The Granger And Populist Movements In America

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The Granger And Populist Movements In America - Quiz


The assessment covers the time in American history from the Granger movement in 1867 to the end of Populism by the mid 1890s. The lessons described the plight of the American farmers and their struggle to unite as a national political force.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    1.  What was the primary mission of the Granger Movement?

  • 2. 

    What impact did the Populist Movement have in America's history?

  • 3. 

    What four businesses threatened farmers financially?

  • 4. 

    How did the Populists (farmers) attempt to attract the working class to join their movement?

  • 5. 

    Why was the Populist Movement important for the American farmer?

  • 6. 

    He was one of the early leaders of workers who supported the movement to unite with the farmers.

    • A.

      Uriah Smith Stephens

    • B.

      Leonidas Polk

    • C.

      John B. Weaver

    • D.

      Tom Watson

    Correct Answer
    A. Uriah Smith Stephens
    Explanation
    Uriah Smith Stephens is the correct answer because he was a prominent figure in the early labor movement in the United States. He co-founded the Knights of Labor, one of the first national labor unions, which aimed to unite workers from different industries and also advocated for the rights of farmers. Stephens believed in the power of collective action and sought to bring together workers and farmers in their fight for better working conditions and economic justice. Therefore, he can be considered as one of the early leaders who supported the movement to unite with the farmers.

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  • 7. 

    He was an early leaders in the movement to unite the farmers.

    • A.

      Uriah Smith Stephens

    • B.

      Leonidas Polk

    • C.

      John B. Weaver

    • D.

      Tom Watson

    Correct Answer
    B. Leonidas Polk
    Explanation
    Leonidas Polk is the correct answer because he was one of the early leaders in the movement to unite the farmers. He was a prominent figure in the Southern Farmers' Alliance, which aimed to address the issues faced by farmers such as low crop prices and high transportation costs. Polk played a crucial role in organizing and mobilizing farmers, advocating for their rights and interests. His efforts contributed significantly to the movement's growth and influence, making him an important leader in the farmers' unity movement.

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  • 8. 

    During the era, American farmers in the South and Midwest suffered from:

    • A.

      Drought, depression, disease

    • B.

      Drought, disease, deflation

    • C.

      Drought, depression, deflation

    Correct Answer
    C. Drought, depression, deflation
    Explanation
    During this time period, American farmers in the South and Midwest experienced a combination of drought, depression, and deflation. Drought refers to a prolonged period of dry weather, which can have a devastating impact on agricultural productivity. Depression refers to an economic downturn characterized by high unemployment, low wages, and a decrease in consumer spending. Deflation, on the other hand, refers to a decrease in the general price level of goods and services, which can make it difficult for farmers to earn a profit from their crops. These three factors combined to create significant challenges for farmers during this era.

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  • 9. 

    In the South (Georgia), he was one of the leaders of the Populist Movement:

    Correct Answer
    Tom Watson
    Explanation
    Tom Watson was a prominent figure in the Populist Movement in Georgia. As one of the leaders, he played a significant role in advocating for the rights and interests of farmers and rural communities. Watson was known for his populist and agrarian ideology, which aimed to address the economic and social struggles faced by the working class. His influence and activism in the South, particularly in Georgia, made him a key figure in the Populist Movement during that time.

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  • 10. 

    In 1896, __________________ was the presidential candidate for both the Populist and Democratic Party:

    Correct Answer
    William Jennings Bryan
    Explanation
    In 1896, William Jennings Bryan was chosen as the presidential candidate for both the Populist and Democratic Party. This indicates that he had the support and endorsement of both parties, which was quite significant. Bryan was a prominent figure in American politics at the time, known for his populist and progressive views. His nomination by both parties demonstrated his broad appeal and the alignment of his policies with the goals of both parties. This dual nomination also reflected the political climate of the time, with a growing discontent among farmers and workers, which the Populist and Democratic Party aimed to address through Bryan's candidacy.

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  • 11. 

    In 1892, __________________ was the first presidential candidate for the Populists:

    Correct Answer
    John B. Weaver
    Explanation
    John B. Weaver was the first presidential candidate for the Populists in 1892.

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  • 12. 

    In 1867, ______________________ founded the Granger Movement:

    Correct Answer
    Oliver Hudson Kelly
    Explanation
    Oliver Hudson Kelly is the correct answer because he founded the Granger Movement in 1867. The Granger Movement was a social and political organization that aimed to improve the lives of farmers in the United States. Kelly believed that farmers needed to band together to combat the economic challenges they faced, such as high railroad rates and monopolistic practices. The movement advocated for government regulation of railroads and other industries, as well as the establishment of cooperative enterprises to benefit farmers. Kelly's leadership and vision were instrumental in the establishment and growth of the Granger Movement.

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  • 13. 

    The Grange Movement wanted to use _____________________ to influence politicians to pass legislation to protect farmers.

    Correct Answer
    lobbyists
    Explanation
    The Grange Movement aimed to utilize lobbyists as a means to influence politicians and encourage the passing of legislation that would provide protection for farmers. Lobbyists are individuals or groups who advocate for specific interests and seek to persuade lawmakers to support their cause. By employing lobbyists, the Grange Movement sought to exert pressure on politicians and shape the decision-making process in favor of farmers' rights and welfare.

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  • 14. 

    Grange Halls throughout the United States served as ________________ centers for the farmers.

    Correct Answer
    community
    Explanation
    Grange Halls throughout the United States served as community centers for the farmers. These halls provided a space for farmers to come together, socialize, and exchange ideas. They hosted various events and activities such as meetings, dances, and educational programs, creating a sense of belonging and support among the farming community. Grange Halls also played a crucial role in advocating for the rights and interests of farmers, making them an important hub for community engagement and empowerment.

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  • 15. 

    Populist Party became known as the ________________ Party.

    Correct Answer
    People's
    Explanation
    The Populist Party became known as the People's Party. This is because the party aimed to represent and advocate for the interests of the common people, particularly farmers and laborers. By adopting the name "People's Party," they emphasized their commitment to representing the needs and concerns of the general population.

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  • 16. 

    The free _______________ movement was an attempt by farmers to reform the nation's currency.

    Correct Answer
    silver
    Explanation
    The free silver movement was an attempt by farmers to reform the nation's currency. The movement advocated for the unlimited coinage of silver in addition to gold, which would increase the money supply and provide relief to debtors, particularly farmers who were struggling with falling crop prices and high interest rates. By allowing silver to be freely minted into coins, the movement aimed to increase the circulation of money and stimulate economic growth.

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  • 17. 

    The Populist platform called for the government to regulate the ____________, ____________, and ___________ companies to make these services more affordable to the public.

    Correct Answer
    railroads telegraph telephone
    Explanation
    The Populist platform advocated for government regulation of the railroads, telegraph, and telephone companies in order to make their services more affordable for the public. This indicates that the Populists believed that these industries had become too powerful and were charging excessive prices, which made them inaccessible to many people. By implementing regulations, the government could ensure fair pricing and increase accessibility to these essential services.

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  • 18. 

    The Populists also believed a __________________ income tax would help farmers during the hard times.

    Correct Answer
    graduated
    Explanation
    The Populists believed that a graduated income tax would help farmers during difficult times. A graduated income tax is a tax system where individuals with higher incomes are taxed at a higher rate, while those with lower incomes are taxed at a lower rate. The Populists likely believed that this type of tax system would provide relief to farmers who were struggling financially, as it would place a greater burden on wealthier individuals and potentially redistribute wealth to those in need.

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  • 19. 

    The Populists wanted the government to control immigration which led to a series of laws known as the _______________ Exclusion Acts.

    Correct Answer
    Chinese
    Explanation
    The Populists believed that the government should have control over immigration, leading to the implementation of a series of laws known as the Chinese Exclusion Acts. These acts were specifically targeted towards restricting and excluding Chinese immigrants from entering the United States. The Populists' support for such legislation reflected their concerns about the impact of Chinese immigrants on the economy and labor market, as well as their desire to protect the interests of American workers.

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  • 20. 

    The ______ Amendment gave Americans the right to elect their own senators in the US Congress.

    Correct Answer
    17th
    Explanation
    The 17th Amendment to the US Constitution granted American citizens the power to directly elect their own senators in the US Congress. Prior to the amendment's ratification, senators were chosen by state legislatures. This change was a significant shift towards a more democratic system, allowing the people to have a direct say in the election of their representatives at the federal level.

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  • 21. 

    An _____________________ ballot is a secret way of electing government officials.

    Correct Answer
    Australian
    Explanation
    An Australian ballot is a secret way of electing government officials. This type of ballot ensures the privacy and confidentiality of voters by allowing them to cast their votes in private. It typically involves the use of a standardized official ballot that lists all the candidates, and voters mark their choices in secret. This method helps to prevent voter coercion or intimidation and ensures a fair and democratic election process.

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  • 22. 

    After Plessy v Ferguson, America became a _________________ society where Jim Crow laws denied African-Americans equality in public places and facilities.

    Correct Answer
    segregated
    Explanation
    After the Supreme Court case of Plessy v Ferguson in 1896, America adopted a segregated society. This meant that African-Americans were forced to live in separate communities and were denied equal treatment and opportunities. Jim Crow laws were implemented to enforce racial segregation, which resulted in African-Americans being denied access to public places and facilities such as schools, restaurants, and transportation. Segregation was a form of institutionalized racism that perpetuated inequality and discrimination against African-Americans.

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  • Current Version
  • Jan 29, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 19, 2008
    Quiz Created by
    Sek1026
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