LEED Ga_practice Set_f_1

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LEED Ga Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What tool is used to determine the target certification level?

    • A.

      LEED Online

    • B.

      EPA's Target Finder

    • C.

      LEED Scorecard

    • D.

      CIR

    Correct Answer
    C. LEED Scorecard
    Explanation
    The LEED Scorecard is used to determine the target certification level. This tool allows users to input project information and calculate the number of points earned in different categories, such as energy efficiency, water conservation, and indoor air quality. Based on the total points earned, the LEED Scorecard provides a target certification level, such as Certified, Silver, Gold, or Platinum. This helps project teams set goals and track progress towards achieving LEED certification for their building or project.

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  • 2. 

    Why would a landscape designer choose native landscaping in an arid climate? Choose 2

    • A.

      Minimize evapotranspiration

    • B.

      Provide linked habitat corridors in urban areas

    • C.

      Heat island reduction

    • D.

      Support integrated pest management (IPM)

    • E.

      Increase occupant well-being and productivity

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Minimize evapotranspiration
    D. Support integrated pest management (IPM)
    Explanation
    A landscape designer would choose native landscaping in an arid climate to minimize evapotranspiration because native plants are adapted to the local climate and require less water compared to non-native plants. This helps conserve water and reduce the amount of water lost through evaporation and transpiration. Additionally, native plants often have natural defenses against pests and diseases, which supports integrated pest management (IPM) practices. By using native plants, the need for chemical pesticides and herbicides can be minimized, promoting a more sustainable and environmentally-friendly approach to landscaping.

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  • 3. 

    What environmental issue is associated with refrigerants used in HVAC&R systems?

    • A.

      Pollution of water bodies

    • B.

      Damage to the Earth's ozone layer

    • C.

      Increased air pollution

    • D.

      Increased use of fossil fuels

    Correct Answer
    B. Damage to the Earth's ozone layer
    Explanation
    Refrigerants used in HVAC&R systems are associated with the environmental issue of damaging the Earth's ozone layer. These refrigerants contain substances like chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) that, when released into the atmosphere, can deplete the ozone layer. The ozone layer plays a crucial role in protecting the Earth from harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation. The depletion of the ozone layer can lead to increased UV radiation reaching the Earth's surface, which can have detrimental effects on human health, ecosystems, and the environment.

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  • 4. 

    What part of LEED Online can be used to obtain a real-time snapshot of the project's progress?

    • A.

      The credit assignments

    • B.

      The project timeline

    • C.

      The review comments

    • D.

      The project checklist

    Correct Answer
    B. The project timeline
    Explanation
    The project timeline in LEED Online can be used to obtain a real-time snapshot of the project's progress. It provides a visual representation of the project's schedule, showing key milestones and deadlines. By referring to the project timeline, users can easily track the progress of different tasks and ensure that the project is on track. It allows project teams to stay organized and monitor the project's overall progress in a convenient and efficient manner.

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  • 5. 

    A door found onsite and turned into a table as part of a major renovation would be considered what type of material?

    • A.

      Recycled material

    • B.

      Commingled material

    • C.

      Reused

    • D.

      Renewable material

    Correct Answer
    C. Reused
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Reused." A door that is repurposed into a table as part of a major renovation is considered "reused" material. This means that instead of being discarded or thrown away, the door is given a new purpose and life by being used in a different way. Reusing materials helps to reduce waste and promote sustainability by extending the lifespan of existing resources.

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  • 6. 

    What is a stakeholder meeting?

    • A.

      A meeting with everyone that has a vested interest in the outcome of a project

    • B.

      An intense workshop to solve a problem or plan the design of something that includes the project team and stakeholders

    • C.

      A meeting where research is conducted about materials

    • D.

      A meeting where engineers work together to discover new synergies

    Correct Answer
    A. A meeting with everyone that has a vested interest in the outcome of a project
    Explanation
    A stakeholder meeting is a gathering that includes all individuals who have a vested interest in the outcome of a project. This could include project team members, clients, customers, investors, and any other relevant parties. The purpose of such a meeting is to discuss and address the concerns, expectations, and requirements of the stakeholders, ensuring that their interests are considered and incorporated into the project's decision-making process. By involving all key stakeholders, a stakeholder meeting helps to foster collaboration, transparency, and effective communication, ultimately leading to a more successful project outcome.

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  • 7. 

    The choice of a building material used for a project should be determined by what criteria? choose 3

    • A.

      The cost of the material

    • B.

      The environmental impact of extracting and manufacturing the material

    • C.

      How long the material has been used in other projects

    • D.

      The size of the company supplying the materials

    • E.

      If the company is a USGBC member

    • F.

      The impact the material has on society

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. The cost of the material
    B. The environmental impact of extracting and manufacturing the material
    F. The impact the material has on society
    Explanation
    The choice of a building material should be determined by considering the cost of the material, as it is important to stay within budget. Additionally, the environmental impact of extracting and manufacturing the material should be considered to ensure sustainable practices. Lastly, the impact the material has on society should be taken into account to ensure that it aligns with social values and promotes a positive impact on the community.

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  • 8. 

    What LEED credit category encourages strategies that minimize the impact on ecosystems and water resources?

    • A.

      Water Efficiency

    • B.

      Location and Transportation

    • C.

      Sustainable Sites

    • D.

      Regional Priority

    Correct Answer
    C. Sustainable Sites
    Explanation
    The LEED credit category of Sustainable Sites encourages strategies that minimize the impact on ecosystems and water resources. This category focuses on site selection, development density, stormwater management, and landscaping practices that promote water conservation and protect natural habitats. By implementing sustainable site strategies, such as reducing water consumption and preserving native vegetation, projects can help minimize their ecological footprint and promote the health of ecosystems and water resources.

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  • 9. 

    A refrigerated warehouse project in the design phase could reduce its electricity demand by taking which of the following actions?

    • A.

      Enrolling in a demand response program

    • B.

      Purchasing all electricity from a wind farm

    • C.

      Purchasing carbon offsets to counter GHG emissions

    • D.

      Purchasing Renewable Energy Credits (RECs)

    Correct Answer
    A. Enrolling in a demand response program
    Explanation
    Enrolling in a demand response program can help the refrigerated warehouse project reduce its electricity demand. Demand response programs allow participants to adjust their electricity usage during times of high demand, in exchange for financial incentives. By participating in such a program, the warehouse can reduce its electricity consumption during peak periods, which can help lower its overall electricity demand and potentially save costs.

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  • 10. 

    What is submitted to document that the requirements of a credit or prerequisite were met?

    • A.

      CIR

    • B.

      LEED Project Checklist

    • C.

      LEED credit form

    • D.

      Building operating plan

    Correct Answer
    C. LEED credit form
    Explanation
    A LEED credit form is submitted to document that the requirements of a credit or prerequisite were met. This form serves as evidence that the necessary criteria for earning a LEED credit have been fulfilled. It provides a standardized format for capturing the necessary information and supporting documentation to demonstrate compliance with the specific credit requirements. By submitting a completed LEED credit form, project teams can verify that they have met the necessary prerequisites and achieved the desired credits in their LEED-certified building project.

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  • 11. 

    The manufacturer of a foam ceiling acoustic tile has disclosed the ingredients in the product. With this information project teams will be able to do which of the following?

    • A.

      Evaluate the greenhouse gas emissions of the product

    • B.

      Determine if the product is locally sourced

    • C.

      Select less expensive products

    • D.

      Make better-informed decisions

    Correct Answer
    D. Make better-informed decisions
    Explanation
    By disclosing the ingredients in the product, project teams will have access to valuable information that will enable them to make better-informed decisions. This information can be used to evaluate the environmental impact of the product, such as its greenhouse gas emissions. It can also help determine if the product is locally sourced, which may be a factor in decision-making. Additionally, knowing the ingredients can assist in selecting less expensive products by comparing prices and analyzing cost-effectiveness. Overall, having this information allows project teams to make more informed choices based on various factors.

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  • 12. 

    What LEED credits reward projects for improving operational energy performance? choose 2

    • A.

      Commissioning

    • B.

      Energy metering

    • C.

      Demand response

    • D.

      Green power and carbon offsets

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Commissioning
    B. Energy metering
    Explanation
    LEED credits are a way to recognize and reward projects that meet certain sustainability criteria. Commissioning is the process of ensuring that a building's systems are designed, installed, and operating correctly to optimize energy performance. Energy metering involves measuring and monitoring energy usage in a building, which can help identify areas for improvement and track progress towards energy efficiency goals. Both commissioning and energy metering contribute to improving operational energy performance, making them eligible for LEED credits.

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  • 13. 

    A project team decides to build up, instead of out, to reduce the building footprint. This strategy could help with _____.

    • A.

      Increasing open space

    • B.

      Increasing diverse uses

    • C.

      Increasing surrounding density

    • D.

      Construction activity pollution prevention

    Correct Answer
    A. Increasing open space
    Explanation
    By deciding to build up instead of out, the project team can maximize the available space on the ground, which in turn increases the open space. Building up allows for more vertical expansion, leaving more room for open areas such as parks, gardens, or recreational spaces. This approach helps to create a more spacious and aesthetically pleasing environment, providing people with more opportunities for outdoor activities and improving the overall quality of the project.

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  • 14. 

    The design charrette is at least one full-day workshop to integrate green strategies ________________:

    • A.

      In the mechanical and plumbing systems of the building

    • B.

      And to review product vendors.

    • C.

      And to review contractor bids.

    • D.

      Across all aspects of the building design.

    Correct Answer
    D. Across all aspects of the building design.
    Explanation
    The design charrette is a workshop that aims to integrate green strategies across all aspects of the building design. This means that during the workshop, participants will consider and incorporate sustainable practices not only in the mechanical and plumbing systems but also in other areas such as architecture, materials, energy efficiency, and site design. The goal is to ensure that sustainability is considered holistically throughout the entire building design process.

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  • 15. 

    During the integrative process, which of the following improvements in water efficiency would most likely need to be researched to confirm that they are legal to implement within the project?

    • A.

      Alternative water sources

    • B.

      Site conditions

    • C.

      Submetering

    • D.

      Fixtures and fittings

    Correct Answer
    A. Alternative water sources
    Explanation
    To confirm the legality of implementing alternative water sources within the project, research would be required. This is because the use of alternative water sources may be subject to local regulations and permits. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate and ensure that using alternative water sources complies with the legal requirements of the project location.

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  • 16. 

    How can projects reduce sending waste to a landfill? choose 2

    • A.

      Recycle materials

    • B.

      Use materials with low lifecycle costs

    • C.

      Use local materials

    • D.

      Reuse materials

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Recycle materials
    D. Reuse materials
    Explanation
    Projects can reduce sending waste to a landfill by recycling materials and reusing materials. Recycling involves converting waste materials into new products, reducing the need for raw materials and decreasing the amount of waste that ends up in landfills. Reusing materials involves using them again for the same or different purposes, extending their lifespan and reducing the demand for new materials. Both recycling and reusing materials contribute to a more sustainable approach, as they minimize waste and promote resource conservation.

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  • 17. 

    What can help reduce indoor potable water use?

    • A.

      Installing reduced-flow aerators on lavatory faucets

    • B.

      Replacing fixtures with salvaged toilets manufactured in 1992

    • C.

      Installing a green roof

    • D.

      Installing a blackwater system

    Correct Answer
    A. Installing reduced-flow aerators on lavatory faucets
    Explanation
    Installing reduced-flow aerators on lavatory faucets can help reduce indoor potable water use because these devices restrict the flow of water from the faucets, reducing the amount of water used per minute. By installing these aerators, less water is wasted during everyday activities like washing hands or brushing teeth, leading to overall water conservation. This is a practical and cost-effective solution to reduce indoor water consumption without compromising on basic hygiene needs.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following use-type categories determine diverse uses? choose 2

    • A.

      Stores

    • B.

      Food retail

    • C.

      Civic and community facilities

    • D.

      Restaurants

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Food retail
    C. Civic and community facilities
    Explanation
    Food retail and civic and community facilities are both use-type categories that determine diverse uses because they encompass a wide range of activities and services. Food retail includes grocery stores, supermarkets, and specialty food shops, which cater to various consumer needs. Civic and community facilities refer to spaces such as community centers, libraries, and parks, which serve the needs of the community and provide diverse recreational and educational opportunities. Both categories contribute to the diversity and functionality of a neighborhood or area.

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  • 19. 

    What urban area is a best choice for a LEED project?

    • A.

      Areas without existing infrastructure

    • B.

      Areas with high development density

    • C.

      Areas with zero-lot-lines

    • D.

      Areas that have not been previously developed

    Correct Answer
    B. Areas with high development density
    Explanation
    Areas with high development density are a best choice for a LEED project because they offer several advantages. Firstly, these areas already have existing infrastructure, such as roads, utilities, and public transportation, which reduces the need for new construction and minimizes the environmental impact. Secondly, high development density promotes efficient land use and reduces urban sprawl, preserving natural habitats and open spaces. Additionally, it encourages walkability and reduces the reliance on private vehicles, leading to lower carbon emissions. Therefore, choosing areas with high development density aligns with the goals of LEED projects, which aim to promote sustainable and environmentally friendly urban development.

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  • 20. 

    Approximately 50% of chillers in existing buildings use what refrigerant?

    • A.

      HCFC-22

    • B.

      HFC-23

    • C.

      CFC-11

    • D.

      NH3

    Correct Answer
    C. CFC-11
    Explanation
    CFC-11 is the correct answer because it is a commonly used refrigerant in chillers in existing buildings. Approximately 50% of chillers rely on CFC-11 as their refrigerant. HCFC-22, HFC-23, and NH3 are not as commonly used in chillers, making them incorrect options.

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  • 21. 

    How does LEED encourage focusing on regional issues?

    • A.

      Using reasonable LEED boundaries

    • B.

      Adhering to all local building codes

    • C.

      Regional priority credits

    • D.

      Awarding more points to those projects that have ENERGY STAR ratings

    Correct Answer
    C. Regional priority credits
    Explanation
    LEED encourages focusing on regional issues through the use of regional priority credits. These credits are specific to each region and address the unique environmental and social concerns of that area. By awarding additional points to projects that address these regional priorities, LEED incentivizes developers and designers to consider and address the specific needs and challenges of the local community and environment. This approach ensures that LEED-certified projects are not only sustainable but also responsive to the specific context in which they are located.

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  • 22. 

    A telecom company is building a new ten-story office and data center. The office space will be on the top seven floors and the data center on the first three floors. Which of the following rating system would be best suited for the project?

    • A.

      LEED BD+C: New Construction

    • B.

      LEED BD+C: Data Centers

    • C.

      LEED BD+C: Core and Shell

    • D.

      LEED BD+C: Warehouses and Distribution Centers

    Correct Answer
    A. LEED BD+C: New Construction
    Explanation
    The best-suited rating system for the project would be LEED BD+C: New Construction. This rating system is designed specifically for new construction projects, which aligns with the telecom company's plan to build a new office and data center. LEED BD+C: Data Centers is more focused on the design and construction of standalone data centers, which may not be suitable for this project that includes both office and data center spaces. LEED BD+C: Core and Shell is intended for projects where the developer only constructs the core and shell of the building, leaving the interior fit-out to the tenants. LEED BD+C: Warehouses and Distribution Centers is designed for projects in the warehousing and distribution industry, which does not align with the telecom company's office and data center project.

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  • 23. 

    What is an example of a project team applying systems thinking and integrative process?

    • A.

      Focusing on the first costs of a particular wood flooring

    • B.

      One team member completing the design of a system and handing it off to the next team member

    • C.

      Establishing water saving metrics for measuring success

    • D.

      Ending the green building process when the project team hands the site over to the owner

    Correct Answer
    C. Establishing water saving metrics for measuring success
    Explanation
    Establishing water saving metrics for measuring success is an example of a project team applying systems thinking and integrative process. This involves considering the entire system of water usage and conservation within a project, rather than just focusing on individual components or tasks. By establishing metrics to measure the success of water saving efforts, the team is taking a holistic approach and considering the interconnectedness of various factors, such as water usage, conservation strategies, and overall project goals. This demonstrates the application of systems thinking and integrative process in addressing the project's water management objectives.

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  • 24. 

    Where should smoking be prohibited for a project? choose 3 

    • A.

      Air intakes

    • B.

      Walking trails

    • C.

      Building entrances

    • D.

      Garages

    • E.

      Operable windows

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Air intakes
    C. Building entrances
    E. Operable windows
    Explanation
    Smoking should be prohibited in areas where it can directly affect the air quality and the health of others. Air intakes, building entrances, and operable windows are all locations where smoke can easily enter enclosed spaces and affect people nearby. By prohibiting smoking in these areas, it helps to maintain a clean and healthy environment for everyone.

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  • 25. 

    Each LEED credit and prerequisite includes the intent of the credit/prerequisite. What is the 'intent' of a credit/prerequisite?

    • A.

      Addresses the synergies and trade-offs between credits

    • B.

      Outlines concerns specific to specific regions

    • C.

      Details the level of performance needed to achieve a credit

    • D.

      Identifies the main sustainability goal or benefit of the prerequisite or credit

    Correct Answer
    D. Identifies the main sustainability goal or benefit of the prerequisite or credit
    Explanation
    The 'intent' of a credit/prerequisite is to identify the main sustainability goal or benefit that is associated with it. It helps to clarify the purpose and objective of the credit/prerequisite, highlighting the specific sustainability outcomes that are intended to be achieved. This allows project teams to understand the overall purpose of the credit/prerequisite and how it contributes to the broader sustainability goals of the LEED certification system.

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  • 26. 

    Which of the following are credit categories found in the LEED scorecard? choose 3

    • A.

      Energy Performance

    • B.

      Indoor Air Quality

    • C.

      Materials and Resources

    • D.

      LEED AP

    • E.

      Sustainable Sites

    • F.

      Water Efficiency

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Materials and Resources
    E. Sustainable Sites
    F. Water Efficiency
    Explanation
    The credit categories found in the LEED scorecard are Materials and Resources, Sustainable Sites, and Water Efficiency. These categories focus on different aspects of sustainable building practices. Materials and Resources category emphasizes the use of environmentally friendly materials and the reduction of waste during construction. Sustainable Sites category promotes the use of sustainable land development and the preservation of natural resources. Water Efficiency category encourages the efficient use of water through the implementation of water-saving technologies and practices.

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  • 27. 

    An architect is designing a mixed use building that will have retail space on the lower floors and residential condominiums on the upper floors. The building will also include space for a pre-kindergarten learning facility. What LEED rating system would be most appropriate?

    • A.

      LEED ID+C: Commercial Interiors

    • B.

      LEED BD+C: New Construction

    • C.

      LEED BD+C: Retail

    • D.

      LEED BD+C: Schools

    Correct Answer
    B. LEED BD+C: New Construction
    Explanation
    The most appropriate LEED rating system for the given scenario would be LEED BD+C: New Construction. This rating system is designed for new buildings or major renovations of entire buildings. Since the architect is designing a mixed-use building that includes both retail space and residential condominiums, it falls under the category of new construction. The LEED BD+C: New Construction rating system provides guidelines and criteria for sustainable design, construction, and operation of new buildings.

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  • 28. 

    Which of the following would be considered graywater?

    • A.

      Water from a dishwasher

    • B.

      Recycled water from the city

    • C.

      Untreated laundry water

    • D.

      Air conditioning condensate

    Correct Answer
    C. Untreated laundry water
    Explanation
    Graywater refers to wastewater that is generated from domestic activities such as laundry, dishwashing, and bathing, but does not include water from toilets or kitchen sinks. In this case, untreated laundry water fits the definition of graywater. It is the wastewater that comes from washing clothes and does not contain any sewage or kitchen waste. The other options, water from a dishwasher, recycled water from the city, and air conditioning condensate, do not fall under the category of graywater as they are not specifically generated from domestic activities.

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  • 29. 

    What non-financial incentives can a municipality offer to encourage developers to build residential projects to green standards? choose 2

    • A.

      Marketing assistance for the property

    • B.

      Low interest loans

    • C.

      Grants

    • D.

      Certification training for developers who are unfamiliar with green building practices

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Marketing assistance for the property
    D. Certification training for developers who are unfamiliar with green building practices
    Explanation
    A municipality can offer marketing assistance for the property to encourage developers to build residential projects to green standards. This can include promoting the project through various channels, such as online listings, brochures, and advertisements, to attract potential buyers or tenants. By providing marketing assistance, the municipality can help increase the visibility and desirability of the green residential projects, which can incentivize developers to invest in such projects.

    Additionally, offering certification training for developers who are unfamiliar with green building practices can also be an effective non-financial incentive. This training can educate developers about the benefits and techniques of green building, equipping them with the necessary knowledge and skills to successfully implement green standards in their residential projects. By providing this training, the municipality can support and encourage developers to adopt sustainable practices, ultimately contributing to the overall green development of the municipality.

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  • 30. 

    Increasing the thermal mass of a building and installing a photovoltaic system would help with:

    • A.

      Decreasing energy efficiency and increasing renewable energy

    • B.

      Reducing energy demand and increasing energy efficiency

    • C.

      Reducing energy demand and increasing renewable energy

    • D.

      Increasing energy efficiency and increasing renewable energy

    Correct Answer
    C. Reducing energy demand and increasing renewable energy
    Explanation
    Increasing the thermal mass of a building helps in reducing energy demand by improving the building's ability to retain heat or coolness, therefore reducing the need for constant heating or cooling. Installing a photovoltaic system generates renewable energy from sunlight, which increases the availability of renewable energy sources. Therefore, both actions contribute to reducing energy demand and increasing renewable energy.

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  • 31. 

    What material attribute would a project team use to compare different products' abilities to reject solar heat?

    • A.

      Emissivity

    • B.

      Solar Reflectance Index (SRI)

    • C.

      ENERGY STAR label

    • D.

      Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)

    Correct Answer
    B. Solar Reflectance Index (SRI)
    Explanation
    A project team would use the Solar Reflectance Index (SRI) to compare different products' abilities to reject solar heat. SRI measures the ability of a material to reflect solar radiation and emit absorbed heat. A higher SRI value indicates a greater ability to reject solar heat, making it an important attribute for comparing products in terms of their energy efficiency and heat rejection capabilities.

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  • 32. 

    Which of the following is reduced with the help of carbon offsets?

    • A.

      Ozone

    • B.

      CFCs

    • C.

      Water contamination

    • D.

      Greenhouse gas emissions

    Correct Answer
    D. Greenhouse gas emissions
    Explanation
    Carbon offsets are used to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide, contribute to climate change and global warming. Carbon offsets involve investing in projects that reduce or remove greenhouse gas emissions, such as renewable energy projects or reforestation initiatives. By purchasing carbon offsets, individuals or organizations can effectively neutralize their own emissions by supporting projects that reduce an equivalent amount of greenhouse gases elsewhere. Therefore, the correct answer is greenhouse gas emissions.

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  • 33. 

    An environmental product declaration (EPD) for LEED must conform to which of the following standards?

    • A.

      Local code or jurisdiction

    • B.

      ISO

    • C.

      Green-e

    • D.

      ASHRAE

    Correct Answer
    B. ISO
    Explanation
    An environmental product declaration (EPD) for LEED must conform to the ISO standards. ISO (International Organization for Standardization) is a globally recognized standard-setting body that develops and publishes international standards. In the context of EPDs for LEED, conforming to ISO standards ensures that the environmental impact of a product or material has been assessed and reported in a consistent and reliable manner, allowing for accurate comparisons and informed decision-making in sustainable building practices.

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  • 34. 

    What is an example of systems thinking?

    • A.

      Reviewing the schedule for the timing of the HVAC system installation

    • B.

      Installation of a parking lot

    • C.

      Commissioning of the exterior lights

    • D.

      Considering how occupants will get to the project building

    Correct Answer
    D. Considering how occupants will get to the project building
    Explanation
    Systems thinking involves considering the interrelationships and interactions between various components of a system. In this case, considering how occupants will get to the project building demonstrates systems thinking because it recognizes that the transportation methods chosen can impact the overall functioning and success of the project. This example highlights the understanding that a system is composed of interconnected parts and that decisions made in one area can have ripple effects throughout the entire system.

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  • 35. 

    What standard applies to natural ventilation?

    • A.

      ASHRAE 55

    • B.

      SMACNA

    • C.

      Green-e

    • D.

      ASHRAE 62.1

    Correct Answer
    D. ASHRAE 62.1
    Explanation
    ASHRAE 62.1 is the standard that applies to natural ventilation. This standard, developed by the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), provides guidelines for the design and operation of ventilation systems in buildings. It specifically addresses the requirements for natural ventilation, which is the process of using natural air movement to provide fresh air and remove pollutants from indoor spaces. ASHRAE 62.1 ensures that natural ventilation systems meet the necessary standards for indoor air quality and occupant comfort.

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  • 36. 

    Which of the following does a site assessment evaluate? choose 3

    • A.

      Surrounding density

    • B.

      Existing structures

    • C.

      Geology

    • D.

      Hydrology

    • E.

      Shading

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Existing structures
    C. Geology
    D. Hydrology
    Explanation
    A site assessment evaluates existing structures, geology, and hydrology. This means that the assessment analyzes the buildings or infrastructure already present on the site, the geological characteristics of the area such as soil composition or potential for natural hazards, and the water resources and drainage patterns on the site. These three factors are important in determining the suitability and potential challenges of a site for various purposes such as construction, development, or environmental impact.

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  • 37. 

    The baseline water use of a lavatory faucet is:

    • A.

      1.0 gpm (3.8 lpm)

    • B.

      2.2 gpm (8.3 lpm)

    • C.

      2.2 gpf (8.3 lpf)

    • D.

      1.0 gpf (3.8 lpf)

    Correct Answer
    B. 2.2 gpm (8.3 lpm)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2.2 gpm (8.3 lpm). This means that the baseline water use of a lavatory faucet is 2.2 gallons per minute or 8.3 liters per minute. This indicates the rate at which water flows out of the faucet during normal use.

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  • 38. 

    Which of the following are strategies that help a project team design for flexibility? choose 3

    • A.

      Occupancy sensors

    • B.

      Underground parking

    • C.

      Demountable partitions

    • D.

      Modular casework

    • E.

      Moveable furniture

    • F.

      Operable windows

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Demountable partitions
    D. Modular casework
    E. Moveable furniture
    Explanation
    Demountable partitions, modular casework, and moveable furniture are strategies that help a project team design for flexibility. Demountable partitions can be easily removed and reconfigured, allowing for flexible use of space. Modular casework refers to furniture and storage systems that are designed in modules, allowing for easy rearrangement and reconfiguration. Moveable furniture, such as chairs and tables on wheels, can be easily moved and rearranged to suit changing needs. These strategies enable the project team to adapt the space to different requirements and promote flexibility in the design.

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  • 39. 

    A building's total emissions footprint does which of the following over time? 

    • A.

      Incrementally increases

    • B.

      Incrementally decreases

    • C.

      Fluctuates

    • D.

      Remains the same

    Correct Answer
    A. Incrementally increases
    Explanation
    Over time, a building's total emissions footprint incrementally increases. This means that as time goes on, the building's emissions, such as carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, gradually increase. This can be due to factors such as increased energy consumption, changes in building usage, or outdated infrastructure. It is important to monitor and mitigate these emissions to minimize the building's impact on the environment.

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  • 40. 

    What strategy to control and reduce runoff will hold water and reduce the rate of runoff? 

    • A.

      Direct runoff into dry ponds

    • B.

      Reduce the size of the building footprint

    • C.

      Install pervious pavement

    • D.

      Increase the area of permeable surfaces

    Correct Answer
    A. Direct runoff into dry ponds
    Explanation
    Direct runoff into dry ponds is a strategy to control and reduce runoff because it involves redirecting excess water from rainfall or melting snow into specially designed ponds that are dry most of the time. These dry ponds can hold the water and slowly release it into the surrounding soil, allowing for infiltration and reducing the rate of runoff. By capturing and storing runoff in dry ponds, the amount of water flowing off the land and into storm drains or water bodies is reduced, helping to prevent flooding and erosion.

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  • 41. 

    Occupancy calculations may be needed for which of the following project documentations? choose 2

    • A.

      Bicycle facilities

    • B.

      Water metering

    • C.

      Indoor water use

    • D.

      Surrounding density

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Bicycle facilities
    C. Indoor water use
    Explanation
    Occupancy calculations may be needed for Bicycle facilities and Indoor water use project documentations. For Bicycle facilities, occupancy calculations may be required to determine the number of bicycles that can be accommodated in a specific space or facility. This information is essential for planning and designing bicycle parking areas. For Indoor water use, occupancy calculations are necessary to estimate the water consumption based on the number of occupants in a building or specific area. This information helps in designing efficient water supply systems and determining water conservation measures.

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  • 42. 

    What major concepts are integral to green building and sustainability? choose 3 

    • A.

      Systems thinking

    • B.

      Life cycle approach

    • C.

      Open systems

    • D.

      Integrative process

    • E.

      Linear planning and design processes

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Systems thinking
    B. Life cycle approach
    D. Integrative process
    Explanation
    The major concepts that are integral to green building and sustainability are systems thinking, life cycle approach, and integrative process. Systems thinking involves considering the interconnections and interdependencies of various components in a building or project. The life cycle approach emphasizes the assessment of environmental impacts throughout the entire life cycle of a building, from design to disposal. The integrative process involves collaboration and coordination among different stakeholders to achieve sustainable outcomes. These concepts promote holistic and long-term approaches to sustainability in the built environment.

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  • 43. 

    Which of the following site types is considered high-priority?

    • A.

      Land with endangered habitat

    • B.

      Area on or within fifty feet (fifteen meters) of a wetland

    • C.

      Historic district

    • D.

      Previously developed land

    Correct Answer
    C. Historic district
    Explanation
    A historic district is considered high-priority because it represents an area of cultural or historical significance. Preserving and protecting historic districts is important for maintaining a sense of heritage and identity within a community. Additionally, historic districts often attract tourism and contribute to the local economy.

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  • 44. 

    From where are most local codes adopted? 

    • A.

      California laws

    • B.

      International Code Council

    • C.

      Federal regulations

    • D.

      USGBC

    Correct Answer
    B. International Code Council
    Explanation
    Most local codes are adopted from the International Code Council. The International Code Council (ICC) is a non-profit organization that develops and publishes model codes and standards used in the design, construction, and maintenance of buildings. These model codes serve as a basis for local jurisdictions to develop their own building codes. The ICC codes are widely recognized and adopted by many states and local governments in the United States, making it the most common source for local codes.

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  • 45. 

    Which of the following project features does NOT promote biodiversity?

    • A.

      An extensive green roof

    • B.

      A soccer field

    • C.

      Financially supporting a conservation organization

    • D.

      An intensive green roof

    Correct Answer
    B. A soccer field
    Explanation
    A soccer field does not promote biodiversity because it typically consists of a flat, grassy surface that is regularly maintained and mowed. This type of environment does not provide diverse habitats or support a variety of plant and animal species. In contrast, an extensive green roof and financially supporting a conservation organization both contribute to biodiversity conservation by creating green spaces and supporting efforts to protect and restore ecosystems. An intensive green roof, although not specified in the question, typically includes a wider variety of plant species and can provide additional habitat for biodiversity.

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  • 46. 

    Which of the following elements should be considered to facilitate communication in school classrooms? choose 3

    • A.

      Soft surfaces

    • B.

      Air filters with high MERV ratings

    • C.

      Increased ventilation

    • D.

      Duct insulation

    • E.

      Building geometry

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Soft surfaces
    D. Duct insulation
    E. Building geometry
    Explanation
    Soft surfaces, duct insulation, and building geometry should be considered to facilitate communication in school classrooms. Soft surfaces help to absorb sound and reduce noise levels, creating a quieter and more conducive environment for communication. Duct insulation helps to minimize noise transmission from HVAC systems, preventing distractions and allowing for better communication. Building geometry, such as the layout and design of the classroom, can also impact communication by ensuring that students and teachers can see and hear each other clearly.

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  • 47. 

    Which of the following are types of individual occupant spaces? choose 3

    • A.

      Hotel front desk

    • B.

      Open-office workstation

    • C.

      Auto service bay

    • D.

      Hospital exam room

    • E.

      Study carrel

    • F.

      Hotel guest room

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Open-office workstation
    E. Study carrel
    F. Hotel guest room
    Explanation
    The given question asks for types of individual occupant spaces. The three options that fit this criteria are: open-office workstation, study carrel, and hotel guest room. These spaces are designed for one person to occupy at a time. The other options, such as hotel front desk, auto service bay, and hospital exam room, are not individual occupant spaces as they are typically used by multiple people or staff members.

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  • 48. 

    What does ASHRAE 62.1 specify? 

    • A.

      Commuting surveys

    • B.

      Thermal comfort

    • C.

      Indoor air quality

    • D.

      Energy performance

    Correct Answer
    C. Indoor air quality
    Explanation
    ASHRAE 62.1 specifies the standards and guidelines for indoor air quality. It provides guidance on the design, construction, operation, and maintenance of HVAC systems to ensure that the indoor air is healthy and safe for occupants. This includes regulations on ventilation rates, air filtration, and control of contaminants such as pollutants, odors, and pathogens. ASHRAE 62.1 aims to create a comfortable and healthy indoor environment by addressing the quality of the air that occupants breathe.

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  • 49. 

    If a project team increases the ventilation in a building and adds quality views to occupant spaces what will be the result? 

    • A.

      Increased resource use for the project

    • B.

      Decreased air quality for the occupants

    • C.

      Decreased first costs

    • D.

      Improved productivity of the occupants

    Correct Answer
    D. Improved productivity of the occupants
    Explanation
    Increasing ventilation in a building and adding quality views to occupant spaces can lead to improved productivity of the occupants. Adequate ventilation can help to remove pollutants from the air and provide a healthier indoor environment, which can enhance cognitive function and overall well-being. Additionally, having quality views, such as access to natural light and outdoor scenery, has been shown to improve mood, reduce stress, and increase productivity. Therefore, by implementing these measures, the project team can create a more conducive and productive work environment for the occupants.

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  • 50. 

    What are the environmental benefits of selecting a previously developed site for a project? 

    • A.

      Local tax savings may be available

    • B.

      The site would have a greater development density

    • C.

      The site would be located near mass transit

    • D.

      Preserving open space

    Correct Answer
    D. Preserving open space
    Explanation
    Preserving open space is an environmental benefit of selecting a previously developed site for a project. By choosing a site that has already been developed, it helps to prevent further destruction of natural habitats and preserves the existing open spaces. This can contribute to the conservation of biodiversity and protect ecosystems. Preserving open space also allows for the retention of green areas, which can help improve air quality, reduce heat island effects, and provide recreational spaces for the community.

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