Foundation Of Nursing – Comprehensive Test Part 3- Www.Rnpedia.Com

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Foundation Of Nursing  Comprehensive Test Part 3- Www.Rnpedia.Com

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which element in the circular chain of infection can be eliminated by preserving skin integrity?
    • A. 

      Host

    • B. 

      Reservoir

    • C. 

      Mode of transmission

    • D. 

      Portal of entry

  • 2. 
    Which of the following will probably result in a break in sterile technique for respiratory isolation?
    • A. 

      Opening the patient’s window to the outside environment

    • B. 

      Turning on the patient’s room ventilator

    • C. 

      Opening the door of the patient’s room leading into the hospital corridor

    • D. 

      Failing to wear gloves when administering a bed bath

  • 3. 
    Which of the following patients is at greater risk for contracting an infection?
    • A. 

      A patient with leukopenia

    • B. 

      A patient receiving broad-spectrum antibiotics

    • C. 

      A postoperative patient who has undergone orthopedic surgery

    • D. 

      A newly diagnosed diabetic patient

  • 4. 
    Effective hand washing requires the use of:
    • A. 

      Soap or detergent to promote emulsification

    • B. 

      Hot water to destroy bacteria

    • C. 

      A disinfectant to increase surface tension

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 5. 
    After routine patient contact, hand washing should last at least:
    • A. 

      30 seconds

    • B. 

      1 minute

    • C. 

      2 minute

    • D. 

      3 minutes

  • 6. 
    Which of the following procedures always requires surgical asepsis?
    • A. 

      Vaginal instillation of conjugated estrogen

    • B. 

      Urinary catheterization

    • C. 

      Nasogastric tube insertion

    • D. 

      Colostomy irrigation

  • 7. 
    Sterile technique is used whenever:
    • A. 

      Strict isolation is required

    • B. 

      Terminal disinfection is performed

    • C. 

      Invasive procedures are performed

    • D. 

      Protective isolation is necessary

  • 8. 
    Which of the following constitutes a break in sterile technique while preparing a sterile field for a dressing change?
    • A. 

      Using sterile forceps, rather than sterile gloves, to handle a sterile item

    • B. 

      Touching the outside wrapper of sterilized material without sterile gloves

    • C. 

      Placing a sterile object on the edge of the sterile field

    • D. 

      Pouring out a small amount of solution (15 to 30 ml) before pouring the solution into a sterile container

  • 9. 
     A natural body defense that plays an active role in preventing infection is:
    • A. 

      Yawning

    • B. 

      Body hair

    • C. 

      Hiccupping

    • D. 

      Rapid eye movements

  • 10. 
    All of the following statement are true about donning sterile gloves except:
    • A. 

      The first glove should be picked up by grasping the inside of the cuff.

    • B. 

      The second glove should be picked up by inserting the gloved fingers under the cuff outside the glove.

    • C. 

      The gloves should be adjusted by sliding the gloved fingers under the sterile cuff and pulling the glove over the wrist

    • D. 

      The inside of the glove is considered sterile

  • 11. 
    When removing a contaminated gown, the nurse should be careful that the first thing she touches is the:  
    • A. 

      Waist tie and neck tie at the back of the gown

    • B. 

      Waist tie in front of the gown

    • C. 

      Cuffs of the gown

    • D. 

      Inside of the gown

  • 12. 
     Which of the following nursing interventions is considered the most effective form or universal precautions?
    • A. 

      Cap all used needles before removing them from their syringes

    • B. 

      Discard all used uncapped needles and syringes in an impenetrable protective container

    • C. 

      Wear gloves when administering IM injections

    • D. 

      Follow enteric precautions

  • 13. 
    All of the following measures are recommended to prevent pressure ulcers except:
    • A. 

      Massaging the reddened are with lotion

    • B. 

      Using a water or air mattress

    • C. 

      Adhering to a schedule for positioning and turning

    • D. 

      Providing meticulous skin care

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