Positive And Negative Feedback Loop Quiz

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| By Nokapaun
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Positive And Negative Feedback Loop Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    If blood glucose levels fall below normal levels (for instance, during the post-absorptive or fasting state, when nutrients from a recently digested meal are no longer circulating in the blood, or during starvation), insulin secretion is inhibited and, at the same time, the alpha cells of the pancreas respond by secreting glucagon, a hormone that has several important effects: (1) it accelerates the breakdown of glycogen to glucose in liver and skeletal muscle cells; (2) it increases the breakdown of fats to fatty acids and glycerol in adipose tissue and, consequently, the release of these substances into the blood (which cells can thus use for energy); and (3) it stimulates liver cells to increase glucose synthesis (from glycerol absorbed from the blood) and glucose release into the blood. These effects collectively cause an increase in blood glucose levels back to normal levels.

    • A.

      This is a positive feedback loop

    • B.

      This is a negative feedback loop

    • C.

      This is not a feedback loop

    Correct Answer
    B. This is a negative feedback loop
    Explanation
    In a negative feedback loop, the response opposes the initial stimulus, working to bring the system back to its set point or normal range. In this case, when blood glucose levels fall below normal, the body responds by inhibiting insulin secretion and releasing glucagon, which increases glucose synthesis and release into the blood. This response works to increase blood glucose levels back to normal, opposing the initial drop in glucose levels. Therefore, this is a negative feedback loop.

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  • 2. 

    If blood glucose levels rise (for example, during the fed or absorptive state, when a meal is digested and the nutrient molecules are being absorbed and used), the beta cells of the pancreas respond by secreting insulin. Insulin has several notable effects: (1) it stimulates most body cells to increase their rate of glucose uptake (transport) from the blood; (2) it increases the cellular rate of glucose utilization as an energy source; (3) it accelerates the formation of glycogen from glucose in liver and skeletal muscle cells; and (4) it stimulates fat synthesis (from glucose) in liver cells and adipose (fat) tissue. These effects collectively cause a decrease in blood glucose levels back to normal levels.

    • A.

      This is a positive feedback loop

    • B.

      This is a negative feedback loop

    • C.

      This is not a feedback loop

    Correct Answer
    B. This is a negative feedback loop
    Explanation
    The given explanation suggests that the described process is a negative feedback loop. This is because when blood glucose levels rise, the beta cells of the pancreas respond by secreting insulin, which has several effects that collectively cause a decrease in blood glucose levels back to normal. This process helps maintain homeostasis by counteracting the initial increase in blood glucose levels, making it a negative feedback loop.

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  • 3. 

    An example of feedback is body temperature regulation. If blood temperature rises too high, this is sensed by specialized neurons in the hypothalamus of the brain. They signal other nerve centers, which in turn send signals to the blood vessels of the skin. As these blood vessels dilate, more blood flows close to the body surface and excess heat radiates from the body. If this is not enough to cool the body back to its set point, the brain activates sweating. Evaporation of sweat from the skin has a strong cooling effect, as we feel when we are sweaty and stand in front of a fan.

    • A.

      This is a positive feedback loop

    • B.

      This is a negative feedback loop

    • C.

      This is not a feedback loop

    Correct Answer
    B. This is a negative feedback loop
    Explanation
    In this example, when the body temperature rises too high, specialized neurons in the hypothalamus of the brain detect this change and initiate a response to bring the temperature back to its set point. The response includes signaling other nerve centers, dilating blood vessels, and activating sweating. These responses work to cool down the body and bring the temperature back to the desired level, thus reversing the initial change. This process of detecting and reversing the change in body temperature is characteristic of a negative feedback loop, where the response opposes the initial stimulus.

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  • 4. 

    If the blood temperature falls too low, this is also sensed by the hypothalamus and signals are sent to the cutaneous arteries (those supplying the skin) to constrict them. Warm blood is then retained deeper in the body and less heat is lost from the surface. If this is inadequate, then the brain activates shivering. Each muscle tremor in shivering releases heat energy and helps warm the body back toward its 37 degrees Celsius set point.

    • A.

      This is a positive feedback loop

    • B.

      This is a negative feedback loop

    • C.

      This is not a feedback loop

    Correct Answer
    B. This is a negative feedback loop
    Explanation
    In this scenario, the body's response to the low blood temperature is to constrict the cutaneous arteries and activate shivering, both of which help to increase the body temperature. This response works to counteract the initial decrease in temperature and bring it back to the set point of 37 degrees Celsius. This is an example of negative feedback because the response opposes the initial change and works to restore the system to its original state.

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  • 5. 

    An example of feedback is seen in blood clotting. Part of the complex biochemical pathway of clotting is the production of an enzyme that forms the matrix of the blood clot, but also speeds up the production of still more thrombin. That is, it has a self- catalytic , self-accelerating effect, so that once the clotting process begins, it runs faster and faster until, ideally, bleeding stops. Thus, this positive feedback loop is part of a larger negative feedback loop, one that is activated by bleeding and ultimately works to stop the bleeding.

    • A.

      This is a positive feedback loop

    • B.

      This is a negative feedback loop

    • C.

      This is not a feedback loop

    Correct Answer
    A. This is a positive feedback loop
    Explanation
    In this scenario, the production of the enzyme in blood clotting has a self-catalytic and self-accelerating effect, which means that it speeds up the production of more thrombin. This leads to a continuous increase in the clotting process, resulting in faster clot formation until bleeding stops. This self-amplifying process is characteristic of a positive feedback loop, where the output reinforces the initial stimulus.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 08, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Nokapaun
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