Foundations Clinical Exam 1

112 Questions | Total Attempts: 60

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Foundations Clinical Exam 1 - Quiz

Study quiz for ARCC-Cambridge Spring 2011


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The professional RN provides a specified service according to standards of practice and follows a code of ethics outlined by the ANA is termed...
    • A. 

      Definition of Nursing

    • B. 

      Nursing Practice

    • C. 

      The center of a Nurse's Practice

    • D. 

      Art and Science of nursing

  • 2. 
    Foundations for professional nursing practice comes from?
    • A. 

      Theories of nursing, scientific nursing, relevance to basic social values, professional autonomy, a sense of commitment, community, and a code of ethics.

    • B. 

      The client, their family, and the community.

    • C. 

      Art and Science of Nursing

    • D. 

      Florence Nightingale

  • 3. 
    What is the definition of Nursing?
    • A. 

      A profession based on knowledge, the protection, promotion, and restoration of health through the diagnosis of diseases.

    • B. 

      A theoretical body of knowledge leading to defined skills, abilities, and norms

    • C. 

      A scientific evidence based practice that focuses on the client as a whole.

    • D. 

      The protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations.

  • 4. 
    _______ oversee Nurse Practice Acts (NPAs) by regulating the scope of nursing practice and protect health, safety, and welfare including shielding the public from unqualified and unsafe nurses.
    • A. 

      Code of Ethics

    • B. 

      ANA

    • C. 

      State Boards of Nursing

    • D. 

      Staff Nurse

  • 5. 
    Who was the founder of modern nursing who first organized a program for training nurses and advocated for cleanliness, good nutrition, and fresh air as a method of disease prevention?
    • A. 

      Patricia Benner

    • B. 

      Florence Nightingale

    • C. 

      Louis Pateur

    • D. 

      Ignaz Semmelweis

  • 6. 
    Who first  recommended 1) a systematic method of assessing clients 2) individualized care based on the client's needs and preferences and 3) confidentiality?
    • A. 

      Florence Nightingale

    • B. 

      Louis Pasteur

    • C. 

      Mary Mahoney

    • D. 

      Isabel Hampton Robb

  • 7. 
    Consumers are more knowledgeable about health and illness and are becoming more vocal in their desire for high-quality care.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    What is effected by a clients culture? Choose all that apply
    • A. 

      Nurse client relationship

    • B. 

      Care Cost

    • C. 

      Care effectiveness

    • D. 

      Client Safety

  • 9. 
    The health care facility is aimed towards improving patients lives, of the options, what is their main priority?
    • A. 

      Infection control

    • B. 

      Risk of Falls

    • C. 

      Disease Prevention

    • D. 

      Safety

  • 10. 
    The Nurse is responsible for protecting the client from physical and emotional injury by continually assessing for and eliminating safety hazards. Some of these hazards, that are within the scope of a nurse, may include...(choose all that apply)
    • A. 

      Medication errors

    • B. 

      Improper client transfers

    • C. 

      Client falls

    • D. 

      Incorrect procedures

  • 11. 
    What are examples of needs of the consumer in regards to the health care field? (Choose all that apply)
    • A. 

      High-quality Care

    • B. 

      Cultural Diversity

    • C. 

      Better Online resources for self diagnostic and treatment

    • D. 

      Health Promotion and Wellness

  • 12. 
    What are some examples of Health Promotion and Wellness in which Nurses can educate their patients? (choose all that apply)
    • A. 

      Self Diagnosis

    • B. 

      Exercise

    • C. 

      Self Treatment

    • D. 

      Hygiene

  • 13. 
    _____ sets the Standards of Professional Performance that include Quality of Practice, Education, Professional Practice Evaluation, Collegiality, Collaboration, Ethics, Research, Resource Utilization, Leadership and ADPIE.
    • A. 

      ANA

    • B. 

      State Board of Nursing

    • C. 

      Code of Ethics

    • D. 

      Yo momma! [ just a lil comic relief :-) ]

  • 14. 
    Techniques that are specific responses that encourage the expression of feelings and ideas and convey acceptance and respect are...
    • A. 

      Empathetic

    • B. 

      Sympathetic

    • C. 

      Therapeutic

    • D. 

      Healthy

  • 15. 
    Active listening...(choose all that apply)
    • A. 

      Means being attentive to what the client is saying both verbally and non verbally

    • B. 

      Facilitates client communication

    • C. 

      Involves SOLER

    • D. 

      Is conditional to the environment and situation

  • 16. 
    Nurses share observations with clients to help start conversations with quiet or withdrawn persons that are not assumptions. Which statement is appropriate for this situation?
    • A. 

      "What's wrong, you look a mess!!!"

    • B. 

      "Who peed in your lucky charms crabby pants?"

    • C. 

      "You seemed depressed, wanna talk about it?"

    • D. 

      "You seem different, is there anything you would like to talk about?"

  • 17. 
    The statement that best reflects empathy is...
    • A. 

      "That incision looks like it hurts, do you want some pain medication?"

    • B. 

      "I know you don't feel well, but if you don't get out of bed you could develop pneumonia and we don't want that."

    • C. 

      "It must be very frustrating to know what you want and not be able to do it."

    • D. 

      "I am so sorry for your loss, if I could take your place I would."

  • 18. 
    Which statement reflects sharing hope in an appropriate way as would be used by the professional Nurse?
    • A. 

      "I believe you will find a way to face your situation, because I've seen your courage and creativity in the past."

    • B. 

      "I know it seems like everything is doomed, but hold on because your gonna be ok and get through this just fine."

    • C. 

      "Your gonna make it. Don't think about death, your treatment is going to save your life.'

    • D. 

      "I'm so sorry, is there anything I can do for you?"

  • 19. 
    Which statement about sharing humor is not true? (choose all that apply)
    • A. 

      It helps provide social control, permit cognitive re-framing, and reflects social change

    • B. 

      It improves the clients self-esteem and shows you care

    • C. 

      It avoids causing great emotional distress after a death.

    • D. 

      It promotes positive communication through prevention, perception, and perspective

  • 20. 
    Which statement about sharing feelings is correct? (choose all that apply)
    • A. 

      Emotions are subjective feelings.

    • B. 

      If individuals did not express feelings, stress and illness will worsen.

    • C. 

      It is usually inappropriate to discuss negative personal emotions such as sadness with clients

    • D. 

      Clients are perceptive and will sense a nurse's emotions.

  • 21. 
    Which is one of the nurse's most potent forms of communication?
    • A. 

      Using Touch

    • B. 

      Sharing Humor

    • C. 

      Sharing Feelings

    • D. 

      Sharing Hope

  • 22. 
    Touch conveys many messages, such as affection, emotional support, encouragement, tenderness, competence, and personal attention.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    In older persons, touch...(choose all that apply)
    • A. 

      Increases a sense of safety

    • B. 

      Increases self-confidence

    • C. 

      Decreases anxiety

    • D. 

      Decreases blood pressure

  • 24. 
    What are the forms of touch? (choose all that apply)
    • A. 

      Comfort

    • B. 

      Secure

    • C. 

      Protective

    • D. 

      Benign

  • 25. 
    During times of great grief, what can be especially therapeutic?
    • A. 

      Asking relevant questions

    • B. 

      Using Silence

    • C. 

      Providing Information

    • D. 

      Using humor

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