Fungi

29 Questions

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Fungi

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Are Fungi Eukaryotic or Prokaryotic? 
    • A. 

      Eukaryotic

    • B. 

      Prokaryotic

  • 2. 
    Most are unicellular and some are multi-cellular
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Most are saprotrophic
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    Fungi do photosynthesize 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    Cell walls are made of chitin and NOT cellulose 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Fungi contain motile cells
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    Coenocytic means that the nuclei in the hyphae are not separated from one another by crosswalls
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is true about Zygomycota's Asexual reproduction?
    • A. 

      Certain hyphae grow upward and develop sporangia at their tips

    • B. 

      Each sporangium produces black spores that are released

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is true about Zygomycota's Sexual reproduction?
    • A. 

      The zygosporangium is characteristic of members of this division

    • B. 

      Two different mating strains of hyphae merge together

    • C. 

      The nuclei of the two strains fuse to form a zygote

  • 10. 
    Mitosis occurs in the zygosporangium which then splits open and sporangia grow out and release black spores that will germinate on bread
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    Which of the following are characteristics of Pilobolus?
    • A. 

      A dung-inhabiting fungi

    • B. 

      Matures on grain

    • C. 

      Catapults its spores in the direction of light as far as 26 feet

    • D. 

      Treats migraine headaches

  • 12. 
    Which Phylum is known as the "sac" fungi?
    • A. 

      Basidiomycota

    • B. 

      Ascomycota

    • C. 

      Deuteromycota

  • 13. 
    Ascomycota's Asexual reproduction has two types?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Which of the following are characteristics of Sexual reproduction in Ascomycota's?
    • A. 

      A male antheridia is formed by one and female ascogonia by the other

    • B. 

      The antheridia and ascognia grow together

    • C. 

      The male nuclei migrate into the ascogonia but does not unite with the female nuclei

    • D. 

      New hypahe whose cells each contain one male and one female nucleus, grow from the ascogonium

    • E. 

      The nuclei of the terminal cell of the ascogenous hyphae fuse together to form a zygote nucleus

  • 15. 
    Many Ascomycota's form cup-like structures called ____ that are made of fingerlike sacs called ____
    • A. 

      Ascoma; Asci

    • B. 

      Asci; Ascoma

  • 16. 
    The zygote nucleus undergoes meiosis to form ascospores which are released 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    Which of the following are Edible Ascomycota?
    • A. 

      Chestnut blight

    • B. 

      Yeast

    • C. 

      European truffles

    • D. 

      Dutch elm disease

    • E. 

      Morels

  • 18. 
    Which of the following are Harmful Ascomycota?
    • A. 

      Dutch elm disease

    • B. 

      Chestnut blight

    • C. 

      Morels

    • D. 

      European truffles

    • E. 

      Yeast

  • 19. 
    Which fungus matures on grain, and attacks the central nervous system?
    • A. 

      Club

    • B. 

      Erogt

  • 20. 
    Which of the following are club fungi? (Phylum Basidiomycota)
    • A. 

      True mushrooms

    • B. 

      Bracket fungi

    • C. 

      Puffballs

    • D. 

      Parasitic fungi such as rusts and smuts

  • 21. 
    Hyphae in Basidiomycota's have crosswalls
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Asexual reproduction in Basidiomycota's is very common
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Two ____ of different mating types unite and put out new ____ hyphae
    • A. 

      Monokaryotic; Dikaryotic

    • B. 

      Dikaryotic; Monokaryotic

  • 24. 
    The ____ mycelium becomes a compact, solid-looking mass called a button
    • A. 

      Monokaryotic

    • B. 

      Dikaryotic

  • 25. 
    Basidia (singular basidium) are swollen hyphal tips that look like clubs
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 26. 
    Lipoic acid is an antidote to mushroom poisoning 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 27. 
    Which of the following is the "imperfect" fungi?
    • A. 

      Deuteromycota

    • B. 

      Zygomycota

    • C. 

      Basidiomycota

  • 28. 
    Any fungus where a sexual stage has not been observed is not classified in the division Deuteromycota
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 29. 
    Which is true about Deuteromycota?
    • A. 

      Imperfect fungi are cultivated by leaf-cutting ants in the tropics

    • B. 

      Some parasitize nematodes