    • D.

      Adrenal gland

    Correct Answer
    A. Pituitary gland
    Explanation
    Label #1 in the diagram refers to the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland is a small pea-sized gland located at the base of the brain. It is often referred to as the "master gland" because it produces and releases several hormones that regulate various bodily functions. These hormones control growth, metabolism, reproduction, and the function of other endocrine glands. The pituitary gland is connected to the hypothalamus in the brain and receives signals from it to release specific hormones. It plays a crucial role in maintaining overall hormonal balance in the body.

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  • 10. 

    Label #2 is the…

    • A.

      Pancreas

    • B.

      Thyroid gland

    • C.

      Parathyroid gland

    • D.

      Pituitary gland

    Correct Answer
    B. Thyroid gland
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is located in the neck and produces hormones that regulate metabolism and growth. It plays a crucial role in maintaining the body's energy levels and controlling various bodily functions.

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  • 11. 

    Label #3 is the…(it is pointing to the four lumps)

    • A.

      Gonads

    • B.

      Adrenals

    • C.

      Parathyroid glands

    • D.

      Thyroid glands

    Correct Answer
    C. Parathyroid glands
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Parathyroid glands. The question is asking for the label that is pointing to the four lumps, and the answer is the Parathyroid glands. The other options, Gonads, Adrenals, and Thyroid glands, are not the correct labels for the four lumps in the image.

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  • 12. 

    Label #4 is the…

    • A.

      Parathyroid glands

    • B.

      Gonads

    • C.

      Kidneys

    • D.

      Adrenals

    Correct Answer
    D. Adrenals
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Adrenals. The question asks for the label #4, which refers to a specific organ. Out of the given options, the adrenal glands are the only organs that are commonly labeled as #4. The adrenal glands are small, triangular-shaped glands located on top of the kidneys. They are responsible for producing hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol, which play important roles in the body's stress response and metabolism.

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  • 13. 

    Label #5 is the…

    • A.

      Pancreas

    • B.

      Adrenal gland

    • C.

      Liver

    • D.

      Thyroid

    Correct Answer
    A. Pancreas
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Pancreas because it is the only organ among the given options that is responsible for producing insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels. The adrenal gland produces hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol, the liver performs various functions including detoxification and metabolism, and the thyroid produces hormones that regulate metabolism. Therefore, the pancreas is the most appropriate answer in this case.

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  • 14. 

    Label #6 is the…

    • A.

      Ovaries (female gonads)

    • B.

      Testes (male gonads)

    • C.

      BALLS

    • D.

      Adrenals

    Correct Answer
    A. Ovaries (female gonads)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is ovaries (female gonads) because ovaries are the primary reproductive organs in females that produce eggs and female sex hormones. The other options, testes, balls, and adrenals, are not relevant to female reproductive anatomy.

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  • 15. 

    Label #7 is the…

    • A.

      Adrenals

    • B.

      Ovaries (female gonads)

    • C.

      Testes (male gonads)

    • D.

      BALLS

    Correct Answer
    C. Testes (male gonads)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Testes (male gonads) because the question asks for the label that corresponds to male gonads, and the testes are the male reproductive organs responsible for producing sperm and testosterone.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 04, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Rosenerin
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