Exam 3 Practice - Pre-AP Chem

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Jkrug
J
Jkrug
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 11 | Total Attempts: 2,751
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 541

SettingsSettingsSettings
Exam 3 Practice - Pre-AP Chem - Quiz

An exam covering electrons in atoms, periodic properties, ionization, the mole concept, and the kinetic-molecular theory.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In which of the following states of matter do the molecules take the shape of their container?

    • A.

      Solid

    • B.

      Liquid

    • C.

      Gas

    • D.

      Liquid AND gas

    Correct Answer
    D. Liquid AND gas
    Explanation
    The molecules in both liquid and gas states of matter are able to take the shape of their container. In a liquid, the molecules are closely packed but still have the ability to move around and flow, allowing them to conform to the shape of the container. In a gas, the molecules are much more spread out and move freely, filling the entire container and taking its shape. Therefore, both liquid and gas states exhibit this property of taking the shape of their container.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    According to the kinetic-molecular theory, particles of matter are in motion

    • A.

      At absolute zero

    • B.

      At all temperatures above absolute zero

    • C.

      Only in gases

    • D.

      Only in liquids

    Correct Answer
    B. At all temperatures above absolute zero
    Explanation
    According to the kinetic-molecular theory, particles of matter are in motion at all temperatures above absolute zero. This theory states that all particles, whether in gases, liquids, or solids, are in constant motion. At absolute zero, the lowest possible temperature, particles theoretically have no kinetic energy and therefore no motion. However, as the temperature increases, the particles gain kinetic energy and move more rapidly. Therefore, the correct answer is that particles of matter are in motion at all temperatures above absolute zero.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Which instrument, invented by Evangelista Torricelli, measures the pressure of the atmosphere?

    • A.

      Barometer

    • B.

      Manometer

    • C.

      U-tube

    • D.

      Torrometer

    Correct Answer
    A. Barometer
    Explanation
    Evangelista Torricelli invented the barometer, an instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure. A barometer works by balancing the weight of the atmosphere with the weight of a column of mercury or other liquid. By measuring the height of the liquid column, the atmospheric pressure can be determined. A manometer is a similar instrument used to measure pressure, but it is typically used for measuring the pressure of gases or liquids in closed systems. A U-tube is a type of manometer that uses a U-shaped tube filled with liquid to measure pressure differentials. A torrometer is not a known instrument for measuring atmospheric pressure.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Convert the pressure 2.42 atmospheres to kilopascals.  Remember that 1 atm = 101.3 kPa.

    • A.

      2 kPa

    • B.

      115 kPa

    • C.

      41.9 kPa

    • D.

      245 kPa

    Correct Answer
    D. 245 kPa
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 245 kPa because to convert from atmospheres to kilopascals, you need to multiply the pressure in atmospheres by the conversion factor of 101.3 kPa/1 atm. Therefore, 2.42 atmospheres multiplied by 101.3 kPa/1 atm equals 245 kPa.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    How many moles are in 2.8 x 1024 atoms of W?

    • A.

      0.215 mol

    • B.

      4.65 mol

    • C.

      855 mol

    • D.

      4.65 x 1048 mol

    Correct Answer
    B. 4.65 mol
    Explanation
    The given question asks for the number of moles in a given number of atoms of W. The answer 4.65 mol is obtained by dividing the given number of atoms (2.8 x 10^24) by Avogadro's number (6.022 x 10^23), which represents the number of atoms in one mole of a substance. This calculation gives the result of approximately 4.65 mol.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    What is the mass of one mole of BaCl2?

    • A.

      172.8 g

    • B.

      208.3 g

    • C.

      137.3 g

    • D.

      345.8 g

    Correct Answer
    B. 208.3 g
    Explanation
    One mole of BaCl2 refers to the molar mass of BaCl2, which is the sum of the atomic masses of one barium atom (Ba) and two chlorine atoms (Cl). The atomic mass of barium is 137.3 g/mol, and the atomic mass of chlorine is 35.5 g/mol. Adding these values together gives a molar mass of BaCl2 equal to 208.3 g/mol. Therefore, the correct answer is 208.3 g.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    What is the number of moles in 432 grams of Ba(NO3)2?

    • A.

      0.237 mol

    • B.

      0.605 mol

    • C.

      1.65 mol

    • D.

      3.66 mol

    Correct Answer
    C. 1.65 mol
    Explanation
    The number of moles in a substance can be calculated using the formula: moles = mass / molar mass. In this case, the molar mass of Ba(NO3)2 can be calculated by adding up the atomic masses of each element: 137.33 (Ba) + 2(14.01) (N) + 6(16.00) (O) = 261.33 g/mol. Therefore, the number of moles in 432 grams of Ba(NO3)2 would be 432 g / 261.33 g/mol = 1.65 mol.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    What group of elements on the Periodic Table tends to have the highest ionization energy?

    • A.

      7

    • B.

      18

    • C.

      1

    • D.

      8

    Correct Answer
    B. 18
    Explanation
    Group 18 of the Periodic Table, also known as the noble gases, tends to have the highest ionization energy. This is because noble gases have a full outer electron shell, making them stable and less likely to lose or gain electrons. As a result, it requires a significant amount of energy to remove an electron from a noble gas atom, leading to a high ionization energy.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    In this diagram, what is the first ionization energy for beryllium?

    • A.

      496 kJ/mol

    • B.

      521 kJ/mol

    • C.

      738 kJ/mol

    • D.

      899 kJ/mol

    Correct Answer
    D. 899 kJ/mol
    Explanation
    The first ionization energy is the energy required to remove one electron from a neutral atom in its gaseous state. Beryllium is a metal located in Group 2 of the periodic table, and it has two valence electrons. As we move across a period from left to right, the atomic radius decreases, resulting in a stronger attraction between the nucleus and the valence electrons. This increased attraction requires more energy to remove an electron, so the first ionization energy increases. Therefore, the correct answer is 899 kJ/mol, which is the highest value among the given options and indicates the greatest energy required to remove an electron from beryllium.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Which of the following ions does NOT have an octet?

    • A.

      Na+

    • B.

      S2-

    • C.

      Sr+

    • D.

      P3-

    Correct Answer
    C. Sr+
    Explanation
    Sr+ does not have an octet because it is a cation with a charge of +1. It loses two electrons from its valence shell, leaving it with only 8 valence electrons instead of the usual 8 electrons needed for an octet.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    How does a calcium atom most commonly achieve an octet of electrons?

    • A.

      By gaining 1 electron

    • B.

      By gaining 2 electrons

    • C.

      By losing 2 electrons

    • D.

      By losing 1 electron

    Correct Answer
    C. By losing 2 electrons
    Explanation
    Calcium is in Group 2 of the periodic table, which means it has 2 valence electrons. In order to achieve an octet (8 electrons) in its outermost energy level, calcium can lose these 2 valence electrons. By losing 2 electrons, calcium will have a full outermost energy level, making it more stable. This is the most common way for calcium to achieve an octet of electrons.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    Of the following elements, which has the highest electronegativity value?

    • A.

      Fr

    • B.

      I

    • C.

      O

    • D.

      Al

    Correct Answer
    C. O
    Explanation
    Oxygen (O) has the highest electronegativity value among the given elements. Electronegativity is a measure of an atom's ability to attract electrons towards itself in a chemical bond. Oxygen is highly electronegative because it has a strong attraction for electrons due to its high effective nuclear charge and small atomic size. This makes oxygen more likely to gain electrons and form negative ions in chemical reactions. In comparison, Francium (Fr) has the lowest electronegativity value as it has a larger atomic size and lower effective nuclear charge, resulting in a weaker attraction for electrons.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    How many valence electrons would be found in an atom of oxygen?

    • A.

      4

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      6

    • D.

      5

    Correct Answer
    C. 6
    Explanation
    Oxygen is found in Group 16 of the periodic table, which means it has 6 valence electrons. Valence electrons are the electrons in the outermost energy level of an atom and are responsible for the atom's chemical properties. Therefore, an atom of oxygen would have 6 valence electrons.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    One mole of water molecules would fill

    • A.

      The whole world.

    • B.

      A high school gymnasium.

    • C.

      A small shot glass.

    • D.

      The state of Florida.

    Correct Answer
    C. A small shot glass.
    Explanation
    One mole of any substance contains Avogadro's number of particles, which is approximately 6.022 x 10^23. In the case of water, one mole of water molecules would contain this enormous number of molecules. However, the size of the molecules themselves is very small, so even though there are a huge number of them, they would still fit into a small shot glass.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Which one of the following could NOT be a unit of pressure?

    • A.

      Newtons per square meter

    • B.

      Pounds per square inch

    • C.

      Pascal

    • D.

      Manometers per square foot

    Correct Answer
    D. Manometers per square foot
    Explanation
    Manometers per square foot could not be a unit of pressure because manometers are devices used to measure pressure, not units of pressure themselves. The correct unit of pressure is typically expressed in terms of force per unit area, such as newtons per square meter (N/m²), pounds per square inch (psi), or pascal (Pa).

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 07, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Jkrug
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.