Take The Ultimate Quiz About The Food And Nutrition!

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Take The Ultimate Quiz About The Food And Nutrition! - Quiz

What do you know regarding food and nutrition? There are many examples of superfoods that people like to eat for better health. One of these is an avocado. They contain good cholesterol, protein, fiber, and potassium. Another delicious and nutritious food is a ripe tomato. They contain many nutrients and lycopene, which is good for your eyes. Take this quiz and ketchup with the nutrition experts.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Despite a high intake of animal-derived foods, the Paleolithic diet was appreciably low in saturated fat because:

    • A.

      Fats from wild animals are much less saturated than domesticated herbivores

    • B.

      Hunter-gathers boiled most meats before eating

    • C.

      The fatty part of the beast was not eaten

    • D.

      Wild animal meat is very low in cholesterol

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Fats from wild animals are much less saturated than domesticated herbivores
    Explanation
    The Paleolithic diet consisted of a high intake of animal-derived foods, but it was low in saturated fat because fats from wild animals are much less saturated than those from domesticated herbivores. Wild animals tend to have a lower fat content and a higher proportion of unsaturated fats compared to domesticated herbivores. Therefore, despite consuming a significant amount of animal-derived foods, the Paleolithic diet was still low in saturated fat.

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  • 2. 

    The most important influences on an individual’s nutrition related health outcomes are:

    • A.

      The food supply

    • B.

      The individual’s genetic inheritance

    • C.

      The physical environment of the individual

    • D.

      The social environment of the individual

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because all the listed factors - the food supply, the individual's genetic inheritance, the physical environment, and the social environment - play significant roles in determining an individual's nutrition related health outcomes. The food supply directly affects the availability and quality of food choices, genetic inheritance can influence metabolism and susceptibility to certain health conditions, the physical environment includes factors like access to healthy food options and opportunities for physical activity, and the social environment encompasses cultural, economic, and social factors that can impact food choices and overall health behaviors.

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  • 3. 

    Information on human nutritional requirements is drawn from two major sources:

    • A.

      Anthropology, psychology

    • B.

      Scientific literature, medicine

    • C.

      Laboratory science, epidemiology

    • D.

      Randomised control studies, pathology

    • E.

      Anatomy, physiology

    Correct Answer
    C. Laboratory science, epidemiology
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Laboratory science, epidemiology. Laboratory science involves conducting experiments and studies in a controlled environment to understand the effects of different nutrients on the human body. Epidemiology, on the other hand, involves studying the patterns and causes of diseases in human populations. By combining the findings from laboratory science and epidemiology, researchers can gain a comprehensive understanding of human nutritional requirements and how they impact overall health.

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  • 4. 

    Anthropological evidence suggests that:

    • A.

      Hunter-gatherers lived apparently healthy lives into their seventh decade

    • B.

      Hunter-gatherers were substantially smaller yet healthier than subsequent generations

    • C.

      The overall food supply was poorer during the time of hunter-gatherers

    • D.

      Examination of teeth and jaw development provides little indication of types of foods eaten

    • E.

      Humans are physiologically designed to be herbivores not carnivores

    Correct Answer
    A. Hunter-gatherers lived apparently healthy lives into their seventh decade
    Explanation
    The given answer is supported by anthropological evidence which suggests that hunter-gatherers lived apparently healthy lives into their seventh decade. This implies that they were able to maintain good health and longevity despite their lifestyle of hunting and gathering for food. This evidence contradicts the common belief that hunter-gatherers had shorter lifespans and were less healthy compared to subsequent generations.

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  • 5. 

    The Irish potato famine of 1845 - 1846 demonstrates the consequences of:

    • A.

      War

    • B.

      Using potatoes to make alcohol

    • C.

      Poverty

    • D.

      Use of polyculture

    • E.

      Dependence on a monoculture

    Correct Answer
    E. Dependence on a monoculture
    Explanation
    The Irish potato famine of 1845-1846 was caused by a heavy reliance on a single crop, the potato, as a staple food source. The majority of the Irish population depended on potatoes for sustenance, and when a fungal disease known as late blight destroyed the potato crops, it led to widespread famine and devastation. The lack of crop diversity and dependence on a monoculture made the Irish population extremely vulnerable to such a crisis, highlighting the consequences of relying on a single crop for survival.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following would be the most useful to reconstruct early man’s ways of eating?

    • A.

      Study of plant fossils

    • B.

      Examination of mountains and rivers

    • C.

      Examination of middens and burial sites

    • D.

      Study of astronomy

    • E.

      Study of oceans

    Correct Answer
    B. Examination of mountains and rivers
    Explanation
    Examination of mountains and rivers would be the most useful to reconstruct early man's ways of eating because these geographical features can provide information about the types of plants and animals that were available in the area. Mountains and rivers can determine the climate, vegetation, and animal habitats, which in turn can give insights into the diet and hunting practices of early man. By studying these features, researchers can understand the resources that were accessible to early humans and how they adapted their eating habits to their environment.

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  • 7. 

    The nutrient intake of Paleolithic man was relatively:

    • A.

      High in carbohydrate, sodium and animal fat

    • B.

      Low in calcium, vitamin C, protein and fat

    • C.

      Low in protein, carbohydrate and fibre

    • D.

      High in protein and fibre with a high P:S fat ratio

    • E.

      High in sodium, low in protein with a low P:S fat ratio

    Correct Answer
    D. High in protein and fibre with a high P:S fat ratio
    Explanation
    Paleolithic man's nutrient intake was high in protein and fiber. This is because their diet primarily consisted of lean meats, fish, fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seeds, which are all rich sources of protein and fiber. Additionally, the P:S (polyunsaturated to saturated) fat ratio in their diet was high, meaning they consumed more polyunsaturated fats than saturated fats. This is because their diet was primarily composed of lean meats and plant-based foods, which are low in saturated fats.

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  • 8. 

    The genetic attribute of the hunter-gatherer thought to have been retained and now a predisposition to obesity and its complications:

    • A.

      Is called the nifty gene

    • B.

      Decreases the efficiency of energy expenditure when food supply is limited

    • C.

      Conserves energy when food supply is limited

    • D.

      Increases the metabolic rate when food supply is limited

    • E.

      Is present more among men than women

    Correct Answer
    C. Conserves energy when food supply is limited
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Conserves energy when food supply is limited". This means that the genetic attribute of the hunter-gatherer helps in preserving energy when there is a scarcity of food. This adaptation allowed our ancestors to survive during times of food scarcity by reducing energy expenditure and conserving energy for essential bodily functions. As a result, this genetic attribute is thought to contribute to a predisposition to obesity and its complications in modern times when food is more readily available.

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  • 9. 

    The information that is most difficult to determine from anthropological studies is:

    • A.

      The type of food consumed

    • B.

      The methods of cooking used

    • C.

      The quantity of food and nutrients consumed

    • D.

      The belief system of the individuals

    • E.

      The variation between locations

    Correct Answer
    D. The belief system of the individuals
    Explanation
    Anthropological studies primarily focus on observing and analyzing human behavior, social structures, and cultural practices. While studying these aspects, anthropologists can gather information about the type of food consumed, methods of cooking used, quantity of food and nutrients consumed, and even the variation between locations. However, determining the belief system of individuals is often more challenging as it involves understanding their cultural, religious, and spiritual perspectives, which can be deeply personal and subjective. This information may not be easily observable or measurable, making it more difficult to determine from anthropological studies.

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  • 10. 

    Human history has shown that long term unintended consequences of changes in the human diet can be:

    • A.

      Growth of indigenous cultures

    • B.

      Migration

    • C.

      Improvement in equity of food supply

    • D.

      Development of new food items

    • E.

      Development of more sustainable environments

    Correct Answer
    B. Migration
    Explanation
    The correct answer is migration. Changes in the human diet throughout history have often led to migration as people move in search of new food sources or better living conditions. When certain areas experience food scarcity or environmental changes due to changes in the diet, people may be forced to relocate to find better opportunities for survival. This can result in the movement of entire populations and the establishment of new communities in different regions.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 08, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Allenandunwin
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