Gait

55 Questions | Total Attempts: 504

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Gait

Ofgait first test 2nd year uni


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Definition of spatial feature of gait is
    • A. 

      Measurement of duration of gait

    • B. 

      Measurement of time of gait

    • C. 

      Measurement of foot placement

  • 2. 
    Measurement of duration of gait is called
    • A. 

      Spatial

    • B. 

      Temporal

    • C. 

      Kinematics

  • 3. 
    A definitions of Kinematics is
    • A. 

      Examination of forces and effects on body

    • B. 

      Body in motion regardless of forces that produce that motion

    • C. 

      Examination of body and effects in motion

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is not a ways to analysis gait
    • A. 

      Observation

    • B. 

      Force plate analysis

    • C. 

      Foot pressure studies

    • D. 

      2d motion analysis

  • 5. 
    What is not a requirement for normal gait
    • A. 

      Hearing

    • B. 

      Vision

    • C. 

      Muscle

  • 6. 
    What does HAT mean
    • A. 

      Head arm and throat

    • B. 

      Head arm and trunk

    • C. 

      Height and toe

  • 7. 
    During gait muscles use
    • A. 

      Minimum energy

    • B. 

      Maximum energy

    • C. 

      Stored energy

  • 8. 
    How many phase of gait
    • A. 

      2

    • B. 

      3

    • C. 

      4

  • 9. 
    How much time is the gait cycle in double support in gait
    • A. 

      10%

    • B. 

      20%

    • C. 

      30%

  • 10. 
    Which of the following is not stance phase of gait
    • A. 

      Pre swing

    • B. 

      Mid swing

    • C. 

      Loading response

  • 11. 
    Heel rise is end of which phase and start of which phase
    • A. 

      Loading response - mid stance

    • B. 

      Mid stance - terminal stance

    • C. 

      Terminal stance - pre swing

  • 12. 
    Goals that must be achieved in gait
    • A. 

      Ground clearance

    • B. 

      Balance of head arms and trunk at shoulder

    • C. 

      Body mass transfer to swinging leg

  • 13. 
    When does swing phase occur
    • A. 

      Heel rise to toe off

    • B. 

      Toe off to heel strike

    • C. 

      Heel strike to opposite toe off

  • 14. 
    what is A
    • A. 

      Base of gait

    • B. 

      Angle of gait

    • C. 

      Step length

  • 15. 
    What is B
    • A. 

      Base of gait

    • B. 

      Angle of gait

    • C. 

      Stride length

  • 16. 
    Cadence is
    • A. 

      Steps per gait cycle

    • B. 

      Steps per minute

    • C. 

      Walking time

  • 17. 
    Degree between the line of progression and midline of foot is called
    • A. 

      Toe in / toe out angle

    • B. 

      Base of gait

    • C. 

      Stride length

  • 18. 
      part of the gait cycle where only a single limb is in contact with the ground.  Time between terminal stance and initial contact of the opposite limb
    • A. 

      Double support time

    • B. 

      Single support time

    • C. 

      Swing phase

  • 19. 
    Distance between the sequential points of initial contact by the opposite foot
    • A. 

      Stride length

    • B. 

      Cycle time

    • C. 

      Step length

  • 20. 
      time between the sequential points of initial contact by the opposite foot
    • A. 

      Step time

    • B. 

      Step length

    • C. 

      Stride length

  • 21. 
      distance between the sequential points of initial contact by the same foot
    • A. 

      Step time

    • B. 

      Step length

    • C. 

      Stride length

  • 22. 
     the elapsed time between the 1st contact of two consecutive footfalls of the same foot
    • A. 

      Cycle time

    • B. 

      Step time

    • C. 

      Step length

  • 23. 
    What is the total ROM of hip during normal gait
    • A. 

      50 degree (30 flexion 20 extension)

    • B. 

      70 degree ( 40 flexion 30 extension )

    • C. 

      59 degree ( 20 flexion 30 extension )

  • 24. 
    Sartorius,adductor longus, rectus femoris , gracilis, iliopsoas do what at the hip during gait
    • A. 

      Flexors

    • B. 

      Extensors

    • C. 

      Adductors

  • 25. 
    Adductor magnus, gluteus magnas (lower) bicep femoris (long head), senimembranous, semitendinois do what during normal gait
    • A. 

      Flex

    • B. 

      Extend

    • C. 

      Rotate

  • 26. 
    Tensor fascia lata, gluteus maximus (upper) gluteus medius do what the hip
    • A. 

      Adductors

    • B. 

      Abductors

    • C. 

      Flexors

  • 27. 
    Adductor magnus, adductor longus , gracilis do what at hip
    • A. 

      Adductors

    • B. 

      Abductors

    • C. 

      Extensor

  • 28. 
    Which of these is not an hamstring
    • A. 

      Semtendinosis

    • B. 

      Bicep femoris

    • C. 

      Semimembranosus

    • D. 

      Rectus femoris

  • 29. 
    Which of these muscles are quadriceps
    • A. 

      Rectus femoris

    • B. 

      Bicep femoris

    • C. 

      Vastus lateralis

    • D. 

      Sartorius

  • 30. 
    Which muscle work antagonist
    • A. 

      Quadriceps and adductors

    • B. 

      Quadriceps and hamstring

    • C. 

      Hamstring and adductors

  • 31. 
    Which muscle has origins ilium and insertion tibial tuberosity
    • A. 

      Vastus lateralis

    • B. 

      Sartorius

    • C. 

      Rectus femoris

  • 32. 
    Which of these muscles external rotate hip
    • A. 

      Gluteus maximus

    • B. 

      Gluteaus medius

    • C. 

      Gluteus minimus

  • 33. 
    How many deep muscles are abductors 
    • A. 

      3

    • B. 

      4

    • C. 

      5

  • 34. 
    Spatial measures
    • A. 

      Distance

    • B. 

      Time

    • C. 

      Motion

  • 35. 
    Distance between the most medial aspects of opposite weight bearing feet
    • A. 

      Cadence

    • B. 

      Walking speed

    • C. 

      Dynamic Base

  • 36. 
     --------- Part of the gait cycle characterized by both feet being on the ground simultaneously.  Time between initial contact of one limb and toe off of the opposite limb.
    • A. 

      Double support time

    • B. 

      Single support time

    • C. 

      Swing time

  • 37. 
    How many motion of plane does the knee occurs on
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      3

  • 38. 
    During loading response of gait, the knee
    • A. 

      Abducts

    • B. 

      Adducts

    • C. 

      In neutral

  • 39. 
    Which plane of motion is extension and flexion of knee
    • A. 

      Frontal

    • B. 

      Transverse

    • C. 

      Sagittal

  • 40. 
    Which of these is not a knee flexor
    • A. 

      Bicep femoris

    • B. 

      Rectus femoris

    • C. 

      Semimembranosus

    • D. 

      Gatrocnemius

    • E. 

      Gracilis

    • F. 

      Sartorius

  • 41. 
    Which of these is not a knee extensor
    • A. 

      Vastus medialis

    • B. 

      Rectus femoris

    • C. 

      Vastus lateralis

    • D. 

      Sartorius

  • 42. 
    The knee internally rotates from which 2 pionts
    • A. 

      Heel strike to foot flat

    • B. 

      Heel off to toe off

    • C. 

      From toe off to initial contact

  • 43. 
    Lateral rotation of the femur and medial rotaion of the tibia is called
    • A. 

      Locking of knee

    • B. 

      Unlocking of the knee

    • C. 

      Knee valgus

  • 44. 
    Unlocking of the knee is nessary for what to happen
    • A. 

      Loosen tension on collateral and cruciate ligaments

    • B. 

      Tighten tension on collateral and criate ligaments

    • C. 

      To maintain a stable knee

  • 45. 
    During initial contact the knee is
    • A. 

      Flexed

    • B. 

      Extended

  • 46. 
    Which of these is a demand on the knee
    • A. 

      Shock absorption as the limb is loaded (stance)

    • B. 

      Extensor stability for secure weight bearing (stance)

    • C. 

      Rapid flexion in swing for limb advancement (swing)

  • 47. 
    The knee reaches maximum flexion at
    • A. 

      Toe off

    • B. 

      Heel lift

    • C. 

      Mid swing

  • 48. 
    LLD means
    • A. 

      Leg length descripance

    • B. 

      Leg limb differance

    • C. 

      Limb to leg differance

  • 49. 
    Angle of inclination is on what plane of motion
    • A. 

      Transverse

    • B. 

      Frontal

    • C. 

      Sagittal

  • 50. 
    Coxa vara is
    • A. 

      When the angle of the femoral inclination has decreased to beyond 128 degree

    • B. 

      When the angle of the femoral inclination has increased to beyond 128 degree

    • C. 

      When the angle of the femoral inclination is 128 degree

  • 51. 
    There are 4 natural curves in the spine they are
    • A. 

      Cervical

    • B. 

      Thoracic

    • C. 

      Lumbar

    • D. 

      Sacral

    • E. 

      Spinal

  • 52. 
    --------------------- is lateral curvatio of spine
    • A. 

      Scoliosis

    • B. 

      Kyphosis

    • C. 

      Lordosis

    • D. 

      Kypho - scoliosis

  • 53. 
    -----------------increase in outward curvatue of the spine
    • A. 

      Scoliosis

    • B. 

      Kyphosis

    • C. 

      Lordosis

    • D. 

      Kypho-scoliosis

  • 54. 
    -------------comination of outward and lateral curvature of spine is
    • A. 

      Scoliosis

    • B. 

      Kyphosis

    • C. 

      Lordosis

    • D. 

      Kypho-scoliosis

  • 55. 
    --------------------increase in foward curvature of the spine is
    • A. 

      Scoliosis

    • B. 

      Kyphosis

    • C. 

      Lordosis

    • D. 

      Kypho-scoliosis