Growth And Development Test!

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 63

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Growth And Development Test!

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    According to Piaget, conservation means the ability to:
    • A. 

      Classify and subclassify.

    • B. 

      Expand or alter schemes to apprehend a new stimulus.

    • C. 

      Arrange a series of things according to anyone of several properties.

    • D. 

      Adapt by organizing newer stimuli according to schemes in a child's repertoire.

    • E. 

      Understand that objects or quantities remain the same despite a change in physical appearance.

  • 2. 
    The primary psychological task of school-age children is achieving which of the following?
    • A. 

      Identity

    • B. 

      Autonomy

    • C. 

      Attachment

    • D. 

      Competence

    • E. 

      Individuation

  • 3. 
    According to Erikson's theories, which of the following psychological issues would be most salient for a 75-year-old person?
    • A. 

      Appreciating the achievements of one's parents.

    • B. 

      Establishing new interests.

    • C. 

      Maintaining old friendships.

    • D. 

      Creating a better world for others.

    • E. 

      Finding meaning in what one has done.

  • 4. 
    A 5-year-old child is able to recall his address after being prompted to do so. According to Sigmund Freud, this information is stored at what level of the topographic model?
    • A. 

      Conscious

    • B. 

      Preconscious

    • C. 

      Postconscious

    • D. 

      Subconscious

    • E. 

      Unconscious

  • 5. 
    A 13-year-old male patient tells the psychiatrist that "things are okay, but I'm tired of being the shortest boy in my class." He reports that many of the girls are taller than he is including his l2-year-old sister. Both of the patient's parents are tall. Which of the following is the most appropriate initial approach for the psychiatrist to take?
    • A. 

      Reassure the patient that he is normal.

    • B. 

      Refer the patient for a medical workup for short stature.

    • C. 

      Discuss with the patient how height is not a reflection of worth.

    • D. 

      Recommend to the patient a higher calorie diet with vitamins.

    • E. 

      Review with the patient the typical course of puberty in males.

  • 6. 
    Irreversibility:
    • A. 

      Causality

    • B. 

      Lethality

    • C. 

      Universality

    • D. 

      Inevitability

    • E. 

      Irreversibility

  • 7. 
    A 10-year-old child has an annual check-up. The child reports that he has started collecting basketball cards, an interest he shares with his father and his friends. The child is very excited because he is the only one in his peer group who owns several cards. The child states that things are okay at home and at school. His parents confirm that their child is doing well, although they feel that his grades could be higher. According to Erikson, which of the following developmental tasks are most relevant for this child?
    • A. 

      Initiative vs. guilt

    • B. 

      Industry vs. inferiority

    • C. 

      Identity vs. diffusion

    • D. 

      Generativity vs. stagnation

    • E. 

      Ego integrity vs. despair/disgust

  • 8. 
    A child can copy a square and cross, draw an 8-detail person, effectively use a dinner knife, speak in 7 to 8-word sentences, and knows the right and left hand. The child also has become very interested in peers, is learning the basic rules of soccer, is asking questions about sex, and has some understanding of money. What is the most likely age of this child?
    • A. 

      3 years

    • B. 

      5 years

    • C. 

      8 years

    • D. 

      11 years

    • E. 

      14 years

  • 9. 
    Animistic thinking is characteristic of which of Piaget's stages of cognitive development?
    • A. 

      Concrete operations

    • B. 

      Formal operations

    • C. 

      Preoperational thought

    • D. 

      Sensorimotor

    • E. 

      Symbiosis

  • 10. 
    The pattern of a person's biological sexual characteristics is known as:
    • A. 

      Sexual identity.

    • B. 

      Gender identity.

    • C. 

      Sexual orientation.

    • D. 

      Phenotype differentiation.

    • E. 

      Masculinization/feminization.

  • 11. 
    In Vaillant's model of life-span development, which of the following is classified as a mature defense mechanism?
    • A. 

      Humor

    • B. 

      Denial

    • C. 

      Projection

    • D. 

      Dissociation

    • E. 

      Displacement

  • 12. 
    A 2-year-old girl clings to her mother's leg when introduced to a new child in the neighborhood, refusing to join in play during the first visit. During the second visit, the child plays behind her mother, and on the third visit, she seems to continue her usual activities while warily eyeing the new child. Which of the following temperamental traits or constellations best describes this child's behavior?
    • A. 

      Easy

    • B. 

      Difficult

    • C. 

      Slow-to-warm-up

    • D. 

      Mixed temperament

    • E. 

      Overactive

  • 13. 
    Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep is first evident at which stage of development?
    • A. 

      In Utero

    • B. 

      Immediately post-partum

    • C. 

      At 1 month of age

    • D. 

      At 3 months of age

    • E. 

      At 1 year of age

  • 14. 
    According to classical psychoanalytic theory, which of the following factors primarily accounts for the polarization of same-sex peer groups?
    • A. 

      Transient increase in homo-erotic drive energy

    • B. 

      Identification with the parent of the same sex

    • C. 

      Avoidance of identification with the parent of the opposite sex

    • D. 

      Decrease in libidinal energy directed toward members of the opposite sex

    • E. 

      Utilization of defense mechanisms to avoid sexual impulses

  • 15. 
    Piaget's major contribution to development was a theory that explains which of the following phenomena?
    • A. 

      Environmental influences on learning and behavior

    • B. 

      Unconscious influences on behavior and actions

    • C. 

      Individuals' emotional separation from caretakers

    • D. 

      How individuals learn about and understand the world

    • E. 

      The ways in which individuals acquire physical and motor skills

  • 16. 
    Semiconsciously diverting attention from a conflict in order to minimize discomfort is an example of:
    • A. 

      Repression

    • B. 

      Rationalization

    • C. 

      Suppression

    • D. 

      Intellectualization

    • E. 

      Reaction formation

  • 17. 
    Children demonstrate a preference for the human voice and speech over other sounds at which age?
    • A. 

      Birth

    • B. 

      2 months

    • C. 

      4 months

    • D. 

      6 months

    • E. 

      8 months

  • 18. 
    According to Kohlberg, moral judgments made by older school-age children are based largely on which of the following?
    • A. 

      Peer modeling

    • B. 

      Avoiding punishment

    • C. 

      Maintaining relationships

    • D. 

      Contingent reinforcement

    • E. 

      Pleasing those in authority

  • 19. 
    The most important feature of postnatal brain development is an increase in which of the following?
    • A. 

      Number of neurons

    • B. 

      Number of glial cells

    • C. 

      Number of dendritic and axonal processes

    • D. 

      Quantity of neurotransmitters available in the central nervous system

    • E. 

      Vascularization of cortical structures

  • 20. 
    Masturbation in adults as viewed by contemporary psychiatry is best described as:
    • A. 

      Normal only if a sexual relationship with a partner is unavailable.

    • B. 

      A cause of mental illness.

    • C. 

      Psychopathological only if it is compulsive.

    • D. 

      Normal only if accompanied by fantasies of heterosexual coitus.

    • E. 

      Always a symptom of some form of sexual maladjustment.