Final Exam Practice Test 2

42 Questions | Total Attempts: 950

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Practice Test Quizzes & Trivia

Second portion of Final Exam Practice. 42 questions


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Before obtaining a blood specimen on a child, you must do all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Establish rapport with the child and parent

    • B. 

      Greet the parent and child

    • C. 

      Tell the child it won't hurt

    • D. 

      Tell the child what to expect

  • 2. 
    You arrive to draw a "fasting specimen." The patient is just finishing a big breakfast. What do you do?
    • A. 

      Check with the nurse first; if the specimen is collected, write nonfasting on the slip.

    • B. 

      Collect the specimen anyway since breakfast was just eaten and not absorbed yet.

    • C. 

      Collect the specimen but write nonfasting on the slip

    • D. 

      Refuse to collect the specimen and fill out an incident report slip

  • 3. 
    What may happen if you mix a tube too vigorously?
    • A. 

      Hemoconcentration

    • B. 

      Hemolysis

    • C. 

      Lipemia

    • D. 

      Vigorous mixing has no effect

  • 4. 
    Never leave a tourniquet on for more than:
    • A. 

      30 seconds

    • B. 

      45 seconds

    • C. 

      1 minute

    • D. 

      3 minutes

  • 5. 
    How can you tell that you are in a vein when using a needle and syringe?
    • A. 

      The blood will pump into the syringe if you are in a vein

    • B. 

      There is no way to tell

    • C. 

      You cannot tell until you pull back the plunger and see the blood

    • D. 

      You should see blood appear in the hub of the needle

  • 6. 
    What is the most crucial error a phlebotomist can make?
  • 7. 
    The best way to collect specimens from a dorsal hand vein is:
    • A. 

      To use a butterfly and full-sized ETS tubes

    • B. 

      To use a regular ETS

    • C. 

      To use a butterfly and small, pediatric ETS tubes

    • D. 

      All of the options are correct

  • 8. 
    What should be the system of choice to identify laboratory specimens from an unconscious, unidentified woman in the emergency room?
    • A. 

      Assign a name to the patient such as Jane Doe

    • B. 

      Assign a number to the patient until admitted

    • C. 

      Use a three-part identification band and labels

    • D. 

      Wait to process specimens until the patient can be identified

  • 9. 
    You arrive to draw a specimen from an inpatient. The patient's door is closed. What do you do?
    • A. 

      Knock softly and open the doors slowly, checking to see if it is okay to enter

    • B. 

      Knock softly and wait for someone to come to the door

    • C. 

      Leave to draw another patient and come back later

    • D. 

      Open the door and proceed into the room

  • 10. 
    The patient asks if the specimen you are about to draw is for a diabetes test. How do you answer?
    • A. 

      If the test is for glucose, say yes

    • B. 

      Say no even if it is

    • C. 

      Say that you don't know

    • D. 

      Tell the patient that it's best to discuss the test with his or her physician.

  • 11. 
    An unconscious patient does not have an ID band. The name and room number on the door agree with ther requisition. What should you do?
    • A. 

      Call your supervisor and ask what to do?

    • B. 

      Do not draw the blood until the nurse has applied an ID bracelet

    • C. 

      Draw the blood and fill out an incident report form

    • D. 

      Draw the blood and then ask the nurse to identify the patient

  • 12. 
    What is the purpose of waiting 30 seconds for the alcohol to dry before inserting the needle?
    • A. 

      To allow the evaporation process to help destroy microbes

    • B. 

      To avoid a tingling sensation

    • C. 

      To prevent hemolysis of the specimen

    • D. 

      All of the options are correct

  • 13. 
    What is the recommended procedure for collecting a 24 hour urine sample?
    • A. 

      Collect all the urine voided in a 24 hour period

    • B. 

      Collect the first morning specimen and all of the following specimens, except the next morning specimen

    • C. 

      Start the timing, collect the first morning specimen and all of the following specimens including the next morning specimen

    • D. 

      Void the first morning specimen, start the timing, and collect all of the following specimens including the next morning's specimen

  • 14. 
    What fluid is obtained by lumbar puncture?
  • 15. 
    What fluid is aspirated from the peritoneal cavity?
  • 16. 
    What additonal information is typically required when labeling a nonblood specimen?
    • A. 

      Biohazard warning

    • B. 

      Ordering physician's name

    • C. 

      Special handling needles

    • D. 

      Specimen type and source

  • 17. 
    What test is used to diagnose cystic fibrosis?
  • 18. 
    Which of the following tests requires a 24-hour urine specimen?
    • A. 

      Culture and sensetivity

    • B. 

      Creatine clearance

    • C. 

      Glucose tolerance test

    • D. 

      Guaiac

  • 19. 
    A urine C&S is typically ordered to detect:
  • 20. 
    A first morning specimen is preferred for HCG testing because it is:
    • A. 

      Less likely to be contaminated

    • B. 

      More apt to have a higher pH

    • C. 

      Usually more concentrated

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 21. 
    Which type of specimen must be protected from light?
    • A. 

      Amniotic fluid

    • B. 

      Cerebrospinal fluid

    • C. 

      Sputum

    • D. 

      Tissue biopsy

  • 22. 
    The initials HCG stand for:
  • 23. 
    Sputum samples are typically collected to diagnose:
    • A. 

      Gastric function

    • B. 

      H. pylori

    • C. 

      Meningitis

    • D. 

      Tuberculosis

  • 24. 
    Which artery is typically the easiest to access during low cardiac output?
    • A. 

      Brachial

    • B. 

      Femoral

    • C. 

      Radial

    • D. 

      Ulnar

  • 25. 
    The artery of choice for ABG collection is
    • A. 

      Brachial

    • B. 

      Femoral

    • C. 

      Radial

    • D. 

      Ulnar

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