# Firearms & Ammo – Exam I

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Thanks for taking the North American Hunting Club's Certified Mentor Quiz! There are a total of 20 questions to test your knowledge in the field. To pass this quiz, you need to achieve a 90% or greater. You will have an opportunity to see the questions you got wrong following the quiz, and if you pass, you will be presented with a cerificate that you can print or share on Facebook.

Good Luck!

Bill Miller

Questions and Answers
• 1.

### Which is the correct order (from smallest to largest) for the most common shotgun gauge sizes in America?

• A.

20, 16, 12, 10, 8, 4

• B.

28, 20, 16, 12, 10

• C.

32, 28, 20, 16, 12

• D.

2, 4, 5, 6, 7 ½, 8, 9

Correct Answer
B. 28, 20, 16, 12, 10
Explanation
The correct order for the most common shotgun gauge sizes in America is 28, 20, 16, 12, 10. This is because the gauge size is determined by the number of lead balls with the same diameter as the barrel that would weigh one pound. So, a smaller gauge number indicates a larger barrel diameter. Therefore, 28 gauge is smaller than 20 gauge, which is smaller than 16 gauge, and so on.

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• 2.

### What is the scale of measurement used for the weight of both the powder charge and bullets in metallic cartridges?

• A.

Ounces

• B.

Drams

• C.

Grains

• D.

Grams

Correct Answer
C. Grains
Explanation
The scale of measurement used for the weight of both the powder charge and bullets in metallic cartridges is grains. Grains is a unit of weight commonly used in firearms and ammunition. It is a small unit of measurement, with 1 grain being equal to approximately 0.0648 grams. This unit is commonly used because it allows for precise and accurate measurement of the weight of powder charges and bullets, ensuring consistency and safety in ammunition manufacturing and reloading.

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• 3.

### Which cartridge has the flattest ballistic trajectory as available in factory loads?

• A.

.30-06

• B.

.45-70 Gov’t

• C.

.300 WSM

• D.

.257 Wthby. Mag.

Correct Answer
D. .257 Wthby. Mag.
Explanation
The .257 Wthby. Mag. cartridge has the flattest ballistic trajectory among the options given. This means that it experiences less drop over a given distance compared to the other cartridges. A flatter trajectory is desirable for long-range shooting as it allows for easier and more accurate aiming at various distances.

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• 4.

### What innovation provided the greatest improvement in firearms accuracy?

• A.

Development of optical sighting systems

• B.

Faster burning powders

• C.

Development of smokeless powder

• D.

Development of rifling

Correct Answer
D. Development of rifling
Explanation
The development of rifling in firearms provided the greatest improvement in accuracy. Rifling refers to the spiral grooves inside the barrel of a firearm, which causes the bullet to spin as it is fired. This spinning motion stabilizes the bullet's flight, resulting in increased accuracy and a straighter trajectory. Prior to the development of rifling, firearms were smoothbore, meaning the barrel had no grooves. This made them less accurate and prone to erratic flight paths. Rifling revolutionized firearms technology and remains a crucial component in modern firearms design.

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• 5.

### What is the Number One rule of Firearms Safety?

• A.

Treat every firearm as if it is loaded

• B.

Never point a gun at anything you do not intend to kill

• C.

Carry your gun so that you can control muzzle direction at all times

• D.

Always check for muzzle obstructions before shooting

Correct Answer
A. Treat every firearm as if it is loaded
Explanation
The Number One rule of Firearms Safety is to treat every firearm as if it is loaded. This means that even if you believe the firearm is unloaded, you should handle it with the same caution and respect as if it were loaded. By treating every firearm as if it is loaded, you are ensuring that you follow all safety protocols and avoid any accidents or mishaps. This rule emphasizes the importance of always practicing safe handling and storage of firearms.

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• 6.

### Which shot sizes are most recommended for turkey hunting?

• A.

#5, #6, #7

• B.

#2, #8, #9

• C.

BB, T, F

• D.

#7 ½, #8, #12

Correct Answer
A. #5, #6, #7
Explanation
Shot sizes #5, #6, and #7 are most recommended for turkey hunting. These shot sizes are commonly used because they provide a good balance between pellet count and pellet size. #5, #6, and #7 shot sizes are large enough to deliver sufficient energy to take down a turkey, but also have enough pellets in the shell to increase the chances of hitting vital areas. Using shot sizes that are too large may result in fewer pellets in the shell, reducing the chances of hitting the target, while shot sizes that are too small may not have enough stopping power.

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• 7.

### Which is traditionally the most popular rifle cartridge in America based on ammunition and handloading supply sales?

• A.

.25-06 Rem.

• B.

.30-30 Win.

• C.

6.5 Creedmore

• D.

.30-06

Correct Answer
D. .30-06
Explanation
The .30-06 is traditionally the most popular rifle cartridge in America based on ammunition and handloading supply sales. It has been widely used for over a century and is known for its versatility and effectiveness in a variety of hunting and shooting applications. Its popularity is also due to the fact that it can be used in a wide range of rifles, making it easily accessible and widely available.

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• 8.

### What does the “AR” in AR-15 or AR-Platform rifle stand for?

• A.

Assault rifle

• B.

Attack rifle

• C.

Armalite Rifle

• D.

Artillery rifle

Correct Answer
C. Armalite Rifle
Explanation
The "AR" in AR-15 or AR-Platform rifle stands for Armalite Rifle. Armalite is the original manufacturer of the AR-15 rifle, which was later adopted by the military and became popular among civilians.

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• 9.

### Every time you are handed a firearm, what’s the very first thing you do?

• A.

Ask if it’s unloaded

• B.

Ask what make and model it is

• C.

Point in a safe direction and verify it is unloaded yourself

• D.

Verify the caliber or gauge

Correct Answer
C. Point in a safe direction and verify it is unloaded yourself
Explanation
The first thing you should do when handed a firearm is to point it in a safe direction and verify that it is unloaded yourself. This is important for ensuring safety and preventing any accidental discharge of the firearm. By pointing it in a safe direction, you minimize the risk of any harm in case the firearm is loaded. Verifying that it is unloaded yourself adds an extra layer of caution and ensures that you have personal confirmation of its status before handling it further.

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• 10.

### Eye dominance is:

• A.

A serious condition which you should have checked immediately by an optometrist

• B.

The determination of which of your eyes is more focused and more useful – just like being right- or left- handed

• C.

The fact that sight is the most important of the five senses

• D.

The ability to shoot with either eye

Correct Answer
B. The determination of which of your eyes is more focused and more useful – just like being right- or left- handed
Explanation
Eye dominance refers to the determination of which eye is more focused and more useful, similar to being right- or left-handed. It is not a serious condition that requires immediate attention from an optometrist. It is simply a natural variation in how our eyes function.

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• 11.

### What’s the most important consideration in loading a muzzleloading rifle?

• A.

The length of the barrel and ramrod

• B.

Whether the rifle is a flintlock, percussion or modern primer system

• C.

Whether you are loading black powder or a substitute like Pyrodex

• D.

Seating the projectile firmly against the powder charge with no air space in between.

Correct Answer
D. Seating the projectile firmly against the powder charge with no air space in between.
Explanation
The most important consideration in loading a muzzleloading rifle is seating the projectile firmly against the powder charge with no air space in between. This ensures that the projectile is in direct contact with the powder charge, allowing for proper ignition and efficient propulsion of the bullet. The length of the barrel and ramrod, the type of rifle system (flintlock, percussion, or modern primer), and the type of powder being used are all important factors to consider, but none of them are as crucial as ensuring a proper seal between the projectile and the powder charge.

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• 12.

### In the rifle scope designation 2.5-10X44mm what does the last number mean?

• A.

The scope has a 44mm ocular lens

• B.

The scope has a 44mm objective lens

• C.

The scope is 44 power in magnification

• D.

You need to use 44mm mounting rings to hold the scope in place

Correct Answer
B. The scope has a 44mm objective lens
Explanation
The last number in the rifle scope designation 2.5-10X44mm indicates the size of the objective lens. In this case, the scope has a 44mm objective lens. The objective lens is the lens at the front of the scope that gathers the incoming light and helps to transmit it to the eyepiece. The size of the objective lens can affect the amount of light that enters the scope, which can impact the clarity and brightness of the image seen through the scope.

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• 13.

### What is the first step in cleaning any firearm?

• A.

Disassemble the gun to its basic components

• B.

Take off the safe and pull the trigger to assure it’s empty and decocked

• C.

Visually inspect the gun to make sure it’s unloaded

• D.

Run a lightly oiled patch down the barrel

Correct Answer
C. Visually inspect the gun to make sure it’s unloaded
Explanation
The first step in cleaning any firearm is to visually inspect the gun to make sure it's unloaded. This is a crucial safety measure to ensure that there are no live rounds in the firearm before disassembling or handling it in any way. By visually inspecting the gun, one can check the chamber, magazine, and other parts to confirm that there are no bullets present. This step helps prevent accidental discharge and potential harm to oneself or others during the cleaning process.

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• 14.

### When hunting in a glass and stalk situation, when do you load your gun?

• A.

Load the magazine when leaving camp or vehicle, but only chamber a round when you’re ready to shoot

• B.

Keep your gun loaded and a round up the spout at all times, but make sure the safety is on until you shoot.

• C.

Make sure your gun is loaded at all times because you might have only a split second to shoot.

• D.

Don’t load the magazine or chamber a round until it’s time to shoot

Correct Answer
A. Load the magazine when leaving camp or vehicle, but only chamber a round when you’re ready to shoot
Explanation
When hunting in a glass and stalk situation, it is recommended to load the magazine when leaving camp or vehicle. This ensures that the gun is ready for immediate use if a shot opportunity arises. However, it is advised to only chamber a round when you are ready to shoot. This additional step helps to prevent accidental discharge and ensures safety during the hunting expedition.

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• 15.

### A muzzleloader is considered “unloaded” for transportation when:

• A.

There is no powder and bullet in the gun

• B.

When there is no charge in the flash pan, or no percussion cap or primer in place

• C.

When it is enclosed completely in a carrying case

• D.

When you have manually removed the powder and bullet without firing

Correct Answer
B. When there is no charge in the flash pan, or no percussion cap or primer in place
Explanation
The correct answer is when there is no charge in the flash pan, or no percussion cap or primer in place. This means that the muzzleloader is considered unloaded for transportation if there is no ignition source in the flash pan (such as a charge or primer) that could cause the gun to fire. Even if there is powder and a bullet in the gun, as long as there is no charge in the flash pan, it is considered safe for transportation.

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• 16.

### What is the most desirable characteristic in bullets for shooting thin-skinned varmints like prairie dogs and woodchucks?

• A.

Consistent mushrooming and deep penetration

• B.

No deformation upon impact like full metal jacket military ammo

• C.

All-lead cast bullets with no jacket at all

• D.

Highly frangible so in essence they “explode” on impact

Correct Answer
D. Highly frangible so in essence they “explode” on impact
Explanation
Highly frangible bullets that "explode" on impact are the most desirable characteristic for shooting thin-skinned varmints like prairie dogs and woodchucks. This is because these bullets break apart upon impact, causing maximum damage and effectively stopping the varmint. Consistent mushrooming and deep penetration may not be as effective against these small animals, while no deformation upon impact like full metal jacket military ammo may not deliver enough stopping power. All-lead cast bullets with no jacket at all may not have the same explosive effect as highly frangible bullets.

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• 17.

### What gear should you never shoot without in the field or at the range?

• A.

Gloves and good boots

• B.

Safety glasses and hearing protection

• C.

Targets and target stands

• D.

Hat and sunglasses

Correct Answer
B. Safety glasses and hearing protection
Explanation
When shooting in the field or at the range, it is important to prioritize safety. Safety glasses protect the eyes from any debris or particles that may be present, preventing potential eye injuries. Hearing protection is necessary to reduce the risk of hearing damage caused by the loud noise produced by firearms. Therefore, safety glasses and hearing protection are essential gear that should never be shot without.

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• 18.

### What does “semi-automatic” mean referring to firearms operation?

• A.

The gun will fire continuously as long as the trigger is held back

• B.

It’s built to fire twice with each pull of the trigger

• C.

It’s for military, police and home defense use only

• D.

It will feed live rounds automatically from the magazine to the chamber, but will fire once and once only with each pull of the trigger

Correct Answer
D. It will feed live rounds automatically from the magazine to the chamber, but will fire once and once only with each pull of the trigger
Explanation
Semi-automatic means that the firearm will automatically load live rounds from the magazine into the chamber, but it will only fire one round with each pull of the trigger. It does not fire continuously as long as the trigger is held back, nor does it fire twice with each pull of the trigger. It is also not limited to military, police, and home defense use only.

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• 19.

### What type of bullets are not to be used in lever-action rifles with tubular magazines?

• A.

Round nosed

• B.

Flat tip

• C.

Traditional spire points

• D.

Soft-tipped spire points

Correct Answer
C. Traditional spire points
Explanation
Lever-action rifles with tubular magazines should not use traditional spire points bullets. This is because the pointed tip of traditional spire points can cause the bullet in front to ignite when it comes into contact with the primer of the bullet behind it, resulting in a potentially dangerous situation. Therefore, it is recommended to use other types of bullets such as round nosed, flat tip, or soft-tipped spire points that do not have a pointed tip to avoid this issue.

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• 20.

### What’s the last thing you should do before settling into an elevated stand?

• A.

Check wind direction one more time

• B.

Secure your safety harness in place

• C.

Lift your empty firearm with action open from the ground on a secure rope, then load it

• D.

Climb the ladder with all your gear, including your rifle, on your back

Correct Answer
C. Lift your empty firearm with action open from the ground on a secure rope, then load it
Explanation
Before settling into an elevated stand, it is important to lift your empty firearm with the action open from the ground on a secure rope, and then load it. This ensures that the firearm is safely transported and ready for use once settled in the stand. It is crucial to follow this step to prevent any accidents or mishandling of the firearm while climbing or setting up in the stand.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

• Current Version
• Mar 21, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Aug 10, 2011
Quiz Created by
CcoxNAMG

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