Genetic Vocabulary Flashcard Test A

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 82

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Genetic Vocabulary Flashcard Test A

Welcome to the electronic frontier biology classroom of the 21st century. This testing instrument will cover introduction to genetics vocabulary for biology classes. The flashcards can be accessed on Mitchell's Cosmic Adventure science web site under Biology TERMS & FLASHCARDS. I wish you GOOD LUCK on earning high marks!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    _____ is the science of genes, heredity, and variations in living organisms.
    • A. 

      Biology

    • B. 

      Genetics

    • C. 

      Heredity

    • D. 

      Zoology

    • E. 

      Astrobiology

  • 2. 
    _____ is the passing of traits to offspring from it's parents or ancestors?  (Please enter your single answer in all lower case letters.)
  • 3. 
    _____ _____was a German-Silesian scientist who gained fame as the founder of the new science of genetics.
    • A. 

      Akerman, Susan

    • B. 

      Allan, William

    • C. 

      Mendel, Gregor

    • D. 

      Aiport, Cecil A

    • E. 

      Avery, Oswald

  • 4. 
    _____ _____ is a species of garden peas Mendel used in his genetic experiments.  (Please use the correct format for genus species organisms.)
  • 5. 
    A process by which pollen is transferred to achieve reproduction in plants is called a(n)_____.  (Please enter your answers in all lower case letters.)
  • 6. 
    Pollination is a process involving the transfer of pollen from one plant or the same plant.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    Flowering plants have female reproductive structures called _____.
    • A. 

      Anthers

    • B. 

      Stigma

    • C. 

      Petals

    • D. 

      Sepals

    • E. 

      Genes

  • 8. 
    _____ _____ occurs when pollen is transferred from the anthers of a flower to the stigma of either that flower or another flower on the same plant.
    • A. 

      Cross pollination

    • B. 

      Self pollination

    • C. 

      Antherial pollination

    • D. 

      Genetic pollination

    • E. 

      Heredity pollination

  • 9. 
    Cross pollination is the transfer of pollen from an anther of the flower of one plant to the anther of the flower of the different plant.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    When selected biological traits which are passed on to all generations when bred with another true breeding organism for the same traits is called a(n)_____ _____
    • A. 

      Generation breeding

    • B. 

      True breeding

    • C. 

      Line breeding

    • D. 

      Cross breeding

    • E. 

      Stock breeeding

  • 11. 
    _____ generation refers to the parent organisms or strains in a particular genetic cross.
    • A. 

      F

    • B. 

      F1

    • C. 

      F2

    • D. 

      F3

    • E. 

      P

    • F. 

      G

  • 12. 
    _____ generation is shorthand for the first filial generation. It is the first generation of offspring resulting from a particular genetic cross.
    • A. 

      G

    • B. 

      F

    • C. 

      F1

    • D. 

      F2

    • E. 

      P

  • 13. 
    _____ generation is shorthand for the second filial generation. It is the first generation of offspring resulting from a particular genetic cross or set of parents (F1).
    • A. 

      G

    • B. 

      F

    • C. 

      F1

    • D. 

      F2

    • E. 

      P

  • 14. 
    _____ is when the allele or genes that masks a trait that will appear in the offspring if one of the parents contributes.
    • A. 

      Dominant

    • B. 

      Recessive

    • C. 

      Factor

    • D. 

      Heredity

    • E. 

      Genetics

  • 15. 
    A _____ _____ is a trait controlled by a recessive factor having no observable effect on an organism's appearance when paired with a dominant trait.   (Please enter your answers in all lower case letters.)
  • 16. 
    The _____ states that allele pairs separate during gamete formation, and randomly unite at fertilization.
    • A. 

      Law of Genetics

    • B. 

      Law of Segregation

    • C. 

      Law of Independent Assortment

    • D. 

      Law of Heredity

  • 17. 
    The _____ states that allele pairs separate independently during the formation of gametes.
    • A. 

      Law of Genetics

    • B. 

      Law of Segregation

    • C. 

      Law of Independent Assortment

    • D. 

      Law of Heredity

  • 18. 
    Genetics is the study of the molecular processes underlying gene function and structure.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Gregor Mendel laid the foundation for the modern understanding of inheritance with his research. Indeed, the _____ he discovered are genes, which come in pairs.
    • A. 

      Factors

    • B. 

      Genes

    • C. 

      Chromosomes

    • D. 

      DNA

  • 20. 
    An alternative form of a gene (one member of a pair) that is located at a specific position on a specific chromosome is called a(n)_____.   (Please enter your answers in all lower case letters.)
  • 21. 
    What is the correct scientific name for corn?
    • A. 

      Zea rubra

    • B. 

      Zea mays

    • C. 

      Zea pomifera

    • D. 

      Cercis canadensis

    • E. 

      Abies concolor

  • 22. 
    The _____ is the fundamental genetic makeup of an organism. It consists of the alleles inherits from it's parents.
    • A. 

      Phenotype

    • B. 

      Genotype

    • C. 

      Hyperotype

    • D. 

      Genetics

  • 23. 
    _____ is an organism's physical appearance as determined by the genes present.
    • A. 

      Genotype

    • B. 

      Phenotype

    • C. 

      Genetics

    • D. 

      Allele

    • E. 

      Test-cross

  • 24. 
    What male reproductive structures in flowering plants produce pollen?  (Please enter your answer in all lower case letters.)
  • 25. 
    _____ is a condition having the same alleles at a particular gene locus on homologous chromosomes.  (Please enter your answer in case sensitive form.)
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